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0. 20-m (8-in.) Primary Burner Development Report

Description: High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTGRs) utilize graphite-base fuels. Fluidized-bed burners are being employed successfully in the experimental reprocessing of these fuels. The primary fluidized-bed burner is a unit operation in the reprocessing flowsheet in which the graphite moderator is removed. A detailed description of the development status of the 0.20-m (8-in.) diameter primary fluidized-bed burner as of July 1, 1977 is presented. Experimental work to date performed in 0.10; 0.20; and 0.40-m (4, 8, and 16 in.) diameter primary burners has demonstrated the feasibility of the primary burning process and, at the same time, has defined more clearly the areas in which additional experimental work is required. The design and recent operating history of the 0.20-m-diameter burner are discussed, with emphasis placed upon the evolution of the current design and operating philosophy.
Date: December 1977
Creator: Stula, R. T.; Young, D. T. & Rode, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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1/5-scale experiment of a Mark I boiling-water reactor pressure-suppression system under hypothetical LOCA conditions

Description: Experimental results show the sensitivity of hydrodynamically generated vertical loads to changes in the drywell pressurization rate, downcomer submergence, and vent-line loss coefficient. Insignificant effects on peak vertical loads were observed when the vent-line loss was varied. Peak vertical loads can be reduced by adding initial drywell overpressure so that the downcomers are partly cleared of water. Spatial variation of pressure at about the time of vent clearing is seen in comparisons of data from locations along the axis of the toroidal wetwell.
Date: July 8, 1977
Creator: Pitts, J. H. & McCauley, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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2. 05 x 10/sup 9/ age of the Oklo uranium deposit

Description: U and Pb isotopic data on samples (10 to 100 gram) 2 to 10 m away from the borders of the Oklo reactor zones indicate a primary age of 2.05 x 10/sup 9/ years for the Oklo deposit and a secondary age of 0.375 x 10/sup 9/ years. All samples show effects of Pb loss; the average loss is 50 percent. Both the U--Pb and Pb isotopic data are consistent with a model of a primary 2.05 x 10/sup 9/ year age of the deposit, continuous volume diffusion of Pb from uraninite, and either continuous or recent loss of this Pb. In this case the 0.375 x 10/sup 9/ year age is an artifact without time significance. Using an average value of D/a/sup 2/ 3.5 x 10/sup -11/ a/sup -1/ (Cowan, this conference) this model explains the apparent 1.8 x 10/sup 9/ year Pb age observed by other workers. From the /sup 208/Pb//sup 206/Pb data the average U/Th value calculated for the Oklo deposit is approximately 100.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Gancarz, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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2-mm microwave interferometer

Description: A 2-mm microwave interferometer has been developed, and phase shift measurements have been made on the Baseball II experiment. The interferometer system employs a 140-GHz receiver for double down conversion of the plasma signal to a 60-MHz, IF frequency. The 140-GHz references signal is also down-converted and compared with the plasma signal to provide the desired phase change of the signal passing through the plasma. A feedback voltage from a 60-MHz discriminator to a voltage-controlled oscillator in the receiver provides frequency stability of the 60-MHz IF signals.
Date: March 1, 1977
Creator: Futch, A. H. & Mortensen, W. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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2-MW plasmajet facility thermal tests of concrete. [PWR and BWR]

Description: A test was made in the 2-Megawatt Plasmajet Facility to obtain experimental data relative to the thermal response of concrete to incident heat flux. 14.6 cm diameter by 8.0 cm long concrete cylinders were positioned in a supersonic flow of heated nitrogen from an arc heater. The end of the concrete cylinders impacted by the flow were subjected to heat fluxes in the range of 0.13 to 0.35 kW/cm/sup 2/. Measurements included cold wall surface heat flux and pressure distributions, surface and indepth temperatures, ablation rates, and surface emission spectrographs. The test was part of the Sandia light water reactor safety research program and complements similar tests made in the Radiant Heat Facility at heat fluxes from 0.03 to 0.12 kW/cm/sup 2/. A description of the tests and a tabulation of test data are included.
Date: July 1, 1977
Creator: Goin, Kenneth L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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3-D nonlinear evolution of MHD instabilities

Description: The nonlinear evolution of ideal MHD internal instabilities is investigated in straight cylindrical geometry by means of a 3-D initial-value computer code. These instabilities are characterized by pairs of velocity vortex cells rolling off each other and helically twisted down the plasma column. The cells persist until the poloidal velocity saturates at a few tenths of the Alfven velocity. The nonlinear phase is characterized by convection around these essentially fixed vortex cells. For example, the initially centrally peaked temperature profile is convected out and around to form an annulus of high temperature surrounding a small region of lower temperature. Weak, centrally localized instabilities do not alter the edge of the plasma. Strong, large-scale instabilities, resulting from a stronger longitudinal equilibrium current, drive the plasma against the wall. After three examples of instability are analyzed in detail, the numerical methods and their verification are discussed.
Date: March 1, 1977
Creator: Bateman, G.; Hicks, H. R. & Wooten, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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3-dimensional beam scanning system for particle radiation therapy

Description: In radiation therapy treatment volumes up to several liters have to be irradiated. Today's charged particle programs use ridge filters, scattering foils, occluding rings collimators and boluses to shape the dose distribution. An alternative approach, scanning of a small diameter beam, is analyzed and tentative systems specifications are derived. Critical components are scheduled for fabrication and testing at LBL.
Date: March 1977
Creator: Leemann, C.; Alonso, J.; Grunder, H.; Hoyer, E.; Kalnins, G.; Rondeau, D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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10-75-kWe-reactor-powered organic Rankine-cycle electric power systems (ORCEPS) study. Final technical report

Description: This 10-75 kW(e) Reactor-ORCEPS study was concerned with the evaluation of several organic Rankine cycle energy conversion systems which utilized a /sup 235/U-ZrH reactor as a heat source. A liquid metal (NaK) loop employing a thermoelectric converter-powered EM pump was used to transfer the reactor energy to the organic working fluid. At moderate peak cycle temperatures (750/sup 0/F), power conversion unit cycle efficiencies of up to 25% and overall efficiencies of 20% can be obtained. The required operating life of seven years should be readily achievable. The CP-25 (toluene) working fluid cycle was found to provide the highest performance levels at the lowest system weights. Specific weights varies from 100 to 50 lb/kW(e) over the power level range 10 to 75 kW(e). (DLC)
Date: March 30, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

11 september

Description: Recording of Carl Bergstrøm-Nielsen's "11 september." The text is from a document called "What is MIR?" which was sent out illegally in Chile in 1974 and from the appeal of MIR two years after the taking over by the junta, on September 11, 1975. A left-wing party, MIR stayed in Chile in order to contribute as efficiently as possible to the building of the opposition. Other sound material also includes sounds from a typewriter and a demonstration at Bastad, Sweden in September 1975 at a tennis match between Sweden and Chile with more than 4,000 participants. The text is taken in small excerpts from the document in Spanish, English, Swedish, Danish, French, Dutch, and Icelandic. The piece consists of three sections overlapping each other gradually, which shows the relationship between the spoken words and the immediate danger connected with that text. The first section "as a spontaneous statement," deals with the document at its direct background: the silence is broken, in spite of the danger connected with the writing, manifolding papers that criticize the politics and methods of the junta and discuss the strategy of the opposition. The second section deals with the document as a medium of discussion. At the end of this section, the "media-environment," "almost as a magazine on foreign affairs," is broken by shouts from the demonstration at the Bastad which were heard directly in Chilean TV. The third section is about the appeal of MIR as a direct request to the audience: to isolate the junta through a boycott of Chilean products and through demanding from national politicians to break the silence which has long been maintained, among other places in the United Nations of which Chile is still a member. Inspiration for the piece came from the composer's participation in the activities of the …
Date: 1977
Duration: 9 minutes 24 seconds
Creator: Bergstrøm-Nielsen, Carl
Partner: UNT Music Library
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25 megajoule energy storage and delivery system for the Shiva laser

Description: A 25 megajoule, 20 kV capacitive energy storage and delivery system has been built and tested for Shiva--a 20 arm, 10 kJ, 20 TW neodymium glass fusion research laser. This system supplies over 3.5 megamperes to xenon flashlamps for optical pumping of the laser amplifier. About 15% of the energy is used to establish magnetic fields within Faraday rotator glass. A digital based control and diagnostics scheme is employed through the entire pulse power system. This scheme utilizes a distributed digital data bus that addresses every element through two levels of optical isolation. The interfacing of low level digital circuitry to a pulse power environment is discussed, as well as the design and performance of the total system. Cost and manufacturing details are important in a project of this size. The projected cost goal of 27 cents/joule, installed and operating, has been met. The general approach to the design, transient analysis, manufacture, and activation of this large power conditioning system is also discussed.
Date: October 18, 1977
Creator: Gagnon, W.L.; Rupert, P. R.; Berkbigler, L.; Carder, B. M.; Gritton, D. G.; Holloway, R. W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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40-kV, 25-ms neutral-beam power supply for TMX

Description: Modifications are described to upgrade the neutral-beam power supply for the TMX from 40 kV, 10 ms to 40 kV, 25 ms. The redesign of the accel and suppressor power supplies to achieve separation of the high-voltage and control sections, operation of the arc pulse lines in series, operation of the arc pulse lines in a noisy environment with SCR trigger and crowbar, and modifications to the electrolytic storage banks are discussed.
Date: September 23, 1977
Creator: Leavitt, G.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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40 kW of solar cell modules for the Large Scale Production Task, a Low Cost Silicon Solar Array Project. Final technical report

Description: Forty kilowatts of solar cell modules was produced in this program. This is equivalent to 4123 modules. The average power output per module was 9.7 watts at 16.5 volts, 60/sup 0/C and 100 mW/cm/sup 2/. The peak production rate was 200 modules per week which is equal to 1.9 kW per week. This rate was sustained for over four and one-half months and is equivalent to 100 kW per year. The solar cell module design, electrical and power performance, module preproduction environmental test results, production and shipping schedule, program summary, and delivery are described. A cost analysis section is written. Particular emphasis on the percentage of labor and material utilized in constructing a solar cell module is presented. Also included are cost reduction recommendations. It was concluded from this program that volume production on the order of hundreds of kilowatts per year per company as a minimum is required to significantly reduce the price per watt for solar cell modules. Sensor Technology more than doubled its solar cell module manufacturing facilities since the completion of the JPL Block II procurement. Plans are being made for large scale expansion of our facilities to meet growing JPL/DOE procurements.
Date: December 1, 1977
Creator: Jones, G.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

['77 Board of Regents Group Photo]

Description: Photograph of nine members of the North Texas State University Board of Regents standing together on the landing of a stairwell for a group photo. All are wearing suits and ties. Four are resting their hands on the railing and the others stand behind them. The wall behind them has windows that open up on the lawn outside the building.
Date: January 17, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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100 kJ ion beams for pellet implosions

Description: Among DOE's goals for inertial confinement fusion is support of construction of a heavy ion facility for demonstration experiments on deuterium tritium (DT) pellets with ion beams of 25 to 100 kJ energy. Three accelerator laboratories (Argonne, Berkeley, and Brookhaven) are actively engaged in accelerator development toward this concept. Several accelerator systems which could meet the criteria for these demonstration experiments are analyzed and compared.
Date: January 1, 1977
Creator: Martin, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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150 kWe solar-powered deep-well irrigation facility. Phase I. Preliminary design study. Final report

Description: Results of a preliminary design study for a solar-powered irrigation facility to be located on a farm between Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona, are presented. The ERDA-specified generic design criteria are detailed. A detailed systems analysis is presented, and preliminary designs of the thermal storage system, organic Rankine cycle power system, cooling water system, power distribution system, and collector foundation are given. Site layout and improvements are described, and a cost analysis of prototype and production units is included. Engineering drawings are included. (WHK)
Date: August 8, 1977
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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150-m measurement of 0. 880- to 100. 0-keV neutron transmissions through four samples of /sup 238/U

Description: In order to study the /sup 238/U + n total cross section, neutron transmissions through 0.076-, 0.254-, 1.080-, and 3.620-cm-thick samples of isotopically enriched /sup 238/U have been measured from 0.880 to 100.0 keV using a time-of-flight technique over a path length of 150 meters with the ORELA pulsed source and a 13-mm-thick Li-glass detector. The measurement is described in detail and both a listing and figures of the resulting transmissions are given. An absolute energy scale accurate to 2 parts in 10,000 was established.
Date: October 1, 1977
Creator: Olsen, D. K.; de Saussure, G.; Perez, R. B.; Difilippo, F. C.; Ingle, R. W. & Weaver, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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236-Z canyon utilization study

Description: The 236-Z canyon contains equipment for repurification of plutonium and recovery of plutonium from scrap material. To meet production requirements of Fast Flux Test Facility/Clinch River Breeder Reactor oxide with the existing plant, several new pieces of equipment will be needed in the future. More storage space and a better accountability system are needed to support this increased production. The available canyon space needs to be utilized to its fullest in order to accommodate the new equipment. The purpose of this document is to identify the new pieces of equipment, show how they fit into the flowsheet, and locate them in the canyon.
Date: March 8, 1977
Creator: Dixon, D.R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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324 building safety analysis report supplement

Description: Process engineering designs, major equipment and plant facilities to be utilized in commercial nuclear waste preparation and vitrification in the 324 Radiochemical Engineering Building are reviewed with regard to accident potential and consequences. This Safety Analysis Report Supplement compares calculated environmental doses anticipated from the Commercial Nuclear Waste Vitrification Project (CNWVP) routine operations with the average doses from past waste management operations conducted at the Hanford Project and finds them to be significantly less. The calculated CNWVP environmental doses are found to be far below presently applicable ERDA standards and standards proposed by the EPA for nuclear power operations. (DLC)
Date: June 24, 1977
Creator: Dodd, A. O. & Wittenbrock, N. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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450/sup 0/F step transient thermal analysis of the LOFT pressurizer surge and spray line piping

Description: The LOFT pressurizer spray and surge line piping was analyzed for a 450/sup 0/F step change in fluid temperature. This transient was chosen to conservatively represent several pressurizer operating transients that had not previously been analyzed. These include temperature transients resulting from a 300/sup 0/F ..delta..T between pressurizer temperature and cold leg temperature, injection of a cooled (70/sup 0/F) slug of stagnant fluid into the hot (540/sup 0/F) spray line piping, and inflow of 100/sup 0/F primary coolant system water into the hot (480/sup 0/F) surge line piping.
Date: July 7, 1977
Creator: Tolan, B.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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880 nanosecond particle in cell mover for the CDC 7600

Description: A very fast computational method of moving particles for one dimensional electrostatic plasma simulations using integer arithmetic is described. The cloud in cell method forms the basis of this technique. This paper is in the form of a compass compilable subroutine with comments and examples describing methods of using an entirely integer representation to gain up to an order of magnitude increase in speed over equivalent floating point Fortran coding. Integer arithmetic has several advantages over floating point arithmetic for one dimensional particle movers. The adds are much faster, and the binary numerical description allows the implementation of very simple boundary conditions if the simulation region extends from zero to a power of two. Furthermore, integer arithmetic makes very efficient use of each memory bit since there is no floating point exponent. Consequently, it becomes feasible and fast in long word length machines to pack the velocity and position of a particular particle into the same word, thus saving a factor of two in computer storage and/or 10. These advantages are combined with the fact that integer adds and logicals complete in only two computer cycles allowing nearly complete optimization of register and instruction interleaving. The measured timings on a CDC 7600 are 880 nanoseconds and 935 nanoseconds per particle for the periodic and general boundary condition sections respectively. Methods for adapting the technique to other computers are discussed.
Date: October 4, 1977
Creator: Estabrook, K. & Tull, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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12G: code for conversion of isotope-ordered cross-section libraries into group-ordered cross-section libraries

Description: Many current reactor physics codes accept cross-section libraries in an isotope-ordered form, convert them with internal preprocessing routines to a group-ordered form, and then perform calculations using these group-ordered data. Occasionally, because of storage and time limitations, the preprocessing routines in these codes cannot convert very large multigroup isotope-ordered libraries. For this reason, the I2G code, i.e., ISOTXS to GRUPXS, was written to convert externally isotope-ordered cross section libraries in the standard file format called ISOTXS to group-ordered libraries in the standard format called GRUPXS. This code uses standardized multilevel data management routines which establish a strategy for the efficient conversion of large libraries. The I2G code is exportable contingent on access to, and an intimate familiarization with, the multilevel routines. These routines are machine dependent, and therefore must be provided by the importing facility. 6 figures, 3 tables.
Date: September 1, 1977
Creator: Resnik, W. M. II & Bosler, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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