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Yesterday There Was Glory: With the 4th Division, A.E.F., in World War I

Description: Memoir describing historical events and personal accounts of Gerald Andrew Howell based on his experiences during World War I, originally completed in 1946 : "His narrative was a study of a small group of American soldiers attempting to survive some of the most ferocious combat of the 'Great War.' He included information on the movements and activities of his 39th Infatry Regiment and the 4th Division, but Howell kept the focus of the story on his squad, a typical cross section of the A.E.F. {American Expeditionary Forces]" (p. 2) This edited version has some introductory and supplementary information and has made minor corrections to the original text. Index starts on page 338.
Access: Restricted to UNT Community Members. Login required if off-campus.
Date: September 2017
Creator: Howell, Gerald Andrew & Patrick, Jeffrey L.
Partner: UNT Press

[Counter-attack: and other poems]

Description: Photographs of "Counter-Attack: And Other Poems" by Siegfried Sassoon, held by UNT Special Collections. The book is worn and brown, with the title printed in brown ink on a label, the wording framed by brown lines. Image 2, with page 20 titled "How To Die" on the left and page 21 on the right titled "The Effect." This copy of Siegfried Sassoon’s collection of poems, Counter-Attack and Other Poems, is a 1919 reprinting of the original 1918 edition, published by E.P. Dutton and Company in New York. The binding is made of brown paper over boards, parts of which have begun to chip away. As a decorated officer known for his heroic, often perilous, actions on the battlefield, Sassoon wrote poems that vividly depict his experience in the trenches. Counter-Attack and The Old Huntsman (Sassoon’s first published collection of war poetry, referenced on the title page) mark the transition from his earlier, highly romanticized poetry, and would go on to solidify him as one of the era’s most influential poets. A thorough description of this transition in Sassoon’s work is given in the introduction by fellow soldier-poet and friend, Robert Nichols. The poems in this collection give the reader an up-close account of the graphic horrors of World War I, and signal the departure from the glorification of war. As with volumes by other soldier poets, Sassoon’s Counter-Attack would usher in the cold, fragmented beginnings of modernist literature.
Date: January 17, 2017
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[4th Liberty Loan Honor Roll poster, World War I]

Description: Photograph of 4th Liberty Loan "Honor Roll" poster from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The poster has an illustration of a red framed flag at the top with four blue stripes down the middle. The words "Help our town win this flag" are in dark blue at the top. Under the flag is the title "4th Liberty Loan" in red. The bottom half of the poster has four columns of numbered lines numbering 1-100.
Date: December 23, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Victory Liberty Loan Honor Roll poster, World War I]

Description: Photograph of a Victory Liberty Loan "Honor Roll" poster from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The top half of the poster is an illustration of a white, red-framed flag with a giant navy V in it. Above it are the words "Honor Roll" in navy. Under the flag are small navy words that say "The Following Patriotic Men and Women in this Organization Have Invested in the" followed by "Victory Liberty Loan" in red. The bottom half of the poster contains five columns filled with numbered lines, numbering 1-100.
Date: December 23, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[36th National Guard Private's wool jacket, , World War I]

Description: Photographs of 36th National Guard Private's wool jacket from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. This jacket was worn by George N. Rucker who was stationed at Camp Travis in San Antonio, Texas, during World War I. The first image shows an arrowhead patch with the "T" in the center represents the 36th infantry division of the Texas Army National Guard, which was made up of Texans and Oklahomans. The silver chevron patch lower on the sleeve represents stateside service of at least six months. A second silver chevron patch would have been added for an additional six months served, so we can tell that Rucker only served between six and eleven months. The red chevron near the shoulder represents honorable discharge. Image 2, front of wool jacket with two pockets on the top and bottom of each side and five buttons along the middle.
Date: December 12, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Artillery shell casings, World War I]

Description: Photographs of artillery shell casings from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image shows the brown rusted bullets from the bottom, one is closed and the other one hollow. Image 2, bullet laying down. The bullet is long and thin.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Gas mask time card, World War I]

Description: Photograph of a gas mask time card from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. A small card is folded in two and propped open with a blank table on it. In front of it is a worn, brown square envelope with a couple of holes on the front of it. The card that accompanies the mask is meant to be used to keep track of the amount of time the mask is worn, so that the wearer will know when to replace the charcoal for optimal air purification. These items were issued to Alvin Mansfield Owsley, who served during World War I in the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas Army National Guard.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[German sword and scabbard, World War I]

Description: Photographs of a German sword and scabbard from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image is of the word in its scabbard, which is a dark rusted metal. The handle has lined indents with a handle on it. Image 2, closeup of swords handle.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Red Cross knitting needles and packaging, World War I]

Description: Photographs of Red Cross knitting needles and packaging from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image is of a small brown envelope propped up longways, with 3 needles laying in front of it. The front of the package has an illustration of a soldier in uniform with other soldiers behind him. On the black part of the illustration are the words "Back Them Up" and "Puritan Flour," under it a description. Image 2, front of needle packaging containing the soldier illustration with the packaging information. Image 3, back of brown packaging with a poem about knitting. Image 4, Inside of needle packaging filled with text, with two sections: Don'ts for the Knitters of Socks, New Red Cross Directions for Sock. Two needles lay in front of it. Image 5, inside of needle packaging extended out, the two section are filled with text. The first section of "Don'ts" has seven points. Image 6, outside of needle packaging extending out two three panels, where the poem and front are seen. The bottom panel has two sections of text: Mitt and Wristlet.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Third Liberty Loan pin, World War I]

Description: Photographs of a Third Liberty Loan pin from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The circular pin is blue framed by red. The blue part contains an illustration of a bell with the words Third Liberty Loan around it. Image 2, back of circular pin with the words "The Whitehead & Hoag Co." on it.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army ammunition belt, , World War I]

Description: Photographs of a U.S. Army ammunition belt from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The light brown belt has five areas of pockets with a small button on each of them. The middle has a small metal handle, the strap seen on the left side. Image 2, utility belt extended out. On the left side the five pockets are seen and on the right the inside of the belt.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army Brodie helmet, World War I]

Description: Photographs of U.S. Army Brodie helmet from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The helmet is a brown rusted color with a circular shape an a visor all around. Image 2, side view of the brown rusted helmet. Image 3, inside view of the helmet, showing that the inside is lined in black material with a faded brown strap across the inside.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army garrison cap, World War I]

Description: Photographs of U.S. Army garrison cap from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The brown wedge cap is folded up with a crease in the middle and a black button that says "US 67" on the side of it. Image 2, inside of garrison cap showing its folded inside.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army mess kit, , World War I]

Description: Photographs of a U.S. Army mess kit from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. All of the utensils are made of a shiny metal, including a pan with a lid, a fork, a spoon and a knife. Image 2, closeup of just the spoon, fork and knife. Image 3, pan with closed lid.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army officer's visor hat, World War I]

Description: Photographs of a U.S. Army officer's visor hat from World war I, held by UNT Special Collections. The faded brown hat is circular with a leather brown visor and brown strap on the front. Image 2, front of brown visor hat with the brown leather strap resting on the visor.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[U.S. Army wool jacket, World War I]

Description: Photographs of a U.S. Army wool jacket from World War I, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image is a closeup of the collar of the brown jacket, two buttons on each side of the collar, one of the with the words "U.S. 36." Image 2, front of the light brown jacket, a breast pocket on each side and four buttons going down the middle. There are also two pockets on each side of the bottom. Image 3, back of light brown jacket, two buttons and straps on each shoulder.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Victory Liberty Loan medallion, World War I]

Description: Photographs of a Victory Liberty Loan medallion, held by UNT Special Collections. The back of the coin reads: "Made from captured German cannon. Awarded by the U.S. Treasury Department for patriotic service in [sic] behalf of the Liberty Loans." Image 2, front of this medallion that shows the U.S. Treasury building and a bald eagle below it.
Date: December 1, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[1914 & Other Poems]

Description: Photographs of "1914 & Other Poems" by Rupert Brooke, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image, is of the inside of the book with a faint illustration of a man's profile, the second image the see-through brown piece of paper is turned over to cover the illustration but to reveal the title of the book. Although Rupert Brooke (1887-1915) died before ever seeing battle, he was renowned for his war sonnets. W.B. Yeats noted that Brooke was “handsomest young man of England,” a fact that may account for some of his fame. Educated at Cambridge, he became a thespian, scholar, and soldier. Brooke, commissioned in the Royal Navy, never got to see battle. He died in 1915 at sea from sepsis. An eerie photograph portrait of the author’s profile, dated 1913, appears opposite the title page in this edition. Following the title page with publisher information and the typical copyright statement, we encounter a brief biographical note listing Brooke’s education and war time experience. His five war sonnets, titled “1914,” became notable for their romantic and patriotic view of the war. As a young man, Brooke wrote poems and published in anthologies and periodicals; his first volume of poetry, simply titled Poems, appeared in 1911 and (according to a note printed in this edition of 1914 and Other Poems) was reprinted in 1913 and twice in 1915. The contents of this volume are separated into sections beginning with the war sonnets titled “1914” followed by “The South Seas” and finally “Other Poems.” The last page of the book lists where the book was printed and contains a small slip that is taped to the back page, which was to be affixed to the spine of the book. An original slip is glued on the spine with the title of …
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Aurelia & Other Poems, cover]

Description: Photograph of the cover of "Aurelia & Other Poems" by Robert Nichols, held by UNT Special Collections. The book is brown with a white label on the front with the title printed on it.
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[The Making of Micky Mcghee]

Description: Photographs of "The Making of Micky Mcghee" by R.W. Campbell, held by UNT Special Collections. The third image shows the book opened up to pages 64-5. On the left page are the words "Carry On" next to a drawing of a soldier kneeling with a long rifle, followed by a bit of text. On the right page are the words "Miners and Miners" next to a drawing of a man holding a shovel followed by a few paragraphs of text. Image 1, pale brown book cover with the title at the top in an illustration of a man standing in front of a sign, and buildings behind it, the author in the bottom right corner. Image 2, inscription written on the inside of the cover in pencil. Robert Walter Campbell, born 1876, served with the Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Boer War (1899 to 1902), and then again with the 5th battalion in Gallipoli (1914) in the Great War. This second tour gave him the material for his poems in support of the war effort. Campbell wrote 25 lively poems and songs in Standard English for The Making of Micky McGhee. Some 20th century Scottish slang is sprinkled throughout.
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Plain Song 1914-1916]

Description: Photographs of "Plain Song" by Eden Phillpotts, held by UNT Special Collections. Image 2 shows the table of contents on the left page and a page with a poem titled "August the Fourth." Image 3, continuation of the poem "August the Fourth" and number 2 and 3. Image 1, cover of the book made of grey paper, framed by a thick line with the title at the top followed by the dates 1914-1916. Eden Phillpotts (1862-1960) was born in British India and is best known for his celebration of the landscape of Dartmoor in southern England. His collection of poems, Plain Song, moves from horror to acceptance, but always with a sense of detachment of the poet at home. The opening poem takes its title from the date Britain declared war on Germany, “August 4, 1914.” Thwarting the reader’s expectations, the poem begins with a peaceful woodland scene at dusk, where the speaker watches the moon rise over a clearing filled with emerald-like glow-worms and the purr of a swooping churn-owl, who “throbbed and throbbed, then took his flight...in rapture and delight” (p. 2). The poem ends by shattering this scene “by Nature sanctified” when the speaker suddenly recalls the “hell / This day hath seen ascend” (p. 3). The poem thus plays on the poet’s physical distance from the war to produce its emotional affect.
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Rookie Rhymes]

Description: Photographs of "Rookie Rhymes," held by UNT Special Collections. The book is opened up to a page on the left titled "The Call" followed by a poem. On the right page is an illustration of a soldier and woman in a big dress dancing. Image 1, the brown paper book cover has no spine, and the title is at the top in big black letters followed by an illustration of a man in a hat smoking a pipe.
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Swords and Ploughshares]

Description: Photographs of "Swords and Ploughshares" John Drinkwater, held by UNT Special Collections. The first image shows the title page, with the page to the left of it containing a small list of books by the same author. Image 2, poem on page 48 titled "On the Picture of a Private Soldier Who Had Gained a Victoria Cross", the page next to it contains a poem titled "One Speaks In Germany. In “On the Picture of a Private Soldier Who Had Gained a Victoria Cross,” the author calls upon the theme of photography to apply pressure to its revelatory and documentary status. Photographs are not only signs. They are also indexes—that is, they are created by the conditions they record. This adds authority to their status as objective or unmediated by interpretive bias, but such objectivity is an illusion. The alignment of the documentary photo with objectivity forgets the deceptive nature of physical surfaces, how they might exclude or even repress the deeper conflicts of inner life expressed in a poem. In Drinkwater’s poem, the deceptive nature of physical appearance dialogues with the deceptive nature of accolades for valor and the sense of liberation from horrors of the past. Drinkwater thus registers an insight fundamental to new waves of psychoanalytic theory—that is, the burial of trauma constitutes a form of preservation, of intensification even, as opposed to conquest and erasure.
Date: November 3, 2016
Creator: Sylve, Joshua
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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