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Analytical notes on Lamkang grammar - NB15

Description: Handwritten field notes on Lamkang language including information on paradigms, verb stem alternation, verbless clauses, orthography, tone, inflected determiner clauses, applicatives, case marking, evidentials
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: 2016
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information

Notebook of Lamkang notes, NB5

Description: Handwritten fieldnotes on Lamkang language, including journaling of fieldtrip in Delhi in January 2009 with Harimohon Thounaojam and Rex Khullar.
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Date: January 2009
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information
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Transcription: Traditional story about Raapa

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Raapa paomin (the story of Raapa), as narrated by Shetphong Sankhil. Raapa lived with his grandmother and was very obedient. The other men in the village came to hate Raapa because a woman was devoted to him. They decided to kill him. A tiger came by and ate the pig belonging to a widow with 2 daughters. The widow invited the men to kill the tiger, offering a daughter to whoever is successful. No one was able. Raapa asked for some spinning tools to use as a weapon. He applied poison to one and hit the tiger with it. The tiger taunted Raapa before the poison took effect and killed it. Jealous of his success, the other men invited Raapa on a hunting trip, trapping him underground with the hedgehogs. They told Raapa's grandmother that he was killed. Raapa managed to kill all the hedgehogs and return home.
Date: unknown
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information
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Transcription: Traditional story about the Seven Sons

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Chaa paa tkhiiu ki paomin (the Story of Seven Sons), as told by Angtoi Sankhil. A man is killed by a tiger, and as his six sons go to avenge him, he kills them too one by one. The mother is pregnant with a seventh son, who is able to foretell events while still in the womb. After the child learns how his father died, he goes to confront the tiger and his wife. He avoids the tiger's attempt to kill him, takes back his father's head from the tiger's possession, and vanquishes the tiger.
Date: August 31, 2017
Creator: Utt, Tyler P.
Partner: UNT College of Information

Transcription: Traditional story about Benglam

Description: Transcription of a Benglam story as told by Elvish Sankhil. Long ago humans lived underground. Porcupines helped them escape onto the surface of the earth. There was a tiger lying in wait to eat them when they emerged. Benglam convinces sparrows to fly out, and threatens to shoot the tiger with his arrows.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: September 2, 2017
Creator: Utt, Tyler P.
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

Transcription: Ttraditional story about the Poor Boy and the Rich Boy Making Snares

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Sraa nao le svang nao ktaang ktloo ki paomin (the Story of the Poor Boy and the Rich Boy Making Snares), as told by Belun Sankhil. One of several tellings of a traditional story: The rich hunter switches his quarry, a bird, with that of his poor hunting partner, absurdly claiming his trap up high in a tree had caught a deer. In this version it is the fox who parodies the rich hunter's reasoning by claiming he burnt his feet during a flood.
Date: August 27, 2017
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information
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Transcription: Traditional story about Arthluuk and Raangchel

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Arthluuk le Raangchel paomin (the Story of Arthluuk and Raangchel), as told by Swamy Tholung Ksen. Two brothers Arthluk and Rangchel fell in love with the same girl, Sombel, who loved Rangchel. There were also a tiger and wildcat who were friends. The tiger asked the wildcat how to catch chickens. The wildcat fools him, and the tiger threatens to eat the wildcat.The wildcat tells the tiger to wait and he will catch a woman for him. He was not able to catch Sombel who was guarded by her dogs, so instead they perform magic on her, making her ill. The tiger turned into a human and offered to heal her in exchange for her hand in marriage. Reversing their spell, he healed her and took her away to a faraway place she had never been, and turned back into a tiger. Arthluk and Rangchel heard her cry of distress, and reported to her parents, who ask the villagers for help. Only Arthluk and Rangchel agreed to go after her. Sombel learned they were coming when she finds a leaf bearing the scent of the brothers. When they arrived, Sombel hid them from the tiger, saying they should leave the next day. She managed to distract the tiger from his suspicion. They escaped at night while the tiger slept. When the tiger caught up to them, Rangchel intercepted them. They fought, and the stars intervened on behalf of Rangchel, who prevailed. As the brothers were rescuing Sombel out of a cricket-hole, Arthluk cut the rope, trapping Rangchel. By planting a tall tree he managed to escape eventually. When Rangchel returned, Arthluk proposed they shoot eggs off each other's heads. Arthluk intentionally killed Rangchel and married Sombel, who killed him in revenge.
Date: August 30, 2017
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

Transcription: Elicitation of postpositions

Description: Transcription of an elicitation session of spatial reference in Lamkang. Shobhana Chelliah created the elicitation and recorded from Sumshot Khular the Lamkang words which was translated from Lamkang to English by her at UNT.
Date: July 5, 2017
Creator: Utt, Tyler P.
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

Transcription: Retelling of the Rich Boy and the Poor Boy

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Svang nao le sraa nao paomin (the Story of the Rich Boy and the Poor Boy), as told by Bunghon Suungnem. The parents of five sons used up all their wealth purchasing brides and so have nothing to bequeath to them. The father tells them to obey the eldest son and work together to dig up 500 rupees he had buried and distribute it equally. After a few months of digging they are unable to find it, so they ask the eldest son what to do. He has them level the field, draw new boundaries and cultivate it. He assigns the highest plot to the youngest brother, then the next to the next-youngest, and so on. Their neighbors include two lazy men who never work, but live off their wives. One wife tells her husband (the less lazy of the two) to go fishing. Instead of fish, he brings back some gold he finds in the water, and threatens to beat his wife if she does not cook it. She exchanges gold for food and clothing. The other neighbor and his wife do not prosper, as the husband refuses to work.
Date: unknown
Creator: Utt, Tyler P. & Khular, Sumshot
Partner: UNT College of Information
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Transcription: Traditional story about the Tiger and the Reindeer

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Humpii paa leh tyuk paa paomin (Story of the Tiger and the Reindeer), as narrated by Beshot Khullar. The tiger and the deer decide to race, and have the winner eat the loser. The tiger wins, and the deer asks for a day to go home and fatten up. On his way home, the deer meets a frog, who asks why the deer is so worried. The frog devises a way for the deer a way to trick the tiger, telling it to collect animal bones and pile them up around the frog, and retreat. The next day the tiger encounters the frog, which acts as if it has eaten the animals whose bones are piled there. It inflates itself and jumps at the tiger, which runs away in fear. The tiger relates its story to some monkeys. Together they go back to confront the frog, which frightens the tiger again, knocking into the monkeys.
Date: August 17, 2017
Creator: Utt, Tyler P.
Partner: UNT College of Information

Transcript for The Story of Khukhuu by Boongnuung Rosemary of Keithelmanbi Village

Description: Transcription of Khukhuu paomin (the story Daughter Cooks the Baby) as told by Rosemary Boongnung Sungnem. Mother asks Daughter to cook a pumpkin, but she misunderstands and cooks the baby instead. Fearing Father's wrath, Mother tells Daughter to hide in the attic. Daughter turns into a bird and flies away. Daughter asks her friends to bring food from her home, but they eat it themselves and bring her ashes and bark instead.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: September 1, 2017
Creator: Utt, Tyler P.
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

Transcription: Traditional story about She-frog and He-tiger

Description: Transcription of a retelling of Uitxok nuu le humpii paa paomin (the Story of She-frog and He-tiger), as narrated by Rengting Shilshi. Monkeys lead a tiger to a she-frog, who threatens to eat the tiger. The tiger proposes that the two of them race, and that the winner eat the other. The frog rides on the tiger's tail and jumps off at the end, beating the tiger. The tiger proposes that they vomit to see who has eaten more meat. The tiger asks how it is that the frog vomits tiger fur, and she claims it is from all the tigers she has eaten. Frightened, the tiger flees. The story is collected during the LLEC workshop at Mantripantha Village.
Date: September 1, 2017
Creator: Shilshi, Rengting & Khular, Sumshot
Partner: UNT College of Information
open access

Transcription: Elicitation of directional nouns

Description: Transcription of an elicitation session of how space is encoded in Lamkang. The sentences were based on those in an LTBA (Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area) article on Qiang languages that was under review at the time of elicitation.
Date: November 16, 2017
Creator: Chelliah, Shobhana Lakshmi
Partner: UNT College of Information
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