Neoliberal Dispositif and the Rise of Fundamentalism: The Case of Pakistan


Article discussing neoliberal dispositif and the rise of fundamentalism.

Creator(s): Raja, Masoof Ashraf
Creation Date: November 2011
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
UNT Scholarly Works
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Creator (Author):
Raja, Masoof Ashraf

University of North Texas

Publisher Info:
Publisher Name: Lindenwood University
Place of Publication: [St. Charles, Missouri]
  • Creation: November 2011

Article discussing neoliberal dispositif and the rise of fundamentalism.

Department: English

Abstract: While developmental theorists rely heavily on analysis of macro and micro economic theories and developmental sequencing, not much attention is paid to the undeniable linkage between the post-seventies liberalization of global economies and the rise of different kinds of religious fundamentalism. This article suggests that there is a strong connection between neoliberal economics and the rise of Islamic fundamentalism. The rise of Islamic fundamentalism in Pakistan can be directly linked to the insertion of performative religious acts, predominantly Islamic, into the national public sphere during the rule of Zia-ul-Haq. Since that time, the public sphere in Pakistan has been increasingly Islamized, and the space of minorities within the public sphere has constantly diminished. Furthermore, this rise of fundamentalism is inextricably linked with the deregulation policies adopted for Pakistan. Thus, as the state fails in its redemptive functions, the private religious charities encroach upon the civic functions of the state, which enables such entities to shape and imbue the public consciousness of their beneficiaries with an exclusivist and chauvinistic view of the world. The fundamentalist Islamic ideologies, that of the Taliban for example, must posit a threatening "other" in order to mobilize support and legitimate their own view of the nation; In most cases, minorities become an easy target for this process of othering. In case of the Taliban, the same principles of exclusion are also extended to various Muslims sects that may not conform to the purist view of religion espoused by the Taliban.

Physical Description:

11 p.

Keyword(s): case studies | human behavior | human evolution | fundamentalism | neoliberalism
Source: Journal of International and Global Studies, 2011, St. Charles, Lindenwood University, pp. 21-31
UNT College of Arts and Sciences
UNT Scholarly Works
  • ARK: ark:/67531/metadc146563
Resource Type: Article
Format: Text
Access: Public
Publication Title: Journal of International and Global Studies
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Page Start: 21
Page End: 31
Peer Reviewed: Yes