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Poll Taxes Levied By States

Description: This report documents how every state deals with the poll tax, and the effect of the poll tax on the voting rights of citizens.
Date: May 6, 1965
Creator: Thornton, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of macroreticular anion exchange resin - RTA-893-R

Description: The macroreticular anion exchange resin, Amberlite IRA-900-OH, and an experimental resin from Ionac Chemical Company were irradiated by a /sup 60/Co source to doses of 5 x 10/sup 7/ rad and 10/sup 8/ rad. These doses approximate or exceed the dose encountered by the deionizer resins in 100-Area service. The loss in exchange capacity and the volume changes of Amberlite IRA-900 on irradiation were similar to those found previously for Amberlite IRA-400. The Ionac experimental resin, which had a considerably lower initial exchange capacity, likewise was not stable to radiation. It is concluded that Amberlite IRA-900 offers no advantage over Amberlite IRA-400 for 100-Area purification service. Since there is little justification for further evaluation of macroreticular resin for 100-Area use, the present work completes RTA-893-R.
Date: June 7, 1965
Creator: Baumann, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Underground radioactive materials in 100-H and F plants

Description: At 100-H Area there are 13 locations and at 100-F Area 16 locations where radioactive material was deposited underground. Five of these locations, 2 at 100-H and 3 at 100-F, have been permanently terminated as burial sites in compliance with Radiation Control Standards. They contain solid waste with significant quantities of long-life radionuclides. Burial locations within the 105 Building exclusion fences were not marked with permanent posts as the exclusion fences are sufficient marking for such sites. Other locations not permanently marked were the components of the effluent systems, including the 107 retention basins, 1904 outfall structures and associated piping. Control objectives for these locations were to prevent contamination spreads and limit personnel access for several years. Similar objectives applied to locations where small quantities of liquid waste were released to ground, or small amounts of surface-contaminated materials were buried. At these locations, existing fences and radiation zone signs were left in place. The permanently posted burial grounds contain two general types of radioactive waste: neutron-activated reactor components, and surface-contaminated material and equipment. The activated components consist almost entirely of steel and aluminum. The most significant radionuclide contained in these materials is 5-year /sup 60/Co. The surface contaminants are primarily corrosion and activation products of the reactor cooling water effluent, of which the long-life emitter is the 245-day /sup 65/Zn. The activity at the radiation zoned sites should be measured at the end of 5 years, or before all control is relinquished, to ascertain if the locations are releasable.
Date: October 29, 1965
Creator: Herman, G. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fast Flux Test Facility Studies Progress Report: April 1965

Description: From abstract: "...limited study work was performed on the conceptual design of the proposed fast flux test facility and information was obtained in important areas of supporting technology."
Date: April 1965
Creator: Astley, E. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Sequence for Predicting Waste Transport by Ground Water

Description: From introduction: "This paper describes a sequence for analyzing the effects of ground water flow on waste transport in natural soils."
Date: April 15, 1965
Creator: Nelson, R. William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Static Tests of Corrosion Inhibitors for Aluminum and Carbon Steel

Description: The experiments described in this report were performed for two purposes: (1) to find a chemical, or combination of chemicals, that would be effective for inhibiting corrosion of steel in static portions of the Hanford water systems, and (2) as screening tests to select candidate mixtures for further testing to replace sodium dichromate as the inhibitor of aluminum and steel corrosion in the Hanford single-pass reactor cooling water.
Date: February 1965
Creator: Richman, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Problems associated with the extension of the stratigraphic units of south-central Washington. Part II. The post basalt sediments

Description: There are four district stratigraphic units within the Pasco Basin which if interpreted on the basis of recent field evidence and described properly could be traced over most of southeastern Washington. At the present time these post-basalt sediments are described in the literature in such a way as to make extensive correlations impossible. Some descriptions overlap more than one unit whereas others describe only a part of the unit. It is proposed that all interested geologists in the Pacific Northwest now consider reconciling the differences which exist in the names and descriptions of those sedimentary deposits in light of this new evidence.
Date: March 26, 1965
Creator: Brown, D.J. & Brown, R.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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KINETICS OF THE HYDROLYSIS AND ALCOHOLYSIS OF TETRAPOLYPHOSPHATEESTERS ('ETHYLMETAPHOSPHATE')

Description: 'Ethyl metaphosphate' or tetrapolyphosphate esters are a potentially useful starting material for the preparation of polynucleotides. The kinetics of the reactions of the esters with excess water and ethanol have been measured by means of p{sup 31} n.m.r. and IR spectroscopy. Upon the addition of specific amounts of water or ethanol, substances could be prepared which consist mainly of linear tetrapoly-, tripoly- or pyrophosphate esters containing smeller amounts of other polyphosphates and orthophosphates in an equilibrium composition. Diethyl hydrogen orthophosphate reacts with cyclic polyphosphate esters to open the ring; with linear esters it reacts to form polyphosphates with a lesser degree of condensation. This latter reaction also proceeds to an equilibrium. No reactions between linear and cyclic polyphosphate esters were observed at room temperature, which implies that the rates of the disproportionation of the linear polyphosphate esters were low. Some organic solvents previously employed for the dehydrating polymerization of sugars, amino acids or nucleotides destroy the tetrapolyphosphate esters. The various substances now available from tetrapolyphosphate esters by the action of water or reactive solvents will differ in their capabilities of producing the dehydrating polymerization reaction. Thus, one may expect that very different products might result from very small differences in reaction conditions.
Date: March 1, 1965
Creator: Burkhardt, Gottfried; Klein, Melvin P. & Calvin, Melvin.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OXYGEN 18 EXCHANGE REACTIONS OF ALDEHYDES AND KETONES

Description: Using infra-red spectroscopy, the equilibrium exchange times have been determined for a series of ketones, aromatic aldehydes, and {beta}-ketoesters reacting with oxygen 18 enriched water. These exchange times have been evaluated in terms of steric and electronic considerations, and applied to a discussion of the exchange times of chlorophylls a and b and chlorophyll derivatives.
Date: December 1, 1965
Creator: Byrn, Marianne & Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CHEMICAL EVOLUTION

Description: How did life come to be on the surface of the earth? Darwin himself recognized that his basic idea of evolution by variation and natural selection must be a continuous process extending backward in time through that period in which the first living things arose and into the period of 'Chemical Evolution' which preceded it. We are approaching the examination of these events by two routes. One is to seek for evidence in the ancient rocks of the earth which were laid down prior to that time in which organisms capable of leaving their skeletons in the rocks to be fossilized were in existence. This period is sometime prior to approximately 600 million years ago. The earth is believed to have taken its present form approximately 4700 million years ago. We have found in rocks whose age is about 1000 million years certain organic molecules which are closely related to the green pigment of plants, chlorophyll. This seems to establish that green plants were already fluorishing prior to that time. We have now found in rocks of still greater age, namely, 2500 million years, the same kinds of molecules mentioned above which can be attributed to the presence of living organisms. If these molecules are as old as the rocks, we have thus shortened the time available for the generation of the complex biosynthetic sequences which give rise to these specific hydrocarbons (polyisoprenoids) to less than 2000 million years.
Date: June 1, 1965
Creator: Calvin, Melvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Foote Creek and Dutton Creek Formations, Two New Formations in the North Part of the Laramie Basin, Wyoming

Description: A report about two new geologic formations in Wyoming. The Foote Creek Formation consists of beds of fine-grained sandstone with shale, siltstone, and coal beds. The Dutton Creek Formation consists of beds of coarse-grained locally conglomeratic sandstone.
Date: 1965
Creator: Hyden, Harold J.; McAndrews, Harry & Tschudy, Robert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Changes in Stratigraphic Nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1963

Description: A report that fits in a series of reports that are about changes in stratigraphic nomenclature and that will list publications in which the changes have been describes. It deals with stratigraphy, including those defining changes in stratigraphic nomenclature in reports of the U.S. Geological Survey.
Date: 1965
Creator: Cohee, George V. & West, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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