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Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report: July, August, September 1960

Description: 9 : : 7 : 7 9 : 5 5 ? 5 9 G -- 8 ; 8 ; = -activity levels of the melt-refining process for EBR-II core fuel was completed. An experiment was also completed on the evolution of fission- product krypton and xenon from an irradiated fuel pim as it was heat to a temperature above the melting point. In tests of alternate materials for use in a meltrefining furnace, a fibrous potassium titanate grain retainer was found to be a very effective heat insulator, but to have less strength than nigid Fibenfrax retainers. The skull remaining in the zirconia crucible after a meltrefining operation must be processed to recover, as partially purified metal, the fissionable material for return to the fuel cycle. Several essentially quantitative reductions of uranium dioxide and skull oxides were achieved in times of less than 8 hr at 800 deg C in dilute magnesium-zinc solutions and in magnesium containing a small percentage (0.5 to 2) of sodium as a wetting agent. Data and equations for solubilities of other elements in liquid cadmium are included. The partition coefficients of a numbsr of representative fissile and fission product elements between the two immiscible liquids, lead and zinc, at about 735 deg C were measured. The free energy of formation of the uraniumthallium intermetallic compound UTl/sub 3/ was measured, using a galvanic cell method. Galvanic cell measurements with the cerium-zinc system at 443 to 742 deg C were also made. The determination of the heat of formation of zirconium tetrafluoride by combustions of zirconium in fluonine was completed. A valus of -372.44 kcal/mole was obtained for the heat of formation of molybdenum hexafluoride. Calorimetric oombustions of boron in fluorine are being continued. Exploratory combustions of magnesium, aluminum, zinc, and cadmium are being carried out. Fuel …
Date: October 1961
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Argonne National Laboratory Physics Division Summary Report: September, October 1960

Description: The use and operation of the Van de Graaff generator are summarized for the period from January 1 to June 30, 1960. Molecular beam study final results are given for Mn/sup 56/, and progress on the new atomic-beam machine is reported to date. A preliminary investigation was made of the neutron total cross section of cobalt. Results are presented. The decomposition of trichlorobromomethane by the isomeric transition of 4.4-hr Br/sup 80m/ and to 1000 deg F. /sup -/, decay of 35.9-hr Br/sup 82/ was studied. The fragmnentation patterns initiated by the two nuclear transitions differ markedly, the one caused by the isomeric transition was dominated by spectra of multiply-charged atomic species, whereas the pattern due to Br/sup 82/ was entirely made up of singlycharged products. An investigition of nondiagonal matrix elements arising in a shell-model treatment of a deformed nucleus showed that their neglect in determining the degree of deformation does not lead to serious error. A previous statement, in a study of collective effects and the shell model, about K = 0 bands in odd-odd nuclei is corrected. The effect of residual interactions is calculated, and the result is applied to Ho/sup 166/. (For preceding period see ANL-6190.) (W.D.M.)
Date: October 1961
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Physics Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uses of Advanced Pulsed Neutron Sources. Report of a Workshop Held at Argonne National Laboratory, October 21-24, 1975

Description: This report contains the conclusions that were drawn by nine panels of scientists in the fields of Biology; Chemical Spectroscopy; Chemical Structures of Crystalline Solids; Chemical Structures of Disordered Solids and Inhomogeneous Systems; Dynamics of Solids, Liquids, Glasses, and Gases; Magnetism; Neutron Sources; and Radiation Effects. The nine panel reports describe the applications found in these scientific areas, accompanying them with conceptual instruments designed for the measurements and with calculations to establish feasibility.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Carpenter, J. M. & Werner, S. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ion Replacement Program Annual Report: 1993

Description: Annual report of the Ion Replacement Electrorefining Program at Aronne National Laboratory describing their research and activities. There are three key accomplishments highlighted for the year: (1) identification of a suitable sodium(beta){double_prime}-alumina/molten salt electrolyte system that functions reproducibly at 723 K, (2) actual separation of dysprosium and lanthanum in experiments, and (3) the identification of a metal alloy, Li{sub x}Sb, as an alternative ion replacement electrode.
Date: July 1993
Creator: Tomczuk, Z.; Willit, J. L. & Fischer, A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Proceedings of the Third Post-Accident Heat Removal Information Exchange November 2-4, 1977, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois

Description: Papers presented at the third Post-Accident Heat Removal Information Exchange concerning heat distribution and criticality considerations, particulate-bed phenomena, pool heat transfer and melt-front phenomena, behavior of heated concrete and sodium-concrete interactions, design-related studies, gas bubbling and boiling effects, and materials interactions at high temperatures and experimental methods.
Date: 1978?
Creator: Baker, Louis, Jr. & Bingle, James D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Addendum to a Proposal for ATLAS: a Precision-Ion Accelerator at Argonne National Laboratory, December 1978

Description: This revised proposal for the construction of the Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) is in all essentials the same as the proposal originally presented to NUSAC in March 1978. The only differences worth mentioning are the plan to expand the experimental area somewhat more than was originally proposed and an increased cost, brought about principally by inflation. The outline presented is the same (with minor change in wording) as in the original document, reproduced here for the convenience of the reader.
Date: 1978
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Argonne National Laboratory Fuel Cycle Programs Progress Report: January-March, 1978

Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research. This report includes fuel cycle studies in advanced solvent extraction techniques focused on development of centrifugal contactors for use in Purex processes and dispersion of liquids by explosions.
Date: April 1979
Creator: Steindler, M. J.; Ader, M.; Bernstein, G.; Flynn, K.; Gerding, T.; Jardine, L. J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Speciation of Radionuclides in Natural Groundwaters, Annual Report: October 1986 through September 1987

Description: Two ultrasensitive laser techniques, laser photoacoustic spectroscopy (LPAS) and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF), are being developed for the detection and speciation of trace levels of actinides in solutions typical of those expected in a high-level waste repository. An LPAS system was set up for these studies. Experiments were carried out to determine the detection limits of plutonium and americium in solution. Concurrently with the LPAS work, LIF studies were carried out on uranyl ion and curium in solution.
Date: February 1988
Creator: Doxtader, M. M.; Beitz, J. V.; Reed, Donald Timothy & Bates, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operational Health Physics Training

Description: This revised publication updates a previous report (ANL-7291) initially published in 1965, entitled Radiation Safety Technician Training Course which was intended to complement on-the-job monitoring training for Health Physics Technicians. Sections include basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of alpha, beta, gamma, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units).
Date: June 1992
Creator: Moe, H. J. & Vallario, Edward J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: April-June 1976

Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-September 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management efforts of the program at ANL on lithium-aluminum/metal sulfide batteries. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy storage applications.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Engineering Division Sodium Technology Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: The Sodium Technology program currently comprises three parts. The first part is aimed at developing a model for accurately describing the behavior of tritium in LMFBRs from its formation in the core to its ultimate retention in the cold traps or release to the environment. Two important parts of this model are the behavior of the sodium cold traps and permeation of tritium through the steam-generator heat-transfer surfaces. A tritium monitor has been developed and installed on EBR-II to measure tritium specific activities and to test the model of an operating LMFBR. The second part of the program is focused in two areas: 91) on-reactor-site conversion of commercial-grade sodium and (2) requalifying sodium from decommissioned reactors for reuse in future LMFBRs.
Date: January 1977
Creator: McPheeters, C. C.; Jardine, L. J.; McKee, J. M.; Raue, D. J.; Renner, T. A.; Skladzien, S. B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Physical Research on Liquid-Metal Systems Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: Physicochemical and thermodynamic studies of liquid-lithium-containing systems have continued. Pressure-composition isotherms for the lithium-hydrogen system measured by a gravimetric technique are found to be in reasonably good agreement with earlier tensimetric results. Plateau-pressure studies of the lithium-hydrogen, lithium-deuterium, and lithium-tritium systems have been made at temperatures above and below the monotectic. The observed isotope effects were found to be near the predicted values. Measurements of the solubility of the lithium-deuterium in liquid lithium gave results in good agreement with prior data for the solubility of lithium-hydrogen in lithium and confirmed that the limits on cold trapping of lithium hydrides from lithium are too high for protected fusion reactor applications. Determination of the solubility of lithium dioxide in liquid lithium is nearing completion. Solubility values measured to date are slightly lower than, but in the range of, prior measurements.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Maroni, V. A.; Calaway, W. F.; Veleckis, Ewald; Yonco, R. M.; Cafasso, F. A. & Burris, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Engineering Division Environmental Chemistry Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: The chemistry of airborne particulate matter is being investigated by means of laboratory and field studies. Experiments were conducted using the flow reactor to identify the reaction conditions under which detectable amounts of sulfate particles could be formed under gaseous sulfur dioxide. A procedure was developed for the analysis of acidic and neutral ammonium sulfate in filter-collected samples of atmospheric particulate matter.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Cunningham, P. T.; Kumar, R.; Holt, B. D.; Hubble, B. R.; Johnson, S. A.; Nielsen, E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Laboratory Support for in situ Gasification Reaction Kinetics. Quarterly Report, October-December 1976

Description: This work, which is part of the ANL energy program for ERDA, is directed toward studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. The objective of this work is to determine the reaction-controlling variables and reaction kinetics for gasification of chars resulting when coal is pyrolyzed in underground gasification. The reactions to be studied include steam-char, carbon dioxide-char, hydrogen-char, and water gas shift reaction. Discussed in this report are the effects on the reactivity of chars of pyrolysis in simulated gasification product gas rather than pure nitrogen. In addition, further investigations of the water gas shift reaction and methanation reaction are discussed.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Fischer, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Plutonium Calorimetry and SNM Holdup Measurements, Progress Report: March 1976-August 1976

Description: The calorimetric instrumentation developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for making nondestructive measurements of the plutonium content of fuel rods is discussed. Measurements with these instruments are relatively fast (i.e., 15 to 20 minutes) when compared to the several hours usually required with more conventional calorimeters and for this reason are called ''fast-response.'' Most of the discussion concerns the One-Meter and the Four-Meter Fuel-Rod Calorimeters and the Analytical Small-Sample Calorimeter. However, to provide some background and continuity where needed, a small amount of discussion is devoted to the three earlier calorimeters which have been described previously in the literature. A brief review is presented of the literature on plutonium holdup measurements. The use of gamma-ray techniques for holdup measurements is discussed and results are given for the determination of sample thickness using the ratio of intensities of high- and low-energy gamma rays. The measurements cover the plutonium metal thickness range from 0.001 to 0.120 inches. The design of a gamma-ray collimator with 37 parallel holes is also discussed. Neutron-counting experiments using BF3 proportional counters embedded in two polyethylene slabs are described. This detector configuration is characterized for its sensitivity to sample and background plutonium, counting both coincidence (fission) and total neutrons. In addition, the use of infrared imaging devices to measure small temperature differences is considered for locating large amounts of plutonium holdup and also for performing fast attribute checks for fabricated fuel elements.
Date: February 1977
Creator: Brumbach, S. B.; Finkbeiner, A. M.; Lewis, R. N. & Perry, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unsaturated Glass Testing for DOE Program in Environmental Restoration and Waste Management: Annual Report, October 1989 - September 1990

Description: A program has been established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are likely to affect waste glass reaction in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the candidate Yucca Mountain repository site. This report covers progress in FY 1990 on the following five tasks.
Date: January 1991
Creator: Bates, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Yucca Mountain Project - Argonne National Laboratory Annual Progress Report, FY 1994

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Waste Management Section of the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1993-September 1994. Studies have been performed to evaluate the performance of nuclear waste glass and spent fuel samples under unsaturated conditions (low volume water contact) that are likely to exist in the Yucca Mountain environment being considered as a potential site for a high-level waste repository. Tests with simulated waste glasses have been in progress for over eight years and demonstrate that actinides from initially fresh glass surfaces will be released as a result of the spallation of reacted glass layers from the surface, as the small volume of water passes over the waste form.
Date: February 1995
Creator: Bates, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Applied Physical Chemistry Progress Report, October 1991 - September 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done in applied physical chemistry at the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in the period October 1991 through September 1992. this work includes research into the process that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions in a light water reactor, the thermophysical properties of the metal fuel in the Integral Fast Reactor under development at ANL, and the properties of candidate tritium breeding materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Johnson, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Johnson Controls Inc. Battery Division Annual Report, 1985: Research, Development and Demonstration of Lead-Acid Batteries for Electric Vehicle Propulsion

Description: Report on research and development of the lead-acid battery for electric vehicle propulsion, focusing on continuing development on the forced electrolyte flow-through concept with some work on the composite, plastic/lead grid.
Date: March 1986
Creator: Johnson Controls, Inc. Globe Battery Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: January-March 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management effort of Argonne National Laboratory's program on lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period January-March 1976. These batteries are being developed for energy storage on utility networks and for electric-vehicle propulsion. The present cells are vertically oriented, piismatic cells with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS; and two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KC1. The cell operating temperature is 400-450C.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Engineering Division Reactor Safety and Physical Properties Studies Annual Report, July 1975-June 1976

Description: A report of the work on Reactor Safety and Physical Property Studies performed in the Chemical Engineering Division at Argonne National Laboratory is given for the period July 1975-June 1976.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Leibowitz, L.; Blomquist, R. A.; Fink, J. K.; Finn, P. A.; Fischer, D. F.; Green, D. W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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