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Analytical considerations for K-downcomer and bellows

Description: A free body diagram of the bellows will show the possibility of three forces -- one in each direction, three moments -- one in each plane, and the internal pressure. Any or all of these forces and moments may fluctuate due to variations in a driving force, e.g., separation of streamlines which creates slugging of flow through an elbow. Whereas the static equilibrium condition can be analyzed and stresses and strains computed, the dynamic condition cannot be approached without information on the magnitude, frequency and location of the exciting force. Having the latter, some evaluation of the stresses to be expected can be made. By combining strains (or stresses) due to the various forces and moments, the point of maximum stress can be located and the point of maximum stress fluctuation for the fatigue cycle-amplitude-range curve can be determined. Further consideration must be given to stress concentrations. With the complete analysis in mind, we must determine how some of these forces and moments effect the tests and delineate what can he expected from the tests. This report considers each force or moment by itself and studies its relationship to the tests.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Lomax, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission Product Activity in SM-1 Core I Primary System and Surface Contamination on SM-1 Type Fuel Elements. Task XVIII, Phases 2 and 3

Description: Abstract; The fission product data obtained during SM-1 Core I operation (June 1957 - May 1960) is reviewed briefly and interpreted. Evidence is presented to indicate that a fuel element defect was responsible for the high fission product activity level observed in the primary coolant. Relative escape coefficients are calculated and the defect size estimated. Anticipated fission product levels during SM-1 Core II and SM-1A Core I operation are estimated from alpha surface contamination data on completed fuel elements. The importance of in-line sampling for monitoring fission product activity is stressed as well as the need for failed fuel element detection methods.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Hasse, Robert A. & Zegger, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Improved Zirconium Alloys : Summary Report, April 1, 1960 - January 31, 1961

Description: Abstract: "The objectives of this program are the development of zirconium-base alloys possessing exceptionally good corrosion resistance to 680 F water or 750-900 F system and/or improved strength at elevated temperatures. Approximately 100 binary compositions were prepared and screened by corrosion testing in 680 F water; selected compositions were exposed to 750 F steam. The data obtained indicate promising bases for ternary and quaternary alloys. Related investigations involving zirconium purity and heat treatment for improvement of corrosion properties are proceeding. Hydrogen pickup and mechanical properties will be used as acceptability tests on promising compositions."
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Weinstein, Daniel; Holtz, F. C. & Van Thyne, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mound Laboratory Monthly Progress Report for February 1961

Description: A survey and re-evaluation of previous work on polyurethane and polyurethane--epoxy copolymer systems was initiated to determine which phases are more productive than others. The effects of varying excess polyol content were studied. Work was carried out to define the amounts of butamediol that the system Adiprene L-213-ferric acetyl acetonate can tolerate and still be thoroughly cured. An experimental diallyl phthalate formulation was made and tested. A survey is being made of potential sources of kilogram quantities of Th/ sup 2//sup 3//sup 0/ in the United States. Analyses of various samples indicated concentrations almost three times as great as previously reported. The half-life of Rain was recalculated to include new data, and the results are reported as a function of the resolution time of the gas flow proportional counter. A method is being developed for determining the coincidence correction in porportional alpha counters by following the decay of a short-lived isotope. Additional determinations were made on the density of liquid cerium by the vacuum pycnometer method using tantalum pycnometers of about 0.5 cm/sup 3/ capacity. The viscosity of molten plutonium metal was investigated from 648 to 950 deg C with a cup viscometer. The construction of the hightemperature colorimeter was continued. Work was continued on the fabrication of plutonium-bearing glass fibers. (M.C.G.)
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Eichelberger, J. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF REACTOR STRESS PROBLEMS

Description: Generalized computer codes were devised for solving stress problems of some complexity. These codes were applied to stress problsms relating to the graphite moderator elements in the Experimental Gas-cooled Reactor. The stress relief obtained by aubdividing the moderator elements was evaluated. The distontion and bending moments of the elements were also determined. (auth)
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Redmond, R.F.; Hulbert, L.E. & Clark, R.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operation and Analysis of a 3000 KW Liquid Metal Model Steam Generator

Description: Abstract: A 3000 kw (thermal) bayonet duplex tube model steam generator was performance-tested in a liquid metal test loop at MSA Research Corporation, Callery, Pennsylvania, under the cognizance of Atomics International.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Webster, L. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiochemistry for the rupture of a Zircaloy-2 clad uranium fuel element in KER-1

Description: During the 0800--1600 shift on July 7, 1960, the delayed neutron monitor on KER Loop 1 indicated a high coolant activity level. Sympathetic responses were also recorded on the Loop 3 and Loop 4 instruments indicating a possible fuel element failure in Loop 1. The KE Reactor began shutdown operations immediately thereafter. The purpose of this report is to summarize the events pertinent to this reactor outage and to discuss the results obtained from coolant samples and a thermocouple wire sample taken from Loop 1.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Demmitt, T. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tertiary Blast Effects: The Effects of Impact on Mice, Rats, Guinea Pigs and Rabbits. Technical Progress Report

Description: A total of 455 mlce, rats, gulnea plgs, and rabbits was subjected to lmpact at velocitles ranglng between 25 ft/sec and 51 ft/sec. The deslred velocities were generated by allowlng the anlmals to free-fall from various helghts to a flat concrete pad. The ventral surface of each anlmal was the area of impact. Problt analyses of the 24-hr mortallty data ylelded LD/sub 50/ lmpact veloclties with 95% confldence limits as follows: mouse, 39.4 (37.4 to 42.0) ft/ sec; rat, ft/sec; and rabbit, 31.7 (30.2 to 33.3) ft/sec. The LD/sub 50/ figures for the mouse and rat were slgnificantly higher, statlstically, than those for the gulnea plg and rabblt. The small spread ln the LD/sub 50/ values suggested little variation ln the tolerance of blologlcal systems to impact. Further, the steepness of the mortallty curves lndicated a narrow survlval range to lmpact. Extrapolatlon of the experimental data to the 70 kg anlmal yielded a predicted LD/ sub 50/ impact velocity of 26 ft/sec (18 mph). Literature relevant to the human case was revlewed and the tentative appllcabllity of the predlcted flgures to adult man ls discussed. (auth)
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Richmond, D. R.; Bowen, I. G. & White, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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1B HEAT EXCHANGER LEAK TEST. CORE I, SEED 1. Test Results

Description: Descriptions are given of various procedures used in determining leaks in the tubes of the 1B heat exchanger. Air pressurization tests determined leakage and leak rate of nine tubes. The leak-location-detector-probe method was found promising for locating defects along the length of the tube. Results of the probalog, dye-penetrant, and ultrasonic tests proved inconclusive in determining leak locations. (B.O.G.)
Date: February 24, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Atomic Energy Levels in Crystals

Description: Report discussing discrete energy levels observed within certain crystals which are due to perturbations of energy levels of the free ion by an electrostatic field arising from the crystal lattice. The analytic procedures for determining the field from the charge configuration are given, and the resulting fields are classified according to their symmetry. After a general survey of group-theoretical ideas, the applicable groups are analyzed in detail, and characters appropriate for both integral and half-integral angular momenta of the free ion are tabulated. Text includes tabulations, equations, and matrices using Wigner and Racah coefficients.
Date: February 24, 1961
Creator: Prather, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Zirflex Decladding of Tube-in-Tube Type Fuel Elements

Description: Pilot unit Zirflex dissolutions were carried out on near prototypical tube-in-tube type elements clad in oxidized Zircaloy. The runs were made with the elements horizontal and at simulated large scale operating conditions. No significant difference was noted between the actual decladding achieved in these experiments and that which was predicted from prior studies on similarly oxidized elements with somewhat different geometries. No gas blanketing nor diffusion effects were observed. Initially, preferential attack was noted on areas where oxide film had been scratched or handled. However, near the end of a run a random distribution of undissolved cladding existed; 90% of the cladding was removed in 6.5 hours. (auth)
Date: February 23, 1961
Creator: Smith, P. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PUREX PULSE COLUMN STUDIES-1960

Description: A series of pilot plant runs was conducted to define new cartridges for increasing the capacity in the Purex 1 Bx, 2A, lC and 2E columns and eliminate plastic cartridge failures in the HA column scrub section, the HS column and the 2A column. The most favorable designs are presented and data from the various runs are included. (J.R.D.)
Date: February 22, 1961
Creator: Jansen, G. & Richardson, G.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Processing Department Monthly Report: January 1961

Description: This report, from the Chemical Processing Department at HAPO for January 1961, discusses the following: Production operation; Purex and Redox operation; Finished products operation; maintenance; Financial operations, facilities engineering; research; employee relations; and special separation processing and auxiliaries operation.
Date: February 21, 1961
Creator: Hanford Atomic Products Operation. Chemical Processing Department.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Determination of the Six Turbulent Reynolds' Stresses by the Hot Wire Method for Arbitrary Turbulent Intensity and Geometry with Special Application to Axisymmetric Flow

Description: A relationship is derived between the mean square fluctuating current of a hot wire anemometer and the six turbulent Reynolds' stresses in the stream- coordinate system without employing the usual low turbulent intensity approximation. The relatively simple result is a consequence of assuming proportionality between the wire current reading and the perpendicular velocity component instead of the nonlinear dependence required by King's law. The assumption is valid for instruments equipped with the proper linearizing circuitry. Tbe stream-coordinate Reynolds' stresses are then related to the cylindrical polar Reynolds' stresses. An error analysis on the experimental determination of ore of these stresses is indicated but cannot be evaluated without fu rther data. (auth)
Date: February 21, 1961
Creator: Wichner, R. P. & Peebles, F. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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100-C water plant

Description: System curves for each portion of the C Area Water Plant were obtained from referenced work and are presented in figures. Field test data, corroborating the calculated curves, are presented as singular points on the same graphs. Present maxima capacity of the C Area Filter Plant was 121,000 gpm with 118,000 gpm available for use as primary reactor coolant. Modifications to the filter effluent piping would increase this available flow to about 180,000 gpm. Of the 118,000 gpm available for C Reactor use, 10,000 to 12,000 gpm was demanded by B Area through the 183 BC intertie. The maximum flow that the intertie line could handle, without reducing the filter capacity of the C Area filters, is about 21,000 gpm.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: Agar, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission-product security problem: Preliminary evaluation

Description: The fission products radiostrontium and radiocesium are being recovered for sale, and there is concern about the possibility of revealing irradiation conditions through their compositions. This report presents results of preliminary studies which indicate some possible security problems.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: McKee, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat transfer experiments simulating front header pressure reductions to a K-Reactor process tube

Description: This report presents the results of heat transfer experiments which were conducted to determine the ability of a K-reactor fuel channel assembly to undergo various degrees of coolant supply header pressure decrease without resulting in fuel jacket melting. The experiments were conducted with an electrically heated test section in the single tube prototype Heat Transfer Apparatus of Thermal Hydraulics Operation.
Date: February 20, 1961
Creator: Waters, E. D. & Fitzsimmons, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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