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open access

Thymus Functionality Needs More Than a Few TECs

Description: Article is a review exploring the contributions of the many stromal cell types participating in the formation, expansion, and contraction of the thymus under normal and pathophysiological processes. Such information will better inform approaches for restoring thymus functionality, including thymus organoid technologies, beneficial when an individuals’ own tissue is congenitally, clinically, or accidentally rendered non-functional.
Date: June 10, 2022
Creator: Bhalla, Pratibha; Su, Dong-Ming & van Oers, Nicolai S. C.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western Medicine Share Similar Philosophical Approaches to Fight COVID-19

Description: This article is a commentary exploring the disciplines of Western medicine and Traditional Chinese Medicine's philosophical methods to fight COVID-19 to understand their philosophical theories that could achieve the maximum benefits for treatment of COVID-19 and other diseases.
Date: August 1, 2021
Creator: Zhao, Fangfang; Yang, Zhenhong; Wang, Ningqun; Jin, Kunlin & Luo, Yumin
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Protein Modification by ADP-ribose via Acid-labile Linkages

Description: Article describing the preparation and chemical characterization of low molecular weight conjugates that were used as models for an acetal linkage between ADP-ribose and the hydroxyl group of a protein acceptor such as serine, threonine, tyrosine, hydroxyproline, or hydroxylysine residues. The amount of modification was approximately 16 pmol of ADP-ribose per mg of total protein, and proteins modified by acid-labile linkages were detected in all subcellular fractions examined, suggesting that the scope of this modification in vivo is broad.
Date: April 7, 1995
Creator: Cervantes-Laurean, Daniel; Loflin, Paul T.; Minter, David E.; Jacobson, Elaine L. & Jacobson, Myron K.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

NSC109268 potentiates cisplatin-induced cell death in a p53-independent manner

Description: This article's study endeavors to determine if p53 is responsible for cisplatin sensitization by NSC109268. Results have implications for sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin independent of p53.
Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Shankar, Eswar; Basu, Chandreyi; Adkins, Brett; Siede, Wolfram & Basu, Alakananda
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Sarcoidosis and Its Splenic Wonder: A Rare Case of Isolated Splenic Sarcoidosis

Description: This article is a case study discussing a case of a 40-year-old female with isolated splenic sarcoidosis found to have isolated splenomegaly with multiple hypodense splenic lesions and no other multisystem involvement. Isolated splenomegaly is very rare and an uncommon presentation of sarcoidosis. This case is clinically challenging because of the extensive differential diagnosis. The authors conclude that sarcoidosis of the spleen, although rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the patients presenting with systemic symptoms and splenomegaly.
Date: November 5, 2018
Creator: Jhaveri, Khushali & Surani, Salim R.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Biodiversity of protists and nematodes in the wild nonhuman primate gut

Description: Article describes study which used an 18S rRNA gene fragment metabarcoding approach to assess the eukaryotic assemblage of 62 individuals representing 16 nonhuman primate NHP species to better understand the factors that influence the assembly and diversity of gut-associated eukaryotes.
Date: November 12, 2019
Creator: Mann, Allison E.; Mazel, Florent; Lemay, Matthew A.; Morien, Evan; Billy, Vincent; Kowalewski, Martin et al.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Brain Delivery of Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone via a Novel Prodrug Approach

Description: Using thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) as a model, paper explores whether synergistic combination of lipoamino acid(s) and a linker cleaved by prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) can be used as a promoiety for prodrug design for the preferential brain delivery of the peptide.
Date: July 18, 2019
Creator: Prokai-Tatrai, Katalin; De La Cruz, Daniel L.; Nguyen, Vien; Ross, Benjamin P.; Toth, Istvan & Prókai, László, 1958-
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Intermittent Hypoxic Conditioning Alleviates Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder-Induced Damage and Dysfunction of Rat Visceral Organs and Brain

Description: Study examines intermittent hypoxic conditioning's (IHC) ability to alleviate harmful PTSD effects on a rat's heart, liver, and brain.
Date: January 5, 2020
Creator: Manukhina, Eugenia B.; Tseilikman, Vadim E.; Karpenko, Marina N.; Pestereva, Nina S.; Tseilikman, Olga B.; Komelkova, Maria V. et al.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Pulmonary Carcinoid Surface Receptor Modulation Using Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors

Description: Study describes the use of a non-cytotoxic dose of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors to induce pulmonary carcinoid somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) expression to diagnose pulmonary carcinoids.
Date: June 3, 2019
Creator: Guenter, Rachael E.; Aweda, Tolulope; Matos, Danilea M. Carmona; Whitt, Jason; Chang, Alexander W.; Cheng, Eric Y. et al.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Copycats in Pilot Aircraft-Assisted Suicides after the Germanwings Incident

Description: Paper describes studying aiming to evaluate changes in pilot aircraft-assisted suicide risks, i.e., a copycat effect, in the U.S. and Germany after the Germanwings 2015 incident in the French Alps.
Date: March 11, 2018
Creator: Laukkala, Tanja; Vuorio, Alpo; Bor, Robert; Budowle, Bruce; Navathe, Pooshan; Pukkala, Eero et al.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Lipopolysaccharide Challenge Reveals Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Dysfunction in Murine Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Description: Study explores whether chronic inflammatory processes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are in part due to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction by challenging female control and SLE mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and measuring c-Fos expression as an index of neuronal activation, plasma adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) as an index of anterior pituitary function, and plasma corticosterone as an index of adrenal function.
Date: October 4, 2018
Creator: Pham, Grace S. & Mathis, Keisa W.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Treatment and Prevention of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection with Functionalized Bovine Antibody-Enriched Whey in a Hamster Primary Infection Model

Description: This article focuses on the development of an alternative drug for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Oral administration of anti-CD-WPI is a functional therapy of CDI in infected hamsters for both primary treatment and prevention of recurrence. Thus, anti-CD-WPI could address the urgent unmet medical need for treating and preventing recurrent CDI in humans.
Date: February 6, 2019
Creator: Heidebrecht, Hans-Jürgen; Weiss, William J.; Pulse, Mark; Lange, Anton; Gisch, Karina; Kliem, Heike et al.
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

The Enigmatic Protein Kinase C-eta

Description: The purpose of this review article is to discuss how PKCη regulates various cellular processes that may contribute to its contrasting roles in cancer. Protein kinase C-eta (PKCη) is a unique member of the PKC family since its regulation is distinct from other PKC isozymes. PKCη was shown to regulate cell proliferation, differentiation and cell death.
Date: February 13, 2019
Creator: Basu, Alakananda
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Chronic Inhibition of Mitochondrial Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase (DLDH) as an Approach to Managing Diabetic Oxidative Stress

Description: This article investigates if chronic inhibition of DLDH could also attenuate oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes. It is the authors' belief that DLDH inhibition could be a novel approach to fighting type 2 diabetes.
Date: February 2, 2019
Creator: Yang, Xiaojuan; Song, Jing & Yan, Liang-Jun
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Development of Biodegradable Nanocarriers Loaded with a Monoclonal Antibody

Description: This article examines the feasibility of encapsulating monoclonal antibodies within poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles using a water/oil/water double emulsion solvent evaporation technique. This method can be used to prepare protective polymeric nanoparticles for transporting functional antibodies to the cytoplasmic compartment of cancer cells. The author's studies achieved successful formulation of antibody loaded polymeric nanoparticles, thus indicating that a PLGA-based antibody nanoformulation is a promising intracellular delivery vehicle for a large number of new intracellular antibody targets in cancer cells.
Date: February 12, 2015
Creator: Gdowski, Andrew; Ranjan, Amalendu; Mukerjee, Anindita & Vishwanatha, Jamboor
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Cataract Preventive Role of Isolated Phytoconstituents: Findings from a Decade of Research

Description: This review aims to find effective phytoconstituents in cataract treatments in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo. Scientists have focused their attention not only for anti-cataract activity in vitro, but also in ex vivo and in vivo from the review of active phytoconstituents in medicinal plants. In our present review, we identified 58 active phytoconstituents with strong anti-cataract effects at in vitro and ex vivo with lack of in vivo studies.
Date: October 26, 2018
Creator: Lim, Vuanghao; Schneider, Edward; Wu, Hongli & Pang, Iok-Hou
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Regulation of Autophagy by Kinases

Description: This review focuses on the regulation of autophagy by several kinases with particular emphasis on serine/threonine protein kinases such as mTOR, AMP-activated kinase, Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinase (ERK, p38 and JNK) and protein kinase C that are often deregulated in cancer and are important therapeutic targets.
Date: June 9, 2011
Creator: Sridharan, Savitha; Jain, Kirti & Basu, Alakananda
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Transitioning from Acute to Chronic Pain: An Examination of Different Trajectories of Low-Back Pain

Description: The article examines the most recent trajectory research, and highlights the importance of developing a broader model for patient evaluation. Traditionally, there has been a widely accepted notion that the transition from acute to chronic pain follows a linear trajectory, where an injury leads to acute episodes, subacute stages, and progresses to a chronic pain condition. However, it appears that pain progression is much more complicated and individualized than this original unsupported assumption.
Date: May 17, 2018
Creator: Gatchel, Robert J.; Bevers, Kelley; Licciardone, John C.; Su, Jianzhong; Du, Ying & Brotto, Marco
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Flanking Variation Influences Rates of Stutter in Simple Repeats

Description: This article shows that rates of stutter can vary substantially depending on the flanking haplotype, and while there are cases where the LUS is a better predictor of stutter than the PAL, examples to the contrary are apparent in commonly assayed forensic markers. Further, flanking variation that is 7 bp from the repeat region can impact rates of stutter. These findings suggest that non-proximal effects, such as DNA secondary structure, may be impacting the rates of stutter in common forensic short tandem repeat markers.
Date: November 17, 2017
Creator: Woerner, August E.; King, Jonathan L. & Budowle, Bruce
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
open access

Understanding Melanocyte Stem Cells for Disease Modeling and Regenerative Medicine Applications

Description: This review highlights recent studies and progress involved in understanding the development of cutaneous melanocytes and the regulation of McSCs. Melanocytes in the skin play an indispensable role in the pigmentation of skin and its appendages. It is well known that the embryonic origin of melanocytes is neural crest cells. In adult skin, functional melanocytes are continuously repopulated by the differentiation of melanocyte stem cells (McSCs) residing in the epidermis of the skin.
Date: December 21, 2015
Creator: Mull, Amber N.; Zolekar, Ashwini & Wang, Yu-Chieh
Partner: UNT Health Science Center
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