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Some Metallurgical Applications of Autoradiography

Description: Macro- and high-resolution methods for autoradiography were used to investigate a number of problems concerning the distribution of uranium and other active elements in metal specimens. Illustrations are presented of the behavior of some of these materials with various henting and cooling treatments and in the presence of metals with which intermetallic phases are formed. Techniques are discussed for handling and examining autoradiographic stripping films by means of various types of metallurgical and conventional microscopic equipment. (auth)
Date: October 1, 1961
Creator: Adams, M. D. & Steunenberg, R. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactor Development Program Progress Report: September 1966

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing progress made within the Reactor Development Program for September, 1966. The report includes highlights of the different project activities including plutonium utilization, fast breeder reactors, general reactor technology, advanced systems research, and nuclear safety. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: October 26, 1966
Creator: Adams, R. M. & Glassner, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Old pile HCR operating temperatures

Description: A study was made to determine operating temperatures of old pile HCR sheaths. The calculations were performed with the aid of a FORTRAN coded program for the IBM 7090. The difficulty of determining the correct value for the contact coefficient between the HCR and the graphite channel at any point in the channel length resulted in performing the calculations in a parametric style. The independent system parameters were varied during the calculations. These parameters are diametral spacing between the poison rings and the outer aluminum sheath, heat generation rate or reactor power level, the heat transfer contact coefficient between the rod and the graphite channel, and the cooling water temperature or cooling flow rate. For contact coefficients between 200 and 700 Btu/hr -- ft{sup 2} -- {degree}F and for diametral clearances around the poison of 5 mils to 20 mils, the maximum sheath temperature was calculated to vary between 350{degree}F and 650{degree}F. The dependence of sheath temperature upon the rod coolant temperature or coolant flow rate was found to be small enough to be neglected in the normal flow range of 12 gpm to 15 gpm. For a given increase of the average coolant temperature, the maximum sheath temperature increased about one half as much. Reversing the coolant flow in an HCR would not significantly reduce the maximum sheath temperature.
Date: October 10, 1963
Creator: Agar, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Magnesium Turnover in Man

Description: Data are reviewed from a number of studies on the metabolism of Mg in man and the role of Mg in biological processes. Results are reported from studies using Mg/sup 28/ as a tracer of Mg metabolism in laboratory animals and in man in health and various disease states. It is postulated that the role of Mg in many vital processes may be explained by the fact that the Mg ion tends to form hydrates and double salts and hence has the capacity for complex formation. (C.H.)
Date: October 1963
Creator: Aikawa, Jerry K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Theoretical Feedback Analysis in Boiling Water Reactors

Description: The dynamic behavior of boiling-water reactors for small perturbations was investigated in a systematic way. General expressions for the transfer functions associated with the individual feedback mechanisms were obtained for an arbitrary flux distribution, weighting function, and steam velocity distribution. Specific forms were derived in the case of a first power flux weighting, a uniform steam velocity distribution, and a sinusoidal flux distribution with an adjustable wave length. These forms were simplified and single time-constant transfer functions were obtained. The error involved in the lumped time-constant approximation was shown to be as large as 4 db in amplitude in certain feedback mechanisms. Theoretical results were applied to the experimental power-void transfer function obtained at Ramo-Wooldridge Research Laboratory, and to the EBWR transfer function. In the former case, the agreement was found to be reasonably good, but yet more systematic experimental data were needed to reach a definite conclusion as to the validity of the proposed model, which assumes a time lag associated with steam formation and a steam perturbation speed greater than the steady-state steam velocity. In the second application, the agreement between the experimental and calculated reactor responses was proved to be better than 5 db in amplitude and 10 deg in phase, in the entire frequency range from 0.01 to 100 rad/sec. (auth)
Date: October 1, 1960
Creator: Akcasu, A. Ziya
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fast Flux Test Facility. Design and Development Quality Assurance Requirements for the FFTF

Description: The document is presented to provide general management requirements for Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and contractor design and development quality assurance programs to assure the required quality level of the various items required for the FFTF. The document is applicable as imposed by the contract to FFTF contractors and subcontractors. The document is also applicable to PNL design and development activities related to the FFTF.
Date: October 23, 1968
Creator: Albert, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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GAUGE FOR MEASURING BOW OF TUBES

Description: A mechanical gage was designed to measure the bow over any one-foot length of long cylindrical material. The gage was used successfully for measuring bow in components of tubular fuel elements at the Savannah River Laboratory. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1962
Creator: Alewine, G.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Production Test PT-IP-810 installation of flat aluminum horizontal control rod, D Reactor

Description: The two small reactors (B and D) currently utilize a flat aluminum horizontal control rod consisting of three cooling tubes surrounded by boron carbide-aluminum neutron absorber rings and an outer casing of aluminum. Two adverse and complementary characteristics of these rods have served to limit the functional reliability of the rods under current and anticipated reactor operating conditions. The construction of the rod presents a relatively high resistance to transfer of heat from the sheath to the cooling water and the neutron to transfer of heat from the sheath to the cooling water and the neutron absorber rings show evidence of significant dimensional increase with high accumulated exposure to neutrons. With poor heat transfer and current reactor operating levels, the rod sheath temperature may exceed that for which aluminum is suited and the material loses its strength by annealing. Swelling of the neutron absorber rings further aggravates the overheating by increasing the cooling tube to ring gap. The net result is a tendency for hot spots to occur in the rod sheath and in the more advanced cases, these develop into e step plug. blisters which cause the rod to bind in the channel and/or the step plug. A new aluminum horizontal control rod (HCR) has been designed to avoid the above problem as a part of Facilities Engineering Section`s program to provide means of alleviating horizontal control rod problems at all of the reactors. The purpose of this Production Test is to authorize installation of a newly designed flat aluminum HCR prototype in HCR channel No. 2 at D Reactor for test.
Date: October 11, 1965
Creator: Alexander, W. K. & Hutton, P. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Electron-Ring Accelerator Program at Lrl

Description: A progress report is presented on the activities at LRL in connection with electron-ring accelerators. A two-stage compressor unit (employing only low-intensity beams) has been built, and operated with a 4-MeV 100-mA linac as an injector. Electron rings have been formed and compressed from 20 cm radius to 7 cm radius. A three-stage compression unit has been constructed and is now under test with the high intensity (200 A) 3.3-MeV beam of the Astron injector. The apparatus is described. Design work on a magnetic expansion unit is reported.
Date: October 1, 1968
Creator: Allison Jr., R. W.; Avery, R. T.; Baker, W. R.; Chupp, W. W.; Hartwig, E. C.; Hernandez, H. P. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neutron Diffraction Studies at the Puerto Rico Nuclear Center

Description: A neutron diffraction program was initiated recently at the Puerto Rico Nuclear Center. The two double crystal spectrometers in use were assembled with the aid of staff members of the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The first research problem to be completed was a single crystal structure analysis of CaWO4. Choosing the origin at the 4(a) tungsten site in the tetragonal I41/a cell. the 16(f) oxygen parameters were found to be as follows: x=0.2413 ± 0.0005, y=0.1511 ± 0.0006, z=0.0861 ± 0.0001. Anisotropic temperature parameters were also determined for all atoms in the least squares analysis of the structure. The magnetic structure of CuSO4 has been determined in a continuation of a study started at Brookhaven in collaboration with Dr. P.J. Brown. Using the Wollan-Koehler-Bertaut notation, the antiferromagnetic spin ordering mode in the orthorhombic Pbnm cell is Ax, with the spin axis parallel to a. A moment of approximately 1 μB was found for the Cu2_ ion. The crystal structure of BaNiO2 was re-examined in a neutron powder diffraction study, and it was found that the earlier x-ray study of Lander is essentially correct. An alternative oxygen arrangement, for which x-rays would not have been very sensitive, had been suspected. BaNiO2 was also investigated for magnetic order at 4.2°K but conclusive results have not been obtained. A magnetic transition has been found in Fe2SiO4 in the neighborhood of 30°K. This compound has an olivine type structure with eight Fe2+ ions in the 4(a) and 4(c) positions of the Pbnm space group. Analysis of the magnetic structure is still in progress, but some preliminary results are discussed.
Date: October 15, 1963
Creator: Almodovar, I; Bielen, H. J. & Frazer, B. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A RESONANCE IN THE Lambda pi SYSTEM

Description: The authors report a study of the reaction K{sup -} + p {yields} {Lambda}{sup 0} + {pi}{sup +} + {pi}{sup -} produced by 1.15 Gev/c K{sup -} mesons and observed in the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory's 15-in. hydrogen bubble chamber. A preliminary report of these results was presented at the 1960 Rochester Conference. The beam was purified by two velocity spectrometers. A hyperon/observed during the run and the preliminary cross sections for various K{sup -} reactions at 1.15 Bev/c have been reported previously. Reaction (1) was the first one selected for detailed study, because it appeared to take place with relatively large probability and because the event, a 2-prong interaction accompanied by a V, was easily identified. In a volume of the chamber sufficiently restricted so that the scanning efficiency was near 100%, 255 such events were found. These events were measured, and the track data supplied to a computer which tested each event for goodness of fit to various kinematic hypotheses. The possible reactions, the distribution of events, and the corresponding cross sections are given in Table I. An event was placed in a given category of Table I if the {chi}{sup 2} probability for the other hypotheses was < 1%. It appears likely that the majority of the events in group(e) are also reactions of type (I). This belief is based on the following arguments: (1) since the kinematics of a {Lambda} {pi}{pi} fit (four constraints) are more overdetermined than those of a {Sigma}{sup 0} {pi}{pi} fit(two constraints), it is relatively easy for a {Lambda} {pi}{pi} reaction to fit a {Sigma}{sup 0} {pi}{pi} reaction, but only very few {Sigma}{sup 0} configurations can fit the {Lambda} {pi}{pi} reactions. (2) The events of group(e) when treated as {Sigma}{sup 0} {pi}{pi} reactions give a {chi}{sup 2} distribution which is much worse than …
Date: October 24, 1960
Creator: Alston, Margaret; Alvarez, Luis W.; Eberhard, Philippe & Wojcicki, Stanley G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Southwest Retort, Volume 13, Number 2, October 1960

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters. This issue includes information for the regional meeting in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Date: October 1960
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Southwest Retort, Volume 14, Number 2, October 1961

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters.
Date: October 1961
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Southwest Retort, Volume 15, Number 2, October 1962

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters. This issue includes the outline for the Dallas meeting.
Date: October 1962
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Southwest Retort, Volume 16, Number 2, October 1963

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters. Pages 17-22 are missing from issue. This issue includes program information for the regional meeting in Houston, Texas.
Date: October 1963
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Southwest Retort, Volume 17, Number 2, October 1964

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters.
Date: October 1964
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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Southwest Retort, Volume 18, Number 2, October 1965

Description: This publication of the Dallas-Fort Worth Section of the American Chemical Society includes information about research, prominent scientist, organizational business, and various other stories of interest to the community. Published monthly during long academic semesters.
Date: October 1965
Creator: American Chemical Society. Dallas/Fort Worth Section.
Partner: UNT Libraries
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