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Strontium Sorption Studies Using Naturally Occurring Ion Exchange Materials

Description: Four naturally occurring materials, namely, vermiculite, variscite, Tennessee rock phosphate, and Florida pebble phosphate, were studied to determine the feasibility of their use in columns for the sorption of strontium from high pH, intermediate-level wastes produced at ORNL. Excepting vermiculite, all materials were found to be effective in strontium removal.
Date: December 5, 1960
Creator: Thomas, K. T.; Jacobs, D. G.; Tamura, T. & Struxness, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Helium Purification System for the Proposed Pebble Bed Reactor Experiment

Description: A helium coolant side-stream purification system consisting of parallel sections for radioactive and non-radioactive de-contamination was designed for the proposed Pebble Bed Reactor Experiment. Primary equipment components are two gas coolers, gas heater, charcoal delay trap, CuO oxidizer, Molecular Sieve adsorber, and full flow filter. The charcoal delay trap is sized to provide a hold-up of 30 minutes for Kr isotopes, 6hr hold-up for Xe isotopes, and 99.9% retention of iodine isotopes result… more
Date: October 25, 1960
Creator: Scott, C. D.; Finney, B. C. & Suddath, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Synthesis of Dimethyl Selenide

Description: The preparation of essentially pure dimethyl selenide for the Isotype Separations Group, Chemistry Division, is described. The compound was prepared by warming a mixture of selenium, sodium hydroxide, sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate in aqueous solution for several hours at 50°C and then adding methyl iodide. Dimethyl selenide was removed by distillation.
Date: October 7, 1960
Creator: White, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Description of the Ibm-704 Code for the Calculation of Concentration Transients in the HRT

Description: The calculation of concentration transients caused by mixing in the interconnected three-body system of the fuel dump tanks, core and blanket has been coded for the IBM-704. The system of equations includes material balances, the dependence of critical temperature on core and blanket concentrations, and the effect of temperature (density) changes on flow rates. The controllable flow rates, the fuel dump tank weight and the initial conditions are input variables. Outputs include core and blanket… more
Date: October 4, 1960
Creator: Piper, H. B. & Haubenreich, P. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HFIR Reactor Vessel Expansion Problems

Description: The attached memo by G. N. Krouse of Sturm-Krouse, Inc. gives results of a preliminary analysis of the deflections of beam holes due to thermal expansion and internal pressure in the vessel. A partial solution of the problem is suggested. Based on preliminary pressure-temperature data the following deflections were derived: Movement of horizontal beam tubes = 0.046 in. Movement of Engineering facility tubes = 0.117 in. Vertical motion of the vessel at the horizontal beam tubes due to thermal ex… more
Date: October 3, 1960
Creator: Gall, W. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fundamental Studies in Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics, Status Report July 1, 1959- Feb 29, 1960

Description: Experimental determination of heat-transfer coefficients, burnout heat fluxes, and friction factors have been made for swirl flow of low-and moderate-pressure water through electrically heated aluminum, nickel, and copper tubes containing full-length Inconel twisted tapes. For nonboiling conditions, swirl-flow heat-transfer coefficient were successfully correlated with both the Froude modulus (the ratio of inertial to centrifugal forces) and a grouping of the Grashof and Reynolds moduli (ratio … more
Date: October 4, 1960
Creator: Hoffman, H. W.; Gambill, W. R.; Keyes, J. J., Jr. & Kidd, G. J., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solution of the Monoenergetic Boltzmann Equation in an Infinite Homogeneous Nonmultiplying Medium with Linearly Anisotropic Scattering and Isotropic Plane Source

Description: The solution of the monoenergetic Boltzmann equation in an infinite homogeneous, nonmultiplying medium with linearly anisotropic scattering and an isotropic plane source is given and compared with the corresponding solution for isotropic scattering. The effective source strength for the asymptotic flux turns out to be the same as that for isotropic scattering to first order in Σa/Σ.
Date: September 6, 1960
Creator: Inonu, Erdal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Progress Report for August-September 1960

Description: A chemical flowsheet is proposed for recovery of strontium and rare earths from Purex wastes. The iron in the waste is first complexed with tartrate and the pH is adjusted with caustic. Strontium and rare earths are extracted by a solvent comprised of di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric--sodium di (2-ethylhexyl) phosphate--tributyl phosphate -- Amsco 125-82. and are stripped with nitric acid. Processing the strip product through additional solvent extraction cycles yields isolated, concentrated strontiu… more
Date: December 29, 1960
Creator: Brown, K. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Analog Computer Study of the Small EGCR In-Pile Loops

Description: The ORNL analog computer was used to simulate four widely different experiment conditions in the small EGCR in-pile loops. Various control and safety systems were evaluated in each case. Curves are included which show the response to postulated accidents and component failures. The results indicate that one standard control and safety system will probably be adequate for a wide variety of test conditions.
Date: September 21, 1960
Creator: Ball, S. J. & Beasley, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal Characteristics of Fluid Flow in Pipes

Description: An investigation is made to determine the adequacy of presently used analog circuits in solving dynamic fluid flow heat transfer equations. A mathematical analysis is made of dynamic heat transfer in pipes with zero losses, with losses proportional to pip temperature, and with heat inputs. The results of this analysis are compared with analog results by means of generalized temperature versus time graphs. The analog circuit is found to be adequate for most conditions, but sometimes requires mod… more
Date: September 13, 1960
Creator: Hinton, D. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ion Energy Distribution, Energy Degradation, and Exponentiation Criteria in a Plasma Formed by Beam Trapping and Charge Transfer

Description: An approximation is derived for the time constant which characterizes the rate of energy loss of fast ions moving through a plasma. Using particle and energy-balance equations a simple approximate criterion is derived for the estimation of the importance of energy degradation during plasma buildup in a DCX type machine. Next, there is derived the steady-state ion energy distribution for a case in which energy losses are to electrons at a given temperature and particle losses are by charge excha… more
Date: September 30, 1960
Creator: Rose, D. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Use of the DD2 Amplifier with the RIDL 200-and 400-Channel Analyzers

Description: The use of the DD^3 amplifier with the RIDL 200- and 400-channel analyzers has been found advantageous for certain applications. In order to use the DD2, certain modifications to the input circuits of the Analog-to Digital Converter Unit are necessary. In addition, the modifications improved the linearity of the analyzer in the low channels. Using the analyzer with the RIDL Type 30-7 Scintillation Pulse Amplifier, it was noted that non-linearity of as much as 5 or 6 channels was present below c… more
Date: September 23, 1960
Creator: Todd, H. A. & Smiddle, R. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Additional Miscellaneous Tools in the HRT Core

Description: This memorandum presents a description of several additional miscellaneous HRT core maintenance tools, not in an earlier report (1). These tools were used in the removal of the cut up diffuser plates, probing the core wall, gauging the size of the holes, and other simple tasks. Function, design, and operation are described for the following items.
Date: September 26, 1960
Creator: Holz, P. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Instruction Manual, Mercury Relay Pulse Generator Model 1-1212C

Description: The Model Q-1212C Pulser is a single frequency (60 pps) generator whose output waveform is characterized by a rise-time of less than 4 mµsec and, depending upon the method of termination, an exponential decay having a time constant of 300 or 600µsec. The waveform approximates that produced by a radiation detector. The waveform approximates that produced by a radiation detector. The maximum available output from the instrument is 10 volts, positive or negative polarity, and is continuously adjus… more
Date: September 20, 1960
Creator: Fairstein, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Momentum and Heat Transfer to a Fluid Flowing Turbulently in a Pipe

Description: A mathematical model is presented for the prediction of heat transfer coefficients for fully developed turbulent flow of fluids in circular pipes by analogy to the transfer of momentum. There is also presented an empirical velocity distribution equation derived from existing experimental data for use in the analogy model. Heat transfer coefficients for fluids with Prandtl numbers ranging from 0.01 to 100 and Reynolds numbers ranging from 5x10^3 to 10^7 are presented in tabular and graphical for… more
Date: September 15, 1960
Creator: Hefner, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Plutonium Release Incident at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Description: A nonnuclear explosion involving an evaporator occurred in a shielded cell in the Radiochemical Processing Pilot plant at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Plutonium released from the processing cell contaminated areas in the pilot plant building and nearby streets and building surfaces. The explosion is considered the result of rapid reaction of nitrated organic compounds formed by the inadvertent nitration of about 14 liters of a proprietary decontaminating reagent.
Date: January 10, 1961
Creator: King, L. J. & Bresee. J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some Elementary Results Concerning Escape Probabilities of Particles of Fixed Range Generated in Spheres

Description: Some results have been obtained which may be of use in studying the escape of fission fragments from slurry particles which contain fissioning material. Assuming that the fission fragments are of fixed range H, that they are generated uniformly and isotopically in a sphere of diameter D, the escape probability , mean path length, and path length distribution function have been derived.
Date: September 14, 1960
Creator: Tobias, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unit Operations Section Monthly Progress Report September 1960

Description: Measurements of the interfacial tension between water and tributyl phosphate solutions were made for application to the analysis of Marengoni effect in solvent extraction. A 24 hr flame calcination run to product Th02 particles yielded 40% as product and 54% collected from the furnace walls and from a coarse particle trap. The elution rates of uranyl ion from Dowex 21K using sodium nitrate could be approximated by assuming apparent diffusion coefficients of 1.67 x 10^-7 and 1.18 x 10 ^-7 cm^2/s… more
Date: January 27, 1961
Creator: Whatley, M. E.; Haas, P. A.; Horton, R. W.; Ryon, A. D.; Suddath, J. C. & Watson, C. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of Experiment Off-gas System for the EGCR-LITR Capsule Experiment

Description: A proposed modification to the experiment off-gas system for the EGCR-LITR Capsule Experiment is evaluated by comparing the atmospheric radiation doses to laboratory personnel that could result in the event of an experiment failure while utilizing the present off-gas system to those doses that would result if various modifications to the existing system were effected. The modifications considered include the addition of an iodine vapor adsorber and a krypton-xenon adsorber. The addition of an i… more
Date: September 2, 1960
Creator: Adams, R. E. & Browning, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Precipitation of Crystalline Uranium and Thorium Peroxide: Applications to Fuel-Element Oxides and Purifications

Description: Departures from the usual precipitation method produced crystalline uranium peroxide in several forms. Three types of segregated needles were used in the preparation of three pellets for pellet-type elements. Densities of the pellets ranged from 93 to 97% of theoretical, depending on conditions of precipitation.
Date: September 21, 1960
Creator: Whetsel, H. B. & Dean, O. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Instantaneous Velocity Profile Measurement by Photography

Description: The following is taken from ORNL-2257, Instantaneous Velocity Profile Measurement by Photography, by R. E. Lynch, L. D. Palmer, and G. M. Winn. This report is in in preparation status; and errors, inconsistances, and omissions in he language, as well as in the technical aspects, may exist. The technique of using phosphorescent particles to enable photographic determination of qualitative and quantitative instantaneous velocity profiles is covered by AEC Patent Application No. SN-710, 371 issued… more
Date: August 17, 1959
Creator: Lynch, F. E.; Palmer, L. D.; Winn, G. M. & Hoffman, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Development Section C Monthly Progress Report August 1959

Description: Uranium extractions from carbonate solutions were effective and phase separation rates were rapid using a new commercial quaternary extractant, Alamine 336. Extraction coefficients were approximately proportional to the quaternary concentration. Addition of -0.5 mole tridecanol/mole quaternary to the solvent gave optimum extraction efficiency and phase separation rates.
Date: September 8, 1959
Creator: Brown, K. B.; Allen, K. A.; Coleman, C. F.; Crouse, D. J. & Ryon, A. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Secondary-Side Water Treatment for Corrosion Control in Aluminum Heat Exchangers: Practices and Results at the Oak Ride Research Reactor

Description: Standard water treatment practices have proven adequate for scale and corrosion control on the secondary side of the ORR pool-cooling heat exchanger. Corrosion rates measured on specimens exposed to secondary water showed maximum corrosion rates of approximately 1 mpy during the first exposure period and these rates decreased during subsequent exposure.
Date: August 12, 1959
Creator: P. D. Neumann
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of Dispersant Agents for Thorium Oxide

Description: A preliminary study of dispersing agents for thorium oxide has been completed and several of the dispersants have possible uses. Also many of the industrial dispersing agents tested are not usable with thorium oxide due to induced behavior causing balling and caking. The effects of nitric acid concentration have been observed to also effect each dispersing agent.
Date: August 7, 1959
Creator: Bate, L. C. & Leddicotte, G. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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