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EBR-II Dry Critical Experiments Experimental Program, Experimental Procedures, and Safety Considerations

Description: Report containing zero power (<1 kw) Dry Critical Experiments that were "to be conducted in the EBR-II Reactor prior to filling the Primary System with sodium coolant" (p. 7.) The two primary objectives of these experiments were to determine how well the system performed without sodium coolant and to "determine and/or verify certain operational data to permit modification or improvement of the system (neutron shield, instrumentation, etc.) prior to the introduction of sodium into the system" (p. 7.)
Date: February 1961
Creator: Koch, L. J.; Loewenstein, W. B.; Lovoff, A.; Hooker, H. H.; Monson, H. O.; Ramp, R. L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Investigation of Supersaturation in Saline Water Conversion

Description: From Objectives and Outline of the Program: "The primary objective of this work has been the determination of the conditions which control the allowable level of supersaturation of the conditions which control the allowable level of supersaturation of calcium sulfate in the waste stream of electrodialysis demieralizers."
Date: February 1961
Creator: Lurie, R. M.; Berg, M. E. & Giuffrida, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Spectrophotometric Atlas of the Spectrum of CH from 3000A to 5000A

Description: Report of the near ultraviolet and visible emission spectrum of CH presented in the form of a spectrophotometric atlas. The spectrum was recorded photoelectrically from an acetylene-oxygen flame in the region 4900 to 3000 A by use of a high-resolution grating monochromator. Each of the lines in the CH spectrum is identified.
Date: February 14, 1961
Creator: Bass, Arnold M. & Broida, H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Atomic Energy Levels in Crystals

Description: Report discussing discrete energy levels observed within certain crystals which are due to perturbations of energy levels of the free ion by an electrostatic field arising from the crystal lattice. The analytic procedures for determining the field from the charge configuration are given, and the resulting fields are classified according to their symmetry. After a general survey of group-theoretical ideas, the applicable groups are analyzed in detail, and characters appropriate for both integral and half-integral angular momenta of the free ion are tabulated. Text includes tabulations, equations, and matrices using Wigner and Racah coefficients.
Date: February 24, 1961
Creator: Prather, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Extrusion of I&E ``O`` size tubing to finalize the process. Experiment No. U-31

Description: Work has been progressing on the development of an extrusion process for I&E tubing. The ultimate object of this development project is to compare the extrusion process from a cost standpoint with, the presently used rolling-drilling process. Various experiments have been performed to determine the optimum billet I.D., the proper follower block technique, the proper tooling parameters for the process, and the proper metallurgical structure of the material for optimum results. This extrusion combines many of the past results as a further determination and refinement of the extrusion process to be used in the final semi-production optimization extrusion. The object of this extrusion was to evaluate the resulted of previous extrusion experiments to determine final process conditions prior to an optimization extrusion.
Date: February 3, 1961
Creator: Frazier, D.S. & Puterbaugh, J.F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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LOLA - A Multi-Dimensional Optimization Code for the IBM 709-7090

Description: Report describing the LOLA computer code, which is "capable of processing analytical or empirical systems containing a large number of variable parameters" (p. 2). The report also describes the calculations that LOLA can make.
Date: February 1961
Creator: Egan, M. R. & Knudsen, C. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Initial Peak Surge Current Detection Circuits

Description: Test requirements for several components specifies that surge currents be monitored to determine if the initial peak surge current exceeds a certain predetermined amplitude. This report describes and evaluates two circuits which were developed by Organization 2451 to meet this requirement in production testing.
Date: February 1961
Creator: Conrad, Milo M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operation and Analysis of a 3000 KW Liquid Metal Model Steam Generator

Description: Abstract: A 3000 kw (thermal) bayonet duplex tube model steam generator was performance-tested in a liquid metal test loop at MSA Research Corporation, Callery, Pennsylvania, under the cognizance of Atomics International.
Date: February 28, 1961
Creator: Webster, L. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design Modifications to the SRE during FY 1960

Description: Abstract: The means to prevent the recurrence of tetralin leakage into the SRE sodium systems are discussed. Included is a description of the redesign of system components to utilize alternate coolants such as nitrogen, air, and NaK.
Date: February 15, 1961
Creator: Deegan, G. E.; Dermer, M. D.; Flanagan, J. S.; Gower, G. C.; Hall, R. J.; Hinze, R. B. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy-2

Description: Abstract: The mechanical and physical properties of Zircaloy-2 were determined as a function of five test variables: temperature, grain size, direction to rolling, hydrogen content, and the presence or absence of a notch.
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Mehan, R. L. & Wiesinger, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design and Construction of a Unit for Measuring Metal Skin Temperatures

Description: From summary: This report concerns the theoretical evaluation and experimental development of special thermocouples capable of being accurately located at or near the surface of metal structures to permit measurement of temperature distribution through the strictures.
Date: February 1961
Creator: Advanced Technology Laboratories
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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METALLURGY OF ZIRCALOY-2. PART II. THE EFFECTS OF FABRICATION VARIABLES ON THE PREFERRED ORIENTATION AND ANISOTROPY OF STRAIN BEHAVIOR

Description: The preferred orientation and anisotropy of strain behavior of Zircaloy- 2 were studied as functions of fabrication variables. An inverse-pole-figure technique was used for the preferred orientation determinations. Evaluation of the effects of the fabrication variables on the anisotropy of strain behavior was accomplished by a contractile strainaxial strain analysis. An analysis of strain behavior in the normal direction was developed on the basis of theory of plastic flow of anisotropic metals. A simple intuitively derivable relation was found to exist between the strainstrain analysis and the preferred orientation data. Correlations of the strain-strain data with true-stress-truestrain diagrams and mechanical properties were attempted. The preferred orientation of Zircaloy-2 produced by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory-Homogeneous Reactor Project (ORNL- HRP) metallurgy fabrication schedule (ingot breakdown at 1500 to 1900 deg F, major reduction at 1800 to 1900 deg F or 1350 to 1450 deg F, a heat treatment of 30 min at 1800 at 1550 deg F followed by a water quench or rapid air cool to below 1200 deg F, a final reduction of 25 to 40% at 1000 deg F. and a 3O-min anneal at 1400 to 1425 deg F) was weak compared to that of most of the other schedules investigated. Elimination of the beta heat treatment (1800 to 1850 deg F for 30 min) between the major reduction and final reduction steps resulted in a material with a high degree of preferred orienation and with a state of pseudoisotropy in ihe rolling plane. A unique and quite high degree of preferred orientaion was developed when the ORNL-HRP metallurgy fabrication procedure was used, but the ingot axis was in the transverse rather than the rolling direction of the finished plate permitting more contractile sirain to occur in the normal direction than in either the rolling or transverse directions. …
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Rittenhouse, P.L. & Picklesimer, M.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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BUILDUP OF Cf$sup 252$ AND INTERMEDIATE ISOTOPES FROM Cm$sup 244$ IN A HIGH FLUX

Description: The amount of Cf/sup 252/ and intermediate isotopes which could be made from Cm/sup 244/ in a reactor with high neutron flux was calculated. The variations of different isotopes formed in the bombardment as a function of time are described by a series of linear differential equations. The cross sections used were either weighed measured values or values estimated from the amounts of curium and californium isotopes formed in irradiations of heavy elements. The number of atoms of heavy curium isotopes per initial Cm/sup 244/ atom is given as a function of total flux intervals. The buildup of Bk/sup 249/ and the californium isotopes is also shown. (M.C.G.)
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Vandenbosch, S.E. & Fields, P.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Condenser for the Vacuum Distillation of Metals

Description: A condenser, suitable for use in the distillation of metals was designed. The temperature of the condensing surface was established by controlling the pressure over boiling NaK-78 contained within the condenser. Performance was evaluated in test units in which pure bismuth was distilled as the test metal. (auth)
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: Burnet, G. & Buchanan, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separations by Solvent Extraction With Tri-n-octyl-Phosphine Oxide

Description: A compilation was made of extraction data obtained for tri-n- octylphosphine oxide (TOPO). Diluents, oxidation states of the elements, type and concentration of acid, concentration of the metal and extractant, phase volumes, temperature, phase equilibrium, stripping, decomposition of metal adducts, and determination of extracted elements are discussed. lts extraction characteristics for the elements in each pericdic group are described. (M.C.G.)
Date: February 1, 1961
Creator: White, J. C. & Ross, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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