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2003 Environmental Monitoring Report for the Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory Pittsburgh Site

Description: The 2003 results for the Bettis-Pittsburgh radiological and nonradiological environmental monitoring programs are presented. The results demonstrate that the existing procedures ensured that releases to the environment during 2003 were in accordance with applicable Federal, State, County, and local regulations. Evaluation of the environmental data indicates that current operations at the Site continue to have no adverse effect on human health and the quality of the environment. A conservative a… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ammonia-Free NOx Control System

Description: Research is being conducted under United States Department of Energy (DOE) Contract DEFC26-03NT41865 to develop a new technology to achieve very low levels of NOx emissions from pulverized coal fired boiler systems by employing a novel system level integration between the PC combustion process and the catalytic NOx reduction with CO present in the combustion flue gas. The combustor design and operating conditions will be optimized to achieve atypical flue gas conditions. This approach will not … more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Wu, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annotating animal mitochondrial tRNAs: A new scoring scheme and an empirical evaluation of four methods

Description: Identification of transfer RNAs in animal mitochondrial genomes is important for many areas of genome analysis including phylogenetic reconstruction, understanding inheritance of disease, and identifying forensic materials. Animal mitochondrial tRNAs differ from the canonical tRNAs in both their secondary structure and level of conservation of nucleotide sequence and therefore, conventional tRNA or general RNA searching software cannot be used for identification and custom methods are required.… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Wyman, Stacia K. & Boore, Jeffrey L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assembling and Installing LRUs for NIF

Description: Within the 192 National Ignition Facility (NIF) beamlines, there are over 7000 large (40 x 40 cm) optical components, including laser glass, mirrors, lenses, and polarizers. These optics are held in large opto-mechanical assemblies called line-replaceable units (LRUs). Each LRU has strict specifications with respect to cleanliness, alignment, and wavefront so that once activated, each NIF beamline will meet its performance requirements. NIF LRUs are assembled, tested, and refurbished in on-site… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Bonanno, R E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Beneficiary Cost-Sharing Under the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit

Description: This report analyzes how the cost-sharing and premium provisions in Medicare would affect the amount that a beneficiary would pay annually for prescription drugs. It also gives examples of how annual cost-sharing would differ for beneficiaries with various levels of a total prescription under the plan's standard benefit.
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Peterson, Chris L. & Hahn, Jim S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ceramic Membrane Enabling Technology for Improved IGCC Efficiency, Quarterly Technical Progress Report: October 1 - December 31, 2003

Description: This quarterly technical progress report will summarize work accomplished for Phase 2 Program during the quarter October to December 2003. In task ! OTM development has led to improved strength and composite design for lower temperatures. In task 2, the yield of a large batch of OTM elements improved. In task 3, operational improvements in the lab- scale pilot reactor have reduced turn- around time and increased product purity. In task 7. IGCC economics were updated to reflect state of the art … more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Prasad, Ravi
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Characterization of Tumor-Avid Antibody Fragments Genetically Engineered for Mono-Specific Radionuclide Chelation

Description: The successful clinical application of targeted-radiopharmaceuticals depends on the development of molecules that optimize tumor specific radionuclide deposition and minimize non-specific organ irradiation. To this end, this proposal outlines a research effort to identify and evaluate novel antibodies and antibody fragments that bind breast tumors. The tumor-avid antibodies will be investigated for as imaging and therapeutic agents and to gain a better understanding of the pharmacokinetics and … more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Quinn, T.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal Combustion Products Extension Program

Description: The primary objective of the CCP Extension Program is to promote the responsible uses of Ohio CCPs that are technically sound, environmentally safe, and commercially competitive. A secondary objective is to assist other CCP generating states (particularly neighboring states) in establishing CCP use programs within their states. The goal of the CCP extension program at OSU is to work with CCP stakeholders to increase the overall CCP state utilization rate to more than 30% by the year 2005. The p… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Butalia, T. S. & Wolfe, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Compact neutron generator development at LBNL

Description: A wide variety of applications ranging from medical (BNCT, Boron Neutron Capture Therapy) and basic science (neutron imaging, material studies) to homeland security (explosive detection and nuclear material non-proliferation) are in need of compact, high flux neutron generators. The Plasma and Ion Source Technology Group in the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is developing various neutron generators for these applications. These neutron generators employed either the D-D or the D-T fusion… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Reijonen, J.; English, G.; Firestone, R.; Giquel, F.; King, M.; Leung, K. N. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Demand Side Bidding. Final Report

Description: This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of … more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Spahn, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Fly Ash Derived Sorbents to Capture CO2 from Flue Gas of Power Plants

Description: This research program focused on the development of fly ash derived sorbents to capture CO{sub 2} from power plant flue gas emissions. The fly ash derived sorbents developed represent an affordable alternative to existing methods using specialized activated carbons and molecular sieves, that tend to be very expensive and hinder the viability of the CO{sub 2} sorption process due to economic constraints. Under Task 1 'Procurement and characterization of a suite of fly ashes', 10 fly ash samples,… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Maroto-Valer, M. Mercedes; Andresen, John M.; Zhang, Yinzhi & Lu, Zhe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Pressurized Circulating Fluidized Bed Partial Gasification Module (PGM)

Description: Foster Wheeler Power Group, Inc. is working under US Department of Energy contract No. DE-FC26-00NT40972 to develop a partial gasification module (PGM) that represents a critical element of several potential coal-fired Vision 21 plants. When utilized for electrical power generation, these plants will operate with efficiencies greater than 60% and produce near zero emissions of traditional stack gas pollutants. The new process partially gasifies coal at elevated pressure producing a coal-derived… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Robertson, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Direct Investigations Of The Immobilization Of Radionuclides In The Alteration Phases Of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Description: The safe disposal of the nation's nuclear waste in a geologic repository is one of the most significant and difficult scientific endeavors of the twenty-first century. Unique scientific challenges are posed by the very long-lived radioactivity of nuclear waste. Many radionuclides of vastly different chemical character must be retained by the repository for several thousand years. Some with longer half-lives, such as Pu-239 and Tc-99, need to be isolated for periods approaching a million years. … more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Burns, Peter C.; Finch, Robert J. & Wronkiewicz, David J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of controlled dog hunting on movements of female white-tailed deer.

Description: D'Angelo, Gino, J., John C. Kilgo, Christopher E. Comer, Cory D. Drennan, David A. Osborn, and Karl V. Miller. 2003. Effects of controlled dog hunting on movements of female white-tailed deer. In: Proceedings of the Annu. Conf. Southeast. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies. 57:317-325. This article explores the relationship between controlled dog hunting and the movements of female white tailed deer at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina. The data suggests that short term, controlled dog hunti… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: D'Angelo, Gino, J.; Kilgo, John, C.; Comer, Christopher, E.; Drennan, Cory, D.; Osborn, David, A. & Miller, Karl, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Enhanced Wellbore Stabilization and Reservoir Productivity with Aphron Drilling Fluid Technology, Quarterly Report: October - December 2003

Description: During this first Quarter of the Project, a team of five individuals was formed to characterize aphron drilling fluids, with the ultimate objectives to gain acceptance for this novel technology and decrease the costs of drilling mature and multiple-pressure formations in oil and gas wells. Aphron drilling fluids are very high low-shear-rate viscosity fluids laden with specially designed microbubbles, or ''aphrons.'' The focus of the Project is to develop some understanding of the aphron structu… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Growcock, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental Biosciences Program Second Quarter Report

Description: In May 2002, the United States Department of Energy (DOE) signed Assistance Instrument Number DE-FC09-02CH11109 with the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) to support the Environmental Biosciences Program (EBP). This funding instrument replaces DOE Assistance Instrument Number DE-FC02-98CH10902. EBP is an integrated, multidisciplinary scientific research program, employing a range of research initiatives to identify, study and resolve environmental health risks. These initiatives are c… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Mohr, Lawrence C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evolutionary conservation of regulatory elements in vertebrate HOX gene clusters

Description: Due to their high degree of conservation, comparisons of DNA sequences among evolutionarily distantly-related genomes permit to identify functional regions in noncoding DNA. Hox genes are optimal candidate sequences for comparative genome analyses, because they are extremely conserved in vertebrates and occur in clusters. We aligned (Pipmaker) the nucleotide sequences of HoxA clusters of tilapia, pufferfish, striped bass, zebrafish, horn shark, human and mouse (over 500 million years of evoluti… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Santini, Simona; Boore, Jeffrey L. & Meyer, Axel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fate and Transport of Radionuclides Beneath the Hanford Tank Farms: Unraveling Coupled Geochemical and Hydrological Processes in the Vadose Zone

Description: Although the accelerated transport of {sup 99}Tc, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 235}U within the vadose zone beneath the 200-West Area of the Hanford tank-farm area has been recognized, the mechanisms responsible for the vertical migration of the radionuclides is unclear. Does horizontal stratification enhance the lateral movement of contaminants, which in turn enhances vertical preferential flow due to perched water dynamics? Do physical heterogeneities, such as stratification and pore regime connecti… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Jardine, Philip M.; Ainsworth, Calvin C. & Fendorf, Scott
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Field Demonstration of a Membrane Process to Separate Nitrogen from Natural Gas

Description: The original proposal described the construction and operation of a 1 MMscfd treatment system to be operated at a Butcher Energy gas field in Ohio. The gas produced at this field contained 17% nitrogen. During pre-commissioning of the project, a series of well tests showed that the amount of gas in the field was significantly smaller than expected and that the nitrogen content of the wells was very high (25 to 30%). After evaluating the revised cost of the project, Butcher Energy decided that t… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Lokhandwala, Kaaeid
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HEAVY AND THERMAL OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTION MECHANISMS

Description: The Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute (SUPRI-A) studies oil recovery mechanisms relevant to thermal and heavy-oil production. The scope of work is relevant across near-, mid-, and long-term time frames. In August of 2000 we received funding from the U. S. DOE under Award No. DE-FC26-00BC15311 that completed December 1, 2003. The project was cost shared with industry. Heavy oil (10 to 20{sup o} API) is an underutilized energy resource of tremendous potential. Heavy oils are much m… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Kovscek, Anthony R. & Castanier, Louis M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High Energy Efficiency Air Conditioning

Description: This project determined the performance of a new high efficiency refrigerant, Ikon B, in a residential air conditioner designed to use R-22. The refrigerant R-22, used in residential and small commercial air conditioners, is being phased out of production in developed countries beginning this year because of concerns regarding its ozone depletion potential. Although a replacement refrigerant, R-410A, is available, it operates at much higher pressure than R-22 and requires new equipment. R-22 ai… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: McCullough, Edward; Dhooge, Patrick & Nimitz, Jonathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High Resolution Prediction of Gas Injection Process Performance for Heterogeneous Reservoirs Quarterly Report

Description: In this report we present an approach for accurate and consistent implementation of gravity effects in compositional streamline simulation. The approach is based on an operator-splitting technique, successfully applied in streamline simulation of black-oil models. The method is demonstrated to conserve mass. Its application adds only marginally to the overall CPU requirement. We provide a detailed description of the approach to incorporate gravity effects and demonstrate the efficiency of compo… more
Date: December 31, 2003
Creator: Orr, Franklin M., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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