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Buckling Measurements : Heavy Natural Uranium Tubular Fuel Assemblies

Description: One-region buckling measurements that were made on a series of D/sub 2/O- moderated lattices of heavy uranium metal tubes in the Process Development Pile at Savannah River Laboratory are presented. The purposes of these measurements are to provide normalization points for lattice bucklings and to extend the study of natural uranium- D/sub 2/O systems. The dependence of buckiing on the moderator-to-fuel ratio is studied for two types of lattices.
Date: November 20, 1963
Creator: Dunklee, A. E. & Graves, William E. (William Ernest), 1941-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Resonance Capture Approximations

Description: The program KRUDE, which solves the slowing down and adjoint equations for a mixture of resonance and nonresonance isotopes in an infinite homogeneous medium, was used to evaluate some resonance capture approximations (variational and successive) that use linear combinations of narrow and wide resonance fluxes. Results obtained for resonance capture in the 291-ev resonance of Zr/sup 91/ and the 192-ev resonance of U/sup 238/ are compared, and three methods for including Doppler effects in the variational method are considered.
Date: December 16, 1963
Creator: Edgar, K. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bucklings, Disadvantage Factors, and [Delta]28 Measurements in Some Undermoderated Slightly Enriched Cores

Description: The reactivity lifetime of a water-moderated, thermal, power reactor using a low enrichment fuel is, in part, dependent upon the conversion ratio. The High Conversion Critical Experiment (Hi-C) was initiated at Argonne to extend the rage of investigations with light water moderated, slightly enriched, oxide-fueled cores. Bucklings were obtained from the clean critical core size and reflector savings values. The so-called "integral" technique was used to measure the disadvantage factor.
Date: 1963
Creator: Baird, Q. L. & Boynton, A. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Designs and Special Applications for Fast Breeders

Description: The purpose of this paper is to describe a few of the suggested advanced concepts for fast breeder reactors and to compare these with the standard approach as to their potential advantage. I have attempted to estimate the economic effect of full technical success with each of the proposed concepts. The proposed concepts include: (1) single sodium system, (2) steam-cooled core concept, (3) direct cycle reactor using potassium as reactor coolant and working fluid, (4) molten plutonium-fuel alloy circulated and cooled by a jet of sodium, (5) settled-bed core, (6) molten salt concept, and (7) paste-fuel system.
Date: November 11, 1963
Creator: Hammond, R. Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Studies on the Current Carrying Capacity of NbZr Wires Under Conditions of Fixed and Swept Magnetic Field

Description: Abstract: The current-carrying capacity of Nb- Zr wire has been studied under conditions of swept magnetic field and fixed wire current and of fixed magnetic field and swept wire current. The effects of wire movement, thermal environment, copper coating of the wire, and rate of sweep of wire current or magnetic field have been determined for these conditions of test.
Date: January 1, 1963
Creator: Laverick, Charles.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equilibrium Studies of Uranyl Complexes : II, Interaction of Uranyl Ion with Citric Acid

Description: Abstract: A potentiometric study of the complex formation between citric acid (H3L) and the uranyl ion at 25° and ionic strengths of 0.1 and 1.0 (KNO3) is reported From the concentration dependence of the formation constant, it is concluded that polynuclear complexes are formed in which bridging between metal ions occurs through carboxylate and hyroxyl groups of the ligand. The values of the logarithms of the formation constant of the metal checlate [UO2L-]/[UO2+][L3-] and of the dimerization constant [(UO2)xL22-]/[UO2+][L3-] are found to be 7.40 and 4.07 respectively. Infrared absorption measurements of protonated and dissociated carboxyl groups in aqueous uranyl citrte system indicated the presence of both carobxy-late and hydroxide bridging in the polynuclear complex. On the basis of the "core plus links" treatment of polynuclear complexes, the polymeric species in solution in the buffer region between 3 and 4 2/3 moles of base per mole of metal complex appears to be predominantly (U)2)2L2((OH)5(UO2)2L2)216-.
Date: January 1964
Creator: Rajan, K. S. & Martell, Arthur E. (Arthur Earl), 1916-2003.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ion Exchange Absorption of Cesium by Potassium Hexacyanocobalt(II) Ferrate(II)

Description: Abstract: A description is given of the preparation and properties of a granular form of potassium hexacyanocobalt (II) ferrate (II) that is a highly selective absorbent for cesium ion. The material is suitable for use in a large-scale ion exchange column, and offers the possibility of isolating and concentrating Cs137 from fission product waste solutions that arise from the processing of nuclear fuels.
Date: October 23, 1963
Creator: Prout, William E., 1921-; Russell, E. R. & Groh, H. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Ionizing Radiation on the Optical and Electrical Properties of the Alkali Halides : Presented at the American Society for Testing Materials, 66th Annual Meeting, Atlantic City, New Jersey, June 23-28, 1963.

Description: Abstract: Various mechanisms for the formation of point defects in ionic crystals are considered. Their probable importance as a function of the energy of the ionizing radiation and the temperature at which the irradiation takes place is discussed. Complex centers formed from aggregates of simple point defects are reviewed and their occurrence considered in terms of the expected spatial distribution of the point defects. The effect of high energy x rays and protons on the ionic conductivity is discussed in terms of a new interpretation of the conductivity curve as a function of temperature, and it is suggested that radiation-enhanced diffusion may be important in explaining the experimental data.
Date: 1963
Creator: Royce, B. S. H. (Barrie S. H.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Vapor Pressures of VCl2, VCl3, VBr2, and VBr3 by Knudsen Effusion

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The vapor pressures of crystalline VCl2, VBr2, VCl3 and VBr3 have been measured by the Knudsen effusion method using pyrex and Vycor effusion cells. ... During the measurements on VCl3 and VBr3 dissociation and disproportionation of the samples occurred simultaneously with the simple vaporization. However, because the product of each of these processes was collected separately during an experiment, the vapor pressure due to sublimation was obtained without difficulty."
Date: August 21, 1962
Creator: McCarley, R. E. & Roddy, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transport Reactions of Some Vanadium (III) Halides

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The reactions of VCl2. VCl3, and VCl3-VBr3 mixtures with bromine vapor at 350 to 450°C led to vaporization of the halides and deposition of mixed halides of vanadium (III) at lower temperatures."
Date: August 21, 1962
Creator: McCarley, Robert E.; Roddy, James W. & Berry, Keith O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Thallium-Indium Phase Diagram as a Function of Composition, Temperature, and Pressure

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The thallium-rich region of the thallium-indium phase diagram was determined from atmospheric pressure to 5.5 kbars primary from electrical resistivity data obtained as a function of composition, temperature, and pressure."
Date: unknown
Creator: Meyerhoff, Robert Wagner & Smith, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Studies in Contact Microradiography : Presented at the American Society for Testing Materials, 66th Annual Meeting, Atlantic City, New Jersey, June 23-28, 1963.

Description: Abstract: Recent developments in techniques for low-voltage radiography have found application for the examination and evaluation of minute details in small or thin specimens. Utilization of x-ray tubes and helium chambers with thin windows for maximum transmission of soft x rays and bare film with dark-room exposure techniques have allowed very high contrast radiographs to be produced on low-contrast materials. These conditions, coupled with very high resolution photographic emulsion detectors, have resulted in the observation of detail approximately 1 {micron} in size. Useful examination of the plates and subsequent reproductions have been made at magnifications as high as 500X. This contact system offers the advantage of evaluation of a relatively large area, as compared to the restricted field of observation of projection microradiography. Included among the subjects have been graphite-coated UC₂ particles, graphite, beryllium, paper, and other organic specimens.
Date: 1963
Creator: McClung, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propagation Characteristics of Capillary Ripples II. Instrumentation for Measurement of Ripple Velocity and Amplitude

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "An instrument for measuring the propagation velocity of capillary ripples to within 0.3% and for measuring the amplitude of such ripples to within 1 to 10% (depending upon amplitude) was designed and constructed. The principle components of the instrument were a Teflon Langmuir trough (with provision for automatic recording of compression data); generating and receiving probes consisting of a thin rod and a razor blade respectively mounted so that the rod and razor edge were parallel and accurately placed in the surface to be studied."
Date: January 1963
Creator: Mann, J. Adin, Jr. & Hansen, R. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

I. Niobium(IV) Bromide and Pyridine Adducts of the Niobium(IV) Halides

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Reaction of NbBr5 and niobium metal in a sealed tube under a temperature gradient from 410° to 350° gave NbBr4 in good yields. However, an increase in the higher temperature from 410° to 450° was sufficient to eliminate NbBr4 as a product and cause deposition of a lower bromide."
Date: September 5, 1962
Creator: McCarley, Robert E. & Torp, Bruce A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Preparation of TaBr4, TaI4 and Pyridine Adducts of the Tantalum(IV) Halides

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The necessary conditions for preparation of TaBr4 and TaI4 by reduction of the pentahalides with tantalum or aluminum metal in a sealed tube under a controlled temperature gradient have been demonstrated."
Date: September 5, 1962
Creator: McCarley, R. E. & Boatman, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Magnetization and Electrical Resistivity Terbium Single Crystals

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Magnetic moment measurements have been made on single crystals of terbium (hcp) with fields of 50 to 18,000 oe applied along the <1120> (a-axis), <1010> (b-axis), and <0001> (c-axis) directions. The temperature range covered was 1.4 to 500°K."
Date: August 23, 1962
Creator: Hegland, D. E.; Legvold, S. & Spedding, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rare Earth Metal - Metal Halide Systems, Lanthanum, Cerium, and Praseodymium Bromides

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The MBr3 + M phase diagrams for lanthanum, cerium, and praseodymium are presented. Lanthanum and cerium exhibit simple solutions of metal, with 14 and 12 mole % dissolved at eutectic temperatures of 728 and 687°, respectively. The compound PrBr2.38 is found, melting incongruently to a solution of 16% Pr in PRBr3 and Pr(s) at 601°. For praseodymium the cryoscopic behavior of dilute solutions of metal is consistent with the primary formation of the Pr2+ solute. But with lanthanum and cerium the results are anomalous, as the cryoscopic analyses indicate 1.6-1.7 and 2.0 new particles (cation basis) per metal dissolved instead of ~3."
Date: September 4, 1962
Creator: Sallach, Robert A. & Corbett, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calcium

Description: Technical report outlining the element calcium as well as its occurrences, physical properties, chemical properties, methods of manufacture, economic aspects, and uses.
Date: September 1962
Creator: Carlson, O. N. & Haefling, J. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of Metal-1.10-Phenanthroline Complex Equilibria by Potentiometric Measurement

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The silver-1,10-phenanthroline system has been studied and the stability constants determined for the 1:1 and 2:1 complexes using the silver electrode. This known system was then used to study the complexes of 1,10-phenanthroline with other metals. The log βn values found for the over-all stoichiometric stability constants are as follows: Ag, 5.02, 12.07; Mn, 3.88, 7.04, 10.11; Cd, 5.93, 10.52, 14.30; Zn, 6.83, 12.05, 16.92. The stoichiometric stability constants determined for copper are log k2 = 6.42 and log k2k3 = 11.05."
Date: October 25, 1962
Creator: Dale, John M. & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

III. Crystalline Complexes of Bis(Di-2-Ethylbutylphosphinyl) Methahe With Uranium(VI) Nitrate and With Thorium Nitrate

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Bis(di-2-ethylbutylphosphinyl)methane, EBDPM, forms complexes with uranium (VI) nitrate and thorium (IV) nitrate in which EBDPM acts as a bidentate ligand and the nitrato groups appear to be coordinated. The complex with uranium (VI) is a monomer, UO2(NO3)29EBDPM), while the complex with thorium in a dimer, [Th(NO3)4]2(EBDPM)3. Both complexes are of high thermal stability."
Date: October 16, 1962
Creator: Parker, James R. & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Separation and Spectrophotometric Determination of Rare Earths

Description: Technical report. From Summary : "At the present time arsenazo appears to be widely used for the spectrophotometric determination of rare earths. Unfortunately, the method is not selective. The separation of rare earths and yttrium from interfering elements has been studied, and the following method has been proposed. Rare earths are precipitated as fluorides using fluorides using calcium fluoride as the carrier. Thorium and zirconium are removed by extraction with thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTA) in xylene at pH 1.3. Small amounts of residual aluminum, iron, etc. are removed by extraction with 8-quinolinolchloroform at pH 4.5. Rare earths are separated from calcium by TTA extraction at the same pH, and they are then back-extracted into 1 M nitric acid. After evaporation of the solution, the rare earths are determined spectrophotometrically with arsenazo."
Date: October 18, 1962
Creator: Onishi, Hiroshi & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

X-Ray Analytical Spectroscopy of the Rare Earths

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The term 'rare earths' is the classic name given to the group of elements with atomic numbers 57 to 71. The element yttrium is usually included in this group. The chemical properties of these elements are so strikingly similar that they always occur together in nature and their separation from each other is a singularly difficult task. With but few exceptions, mixtures of these elements have also defied analysis by classical methods of analytical chemistry. Consequently for the analysis of ores, minerals, and mixtures obtained from fractionation processes, and for the assessment of the purity of isolated elements, it has been necessary to resort to measurements on physical properties. Of these properties, emission and absorption spectra of these elements have found the widest application."
Date: September 1962
Creator: Heidel, Robert H. & Fassel, Velmer A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department