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Research Summary: September 18, 2000

Description: Research summary looking at the students of the Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science. Information on demographics, student satisfaction, computer use, regression analyses for admission variables, DAT data analyses, GPA-based group comparison, group differences for admission variables, and descriptive data is included.
Date: September 18, 2000
Creator: Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science
Partner: Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science
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Defense Headquarters: Status of Efforts to Redefine and Reduce Headquarters Staff

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Defense's (DOD) progress on reducing its headquarters staff, focusing on DOD efforts to: (1) implement the revised management headquarters directive and provide a more accurate report on the number of personnel in headquarters activities; and (2) reduce positions in headquarters and achieve the reductions mandated by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000."
Date: September 6, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Competitive Contracting: Agencies Upheld Few Challenges and Appeals Under the FAIR Act

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed agencies' handling of appeals and challenges within the broader context of the initial implementation of the Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act of 1998, focusing on: (1) the 24 Chief Financial Officer (CFO) Act agencies' inventories and the number of challenges and appeals that interested parties filed; (2) issues raised in challenges and appeals by interested parties and agencies' responses to them; and (3) six agencies' plans for reviewing or using their inventories and how agencies could use information contained in the inventories to help ensure that activities are effectively aligned and efficiently performed."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Higher Education: Trustee Arrangements Serve Useful Purpose in Student Loan Market

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on student loan trustee arrangements, focusing on the: (1) number and cost of trustee arrangements and their shared characteristics; (2) benefits and protections afforded the federal government through use of trustee arrangements; and (3) effect of trustee arrangements on market participation and the availability of student loans."
Date: September 25, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pork Promotion Program: Petition Validation Process Needs to Be Strengthened

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) efforts to validate a petition on whether to continue the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Pork Promotion Program, focusing on: (1) the problems AMS encountered in its process to validate the pork petition and AMS' plans to improve the validation process; (2) factors that led to the USDA Secretary's decision to order the referendum; and (3) whether the USDA Secretary has the authority to order a referendum and whether USDA can use appropriated funds to pay its cost."
Date: September 28, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Environmental Research: STAR Grants Focus on Agency Priorities, but Management Enhancements Are Possible

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Science to Achieve Results (STAR) grants program, focusing on: (1) whether funding amounts awarded for the grants align with EPA's strategic goals, EPA's Office of Research and Development's (ORD) research priorities, and program office priorities; (2) the extent to which the completed focused grants have provided research that is being used by EPA's program offices; and (3) ways in which ORD could enhance its management of the program to help ensure that it meets its objectives."
Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Medicare Improper Payments: While Enhancements Hold Promise for Measuring Potential Fraud and Abuse, Challenges Remain

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the structural problems that exist in the Medicare claims processing system, focusing on: (1) what the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) proposals have been designed or initiated to measure Medicare improper payments; and (2) the status of these proposals and initiatives and how will they enhance HCFA's ability to comprehensively measure improper Medicare payments and the frequency of kickbacks, false claims, and other inappropriate provider practices."
Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Packers and Stockyards Programs: Actions Needed to Improve Investigations of Competitive Practices

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) efforts to implement the Packers and Stockyards Act, focusing on: (1) the number and status of investigations conducted by the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) in response to complaints and concerns about anticompetitive activity involving the marketing of cattle and hogs; and (2) factors that affect GIPSA's ability to investigate concerns about anticompetitive practices."
Date: September 21, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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H-1B Foreign Workers: Better Controls Needed to Help Employers and Protect Workers

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the H-1B program's implementation and implications for the American workforce, focusing on: (1) the jobs that H-1B workers are filling in the United States and the characteristics of those workers; (2) the adequacy of the H-1B visa program's implementation and enforcement; and (3) efforts underway to improve information technology (IT) skills in the American workforce."
Date: September 7, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Foreign Affairs: Status of U.S. Parental Child Abductions to Germany, Sweden, and Austria

Description: A briefing report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed international parental child abduction issues, focusing on German, Swedish, and Austrian handling of U.S. cases."
Date: September 8, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Financial Management Service: Significant Weaknesses in Computer Controls

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Financial Management Service's (FMS) computer controls in fiscal year (FY) 1999, focusing on: (1) the significant weaknesses GAO identified in its limited official use report and the recommendations that GAO had made; and (2) a follow-up on previously reported weaknesses."
Date: September 26, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Foreign Assistance: U.S. Food Aid Program to Russia Had Weak Internal Controls

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the internal controls used by the Foreign Agricultural Service in its management of the fiscal year 1999 government-to-government food aid programs to Russia, focusing on: (1) the adequacy of internal controls used to monitor the distribution of food aid commodities; (2) the adequacy of procedures for monitoring collections and deposits of funds derived from the sale of food aid commodities; and (3) the extent to which procedures for determining the price to sell U.S. food aid commodities in Russia were followed."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Forest Service: Proposed Regulations Adequately Address Some, but Not All, Key Elements of Forest Planning

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's forest plan, focusing on the extent to which the Forest Service's proposed regulations: (1) make clear the agency's mission priorities before beginning the process of revising a forest plan; (2) link forest plans to agencywide goals, objectives, and strategies; and (3) hold the forests more accountable for key elements of forest planning."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Trade Adjustment Assistance: Opportunities to Improve the Community Adjustment and Investment Program

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Community Adjustment and Investment Program (CAIP), focusing on: (1) how the program has been structured; (2) how program eligibility criteria and outreach efforts have been implemented; and (3) the results of efforts to provide assistance to eligible counties."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Insurance Regulation: Scandal Highlights Need for Strengthened Regulatory Oversight

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated insurance regulatory oversight and information-sharing in the matter of a highly publicized insurance investment scam exposed in May 1999, focusing on: (1) the alleged scam; (2) the oversight and information-sharing by insurance regulators; and (3) cross-financial-sector coordination issues, including those emanating from the scam relevant to financial regulators' efforts to implement the Gramm-Leach-Bliley (GLB) Act."
Date: September 19, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nursing Homes: Sustained Efforts Are Essential to Realize Potential of the Quality Initiatives

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal and state initiatives to improve the quality of nursing homes, focusing on: (1) progress in improving the detection of quality problems and changes in measured nursing home quality; (2) the status of efforts to strengthen states' complaint investigation processes and federal enforcement policies; and (3) additional steps taken at the federal level to improve oversight of states' quality assurance activities."
Date: September 28, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Federal Lands: Agencies Need to Assess the Impact of Personal Watercraft and Snowmobile Use

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the use of personal watercraft and snowmobile use on federal lands, focusing on: (1) the extent to which personal watercraft and snowmobiles are used in federal units that are managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the National Park Service (NPS), and the Forest Service; (2) the bases for agency decisions to authorize or prohibit the use of these vehicles; (3) whether restrictions exist on vehicle operations in places where their use is allowed, and how are these restrictions enforced; and (4) the extent to which federal agencies assessed the impact of such use."
Date: September 15, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cash Balance Plans: Implications for Retirement Income

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the implications of using cash balance plans for retirement income, focusing on the: (1) prevalence and features of cash balance plans; (2) factors employers considered in making a decision about whether or not to use a cash balance formula; (3) effects of using cash balance formulas on the adequacy of individual workers' retirement income; and (4) effects of current disclosure practices on plan participants' ability to address issues regarding the adequacy of their retirement funds."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interscholastic Athletics: School Districts Provide Some Assistance to Uninsured Student Athletes

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed high school interscholastic athletics, focusing on the: (1) number of uninsured high school students in the United States and the extent to which the lack of health insurance poses a barrier to participation in high school athletic programs; and (2) strategies school districts have developed to provide health insurance and health care to high school sports participants."
Date: September 12, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Food Assistance: Activities and Use of Nonprogram Resources at Six WIC Agencies

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the activities and use of nonprogram resources at six Special Supplemental Food Program for, Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) agencies, focusing on: (1) ways WIC agencies deliver nutrition services and administer the program; (2) ways staff at WIC agencies allocate their time delivering nutrition services and administering the program; and (3) types of nonprogram resources used by WIC agencies and the extent to which such resources are used to cover the costs of delivering nutrition services."
Date: September 29, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Postal Service: Enhancements Needed in Performance Planning and Reporting

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Postal Service's (USPS) performance measures, reports, and plans, focusing on: (1) how well USPS fiscal year (FY) 1999 performance report addressed USPS' progress toward achieving the goals established by the FY 1999 performance plan; and (2) whether USPS' FY 2001 preliminary performance plan demonstrates continued progress in developing a reasonable basis for establishing accountability for results."
Date: September 19, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Securities Pricing: Trading Volumes and NASD System Limitations Led to Decimal-Trading Delay

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the progress that the securities industry has made toward the implementation of decimal pricing for U.S. stocks, focusing on: (1) what were the specific reasons that the Nasdaq market was not ready for the July 3, 2000, implementation date and how the National Association of Securities Dealers', Inc. (NASD) decimal-trading preparations compared with those of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE); (2) how the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approached oversight of the securities industry's implementation of decimal trading and how this compared with its year 2000 oversight effort; and (3) what challenges remain regarding implementing decimal trading for the industry."
Date: September 20, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Children and Pesticides: New Approach to Considering Risk Is Partly in Place

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to reduce children's exposure to pesticides by implementing the requirements of the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), focusing on the: (1) approach EPA has developed for making decisions about applying the new safety factor; (2) progress that has been made in considering aggregate exposure and cumulative effects; and (3) progress that has been made in reassessing tolerances for pesticide residues."
Date: September 11, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Personnel Practices: Career Appointments Granted Political Appointees From October 1998 Through June 2000

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the appointment of political appointees to career positions in the executive branch, focusing on: (1) the number of political appointees who converted to career service positions between October 1, 1998, and June 30, 2000; and (2) certain information about the political positions they held and the career positions to which they converted."
Date: September 18, 2000
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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