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A Report on Some Attempts to Cast Centrifugally Fuel Elements of Small Diameter

Description: Report issued by the Argonne national Laboratory discussing centrifugal casting of thin uranium plates. The applicability of the centrifugal casting technique to the production of multiple castings of fuel pins of small diameter and of thin fuel plates was investigated. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1961
Creator: Yaggee, F. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Extended SM-2 Critical Experiments : CE-2

Description: Abstract: This technical report contains a description and results of a second series of critical experiments performed on the SM-2 core mock-up, as additional to the first series of experiments reported in APAE No. 54. The SM-2 core mock-up contains 36.4 kg U-235 and and estimated 67.9 gm B-10. The equivalent diameter and the active height are about 22 in.; the metal-to-water volume ration is 0.344. Data is presented on activation, reactivity, and stuck rod measurements. All measurements were conducted on the open seven control rod array employing 38 stationary fuel elements. Activation measurements consisted of neutron flux measurements using uranium fission foils for relative power distribution studies, the effect of flux suppressors on reducing power peaks, blocked coolant channel measurements, and gamma ray dose distribution. Reactivity measurements were performed to determine the effect f flow divider, flux suppressors and stimulated high temperature and pressure operation; b-10 loading in the SM-2 core; and core material coefficients. For the later, the worth in cents per gm or cents per cc was determined at simulated temperature of 510 degree F for B-10, U-235, stainless steel, and void. Stuck rod measurements were made to obtain an indication of the criticality margin in the event one or more control rods should stick in the operating position.
Date: June 30, 1961
Creator: McCool, W. J.; Robinson, R. A.; Weiss, S. H.; Raby, T. M.; Schrader, E. W. & Walthousen, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Criteria for Evaluating Hazards Involved in Proposed Tests On and/or Modifications To the SM-1

Description: Abstract: This technical report elucidates principles of hazards evaluation. The concept of hazards potential is introduced and utilized to show how a reactor system perturbation will influence its nuclear safety. Literature relating to reactor safety is referenced to provide the sources of information required for hazards analysis and show how they influence a hazards evaluation. A checklist of items which should be considered in evaluating a change, test, or modification is presented.
Date: October 18, 1961
Creator: Scoles, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Structures of the Intermediate Phases Ni10Zr7 and Ni10Hf7

Description: This report discusses the experiments undertaken to determine the crystal structures of the intermediate phases Ni10Zr7 and Ni10Hf7. The report looks at structural determinations, a comparison observed and calculated structure factors for the refined zirconium-rich structure, the refined structural parameters for the stoichiometric Ni10Zr7 phase, a comparison of observed and calculated structure factors for the refined stoichiometric Ni10Zr7 structure, a comparison of observed intensity data and calculated structure factors for the stoichimetric Ni10Hf7 phase, and a comparison of interatomic distances in the zirconium-rich and stoichiometric Ni10Zr7 structures.
Date: 1961
Creator: Kirkpatrick, M. E.; Smith, J. F. & Larsen, W. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chapter 48: Analytical Chemistry of Cobalt

Description: This report provides a detailed discussion of the analytical chemistry of cobalt, including an introduction, the properties of cobalt, the sampling of cobalt-bearing materials, the separation and isolation of cobalt, the detection and identification of cobalt, the determination of cobalt, and the specific methods for determining cobalt.
Date: 1961
Creator: Dale, John M. & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Point Imperfections in Metals: Existance and Detection

Description: From introductory paragraph: "The factors which control the properties, and hence the utility, of an alloy are microscopic in nature. These factors are controlled by controlling the composition and past history of the material. control of the composition of the alloy determines for the most part the number and types of phases which will be present, while control of the past history of the alloy determines the grain size and degree of crystalline perfection within the grains. Since the electrical, mechanical, and many of the physical properties of a metal are highly sensitive to the degree of crystalline perfection, it is worthwhile to explore the nature and role of crystalline imperfections."
Date: 1961
Creator: Smith, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Internal Conversion Coefficients of the 2+-0+, E2 Transitions in Even-Even Sm152[over]90 and Gd152[over]88

Description: From abstract: "To investigate the deviation of the internal conversion coefficients of E2 transitions from theoretical computations and their dependence on nuclear deformation, the total internal conversion coefficient of the 121.8-kev 2+-0+ transition in ellipsoidal Sm152[over]90 was measured to be 1.135 ± 0.010 with a high accuracy coincidence-sum method. The K-shell to total internal conversion ratio was determined to be 0.588 ± 0.003 with a [beta] spectrometer...The experiment revealed no deviation from theory nor indications of strong dependence on nuclear deformation; it therefore did not confirm recent beliefs in this regard. The details of the coincidence-sum method were described. The K electron to total electron capture ratio, from Eu152 to the 1.53 Mev state in Sm152 was also measured to be 0.79±0.02."
Date: July 17, 1961
Creator: Lu, D. C. & Schupp, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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gem-Bis(disubstitutedphosphinyl)alkanes. II. Extraction Properties of Bis(di-n-hexlphosphinyl)methane

Description: From abstract: "Bis(di-n-hexylphosphinyl)methane, HDPM, [(C6H13)2P(O)]2CH2, has been studied as an extractant for a variety of metals. HDPM was evaluated as an extractant for uranium(VI) and compared with tri-n-octylphosphine oxide, TOPO, (C8H13)3PO. In nonpolar solvents, HDPM forms a polymeric-like substance with compounds of uranium(VI). Viscosity measurements indicate that the molecular weight of this polymeric-like substance is about 100 times greater than the corresponding complex with TOPO. Polymer formation occurs only when nonpolar solvents are used as diluents for HDPM and is easily avoided by using polar solvents such as 1,2-aichlorobenzene. HDPM forms 1:1 and 2:1 complexes with uranium(VI) nitrate. Equilibrium constants for these complexes as well as that for the 2:1 TOPO complex were calculated and it was shown that the over-all constant is at least ten times larger for the HDPM complex than for the TOPO complex. The effect of concentration of various mineral acids, extractant concentration, temperature, and diluents on the extraction of uranium are discussed."
Date: April 11, 1961
Creator: Burke, Keith E.; Sakurai, Hiroshi; O'Laughlin, Jerome W. & Banks, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chlorotriammineplatinum(II) Ion : Acid Hydrolysis and Isotopic Exchange of Chloride Ligand

Description: Abstract: The acid hydrolysis of [Pt(NH3)3Cl] has been shown to occur to a measurable extent. for this reaction: [APt(NH3)cCl]+ + H2O [chemical equilibrium symbol with rate constant k-1 above and k1 below] [Pt(NH3)c(H2O)]++ + Cl-, the equilibrium quotient was measured at 25 degree C and 35 degree C. At 25 degree C this quotient was 8.4 x 10-5 at [Mu] (ionic strength) = 0 and 25 x 10-5 at [mu] = .318 M. This variation is consistent with the expected changes in activity coefficients. [Delta]H for the reaction was found to be approximately 0. The rate constant, k1 was 2.3 x 10-5 sec.-1 at 25 degree C and it was nearly independent of ionic strength. The acid hydrolysis provides a mechanism for the exchange of the chloride ligand and Cl-. Exchange experiments with Cl36 showed that in addition to the acid hydrolysis, a process, first order in both, [Pt(NH3)3Cl] and Cl- with a rate constant of 6. 10-5 sec.-1M.-1 contributes to the exchange. The behavior of the entire series of chloro-ammines of platinum(II) toward acid hydrolysis and chloride exchange has been summarized, and a likely mechanism for the process has been discussed.
Date: May 15, 1961
Creator: Aprile, Ferruccio. & Martin, Don S., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transport Reactions of Vanadium(III) Halides and Bromine

Description: From introduction: "...This investigation was originated to explore the possibility of vapor transport of VCl3 by chemical reaction. The reaction first considered was that of VCl3 and bromine which gave a rapid vapor transport of VCl3. Other work on solid solution formation in the system VCl3-VBr3 and transport of VBr3 in bromine developed thereafter."
Date: 1961
Creator: McCarley, Robert E.; Roddy, James W. & Berry, Keith O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pyrometallurgical Reprocessing of Thorium-Uranium Fuel

Description: From summary: "A proposed metallurgical procedure for reporocessing Th-U233 fuel has been outlined. Some basic experimental data pertinent to the proposed process which has been published elsewhere has been reviewed and some new data presented. In the dissolution of thorium-uranium alloy in magnesium the data show that protactinium precipitates with the uranium and cerium remains in the magnesium-rich solution. It is expected that yttrium, other light rare earth elements, the alkali and alkaline earth metals will also concentrate in the magnesium-rich solution while iron, chromium, zirconium, molybdenum, niobium and the more noble metals will concentrate in the uranium-rich phase."
Date: 1961
Creator: Chiotti, P.; Woerner, P. F. & Parry, S. J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Model of a Mass Spectrometer to Simultaneously Collect Positive and Negative Ions

Description: From introductory paragraph: "A study of the ionization efficiency of the positive ions derived from chromyl fluoride and chromyl chloride as a function of the electron energy has been reported."
Date: 1961
Creator: Svec, Harry J. (Harry John), 1918- & Flesch, Gerald D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Equation of State of Solids at Low Temperature

Description: Technical report describing and evaluating the the three experimental methods for obtaining equation of state data at low temperatures; (1) approximate measurement of the PVT relationship by a piston-displacement technique, (2) the measurement of a heat capacity at constant volume as a function of molar volume and temperature, and (3) direct measurement of the pressure variation of the elastic constants using ultrasonic techniques. X-ray methods also might be applicable.
Date: October 13, 1961
Creator: Bernardes, N. (Newton), 1931- & Swenson, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ion-Exchange Methods for Obtaining Pure Metals

Description: This technical report details a process by which ion exchange was used for separation of rare earth metals in a highly pure form. Two techniques for resolving mixtures are described: ion-exchange elution chromatography and ion-exchange displacement chromatography.
Date: 1961
Creator: Powell, J. E. & Spedding, F. H. (Frank Harold), 1902-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Flow Characteristics of a Circular Weir in a Centrifugal Field

Description: Technical report outlining the use of circular weirs in solvent extraction between liquid phases of nuclear fuel elements. From Abstract : "A correlation of the experimental coefficients was developed to allow calculation of general weir performance."
Date: June 1961
Creator: Webster, Donald S.; Williamson, Clifton L. & Ward, James F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of Amides as Extractants

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Laboratory data are given and discussed that outline the potential application of N, N-distributed amides to the separation of uranium, neptunium, and plutonium from fission products."
Date: January 1961
Creator: Siddall, Thomas H., III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of Plutonium From Metallurgical Reduction Residues

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "A semicontinuous process was developed for dissolving the solid residues that are produced in the calcium reduction process for converting plutonium fluoride to plutonium metal. The slag and crucible residues are charged to a column-type dissolver, and are there exposed to a flowing solution of hot nitric acid followed by a nitric acid - aluminum nitrate solution. The resultant solution is suitable as feed for an ion exchange process for recovering plutonium."
Date: June 1961
Creator: Dukes, E. Kenneth & Prout, William E., 1921-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Summary Report for the SM-1 Core Temperature and Flow Instrumentation: Task XIV

Description: Abstract; This technical report describes the changes in the SM-1 incurred by the experiment, Core Temperature and Flow Instrumentation (Task XIV), and evaluates the possible hazard involved in these changes. Temperature and flow measurements will be taken on a Task XIV instrumented stationary fuel element, instrumented control rod fuel element and other selected points in the SM-1 core to provide data on the core steady state and transient performance. The hazards evaluation consists of a nuclear evaluation, thermal and hydraulic analysis, description of tests to be performed, and discussion of containment integrity and maximum accident considerations.
Date: March 30, 1961
Creator: Coombe, J. R.; Brondel, J. O.; Lee, D. H. & Matthews, F. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Evaluation of the SM-1 Penetrated Gasket

Description: Abstract: This technical report describes the as-constructed SM-1 penetrated gasket designed for SM-1 Core and Flow Instrumentation (Task XIV). This report supplements APAE No. 79, The Summary Hazards Report for Task XIV, and evaluates the effects of a postulated failure of this gasket. The effects of failure on the Maximum Credible Accident are determined and conclusions and recommendations for the use of this gasket are made.
Date: September 8, 1961
Creator: Coombe, J. R.; Gebhardt, F. G. & James, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of Kanigen, Electroless Nickel Plating for Steam Side of a Sodium Component Steam Generator

Description: Introduction: This is a final report on the evaluation of Kanigen electroless nickel plating for surfaces in contact with water and steam i a sodium heated AISI Type 316 stainless steel steam generator. The purpose of the coasting was to afford protection from stress corrosion cracking originating on the water-steam side of the unit. It has been concluded that the kanigen coating does not afford adequate protection for the services condition intended. This work was performed as part of the research and development program for the United States Atomic Energy Commission sodium Components Design Project.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Alco Products (Firm).
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Suitability of Inconel for Corrosion Protection on Water Side of Sodium Component Steam Generator

Description: Abstract; The heat exchanger and steam generator for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission Sodium Components Project will be constructed entirely of type 316 stainless steel. Because of the susceptibility of this alloy to stress corrosion cracking, it is proposed to clad all areas of the steam generator with Inconel where the stainless steel will be exposed to water and steam. This report includes a discussion of the work by numerous investigators that justify the selection of Inconel for this service. A discussion of Inconel type welding alloys is also included.
Date: March 1, 1961
Creator: Phillips, Laurence E. & Vawter, Frank J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hazards Report for the SM-1 Core II With Special Components

Description: Abstract: This technical report describes the changes incurred in the SM-1 by the insertion of the SM-1 Core II and special components. The special components consist of impact specimens, a boron gradient rod, SM-2 elements, a PM-1-M element, and high burnup SM-1 Core I elements. The change in hazards, due to operation of SM-1 with Core II and the special components is evaluated. The analysis indicates there is no change in hazards.
Date: March 30, 1961
Creator: Coombe, J.; Lee, D.; Segalman, I. & Robertson, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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