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Redefining the Scratch Standards

Description: The following report describes scratch standards--a cosmetic standard--and studies on etched gratings that were made to replace submasters and redefine scratch standards.
Date: February 1985
Creator: Young, Matt & Johnson, Eric Gunnar, (Jr.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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National Bureau of Standards

Description: A report on research conducted by the National Engineering Laboratory, the National Measurement Laboratory, and the Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology under the direction of the National Bureau of Standards. It also presents the services and special programs offered by the Bureau to researchers and organizations.
Date: February 1983
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Manual of Fire-Loss Prevention of the Federal Fire Council

Description: From preface: "This issue of the Manual of Fire-Loss Prevention, the first edition of which was published in 1934, includes revisions and additions made in part to cover improvements in the past 10 years in methods of preventing and controlling fires. Such methods remain dependent largely on the elimination of preventable fires and abatement of loss from those that originate, by the use of appropriate designs and materials in building construction and the installation of applicable fire alarm and extinguishing equipment, to the extent justified by the hazard" (p. ii).
Date: 1945
Creator: Federal Fire Council (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proceedings of the Conference on Accreditation of Construction Materials Testing Laboratories: 1986

Description: Abstract: A two-day Conference hosted by NBS was held in Gaithersburg, Maryland on May 14-15, 1986 to test the hypothesis that "There is a need for a coordinated methodology for accrediting construction materials testing laboratories." Construction materials include primary materials such as: cement, concrete, aggregates, rock and soil, asphalts, metals, wood and masonry. The Conference was structured to consider: (1) the status of existing laboratory evaluation and accreditation programs; (2) current trends in the accreditation process; and (3) the need for and nature of a coordinated accreditation system. The Conference included the presentation of invited papers and four workshop sessions.
Date: November 1987
Creator: Pielert, James H. & Spring, Curtis B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computerization of Welding Information

Description: From abstract: The Workshop on Computerization of Welding Information, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards and the American Welding Institute, was held August 5-6, 1986 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Forty-two welding engineers, welding managers, and computer scientists gathered to discuss the necessity and design of databases for welding information. Each subject was introduced by specialists in that area.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Siewert, T. A. & Jones, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proceedings of the Joint Panel Conference of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources: 1982

Description: Abstract: The 14th Joint Meeting of the U.S. - Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects was held in Washington, D. C., United States front May 17 through 20, 1982. This publication, which is the proceedings of the Joint Meeting, includes the program, list of members, formal resolutions, technical papers, and the task committee report:. Subjects covered in the papers presented to the panel include: (l) characteristics of strong winds, (2) wind loads on structures and design criteria, (3) earthquake ground motions and dynamic analysis of embankment dams, (4) soil liquefaction study and methods to improve liquefaction resistance. (5) seismic loads on structures and design criteria, (6) stress analyses of pipelines during earthquakes, (7) full-scale seismic experiments, (8) earthquake hazard reduction program, (9) use of microcomputer for earthquake studies, (10) quantitative evaluation of damages caused by winds and earthquakes, and (11) tsunami research projects.
Date: April 1983
Creator: United States-Japan Cooperative Program in Natural Resources. Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ozone Reactions in Aqueous Solutions: a Bibliography

Description: Abstract: A reaction oriented list of references is provided for published papers and reports containing rate data or information on mechanism for reactions of ozone with various substrates in aqueous solutions. Catalyzed, as well as uncatalyzed, reactions are included. One hundred and sixty-four papers are listed. The period covered extends from 1913 to 1981.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Westley, Francis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Low-Sloped Roofing Research Plan

Description: Abstract: This report presents a long-range plan for roofing research. The plan was developed in response to a need for roofing research addressing major materials problems and changes in low-sloped roofing materials technology. The intent of the plan is to establish the technical basis for developing standards and minimum levels of performance to assist in the selection of cost-effective and durable roofing materials. Four major areas of needed research are identified: (1) low-sloped roofing systems, (2) roofing membranes including single-ply and built-up, (3) thermal insulation for roofing systems, and (4) condition assessment and repair of roofs. Within each research area, a goal is given as well as a number of objectives to achieve the goal. A recommended approach to accomplish each objective is also given.
Date: July 1983
Creator: Cullen, William C.; Rossiter, Walter J., Jr.; Mathey, Robert G. & Clifton, James R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Measurement & Analysis of Productivity Growth: a Synthesis of Thought

Description: Abstract: Productivity is one of the most important factors influencing our economic well-being. Productivity growth is essential to a higher standard of living and is vital to a sound economic and political environment. However, there has been a slowdown in the growth of productivity in the United States since the mid-1960s. This slowdown has caused concern among policy makers and researchers. Accordingly, several questions persist both in policy and academic circles. Why has productivity been slowing? and What can be done to reverse this trend? The purpose of this report is to address broadly the first of these two questions by surveying and synthesizing the vast literature on the measurement and determinants of productivity. This review is intended to be a source document for those interested in the measurement and analysis of productivity growth. The report is divided into five sections. In the first section, the importance of productivity growth on economic activity is discussed. In the second section, the so called "facts" about patterns of measured productivity growth in the United States are presented. In the third section, the methods currently used for calculating productivity indices are summarized. In the fourth section, the literature related to the determinants of the productivity growth are reviewed. Finally, in the last section, some suggestions are made for future work in this area.
Date: September 1983
Creator: Link, Albert N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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DATAPLOT: Introduction and Overview

Description: Abstract: This manual provides DATAPLOT code solution to a variety of commonly occurring graphical problems. A line-by-line explanation of code is given, along with illustrations and general discussion.
Date: June 1984
Creator: Filliben, James J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Standards Committee Activities of the National Bureau of Standards: 1983 Highlights

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes NBS standards committee activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1983. It profiles NBS state participation on outside standards committees and highlights significant technical and individual contributions made by NBS staff. In 1983, 446 staff members (or 28% of NBS' professionals, scientific, and technical staff) participated in 989 standards committees of 87 national and international standards organizations.
Date: April 1984
Creator: Newell, Karl G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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National Bureau of Standards

Description: This is an article on the center for materials science, the National Bureau Standards (NBS). From ceramic tiles that shield the space shuttle to dental adhesives which replace metal fillings, new materials are revolutionizing technology and everyday life. NBS is at the forefront of materials technology with its broad-based research effort conducted by the Center for Materials Science (CMS). The Center provides measurements, data, standards, reference materials, and other technical information regarding materials to industry, government agencies, universities, and other scientific organizations. CMS research supports development of new and improved materials which can be used safely, efficiently, and economically.
Date: 1986
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Facilities of the National Bureau of Standards

Description: From forward: Every laboratory in this country is a valuable national resource. Along with the people who work in these facilities, U.S. laboratories constitute the basic foundation of this country's scientific and industrial strength. As the nation's foremost science and engineering measurement laboratory, the National Bureau of Standards has some of the premier research and testing facilities in the United States, and several of our laboratories are unequaled anywhere in the world. Bureau scientists and engineers use these special facilities to pursue the measurement-related work that U.S. science and industry need to grow and prosper. This brochure highlights only a small number of the special facilities available at NBS and provides information about their availability for collaborative or independent research and testing.
Date: December 19, 1984
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Compiled Thermodynamic Data Sources for Aqueous and Biochemical Systems: an Annotated Bibliography (1930-1983)

Description: Abstract: This is a selected and annotated bibliography of sources of compiled and evaluated chemical thermodynamic data relevant to biochemical and aqueous systems. The principal thermodynamic properties considered herein are Gibbs energy and equilibrium data, enthalpies of formation and reaction, heat capacities and entropies, and the corresponding partial molar and excess properties. Derived quantities used in calculating the above are also included. Transport and mechanical data have also been identified to a lesser degree. Included in the annotations to the data sources are brief descriptions of the types of properties tabulated, the classes of materials dealt with, and the degree of completeness of the compilations.
Date: December 1984
Creator: Goldberg, Robert N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State Measurement Laboratories

Description: Abstract: The National Bureau of Standards receives repeated requests from industry and Federal agencies (e.g. , Department of Defense, Nuclear Regulatory Commission) for information about the capabilities of and services provided by State measurement laboratories. This directory is a compilation of such information by State, including a description of the services available and fees charged. The directory will be updated annually in January of each year to coincide with the issuance of annual certification of these laboratories.
Date: November 1984
Creator: Oppermann, H. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Directory of Accredited Laboratories: 1984

Description: Abstract: Laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) are identified along with the specific test methods for which they are accredited. The current status of existing accreditation programs is given for laboratories that test thermal insulation, freshly mixed concrete, carpet, wood burning stoves, paint, and personnel radiation dosimeters, and that provide acoustical testing services. Indexes are provided for searching the Directory for laboratories accredited in specific testing areas or for specific test methods.
Date: February 1985
Creator: NVLAP (Program : U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computerizing Materials Data -- A Workshop for the Nuclear Power Industry

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes the recommendations of a Workshop in Computerized Materials Data as related to engineers in the Nuclear Power Industry. Four areas of discussion are featured: the content of a proposed data system; its size and data sources; the user interfaces and system capabilities; and ways of making further progress. In addition, changes in the use of materials data in the Nuclear Power Industry and progress-to-date in computerizing these data are presented.
Date: January 1985
Creator: Rumble, John, Jr. & Westbrook, Jack H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Steel Research Needs for Buildings

Description: Abstract: This report identifies experimental and analytical research needed to advance the state-of-the-art and improve safety and economy in the design, fabrication and construction of steel buildings. A five year plan for a coordinated research program is included. Recommendations for research projects dealing with the following topics are presented: total building systems, connections and members, frames, seismic design, load and resistance factor design, fire protection, and design loads. The recommendations were developed at a workshop involving participation by steel industry representatives, design professionals, Federal agency representatives and university researchers.
Date: May 1985
Creator: Culver, Charles G.; Iwankiw, Nestor & Kuentz, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process

Description: This document contains the Proceedings of the Sixth NBS/NCSBCS Joint Conference on Research and Innovation in the Building Regulatory Process, held on September 11, 1984, in Denver, CO. This conference addressed streamlined administrative procedures, computers in construction, and fire safety technology. These Proceedings contain the 10 papers selected for presentation at the conference.
Date: April 1985
Creator: Beavers, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Expert Systems and Emergency Management: An Annotated Bibliography

Description: Abstract: This report is the result of an in-depth review of the recent technical literature on expert systems,. The material contained in this report provided a basis for assessing the potential for using expert systems in emergency management operations. In choosing the material for inclusion in this report, special emphasis was placed on those aspects of expert systems which addressed the types of problems encountered in emergency management operations. The report is designed for use as a resource document and as a tutorial on expert systems and emergency management. Each chapter consists of a brief topic essay followed by a set of references which expand on the main themes of the essay.
Date: November 1986
Creator: Gass, Saul I.; Bhasker, Suneel & Chapman, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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National Earthquake Engineering Experimental Facility Study: Phase One -- Large Scale Testing Needs

Description: Abstract: This report summarizes information obtained during the first year of a four-year feasibility study for a national earthquake engineering experimental facility. A five-year research program is presented for a national facility in which full-scale or large-scale structures or structural components would be subjected to static or dynamic lateral loads. The facility would have applicability to tests in the following areas: low-rise buildings, medium-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, industrial processing facilities, and power facilities. Representatives from a broad spectrum of professional, industrial, and trade organizations and Federal agencies participated in developing the research program. A comparison of existing testing facilities in the U.S. and other countries engaged in seismic testing and a discussion of international cooperation in large-scale testing are included.
Date: April 1987
Creator: Scribner, Charles F. & Culver, Charles G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NBS-INA -- The Institute for Numerical Analysis -- UCLA 1947-1954

Description: Abstract: This is the history of the Institute for Numerical Analysis (INA) with special emphasis in its research program during the period 1947 to 1956. The Institute for Numerical Analysis was located on the campus of the University of California, Los Angeles. It was a section of the National Applied Mathematics Laboratories, which formed the Applied Mathematics Division of the National Bureau of Standards (now the National Institute of Standards and technology), under the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Date: August 1991
Creator: Hestenes, Magnus Rudolph & Todd, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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