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Calculation of Centrally Loaded Thin-Walled Columns Above the Buckling Limit

Description: When thin-walled columns formed from flanged sheet, such as used in airplane construction, are subjected to axial load, their behavior at failure varies according to the slenderness ratio. On long columns the axis deflects laterally while the cross section form is maintained; buckling results. The respective breaking load in the elastic range is computed by Euler's formula and for the plastic range by the Engesser- Karman formula. Its magnitude is essentially dependent upon the length. On intermediate length columns, especially where open sections are concerned, the cross section is distorted while the cross section form is preserved; twisting failure results. The buckling load in twisting is calculated according to Wagner and Kappus. On short columns the straight walls of low-bending resistance that form the column are deflected at the same time that the cross section form changes - buckling occurs without immediate failure. Then the buckling load of the total section computable from the buckling loads of the section walls is not the ultimate load; quite often, especially on thin-walled sections, it lies considerably higher and is secured by tests. Both loads, the buckling and the ultimate load are only in a small measure dependent upon length. The present report is an attempt to theoretically investigate the behavior of such short, thin-walled columns above the buckling load with the conventional calculating methods.
Date: April 1945
Creator: Reinitzhuber, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results Obtained from Flight Test of a 1/7-Scale Rocket-Powered Model of the Grumman XF10F Airplane Configuration in the Swept-Wing Condition, TED No. NACA DE 354

Description: A flight investigation of a 1/7-scale rocket-powered model of the XF10F Grumman XFl0F airplane in the swept-wing configuration has been made. The purpose of this test was to determine the static longitudinal stability, damping in pitch, and longitudinal control effectiveness of the airplane with the center of gravity at 20 percent of the wing mean aerodynamic chord. Only a small amount of data was obtained from the test because, immediately after booster separation at a Mach number of 0.88, the configuration was directionally unstable and diverged in sideslip. Simultaneous with the sideslip divergence, the model became longitudinally unstable at 3 degree angle of attack and -6 degree sideslip and diverged in pitch to a high angle of attack. During the pitch-up the free-floating horizontal tail became unstable at 5 degree angle of attack and the tail drifted against its positive deflection limit.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Gardner, William N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rocket-Model Investigation of the Longitudinal Stability, Drag, and Duct Performance Characteristics of the North American MX-770 (X-10) Missile at Mach Numbers from 0.80 to 1.70

Description: A free-flight 0.12-scale rocket-boosted model of the North American MX-770 (X-10) missile has been tested in flight by the Pilotless Aircraft Research Division of the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory. Drag, longitudinal stability, and duct performance data were obtained at Mach numbers from 0.8 to 1.7 covering a Reynolds number range of about 9 x 10(exp 6) to 24 x 10(exp 6) based on wing mean aerodynamic chord. The lift-curve slope, static stability, and damping-in-pitch derivatives showed similar variations with Mach number, the parameters increasing from subsonic values in the transonic region and decreasing in the supersonic region. The variations were for the most part fairly smooth. The aerodynamic center of the configuration shifted rearward in the transonic region and moved forward gradually in the supersonic region. The pitching effectiveness of the canard control surfaces was maintained throughout the flight speed range, the supersonic values being somewhat greater than the subsonic. Trim values of angle of attack and lift coefficient changed abruptly in the transonic region, the change being associated with variations in the out-of-trim pitching moment, control effectiveness, and aerodynamic-center travel in this speed range. Duct total-pressure recovery decreased with increase in free-stream Mach number and the values were somewhat less than normal-shock recovery. Minimum drag data indicated a supersonic drag coefficient about twice the subsonic drag coefficient and a drag-rise Mach number of approximately 0.90. Base drag was small subsonically but was about 25 percent of the minimum drag of the configuration supersonically.
Date: September 16, 1953
Creator: Bond, Aleck C. & Swanson, Andrew G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of a Flight Investigation of 1/6-Scale Rocket-Powered Models of the Bell MX-776 to Determine Aileron Rolling Effectiveness and Total Drag

Description: An experimental investigation of the variation of aileron rolling effectiveness and total drag with Mach number has been made using 1/6-scale rocket-propelled models of the Bell MX-776. Three models having constant-chordwise-thickness full-span aileron at approximate deflections of 2 deg, 5 deg, and 15 deg have been flown. Positive control effectiveness over the Mach number range between approximately 0.5 and 1.2 was obtained from the models and no indication of reversal of effectiveness was encountered. The ratio of tip helix angle to aileron deflection indicated a decrease in proportional rolling effectiveness with increasing deflections in the Mach number range from approximately 0.7 to 1.0. A drag rise of about 125 percent in the transonic region between Mach numbers of 0.85 and 1.02 followed by a gradual decrease at higher speeds was revealed.
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Stevens, Joseph E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transonic Zero-Lift Drag Tests of Four Equivalent-Body-of-Revolution Models Representing Variations of the Convair F-102 Airplane

Description: Four 0.01643-scale equivalent-body-of-revolution models, designed to aid in the evaluation of the relative merits of various degrees of redesign of the existing (1955) Convair F-102 airplane, were launched from the helium gun at Wallops Island, Va., to determine their zero-lift drag at Mach numbers from 0.8 to 1.3. The data are presented with only sufficient analysis to validate their general subsonic level. Estimated values of the friction drag are presented at all Mach numbers to allow a comparison of the pressure drag values alone.
Date: October 17, 1955
Creator: Stoney, William E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigations on a Changed Mustang Profile with Nose Flap Force and Pressure-Distribution Measurements

Description: Measurements are described which were taken in the large wind tunnel of the AVA on a rectangular wing "Mustang 2" with nose flap of a chord of 10 percent. Besides force measurements the results of pressure-distribution measurements are given and compared with those on the same profile "without" nose flap.
Date: September 1, 1947
Creator: Krueger, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching Investigation of a 1/24-Scale Model of the Douglas C-124 Airplane

Description: An investigation of a 1/24- scale dynamically similar model of the Douglas C-124 airplane was made to determine the ditching characteristics and proper technique for ditching the airplane. Various conditions of damage, landing attitude, flap setting, and speed were investigated. The behavior of the model was determined from visual observations, motion- picture records, and time-history deceleration records. The results of the investigation are presented in table form, photographs, and curves. It was concluded on the basis of results from model tests with scale-strength bottoms (equivalent to 1150 pounds per square foot, full scale) that the airplane should be ditched at a medium nose-high landing attitude (near 7deg) with flaps full down. The airplane will probably make a smooth run with considerable damage resulting to the fuselage bottom just forward of the wing, but it is not likely that the water inflow will be overwhelming to personnel provided they are not in the belly compartment. Longitudinal decelerations in calm water will be about 2 1/2g and the landing run will be about four fuselage lengths.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Windham, John O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Installation of Jet Engine Nacelles on a Wing Fourth Partial Report: Pressure-Distribution Measurements on a Sweptback Wing with Jet Engine Nacelle

Description: The present report, which deals with pressure-distribution measurements made on a sweptback wing with a jet engine nacelle, is similar to a report on pressure-distribution measurements on a rectangular wing with a jet engine nacelle (second partial report). Here, in investigations preliminary to high-speed measurements, as in the second partial report, useful arrangements and fillet designs have been discovered.
Date: July 1, 1949
Creator: Buschner, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-Flight-Tunnel Investigation of the Dynamic Stability and Control Characteristics of a Chance Vought F7U-3 Airplane in Towed Flight

Description: As part of a program to determine the feasibility of using a fighter airplane as a parasite in combination with a Consolidated Vultee RB-36 for long-range reconnaissance missions (project FICON), an experimental investigation has been made in the Langley free-flight tunnel to determine the dynamic stability and control characteristics of a 1/17.5-scale model of a Chance Vought F7U-3 airplane in several tow configurations. The investigation consisted of flight tests in which the model was towed from a strut in the tunnel by a towline and by a direct coupling which provided complete angular freedom. The tests with the direct coupling also included a study of the effect of spring restraint in roll in order to simulate approximately the proposed full-scale arrangement in which the only freedom is that permitted by the flexibility of the launching and retrieving trapeze carried by the-bomber. For the tow configurations in which a towline was used (15 and 38 feet full scale), the model had a very unstable lateral oscillation which could not be controlled. The stability was also unsatisfactory for the tow configuration in Which the model was coupled directly to the strut with complete angular freedom. When spring restraint in roll was added, however, the stability was satisfactory. The use of the yaw damper which increased the damping in yaw to about six times the normal value of the model appeared to have no appreciable effect on the lateral oscillations in the towline configurations, but produced a slight improvement in the case of the direct coupling configurations. The longitudinal stability was satisfactory for those cases in which the lateral stability was good enough to permit study of longitudinal motions.
Date: January 1, 1952
Creator: Grana, David C. & Shanks, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Effect of the WADC 30,000-Horsepower Whirl Rig Upon the Static Characteristics of a Propeller

Description: Tests have been made at the Langley Aeronautical Laboratory on a 6000-horsepower propeller dynamometer installed at a ground test facility to determine the effect of a half-scale model of the Wright Aeronautical Development Center 30,000-horsepower whirl rig upon the aerodynamic characteristics of a three-blade NACA 10-(3)(062)-045 propeller. The model of the whirl rig was mounted in front of the 6000-horsepower propeller dynamometer. Static propeller tests were made for 0deg, 5deg, 10deg, 15deg, and 20deg blade angles over a range of rotational speeds from 600 to 2200 rpm in 100-rpm increments. Measurements were made of propeller thrust and torque, stresses in the propeller blades, and static and total pressures over the surface of the model. Propeller thrust and torque were increased up to 33 percent by the presence of the model of the whirl rig, but the average increase was from 5 to 10 percent. Blade vibratory stresses were small.
Date: July 2, 1952
Creator: Salters, Leland B., Jr. & Norton, Harry T., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lift, Drag, Static Stability, and Buffet Boundaries of a Model of the McDonnell F3H-1N Airplane at Mach Numbers from 0.40 to 1.27, TED No. NACA DE 351

Description: The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics has conducted a flight test of a model approximating the McDonnell F3H-lN airplane configuration to determine its pitch-up and buffet boundaries, as well as the usual longitudinal stability derivatives obtainable from the pulsed- tail technique. The test was conducted by the freely flying rocket- boosted model technique developed at the Langley Laboratory; results were obtained at Mach numbers from 0.40 to 1.27 at corresponding Reynolds numbers of 2.6 x 10(exp 6) and 9.0 x 10(exp 6). The phenomena of pitch-up, buffet, and maximum lift were encountered at Mach numbers between 0.42 and 0.85. The lift-curve slope and wing-root bending-moment slope increased with increasing angle of attack, whereas the static stability decreased with angle of attack at subsonic speeds and increased at transonic speeds. There was little change in trim at low lift at transonic speeds.
Date: January 31, 1956
Creator: Crabill, Norman L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a Full-Scale Model of the Hughes MX-904 Missile

Description: A wind-tunnel investigation has been conducted to determine the stability and control characteristics of a full-size model of the Hughes MX-904 missile. Aerodynamic characteristics of the complete model through moderate ranges of angles of attack and yaw, with an additional test made through an angle of attack of 180 degrees, are presented. The effects of horizontal tail deflection are also included.
Date: January 1, 1950
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The High-Speed Longitudinal Stability and Control of the Bell P-39N-1 Airplane as Calculated from Propeller-Off Tests of a 0.35-Scale Model

Description: This report presents the result of tests of a 0.35-scale model of the Bell P-39N-l airplane. Included are the longitudinal-stability and - control characteristics of the airplane as indicated by tests of the model equipped with each of two different sets of elevators. The results indicate good longitudinal stability and control throughout the speed range encounterable in flight. The variation of estimated stick force with speed was less when the model was equipped with elevators constructed to the theoretical design dimensions than when equipped with elevators as built to scale from measurements of the corresponding-parts of the actual airplane. The predicted stick forces required to produce the normal accelerations attainable in flight are within the limits specified by the Army Air Forces.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Robinson, Robert C. & Perone, Angelo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching Tests with a 1/12-Scale Model of the Army A-26 Airplane in Langley Tank No. 2 and on an Outdoor Catapult

Description: Tests were conducted in calm water in Langley tank no. 2 and in calm and rough water at an outdoor catapult in order to determine the best way to make a forced landing of an Army A-26 airplane and to determine its probable ditching behavior. These tests were requested by the Air Materiel Command, Army Air Forces, in their letter of March 26, 1943, WEL:AW:50.
Date: March 6, 1947
Creator: Jarvis, George A. & Hoffman, Edward L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of an 0.08-Scale Model of the Chance Vought XF7U-1 Airplane in the Langley High-Speed 7- by 10-Foot Tunnel. Part IV - Aileron Characteristics TED No. NACA DE308, Part 4, Aileron Characteristics, TED No. NACA DE308

Description: Tests have been conducted in the Langley high-speed 7- by 10-foot tunnel over a Mach number range from 0.40 to 0.91 to determine the stability and control characteristics of an 0.08-scale model of the Chance Vought XF7U-1 airplane. The aileron characteristics of the complete model are presented in the present report with a very limited analysis of the results.
Date: August 22, 1947
Creator: Goodson, Kenneth W. & Myers, Boyd C., II
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distribution of Structural Weight of Wing Along the Span

Description: In the present report the true weight distribution law of the wing structure along the span is investigated. It is shown that the triangular distribution and that based on the proportionality to the chords do not correspond to the actual weight distribution, On the basis of extensive data on wings of the CAHI type airplane formulas are obtained from which it is possible to determine the true diagram of the structural weight distribution along the span from a knowledge of only the geometrical dimensions of the wing. At the end of the paper data are presented showing how the structural weight is distributed between the straight center portion and the tapered portion as a function of their areas.
Date: August 1, 1946
Creator: Savelyev, V. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the Horizontal Motion of a Wing Near the Ground

Description: By the method of images the horizontal steady motion of a wing at small heights above the ground was investigated in the wind tunnel, A rectangular wing with Clark Y-H profile was tested with and without flaps. The distance from the trailing edge of the wing to the ground was varied within the limits 0.75 less than or = s/c less than or = 0.25. Measurements were made of the lift, the drag, the pitching moment, and the pressure distribution at one section. For a wing without flaps and one with flaps a considereble decrease in the lift force and a,drop in the drag was obtained at angles of attack below stalling. The flow separation near the ground occurs at smaller angles of attack than is the case for a great height above the ground. At horizontal steady flight for practical values of the height above the ground the maximum lift coefficient for the wing without flaps changes little, but markedly decreases for the wing with flaps. Analysis of these phenomena involves the investigation of the pressure distribution. The pressure distribution curves showed that the changes occurring near the ground are not equivalent to a change in the angle of attack. At the lower surface of the section a very strong increase in the pressures is observed. The pressure changes on the upper surface at angles of attack below stalling are insignificant and lead mainly to an increase in the unfavorable pressure gradient, resulting in the earlier occurrence of separation. For a wing with flaps at large angles of attack for distances from the trailing edge of the flap to the ground less than 0.5 chord, the flow between the wing end the ground is retarded so greatly that the pressure coefficient at the lower surface of the section is ...
Date: September 1, 1946
Creator: Serebrisky, Y. M. & Biachuev, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of High Solidity on Propeller Characteristics at High Forward Speeds from Wind-Tunnel Tests of the NACA 4-(3)(06.3)-06 and NACA 4-(3)(06.4)-09 Two-Blade Propellers

Description: Tests of two-blade propellers having the NACA 4-(3)(06.3)-06 and NACA 4-(3)(06.4)-09 blade designs (blade activity factors of 179 and 263, respectively) have been made in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel through a range of blade angle from 20 degrees to 70 degrees for free-stream Mach numbers from 0.165 to 0.725 to determine the effects of high solidity and compressibility on propeller characteristics. The tests are part of a general investigation of propellers at high forward speeds. Results previously reported for similar tests of two-blade propellers having the NACA 4-308-03 and NACA 4-308-045 blade designs (blade activity factors of 87 and 133, respectively) are included for comparison. The results showed that the 0.06- and 0.09-solidity blades, although producing efficiencies of the order of 90 percent, were less efficient than blades of conventional solidity. The variation in average blade lift coefficient with solidity at a constant blade angle and advance-diameter ratio through the speed range of these tests was found to be analogous to the variation of wing lift coefficient with aspect ratio, indicating that high-solidity blades may be desirable at very high speeds. Because of power limitations of the test equipment, conclusive evidence of the possible favorable effects of increased blade solidity at high speeds was not obtained. Further tests are desirable.
Date: February 27, 1947
Creator: Delano, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal and Lateral Stability, Control Characteristics, and Vertical-Tail-Load Measurements for 0.03-Scale Model of the Avro CF-105 Airplane at Mach Number 1.41

Description: An investigation has been made in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at a Mach number of 1.41 to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of an 0.03-scale model of the Avro CF-105 airplane. The investigation included the determination of the static longitudinal and lateral stability, the control and the hinge-moment characteristics of the elevator, the aileron, and the rudder, as well as the vertical-tail-load characteristics. The results indicated a minimum drag coefficient of about 0.0270, and a maximum trimmed lift-drag ratio of about 4.25 which occurs at a lift coefficient of 0.16. The directional stability decreased with increasing angle of attack until a region of static instability occurred above an angle of attack of about 9 deg.
Date: August 20, 1956
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy; Robinson, Ross B. & Driver, Cornelius
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Static Stability and Drag Characteristics of a 1/10-Scale Model of the Avco Booster Vehicle at Mach Numbers of 1.60 and 2.00, Coord. No. AF-AM-58

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Langley Unitary Plan Wind tunnel to determine the static stability and drag characteristics of a 1/10-scale model of the AVCO booster vehicle. The tests were made at a constant Reynolds number, based on maximum nose diameter, of 1.09 x 10(exp 6)6 at Mach numbers of 1.60 and 2.00.
Date: May 10, 1957
Creator: Church, James D. & Sista, Lawrence M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamic Investigation of Release Characteristics of a Streamlined Internal Store from a Simulated Bomb Bay of the Republic F-105 Airplane at Mach Numbers of 0.8, 1.4, and 1.98, Coord. No. AF-222

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the 27- by 27-inch preflight jet of the Langley Pilotless Aircraft Research Station at Wallops Island, Va., of the release characteristics of a dynamically scaled streamlined-type internally carried store from a simulated bomb bay at Mach numbers M(sub o) of 0.8, 1.4, and 1.98. A l/17-scale model of the Republic F-105 half-fuselage and bomb-bay configuration was used with a streamlined store shape of a fineness ratio of 6.00. Simulated altitudes were 3,400 feet at M(sub o) = 0.8, 3,400, and 29,000 feet at M(sub o) = 1.4, and 29,000 feet at M(sub o) = 1.98. At supersonic speeds, high pitching moments are induced on the store in the vicinity of the bomb bay at high dynamic pressures. Successful ejections could not be made with the original configuration at supersonic speeds at near sea-level conditions. The pitching moments caused by unsymmetrical pressures on the store in a disturbed flow field were overcome by replacing the high-aspect-ratio fin with a low-aspect-ratio fin that had a 30-percent area increase which was less subject to aeroelastic effects. Release characteristics of the store were improved by orienting the fins so that they were in a more uniform flow field at the point of store release. The store pitching moments were shown to be reduced by increasing the simulated altitude. Favorable ejections were made at subsonic speeds at near sea-level conditions.
Date: January 1, 1956
Creator: Lee, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Effects of Propeller Operation on the Low-Speed Stability and Control Characteristics of a 1/6-Scale Model of a Revised Configuration of the Republic XF-84H Airplane

Description: An investigation was made to determine the static longitudinal and lateral stability and control characteristics of a l/6-scale model of the revised Republic XF-84H airplane with and without the propeller operating. The model had a 40deg swept wing of aspect ratio 3.45 and was equipped with a thin, three-blade supersonic-type propeller. Modifications incorporated in the revised model included a raised horizontal tail, increased rudder size, wing fences at 65 percent semispan, and a modified wing leading edge outboard of the fences. The test results for flap-retracted and flap-deflected conditions indicated that the revised configuration should be satisfactory for most normal flight conditions provided the angle of attack does not exceed the angle for pitch-up. An abrupt pitch-up tendency of the model was evident for the zero thrust condition above approximately 15' angle of attack. Although the effects of power were destabilizing, power-on longitudinal stability was satisfactory through the angle-of-attack range for which the model was stable with zero thrust. Above the angle of attack for pitch-up, an uncontrollable left roll-off tendency would be expected with power on and slats retracted. Projection of wing slats or use of leading-edge chord-extensions with only the left extension drooped were found beneficial in controlling the roll-off tendency with power on; however the most effective means found was projection of only the left slat.
Date: September 4, 1953
Creator: Sleeman, William C., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigation of 6.25-Inch-Diameter Deacon Rocket and 10-Inch-Scale Model Rocket

Description: Flight tests were conducted at the NACA Pilotless Aircraft Research Station, Wallops Island, to determine the characteristics of the Allegany Ballistics Laboratory's 6.2inch-diameter Deacon and lO-inch-scale model solid-propellant rocket motors. The tests were performed to assist in the development of these rockets which were designed for, and urgently needed to propel supersonic research models and pilotless aircraft. The tests showed that the rocket motors functioned properly under various flight- acceleration loads over a range of pre-ignition grain temperatures. A maximum velocity of 4180 feet per second was obtained at an elapsed time of 2.9 seconds with the 6.25-inch Deacon rocket motor at a gross weight of l9O pounds. Free-flight data of drag coefficient for the Deacon configuration for a Mach number range of 1.1 to 3.6 have been obtained from flight tests of several pounds. Camera studies of the take-off and flights of the Deacon rocket shared no evidence of breakup of propellant grains. An analysis of the forces to which the Deacon rocket grain is subjected was made. The analysis shows that the grain loading is most severe near the beginning and near the end of the rocket action time. The 10-inch-scale model rocket motor is a scaled model of the l6-inch- diameter multi-perforated, cast-grain rocket motor. A maximum velocity of 1625 feet per second at a time of 1.075 seconds was obtained at a gross weight of 309 pounds.
Date: March 25, 1949
Creator: Watson, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Comparison of Three Theoretical Methods of Calculating Span Load Distribution on Swept Wings

Description: Three methods for calculating span load distribution, those developed by V.M Falkner, Wm. Mutterperl, and J. Weissinger, have been applied to five swept wings. The angles of sweep ranged from -45 degrees to +45 degrees. These methods were examined to establish their relative accuracy and case of application. Experimentally determined loadings were used as a basis for judging accuracy. For the convenience of the readers the computing forms and all information requisite to their application are included in appendixes. From the analysis it was found that the Weissinger method would be best suited to an over-all study of the effects of plan form on the span loading and associated characteristics of wings. The method gave good, but not best, accuracy and involved by far the least computing effort. The Falkner method gave the best accuracy but at a considerable expanse in computing effort and hence appeared to be most useful for a detailed study of a specific wing. The Mutterperl method offered no advantages in accuracy of facility over either of the other methods and hence is not recommended for use.
Date: June 9, 1947
Creator: VanDorn, Nicholas H. & DeYoung, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department