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Radiologic Hazards Predicted for a Given Height Burst of an Atomic Bomb

Description: Abstract: An appraisal is made of the radiologic hazard created by a 1000-ft. high air burst of a nominal sized nuclear bomb. Three sets of graphs are included which show the relations between dose rate (milliroentgens per hour), time post-shot, and distance from Ground Zero for a soil having given constituents. Estimates are given for fall-out activity (gamma) for distances up to about 200 miles from Ground Zero immediately after fall-out. It is pointed out that the radiologic hazard due to fall-out in the example cited is insignificant; further, that the radiologic hazard from similar nuclear bombs bursting at different heights above the ground will vary to a considerable extent.
Date: April 6, 1951
Creator: Perry, Charles H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Role of Glycolic Acid in the Oxidation Metabolism of Green Cells

Description: In previous reports it was shown that glycolic acid appears as substrate and catalyst of oxidizing processes in the green suspension from barley leaves. In the present work are given the results of new investigations concerning the role of glycolic acids in the oxidation metabolism of green cells.
Date: March 26, 1948
Creator: Kolesnikov, P. A. |q (Petr Aleksandrovich). d 1907-1996.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Chloride of Praseodymium

Description: Praseodymium chloride has been prepared in the form of large green crystals. In order to prepare praseodymium oxide in the pure state, the author precipitated the oxalate from a nitric solution instead of a hydrochloric solution.
Date: October 28, 1948
Creator: Matignon, Camille
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Survey: Oxidation Characteristics of Columbium and Columbium Base Alloys

Description: Unclassified experimental data concerned with the oxidation characteristics of Nb and Nb-base alloys are presented. The bulk of the results is presented in tabular form and cataloged under laboratory name sub-headings. The theory of alloy development for oxidation resistance is discussed. Methods of evaluating oxidation behavior are outlined.
Date: May 20, 1959
Creator: Clough, W. R. (William Raymond); Hirakis, E. C. & Krutenat, R. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Filling Instructions for the Pratt & Whitney Forced Convection Liquid Metal Inpile Loop Experiment (PW19)

Description: The apparatus and procedures that are to be used to fill the liquid metal system of the Pratt and Whitney Forced Convection Liquid Metal Inpile Loop are described. The liquid metal to be used is a mixture containing 56% Na and 44% K, which is a liquid at room temperature. In order to simplify the filling procedure at the reactor site, two containers, each of which contains exactly enough liquid metal to fill the experiment to the prescribed level, a fill dolly incorporating a purified helium system, and an evacuation system will be provided at the reactor site. After completion of the liquid metal transfer, the liquid metal fill tube will be crimped, cut, and seal welded. The liquid metal and helium systems will then be pressurized through the helium fill tubes, which will also be crimped, cut, and seal welded. Each tube seal weld will be inspected after completion of the weld by mass spectrometry leak check and dye penetrant fault detection
Date: April 29, 1959
Creator: Heyl, P. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fractionation of Fission Products and Heavy Elements by Volatilization Methods

Description: Technical report describing the attempt to separate the long lived fission product oxides by volatilization methods. A fractionization crucible was used. The fractionations give a fair idea of the relative volatilities of the longer lived fission products and also of the degrees of separation of the plutonium oxide or oxides from the fission products.
Date: August 27, 1946
Creator: Erway, N. D. & Simpson, O. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Study of Thorium Peroxide Sulfate

Description: Abstract. Thorium peroxide was precipitated from thorium nitrate solutions containing varying amounts of sulfate ion and of hydrogen ion. The washed solids were analyzed both wet and dry. Analyses were made for thorium, peroxide oxygen, sulfate, nitrate, and water contents. X-ray powder photographs of the dried samples by W.H. Zachariasen showed the presence of only two phases. When precipitated from high sulfuric acid, the solid phase was isomorphous with Th(OO)SO4.3H20. More weakly acid solutions whose sulfate content was varied over wide limits [SO4--/Th(IV) (in solution before precipitation) = 0.005 to 67.0] yielded a solid, isomorphous with thorium peroxide nitrate and containing 3.0 to 3.8 peroxide oxygen atoms for each thorium atom. The sulfate content of this latter phase varied continuously between the limits SO4--/Th(IV) = 0.34 to 0.01 with nitrate ion present when the sulfate content was very low. This continuous variation in composition is in agreement with the previously proposed structure of this phase.
Date: October 1, 1945
Creator: Hamaker, John W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiocarbon from Pile Graphite; Chemical Methods for its Concentration

Description: Abstract. Samples of pile graphite, irradiated in a test-hole at Hanford for 15 months, have been assayed for radioactive C14, yielding 0.38 ± 0.04 microcuries per gram. At this level of activity, the pile graphite contains very valuable amounts of C14. The relation between the above assay and the probable average assay of pile graphite is discussed, and it is concluded that the latter is almost certainly above 0.3 uc/ gram. Controlled oxidation of this graphite, either with oxygen at ~ 750°C, or with chromic acid "cleaning solution" at room temperature, yields early fractions which are highly enriched in C14. Concentrations of 5-fold with oxygen, and 50-fold with CRO{sub3}, have been observed. The relation between the observed enrichment and the Wigner effect is discussed, and a mechanism accounting for the observations put forward. According to this, about 25% of the stable carbon atoms in the lattice have been displaced by Wigner effect, a large fraction of which have healed the migrating to crystal edges. All the C14 atoms have been displaced, and the same fraction of these migrate to the edges. The enrichment then results from surface oxidation, in the oxygen case. Predictions are made on the basis of this hypothesis. A technique of counting radioactive CO2 in the gas phase is described
Date: October 10, 1946
Creator: Arnold, James R. & Libby, Willard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Procedures for the Separation of Products Resulting From Bombardment of Heavy Elements

Description: Technical report that attempts to bring together the various chemical procedures which proved most useful in studying the results of cyclotron bombardment or small scale neutron bombardments of heavy element targets. The report is limited to the elements of the "actinide", or second rare earth series, starting with thorium and including the newly discovered elements of atomic number 95 and 96. Every attempt is made to include all details necessary so this report can serve as a practical laboratory guide. The report covers separation problems, time factors, and dealing with dangerously radioactive targets.
Date: September 23, 1946
Creator: Thompson, Roy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Charge on Uranium(VI) in Acid Solution

Description: Abstract. The distribution coefficient of U(VI) between perchloric acid solutions and benzene solutions of TTA has been measured as a function of the acidity. It was possible to interpret the data in terms of the charge on the U(VI) species present in the aqueous phase. The experiments indicate that U(VI) exists as an ion charge +2 at acidities from 0.1M to 2.5M. In the interpretations of the distribution data, it was necessary to know the acidity coefficient of the uranyl chelate in the benzene solution. This was determined by measurement of the solubility of the compound UO2K2 - xH2). The activity coefficient of UO2K2 was found to decrease rapidly as the concentration of TTA in the benzene phase increased above 0.1M. This is probably due to the formation of a species involving more than two TTA molecules per U(VI)
Date: August 15, 1946
Creator: King, Edward L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Dissolution of Thorium Metal and Thorium Dioxide in HNO3 - HF and HNO3- ( NH4 ) 2 SiF6 Mixtures

Description: Abstract. A satisfactory method has been found for dissolving thorium metal and thorium oxide in heat-treated 25-12 stainless steel vessels without excessive corrosion of the vessels. The dissolution medium consists of strong HNO3 containing a small amount of fluoride or fluo-silicate. the fluoride required has no harmful effects on a subsequent solvent-extraction step for a separation of uranium isotopes from the dissolved thorium.
Date: August 2, 1946
Creator: Schuler, Frederick W.; Steahly, Frank L. & Stoughton, Raymond W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The U + 4 - U02 ++ Couple in H2SO , and the U + S - u + 4 Couple in HCl

Description: Technical report: Measurements have been made on the equilibrium between Cu, Cu2+, U4+, and UO22+ in H2SO4 in an attempt to establish the value of the U4+ - UO22+ couple potential. The value of the formal potential for the U3+ - U4+ couple in 1N HCl at 0 degrees C was determined to be + 0.65 v.
Date: March 19, 1946
Creator: Cubicciotti, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Preparation of High-Purity Beryllium Oxide

Description: Abstract. A method for the preparation of beryllium oxide of high purity is presented. Beryllium basic acetate (BeO-3Be(C2H3O2)2) is prepared from the metal or a convenient salt, a chloroform solution of this material extracted with redistilled water, the dried basic acetate distilled in a quartz apparatus, and this purified material converted to the oxide by fuming down with sulfuric acid and igniting at 1000 degrees C. Impurities detectable spectrographically were reduced to a very low level.
Date: May 27, 1946
Creator: Tomkins, F. S.; Cressman, G. W. & Tolmach, L. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Composition and Thermal Decomposition of Uranyl Peroxide

Description: Technical report on the studies that have been made on the composition and thermal decomposition of uranyl peroxide. The conditions of precipitation and drying have been found to have no appreciable effect on the composition of the compound, but do affect the physical appearance of the precipitate and the rate of thermal decomposition. The UO4 + 2H2O appears to be thermodynamically unstable with respect to UO3 at 25 degrees C and atmospheric pressure, although the rate of conversion is extremely slow. The UO4 + 2H2O is completely converted to UO3 on standing at 150 degrees C and atmospheric pressure for two weeks. Partially decomposed uranyl peroxide samples contain extra oxygen which is released on immersing the sample in water.
Date: June 30, 1945
Creator: Leininger, R. F.; Hunt, J. P. & Koshland, D. E., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Column Adsorption Methods in Analytical Chemistry

Description: Technical report. Numerous application of various column adsorption techniques to inorganic analytical chemistry have appear in the literature. The comparatively recent introduction of ion exchange resins has resulted in the development of efficient, simple, and rapid column adsorption methods. the principal service of column adsorption methods to analytical chemistry is that of providing a relatively simple means of separating an element in a sufficiently pure state so that a direct precipitation, ignition, and weighting, for example, will suffice to complete the quantitative analysis. Systems involving uranyl nitrate will naturally be emphasized in this report but information will be included concerning the separation of the individual members of a series from one another, such as in the alkaline earths and the rare earths.
Date: January 11, 1946
Creator: Schubert, Jack
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of Thorium in Uranium-Thorium Alloys, Using Cupferron

Description: Technical report describing that the use of controlled amounts of carbonate, acting both as complexing agent buffer led to a fairly satisfactory procedure for the determination of Th in Th-U alloys, using cupferron. The alloy, dissolved in NHO2, in the presence of HF, is treated with H2SO4 and the mixture is evaporated in SO2 fumes. The solution is diluted and (NH4)2CO2 is added. Th is precipitated from this solution with cupferron. The precipitate is weighed as ThO2 after ignition. An accuracy of 6% was obtained. A method was developed specifically for the determination of Th in U-Th alloys containing 1 to 10% Th. An ion exchange resin in column is used to separate Th from U, with NH2OH-HCl as complexing agent. The Th is then precipitated, ignited, and weighed in the conventional manner.
Date: November 23, 1945
Creator: Eckert, A. C. & Bane, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of D2O and UO2F2 by Distillation

Description: Technical report describing the purification and separation by distillation of UO2F2 from D2O. In the experiment which is discussed 2,129.6 lbs of UO2F2 were dissolved in 6,605 lbs of D2O. The average isotopic purity of the D2O decreased during the distillation from 99.77% to 99.73%. The dissolved impurities were less than those present originally in the heavy water.
Date: October 10, 1945
Creator: Fischer, R. & Wattenberg, Albert, 1917-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of TH( NO3 ) -Ca( NO3 )2 –HNO3 Solutions

Description: Abstract. Methods of analysis for thorium, calcium, and nitric acid in solutions from thorium extraction purification columns are described and the results and errors are outlined. A brief description of methods of analysis that were not successful is included.
Date: December 20, 1945
Creator: Warf, James C.; Patterson, J. H. & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Rapid Determination of Nitric Acid and Thorium in Thorium Nitrate Solutions

Description: Abstract. The physico-chemical methods of determining nitric acid and thorium nitrate in solutions containing these two materials were investigated. Conductimetric titration with sodium hydroxide can be used to determine nitric acid accurately. the titration of thorium nitrate requires a separate standardization of the base however, since a basic salt is precipitated rather the normal hydroxide. The titration of thorium is reproductible however, so and empirical standardization can be used. The measurement of the specific gravity and refractivity of the solutions provides a method of determining the concentrations in terms of these two variable. Equations for the concentrations in terms of specific gravity and refractively are given, both in pure solutions and in those saturated with methyl isobutyl ketone.
Date: November 27, 1945
Creator: Newton, A. S.; Powell, J. (James), 1932- & Figard, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effect of Neutron Bombardment on the Specific Heat of Graphite at Low Temperatures

Description: The work described in this technical report was undertaken as part of a larger program dealing with a systematic investigation of changes in the physical prosperities of artificial graphite due to neutron bombardment. Very pronounced among those changes is the increase in the elastic modulus. Since there is a general relationship between the elastic modulus of a given substance and its specific heat, it was expected that corresponding changes will occur in the specific heat. In conclusion, the experiments determined that it appears that the low temperature specific heat measurements of strongly bombarded samples will be helpful for the understanding of the nature and the mechanism of the changes produced by neutron bombardment and annealing.
Date: September 5, 1945
Creator: Estermann, I. (Immanuel), 1900-1973 & Kirkland, G. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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