Search Results

Oral History Interviews with Pete Evans, 1984

Description: Interview with Pete Evans, a Texas National Guard veteran and POW from Hamby, Texas. Evans discusses his time as a member of 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery (the "Lost Battalion") which was captured by the Japanese in March, 1942, including: his upbringing; entering the Guard and training; mobilization, the Louisiana Maneuvers, and deployment to East Asia; diversion from the Philippines to Brisbane and then Java, after December 7th, 1941; assignment to Sangosari near Malang; the Japanese invasion and the American surrender; and experiences in internment at Surabaya, Tanjong Priok in Batavia, Changi Camp in Singapore, Nagasaki, and the Orio district of Kitakyūshū.
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Date: {1984-02-15,1984-02-29,1984-03-07}
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Evans, Pete
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Personal Diary of Frank Fujita, Jr.

Description: A copy of Frank Fujita Jr.'s war diary, obtained by Dr. Ron Marcello to accompany Fujita's oral history interview. Fujita was an Texas National Guard WWII veteran and POW from the 2nd Battalion, 131st Field Artillery Regiment captured on Java in March 1942. Included is Fujita's original bound diary, and a rewritten version he made in a Japanese logbook in internment and continued. They contain daily activities, doodles, lists of dozens of servicemen and captives encountered, and the key to an encoded script Fujita developed for sensitive information. Also included is a postwar newspaper clipping about Fujita's unit.
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Date: December 19, 1970
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Fujita Jr., Frank
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Colonel John. E. Olson, March 15, 1998

Description: Interview with Colonel John E. Olson, a Army WWII veteran and POW from Leavenworth, Kansas. Olson discusses his family background, commissioning in the Army from West Point, assignment to the Philippines in 1939 as an infantry officer, the start of the war, withdrawal to Bataan and the ensuing battle and surrender, the Bataan Death March, internment at Cabanatuan, transfer to Osaka, experiences there in internment at a factory labor camp, liberation, organizing the evacuation of POWs, returning to the US, and his postwar career.
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Date: March 15, 1998
Creator: Alexander, Bill & Olson, John E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Arthur Hofstein, October 30, 2007

Description: Interview with Arthur Hofstein, a Army WWII veteran from Cambridge, Massachusetts. Hofstein discusses the lead up to war, being drafted, training to be a radio operator, departure for the European Theater, landing in France and first action at Mars-la-Tour, the Battle of the Bulge, German prisoners and civilians, advancing into Germany, the liberation of Dachau, letters, and life after the war. In appendix are various materials and photographs related to Hofstein and his service.
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Date: October 30, 2007
Creator: Decoster, Charlotte & Hofstein, Arthur I.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lyndle Lynch, January 10, 1995

Description: Interview with Lyndle Lynch, a Navy WWII veteran from El Paso, Texas, who was aboard the USS Utah during the attack on Pearl Harbor. Lynch discusses going into the Navy, work aboard the Utah, liberty in Honolulu, the morning of the attack, the sinking of the Utah and abandoning ship, assisting the wounded, duties after the attack, morale and reactions, and service aboard the USS Detroit.
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Date: January 10, 1995
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Lynch, Lyndle
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Thomas W. Nance, March 24, 2003

Description: Interview with Thomas W. Nance, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Dallas, Texas, who served with the 112th Cavalry in the Pacific. Nance discusses growing up and joining the 112th, working with horses, equipment used and organization, maneuvers at Fort Bliss, deployment to New Caledonia, operations on Woodlark Island, staging at Goodenough Island and the landing at Arawe, being wounded and evacuated, recovery and discharge, continued disability and experiences with VA hospitals, and reflections on the 112th as a unit. In appendix is the poem "Fiddler's Green," a list of places Nance served, descriptions of military equipment mentioned, and the 112th's service chronicle.
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Date: March 24, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn & Nance, Thomas W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with William J. Lesko, February 17, 1999

Description: Interview with William J. Lesko, a Army Air Corps WWII veteran from New Kensington, Pennsylvania, who served with the 14th Combat Cargo Group in the China-Burma-India Theater. Lesko discusses his family background, enlisting and training to be a radar and radio technician, deployment to India, flying supplies to British troops in Burma, the end of the war, returning to the United States, and life postwar.
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Date: February 17, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Lesko, William J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Thomas, April 28, 1990

Description: Interview with David Thomas, a Marine WWII veteran from Takio, Missouri, who was at the Attack on Pearl Harbor. Thomas discusses joining the Marine Corps in 1940, assignment to Kaneohe Naval Air Station, life and work there, the attack on December 7th, the immediate aftermath, casualties and damage to Kaneohe, leaving the Marines to attempt becoming a naval aviator, and being drafted into the Army as a bomber navigator.
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Date: April 28, 1990
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Thomas, David
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Hilda Rubinstein Green, January 2, 1990

Description: Interview with Hilda Rubinstein-Green, a Holocaust survivor from Memel, East Prussia (now Klaipėda, Lithuania). Green discusses growing up in Memel, the Jewish community, her family background, Hitler, fleeing to Krottingen, returning to Memel to destroy valuables so the Germans couldn't take them, moving to Kovno, having a sympathetic German officer as a tenant, moving to the ghetto, life there, executions, labor, suicides, internment at Stutthof, her mother's declining health, a forced march to Posen, liberation and hospital treatment, living with her uncle in Germany, moving to the United States, her faith, and other reflections. In appendix is a letter by Green, and a letter from the International Tracing Service.
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Date: January 2, 1990
Creator: Rosen, Keith & Rubinstein-Green, Hilda
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Commander Alex Vraciu, October 9, 1994

Description: Interview with Cmdr. Alex Vraciu, a Navy WWII veteran and Navy Cross recipient from East Chicago, Indiana. Vraciu discusses his family and educational background, naval flight training, Edward "Butch" O'Hare, the F6F Hellcat, various combat operations throughout the Pacific, his actions at the "Marianas Turkey Shoot," being awarded the Navy Cross and time stateside, and returning to combat. In appendix is an autobiographical sketch by Vraciu, including a picture of him and his Hellcat with visible victory markings on the fuselage.
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Date: October 9, 1994
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Vraciu, Alexander
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Inga Pennock, January 27, 1990

Description: Interview with Inga Pennock, a Holocaust survivor from Berlin. Pennock discusses her family background, experiencing antisemitism and the start of Nazi rule, trying to leave Germany and hiding, increasing violence, Kristallnacht, losing family, fleeing to Shanghai, Japanese occupation and the ghetto, working as a nurse for the Japanese, living conditions, liberation, and life afterwards.
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Date: January 27, 1990
Creator: Rosen, Keith G. & Pennock, Inga
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Ben Moody, October 8, 2003

Description: Interview with Ben Moody, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Kilgore, Texas, who served with the 112th Cavalry in the Pacific. Moody discusses his family, surviving the Great Depression, his jobs and education, joining the 112th and mobilization, deployment to New Caledonia, Woodlark Island, staging at Goodenough Island, the Battle of Arawe, the Battle of Driniumor River, spending the remainder of the war in the hospital, and reflections on the 112th.
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Date: October 8, 2003
Creator: Johnston, Glenn T. & Moody, Ben
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harold Salfen, February 14, 2000

Description: Interview with Harold Salfen, a Army Air Force WWII veteran from O'Fallon, Missouri. Salfen discusses his hometown and family background, his childhood and education, working in St. Louis, attending the University of Missouri, joining the Army Air Force and training, operating a ground radar in the European Theater, liberating Buchenwald Concentration Camp, the end of the war, and returning home. In appendix is a biography/resumé of Salfen's.
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Date: February 14, 2000
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Salfen, Harold
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harve D. King, May 22, 2001

Description: Interview with Harve D. King, a Army WWII veteran from Copeville, Texas, who served in the 350th Engineer Regiment. King discusses his upbringing on a cotton farm, school in Farmersville, discrimination as an African-American, attending Texas College, joining the Army, training, assignment at Camp Shelby, deployment to New Guinea, operations at Hollandia, building a hospital, recreation, visiting Australia, returning to the United States and discharge, and life after the war.
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Date: May 22, 2001
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & King, Harve D.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Fred Vogel, August 8, 2001

Description: Interview with Fred Vogel, a Army WWII veteran from Austin, Minnesota. Vogel discusses his family and upbringing, football and college, working as a lawyer, joining the Army and basic training, attending Officer Candidate School, infantry training, deployment to New Guinea with the 33rd Infantry Division, the invasion of Morotai, combat around Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines, and occupation duty in Japan.
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Date: June 13, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Vogel, Fred
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Paul E. Papish, January 30, 1989

Description: Interview with Paul E. Papish, a Navy WWII veteran and POW from Denver, Colorado, who survived the sinking of the USS Houston (CA-30). Papish discusses joining the Navy in 1939 and training, assignment to the Houston and operations in the Pacific, the start of war and initial engagements, the Battle of the Java Sea, getting sunk at Sundra Strait, surviving on a raft and reaching shore on Java, capture, initial internment, transfer to and experiences in Bicycle Camp in Batavia, transfer to Changi Camp in Singapore, and liberation.
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Date: January 30, 1989
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Papish, Paul E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Margaret Gillooly, March 18, 1995

Description: Interview with Margaret Gillooly, a civilian internee of the Japanese in WWII from San Francisco, California. Gillooly discusses her family's move to the Philippines in 1938, schooling, the start of war and the Japanese invasion, staying in Cebu City, her parents' escape from Manila and surviving a sinking in Manila Bay, Japanese occupation of Cebu, being moved to Manila, various experiences surviving internment at Santo Tomas Prison Camp, bombings, the American invasion and liberation, a Japanese counterattack and siege, emotional and mental impacts, and evacuation.
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Date: March 18, 1995
Creator: Byrd, Richard W. & Gillooly, Margaret
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Allen Stafford, March 12, 1999

Description: Interview with Allen Stafford, a Texas National Guard WWII veteran from Kiowa County, Oklahoma, who served with the 124th Cavalry Regiment. Stafford discusses his early life, working in Texas oil fields, enlisting and training, deployment to the China-Burma-India Theater and reorganization as an infantry unit, combat operations with the Japanese around the Burma Road, and returning to the United States.
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Date: March 12, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Stafford, Allen E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Charles H. Roberts, November 6, 1994

Description: Interview with Charles H. Roberts, a Marines WWII veteran from Denton, Texas, who was present at Kaneohe Bay Naval Air Station, Oahu, on December 7th, 1941. Roberts discusses the different waves of attacking Japanese aircraft, returning fire, the immediate aftermath, reactions on Oahu and defensive measures, and casualties.
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Date: November 6, 1994
Creator: White, Melinda & Roberts, Charles H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Robert Hoe, September 20, 2003

Description: Interview with Robert Hoe, a Navy WWII veteran of the China-Burma-India theater from Le Roy, New York. Hoe discusses growing up, the reaction to Pearl Harbor, attending college, enlisting in the Navy, training and becoming an officer, joining the Navy Scouts and Raiders, deployment to China and assignment to the Sino-American Cooperative Organization, supplying their forces, operations with guerilla fighters against the Japanese occupation, intelligence gathering, his reaction to the atomic bomb, the end of the war, service in China and discharge, and life as a civilian.
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Date: September 20, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Hoe, Robert
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interviews with Max Pila, 1993-1994

Description: Interview with Max Pila, a Holocaust survivor from Zlav, Poland. Pila discusses his family and Jewish background, antisemitism, the German invasion, life in the ghetto, executions, labor, transfer to Auschwitz-Birkenau, daily experience in internment, mining at Janina, the forced march to Bergen-Belsen, liberation, and life afterwards.
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Date: {1993-10-15,1994-04-01}
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Pila, Max
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Kenneth Poff, August 10, 1997

Description: Interview with Kenneth Poff, a Army WWII veteran from Wrightsville, Pennsylvania, who served with the 1913th Engineer Aviation Battalion. Poff discusses his early life, being drafted and training, shipping out to Townsville, Australia, and landing on New Guinea, fighting attached to the 1st Marine Division for the Cape Gloucester and Hollandia campaigns, constructing and maintaining an airstrip, the Lingayan Gulf campaign in the Philippines, the atomic bomb and VJ-Day, and returning home.
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Date: August 10, 1997
Creator: Marcello, Ronald E. & Poff, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Hanna K Ulatowska, February 16, 1990

Description: Interview with Hanna L Ulatowska, a Polish linguist and Holocaust survivor from Warsaw. Ulatowska discusses the invasion of Poland, witnessing bombings and atrocities, life in Warsaw after the invasion, the life of Jews, the Warsaw Uprising, being forced out of the city by German forces to Auschwitz-Birkenau, survival there, Josef Mengele, her family, escaping from Birkenau, Russian liberation, and reflections on her experiences.
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Date: February 16, 1990
Creator: Rosen, Keith G. & Ulatowska, Hanna K.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program
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