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Economic Study of the San Rafael River Desert Mining District Emery and Grand Counties, Utah

Description: Report documenting a geologic study of the San Rafael River Desert Mining District, including background describing the stratigraphy and geologic history, and the economic geology study containing more extensive descriptions of the area's mineralogy and uranium ores, including a description of mining and impacts.
Date: March 1957
Creator: Young, Robert G. (Robert Glen), 1923-2011; Million, I. & Hausen, Donald M.
Location Info:
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Systems analysis of instrumentation for in situ examination of rock properties. Final report. [Telemetered instrumentation for monitoring buried nuclear waste]

Description: If salt beds or shale beds are used for burial of nuclear wastes, then boreholes that penetrate the beds will be sealed to prevent transport of water into the beds via the boreholes. There will be interest in monitoring the environment in local regions of the borehole for years to come. Such monitoring may be aimed at providing assurance that the integrity of the borehole plug and the integrity of borehole wall seals have not degraded. Of course, there will be interest in monitoring the burial vault geology as well, and the results of this study are relevant to this requirement also. A study of buried instrumentation in boreholes without any wires between the buried instruments and the surface of the earth was performed. Consequently, buried power supplies and through-the-earth communications systems are required. Study ground rules included the following: burial depths to range between 150 m and 1500 m; maximum temperature of 100/sup 0/C at the burial depth; and system target lifetime of 10 to 100 years. The instrumentation system is separable into four functional subsystems: (A) a basic instrument subsystem; (B) a command, control, and data processing (CCD) subsystem; (C) a communication subsystem; and (D) a power supply subsystem. The major findings of the study are listed by subsystem. (WHK)
Date: October 1, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Void trapping of hydrogen in sintered iron

Description: The effect of void trapping of hydrogen in iron was studied using the gas-phase permeation technique. Iron membranes of controlled void density, varying from 92% to 98% were prepared by press and sintering of electrolytic iron powder. The presence of internal voids showed no effect on the steady state flux of hydrogen through the membrane. The effective diffusivity, obtained by the time lag method, increased with the increase of input hydrogen partial pressure. This disagreement with the prediction of the theory in literature was explained by the existence of hydrogen in both the diatomic gaseous form and as adsorbed hydrogen. This explanation was further confirmed by examining the dependence of trapped hydrogen concentration with pressure. The linear dependence of trapped hydrogen concentration in voids with external hydrogen partial pressure for samples of 96%, 94% and 92% dense were given respectively by C/sub g/ = (1.5 +- 0.2) x 10/sup 15/ P + (3.2 +- 0.5) x 10/sup 14/ atoms of H/c.c. C/sub g/ = (2.1 +- 0.6) x 10/sup 15/ P + (1.7 +- 0.5) x 10/sup 15/ atoms of H/c.c. C/sub g/ = (4.5 +- 0.3) x 10/sup 15/ P + (6.5 +- 0.2) x 10/sup 15/ atoms of H/c.c. The discrepancy between the reported values and the values predicted by theory was explained by the poisoning of some of the voids by surface oxides.
Date: September 1, 1976
Creator: Wong, K. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental study of diffusion charging of aerosols

Description: The electrical charging of aerosol particles by unipolar gaseous ions was studied theoretically and experimentally. The primary objective of the study was to make precise determinations of the aerosol particle charge under various conditions of charging and to compare the experimental results with those predicted by theory. Experiments were performed using monodisperse oleic acid aerosols generated by a vibrating orifice generator, monodisperse NaCl and DOP (di-octyl phthalate) aerosols generated by an electrostatic classification method, and sulfuric acid aerosols generated by the photo-chemical conversion of gaseous SO/sub 2/ in the smog chamber. The experiments covered a particle size range of 0.0075 ..mu..m to 5.04 ..mu..m diameter. The corresponding range in Knudsen number (Kn = lambda/sub i//a, lambda/sub i/ = mean free path of ions, a = particle radius) was from 0.0056 to 3.86. The charging parameter, n/sub 0/t, was varied between 2.56 x 10/sup 6/ to 5.1 x 10/sup 7/ ion-s/cc, where n/sub 0/ is the concentration of ions and t is the charging time. Comparisons of the results with available aerosol charging theories indicate that there is reasonable agreement between the theory and experiment in the continuum regime (Kn << 1) where the classical Fuchs--Pluvinage equation is expected to apply. However, in the free molecular (Kn >> 1) and the transition regimes (Kn approx. or equal to 1), where the ion mean free path is no longer small in comparison with particle size, there is considerable discrepancy between the experimental data and available charging theories. A semi-empirical equation was developed which agrees well with the experimental data over the entire range of particle size and charging parameters covered in the experiments. Theoretical results are presented showing the distribution of charges on the particles as a function of particle size and the charging parameter n/sub 0/t. 70 figures, 24 tables, 112 ...
Date: March 1, 1976
Creator: Pui, D. Y. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of a high resolution, high sensitivity cylindrical crystal spectrometer for line shape diagnostics of x-rays emitted from hot plasmas

Description: This report outlines progress towards development of a high resolution, high throughput, curved crystal spectrometer suitable for line shape diagnostics of X-rays emitted from hot plasmas. The instrument is designed to interface with the MIT Tokamak (Alcator) with the initial aim of studying the prominent MoL lines which occur in the X-ray spectrum. However, it will have the versatility to function over an energy range of at least 1.5 keV to 7 keV allowing determination of temperature, charge state and density distributions for important impurity ions. The spectrometer employs a large, cylindrically bent crystal which focuses the dispersed X-rays along the cylinder axis where they are recorded by a position sensitive high resistance anode proportional counter. Thus a wide energy range of the spectrum can be recorded simultaneously and sensitively from a short duration plasma. Computer control of data acquisition and analysis will allow real-time diagnostics. The report includes an analysis and optimization of spectrometer parameters for interface with Alcator and an analysis of monolithic and individual silicon diode arrays as alternative position sensitive detectors. A Si(Li) detector with computer-controlled ADC system has been on line at Alcator providing several time sequenced spectra during each shot. Bremsstrahlung and impurity ion spectra are discussed and results for electron temperatures as a function of time and position in the plasma are presented.
Date: May 1, 1977
Creator: Schnopper, H. & Taylor, P. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assigned lines of the A/sup 1/. sigma. /sup +/--X/sup 1/. sigma. /sup +/ bands of /sup 6/LiH, /sup 6/LiD, /sup 7/LiH, and /sup 7/LiD

Description: Tabulations are presented of the lines assigned to the A/sup 1/..sigma../sup +/--X/sup 1/..sigma../sup +/ transitions of the isotopic variants of lithium hydride. The /sup 7/LiD and most of the /sup 7/LiH lines are taken from the thesis of Jorgensen. The /sup 6/LiH, /sup 6/LiD and some of the /sup 7/LiH lines are taken from the thesis of Li and are a subset of the observed emission lines reported in companion reports. Spectral constant determinations from these lines and construction of improved Rydberg-Klein-Rees potential energy curves (including Born-Oppenheimer breakdown) is in progress. These spectra are now being compared with spectra obtained in this laboratory from collisions of fast (approximately 5 eV) H atoms with a Li/sub 2/ crossed beam.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Li, K. C. & Stwalley, W. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of tube-support interaction on the vibration of a tube on multiple supports

Description: The effects of tube orientation (horizontal/vertical), tube/support misalignment, fluid medium (air/water), tube/support-hole clearance, support thickness, exciting force amplitude, and support spacing on the vibrational characteristics (resonant frequencies, mode shapes, and damping) and displacement response amplitude of a multi-span tube were determined from thirteen different tests. The test model features a 15.875 mm (0.625 in.) dia x 3.175 mm (0.125 in.) thick x 5.232 m (206 in.) long seamless Croloy (2-/sup 1///sub 4/% Cr--1% Mo) tube, and combinations of four support thicknesses (12.70 mm (/sup 1///sub 2/ in.), 19.05 mm (/sup 3///sub 4/ in.), 38.10 mm (1/sup 1///sub 2/ in.), and 50.80 mm (2 in.)) and three sizes of diametral clearance of tube/support-hole (0.254 mm (10 mils), 0.508 mm (20 mils), and 0.762 mm (30 mils)). The test results were compared with the analytical results based on the multi-span beam with ''knife-edge'' supports.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Shin, Y. S.; Jendrzejczyk, J. A. & Wambsganss, M. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project SAGE: Solar Assisted Gas Energy Project. United States special format report

Description: The purpose of the report is to give a preliminary description of Project SAGE, the solar assisted gas energy (SAGE) water heating system currently being tested and evaluated in Southern California. The report contains a statement of the goals and objectives of the SAGE water heating program, a general description of the project in addition to system performance data, evaluations and economic analyses of the various pilot studies and field test installations. (WDM)
Date: August 1, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Computer program for determining the thermodynamic properties of light hydrocarbons

Description: This program was written to be used as a subroutine. The program determines the thermodynamics of light hydrocarbons. The following light hydrocarbons can be analyzed: butane, ethane, ethylene, heptane, hexane, isobutane, isopentane, methane, octane, pentane, propane and propylene. The subroutine can evaluate a thermodynamic state for the light hydrocarbons given any of the following pairs of state quantities: pressure and quality, pressure and enthalpy, pressure and entropy, temperature and pressure, temperature and quality and temperature and specific volume. These six pairs of knowns allow the user to analyze any thermodynamic cycle utilizing a light hydrocarbon as the working fluid. The Starling-Benedict-Webb-Rubin equation of state was used. This report contains a brief description, flowchart, listing and required equations for each subroutine.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Riemer, D. H.; Jacobs, H. R.; Boehm, R. F. & Cook, D. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Project characteristics monitoring report: BWIP (Basalt Waste Isolation Program) repository project

Description: This monitoring report has been prepared to show compliance with provisions of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) and to provide local and state government agencies with information concerning the Basalt Waste Isolation Program (BWIP). This report contains data for the time period May 26, 1986 to February 1988. The data include employment figures, salaries, project purchases, taxes and fees paid, worker survey results, and project closedown personal interview summaries. This information has become particularly important since the decision in December 1987 to stop all BWIP activities except those for site reclamation. The Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987 requires nonreclamation work at the Hanford Site to stop as of March 22, 1988. 7 refs., 6 figs., 28 tabs.
Date: March 1, 1988
Creator: Friedli, E. A.; Herborn, D. I.; Taylor, C. D. & Tomlinson, K. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New York Bight and Hudson Canyon in October 1974: hydrography, nephelometry, bottom photograpy, currents. VEMA Cruise 32 Leg 1 data

Description: This report presents data collected in the last two weeks of October 1974 from Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory's research vessel VEMA during the first of a series of cruises designed to examine the seasonal variations in the physical oceanography and geochemistry of the New York Bight. The physical oceanography data includes the hydrography, nephelometry, bottom photography, and currents. The aim of the project is to understand the interaction between shelf, slope and oceanic waters and the mechanisms that determine the fate of energy-related pollutants in the New York Bight.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Amos, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some aspects of the mechanism of bacteriophage function. Final progress report. [Mechanisms of inactivation of bacteriophages by ionizing radiation]

Description: Data are summarized from a ten-year study on the radiobiology of phages. The results showed that: phages are inactivated principally by damage to DNA; DNA damage is of two types, base damage and double-strand breakage; double-strand breakage may be lethal because of interruption within a gene, however in phage systems the damage is more fundamental in that only a single DNA fragment is injected into the host; E. coli phage T4 is relatively resistant to inactivation by x-rays; and the rate of production of strand breaks and base damage is nearly the same in bacteriophage and bacteria.
Date: June 12, 1977
Creator: Freifelder, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar heating and cooling of mobile homes, Phase II. Final report

Description: The specific objectives of the Phase II program were: (1) through system testing, confirm the feasibility of a solar heated and cooled mobile home; (2) update system performance analysis and provide solar heating and cooling computer model verification; (3) evaluate the performance of both an absorption and a Rankine air conditioning system; (4) perform a consumer demand analysis through field survey to ascertain the acceptance of solar energy into the mobile home market; and (5) while at field locations to conduct the consumer demand analysis, gather test data from various U.S. climatic zones. Results are presented and discussed. (WHK)
Date: December 1, 1976
Creator: Jacobsen, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Plutonium and cesium radionuclides in the Hudson River Estuary. Annual technical progress report, 1 December 1975--30 November 1976

Description: We have obtained a large set of cores from the Hudson Estuary covering nearly all of the ambient salinity range. A number of core sections have been analyzed for /sup 137/Cs, /sup 134/Cs, /sup 60/Co and /sup 40/K by direct gamma counting and for /sup 239/,/sup 240/Pu and /sup 238/Pu by alpha-spectrometry. Rapid accumulation, up to 20 cm/year, of sediments containing /sup 239/,/sup 240/Pu, /sup 137/Cs, /sup 134/Cs and /sup 60/Co occurs in New York Harbor. Marginal coves upstream from the harbor also serve as depositional environments. The ratio of sediment /sup 239,240/Pu to /sup 137/Cs is higher than the fallout ratio in the seaward end of New York Harbor, despite the presence of a significant component of reactor /sup 137/Cs in the sediments, but lower than the range of ratios observed by others for nearshore environments with low sediment deposition rates. A substantial portion of gamma emitting fission product and activation nuclides released from the Indian Point nuclear facility have accumulated in New York Harbor, more than 60 km downstream from the release area. We have not yet established whether local transuranic releases to the Hudson have occurred.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Simpson, H. J. & Williams, S. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geothermal investigations in Idaho. Part 7. Geochemistry and geologic setting of the thermal waters of the Camas Prairie area, Blaine and Camas Counties, Idaho

Description: The thermal waters of the east-west trending intermontane basin making up the Camas Prairie area were sampled during the fall of 1973. Average ground water temperature is 15/sup 0/C (10/sup 0/C above mean annual temperature). The thermal waters, chemically similar to thermal waters discharging from granitic rocks elsewhere in Idaho, have high pH, high Na/K and Na/Ca ratios, and high fluoride content. They are low in total dissolved solids (less than 365 mg/l), low in chloride, and exhibit relatively constant chloride/fluoride ratios and silica concentrations. Geochemical thermometers are interpreted to indicate that maximum aquifer temperatures in the Camas Prairie Basin are only about 100/sup 0/C, although higher temperatures were predicted by the quartz equilibrium geochemical thermometer and mixing models. The Magic Hot Springs well, located near the north shore of the Magic Reservoir at Hot Springs Landing, is an exception to these general conclusions. These waters may be circulating to depths approaching 1,800 to 2,500 m along faults or fissures; or may be due to leakage from an aquifer or reservoir heated by a shallow heat source, related perhaps to the Holocene basalt flows south of Magic Reservoir. These waters are nearly neutral in pH, are much higher in dissolved solids, exhibit higher chloride/fluoride, chloride/carbonate plus bicarbonate, and chloride/sulfate ratios, and are, in general, chemically dissimilar to thermal waters elsewhere in the area. Temperatures predicted by geochemical thermometers are thought to indicate that Magic Hot Springs well waters are ascending from an aquifer or reservoir with temperatures from 140/sup 0/ to 200/sup 0/C. Temperatures in this range would be sufficient for application in many industrial processes, including power generation, should sufficient water be available.
Date: September 1, 1976
Creator: Mitchell, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Silicon ribbon growth by a capillary action shaping technique. Quarterly progress report No. 3, March 15, 1976

Description: Objectives of the program are the technological assessment of ribbon growth of silicon by a capillary action shaping technique and economic evaluation of ribbon silicon grown by a capillary action shaping technique as low-cost silicon. The program of study included crystal growth of silicon ribbons, characterization of silicon ribbons, and economic evaluations and computer-aided simulation of ribbon growth. (WDM)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Schwuttke, G. H.; Ciszek, T. F. & Kran, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Parameterization of short-range time-irreversibility in nuclear forces

Description: The observation that, in a time-irreversible one-boson-exchange nucleon-nucleon potential model due to Bryan and Gersten, T-violation occurs mostly in the lowest-permitted angular momentum states, leads to construct a phase-shift parameterization of the 50 to 450 MeV NN data where T-violation takes place only in the lowest possible angular momentum states. The five ordinary (T-symmetric) Wolfenstein amplitudes are taken from phase shift analysis, and the sixth, T-asymmetric amplitude, t(theta), is parameterized by a single infinitesimal phase parameter lambda/sub 1/ (lambda/sub 2/) in the case of np (pp) scattering. This leads to unique predictions for the relative angular distributions of time-reversal-asymmetric observables P - A and P/sub A/ - P/sub B/, even though the absolute magnitudes remain undertermined. The model corresponds to an ordinary interaction that yields the usual experimental data, plus a superimposed very short-range T-noninvariant force. As such, it directs experimentalists to those angular regions of pp and np P - A and P/sub A/ - P/sub B/ measurements where T-violation due to short-range forces will be most strongly manifest. As the model incorporates isospin invariance, known to hold only at the few-percent level in np scattering, the predictions are likely to have the greatest significance in the case of pp scattering.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Binstock, J.; Bryan, R. & Gersten, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Operations plan Coso geothermal exploratory hole No. 1 (CGEH-1)

Description: An investigative program is described, involving the drilling and testing of an exploratory hole to a nominal depth of 4,000 feet with an option to drill to a depth of 6,000 feet. The following are covered: management and organizational concept; program elements--description, detailed drilling program; materials, services, and equipment provided by ERDA, NWC; site selection; site access and security; health and safety; permits and approvals; reporting; environmental impact; funding; schedule of activities; and public information. The license and reporting forms are included in the appendices. (MHR)
Date: June 1, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High level waste canister emplacement and retrieval concepts study

Description: Several concepts are described for the interim (20 to 30 years) storage of canisters containing high level waste, cladding waste, and intermediate level-TRU wastes. It includes requirements, ground rules and assumptions for the entire storage pilot plant. Concepts are generally evaluated and the most promising are selected for additional work. Follow-on recommendations are made.
Date: September 1, 1975
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Geothermal investigations in Idaho. Part 3. An evaluation of thermal water in the Weiser area, Idaho

Description: The Weiser area encompasses about 200 square miles in southwest Idaho and contains two thermal water areas: (1) the Crane Creek subarea, which is 12 miles east of Weiser, Idaho, and (2) the Weiser Hot Springs subarea, which is 5 miles northwest of Weiser. Volcanic and sedimentary rocks of Miocene to Pleistocene age have been faulted and folded to form the northwest-trending anticlines present in much of the area. Basalt of the Columbia River Group or underlying rocks are believed to constitute the reservoir for the hot water. Gravity and magnetic anomalies are present in both subareas. A preliminary audio-magnetotelluric survey indicates that a shallow conductive zone is associated with each thermal site. Above-normal ground temperatures measured at a depth of 1 metre below the land surface in the Weiser Hot Springs subarea correlate with relatively high concentrations of boron in underlying ground waters, which, in turn, are usually associated with thermal waters in the study area. Sampled thermal waters are of a sodium chloride sulfate or sodium sulfate type, having dissolved-solids concentrations that range from 225 to 1,140 milligrams per litre. Temperatures of sampled waters ranged from 13/sup 0/ to 92.0/sup 0/C. Minimum aquifer temperatures calculated from chemical analysis of water, using geochemical thermometers, were 170/sup 0/ and 150/sup 0/C in the Crane Creek and Weiser Hot Springs subareas, respectively. Estimated maximum temperatures ranged from 212/sup 0/ to 270/sup 0/C and 200/sup 0/ to 242/sup 0/C, respectively, in these subareas. The probable heat sources for both subareas are (1) young magmatic intrusive rocks underlying the basalt or (2) above-normal temperatures resulting from thinning of the earth's crust. Maps are included.
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Young, H. W. & Whitehead, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Waste Terminal Storage Program information meeting, December 7-8, 1976. [Slides only, no text]

Description: Volume I of the report comprises copies of the slides from the talks presented at the first session of the National Waste Terminal Storage Program information meeting. The agenda for the first day included an overview of the program plus presentations on such subjects as schedules and controls, facility projects, systems studies, regulatory affairs and technical support. (LK)
Date: December 1, 1976
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department