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Low Frequency Amplifier IH-130-1

Description: A tranistorized d.c. coupled amplifier having very good gain stability, as well as very low drift of the output d.c. level, has been designed. Low frequency input signals with an amplitude of .04 to 2 volts peak-to-peak, approximately, coming from a low impedance source (voice soil of a speaker system) are amplified to an approximate peak-to-peak amplitude of 4 volts. The output is intended to drive a load of the order of 100 kohm.
Date: October 23, 1961
Creator: Llacer, Jorge
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Magnetic Measurement of AGS Experimental Magnets

Description: This is a preliminary report on the magnetic measurements taken to date on the AGS experimental magnets. It mainly summarizes the results which were necessary for the setting up of the proton separated beam in August 1961. A few curves on information obtained since then are included. When the study is finished, a complete report on all phases of the work, including the methods used, will be forthcoming.
Date: December 26, 1961
Creator: Danby, Gordon T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Internal Bunching in the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS)

Description: Four methods of rebunching protons within Brookhaven's AGS are discussed. The first method involving switching off the old r-f and switching on the new r-f simultaneously with the new r-f increasing adiabatically seems impractical. Two other methods utilize gradual removal of the old r-f voltage and introduction of the new r-f voltage, or the reverse. Removal of the old r-f voltage followed by introduction of the new seems to give the best results. Several phase diagrams are included. (D.C.W.)
Date: January 16, 1961
Creator: Robertson, D. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Computations for AGS Experimental Beams: Description of Computer Program

Description: Description of a computer program which optimizes the locations and strengths of magnets for experimental beams at the Brookhaven AGS written for the IBM 7090 computer. Layout, method, and routines are given particular attention, and representative data cards are shown.
Date: December 15, 1961
Creator: Baker, Winslow F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Non-Linear Bunch Motion at Transition

Description: A summary of the dynamic behavior of the proton bunches in the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS) has been given previously. In these reports, the usual linearization of the differential equations involved has been made and the theory was restricted to well bunched beams. The linearized approach is no longer valid at transition where the actual phase angle of the bunch can differ appreciably for a short time from the stable phase angle Φ₀. In this report the non-linearity of the differential equations for phase oscillations will no longer be neglected. At transition the beam is slow enough so that the electronics of the bootstrap system can be considered as being ideal and the radius servo loop can be characterized by one time constant. Under these assumptions the analysis can be carried out in a two-dimensional phase plane. The essential new result will be the short existence of a stable equilibrium point for the bunch motion not coinciding with Φ₀. The results here derived have been tested experimentally and at least a qualitative agreement was found. However, the conclusions are no more valid if debunching takes place since we have still neglected the finite bunch width.
Date: December 4, 1961
Creator: Hahn, Harald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Servo System for Magnetic Controlled Constant Intensity Flat Top Beam Spill-Out

Description: A uniform intensity flat top spill-out cannot be obtained by manual control for two reasons: 1. The horizontal density of the internal beam of the Cosmotron is far from uniform. As a result, a manually controlled linear motion of the internal beam into a target will result in a non-uniform spill-out intensity. 2. Stability requirements of the Cosmotron magnet voltage are not easily met without feedback because of inherent component stability. The proposed servo system will sense the external beam intensity, and correct the magnet voltage to keep this intensity constant. This servo must operate through the transfer function of the main ignitron system and the flat top filter. Both of those transfer functions impose special problems.
Date: November 21, 1961
Creator: Cottingham, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Dynamics of Radiation Damage: A Report on Recent Results at BNL

Description: A brief review of work on radiation damage in metals at low and moderate energies is presented. Work on a model representing Cu is discussed along with damage in a model of ordered Cu/sub 3/Au. The work is being extended to a model of Fe. (J.R.D.)
Date: 1961
Creator: Vineyard, George H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemistry of Anhydrous Systems Containing Hydrogen Fluoride and Nitrogen Oxides

Description: Nitrosyl and fluoride ions are formed in liquid anhydrous hydrogen fluoride when nitric oxide, nitrogen sesquioxide, nitrogen tetroxide, or nitrosyl fluoride, are dissolved. Vapor infrared analysis was used to study the solution composition and gaseous reaction products. These solutions react with metallic uranium, plutonium, zirconium, iron, and aluminum, as well as ceramic uranium oxide and uranium carbide, forming soluble nitrosyl metal fluoride complexes and liberating nitric oxide. The uranium compound identified as nitrosylium hexafluorouranate, NOUF₆, was made volatile by passing nitrosyl fluoride gas over the dry salt at 500 deg C.
Date: 1961
Creator: Horn, Frederick, L.; Bartlett, Charles, B. & Tivers, Richard, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of Insulin of Hepatic Glucose Metabolism and Glucose Utilization by Tissues

Description: The mechanism whereby insulin lowers the blood glucose concentration is currently under extensive investigation. Despite the general agreement that the addition of insulin increases glucose uptake by various isolated tissues, the question has been raised whether administered insulin produces its blood sugar lowering effect in vivo primarily in increasing glucose uptake. Furthermore, it has been suggested that physiologically-released insulin may not exert the same effects as are produced by administered insulin. Attention has also been focused on whether insulin (exogenous or endogenous) exerts its action mainly or entirely on the liver and to what extent insulin influences glucose uptake and glucose production by the liver. The studies to be reported are a continuation of earlier work and are concerned with the effects of insulin, both exogenous and endogenous, on glucose utilization by the tissues and glucose production by the liver under various dietary condition in the unanethetized, intact dog, using C¹⁴ glucose.
Date: [..1961]
Creator: de Bodo, R. C.; Steele, R.; Altszuler, N.; Dunn, A. & Bishop, J. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Application of Inert Fluidized Beds to the Volatility Reprocessing of Reactor Fuels

Description: In the reprocessing of spent solid fuels from nuclear reactors by direct volatilization, one of the major problems is the removal of heat from the highly exothermic gas-solid reactions. The use of fluidized beds of inert granular material as heat transfer media to control these exothermic reactions forms the basis of one approach to volatile reprocessing which is under development at BNL The engineering scale work carried out under this development program is discussed.
Date: 1961
Creator: Regan, W. H.; Reilly, J. J.; Wirsing, E. & Hatch, L. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Orbital Radii, Bond Length And Resonance

Description: The radius of a c-p hybrid orbital has been found to be given by the expression: [formula] where A is the radius of the pure p orbital, B, a universal constant equal to 0.336 A, and [ ], the coefficient of mixing in the hybrid s + [ ]. When radii appropriate for the orbitals that are paired together are used, bond length is additive of the orbital radii and no Schomaker-Stevenson correction is necessary. This shows that most bonds can be treated as covalent, single and localized.
Date: February 1961
Creator: Somayajulu, G. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Kinematics And Dispersion Relations For General Production Processes

Description: The method of dispersion relations has in recent years found a wide application for the study of elementary particle reactions. Most of the work, however, deals with reactions of the type [formula], while the theory of those with more than two particles in the final state is still in a very preliminary stage. One reason for this is that even with only three particles in the final state the theory is already much more complicated. Nevertheless, a further development of the theory seemed to us very desirable. The theory at present is being developed on various levels simultaneously. Generally speaking, the aim of this paper is to put the theory in a form as closely as possible analogous to Mandelstam's formulation of the theory of reactions of type [formula]. In the later sections we specialize on reactions [formula], but as much as possible the formulation is in more general terms.
Date: February 2, 1961
Creator: Kretzschmar, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Decay-Energy Systematics Of The Heavy Elements

Description: Figures 1 and 2 summarize total decay energies for the four radioactive series. The alpha-decay energy obtained by measuring the energy of the alpha particle leading to the ground state includes the energy of the recoil nucleus. The curve shown in figure 3 defines in broad outline the conditions and regions of alpha instability. A great deal more is to be learned from a more detailed examination of the region where alpha radioactivity is prominent. Of great value to the experimentalist is that he is able to predict alpha energies, and the agreement between predicted and measured values often serves as a criterion for isotopic assignment. A number of systems for correlating alpha decay energies have been employed, and that perhaps most widely used is illustrated in figure 4. Here the isotopes of each element on a mass number vs. energy plot are joined, resulting in a family of curves which over a wide region comprise a series of nearly parallel lines.
Date: January 17, 1961
Creator: Perlman, Isadore & Asaro, Frank
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electrical Limitations To Energy Resolution In Semiconductor Particle Detectors

Description: Based on the assumption that the noise contribution of a semiconductor detector is due solely to the bulk properties of the semiconductor, equations are presented which indicate the theoretical limits of noise in detector-amplifier combinations. These equations show that an optimum amplifier time constant and detector bias voltage exist for which condition the minimum noise is independent of the semiconductor resistivity. The optimum performance of a detector-amplifier system is shown to depend only upon detector area, input capacity (less detector capacity), semiconductor minority carrier lifetime, and the transconductance of the amplifier input tube. A new detector structure including a guard-ring electrode as an integral part of the detector structure is described which largely eliminates noise due to surface leakage. Experimental results for detector leakage and energy resolution are presented which agree well with theory.
Date: April 5, 1961
Creator: Hansen, William L. & Goulding, Frederick S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Instrumentation Of Multi-Channel Counting Experiments

Description: Recent experience in instrumentation of several nuclear-physics experiments has demonstrated the feasibility of automating the data-acquisition phases of the experiment. Electronic circuits are employed wherever the rate of data flow would be slowed by the use of human operations. Information is selected, temporarily stored, and then recorded in a form suitable for immediate entry into a computer. Experimenters thus freed from the tedious aspects of data collection can devote their time to studying the results of the experiments. Potentially useful nuclear events are first selected by the fast-logic part of the instrumentation. Circuits performing simple logical functions are packaged in modular form for easy grouping into particular coincidence, gating, and mixing configurations. Circuits with slower response times are used for temporary storage and recording operations. Automatic test routines are used to initially align the equipment as well as provide continuous calibration during the experiments. Some of the high-speed circuits are described as well as the methods used to incorporate them into a large counting system.
Date: April 4, 1961
Creator: Kirsten, Frederick A. & Mack, Dick A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Adiabatic Motion Of Charged Particles In Electromagnetic Fields

Description: The guiding center motion and the adiabatic invariants of charged particle trajectories in electromagnetic fields are treated in this review. General and specific theories of charged particle motion are also reviewed.
Date: January 1961
Creator: Northrop, Theodore G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy Response And Physical Properties Of NTA* Personnel Neutron Dosimeter Nuclear Track Film

Description: This paper reports the chemical and physical properties of the NTA film packet. It correlates with these properties the response of this packet to neutrons of various energies. In this correlation the concept of the track unit is introduced as a basic unit for reporting film-packet response.
Date: January 13, 1961
Creator: Lehman, Richard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Antiproton-Nucleon Cross Sections From 0.5 To 1.0 Bev

Description: Antiproton-production and nucleon-interaction cross sections were investigated for antiprotons in the energy range 0.5 to 1.0 Bev. The antiprotons were distinguished from other particles produced at the Bevatron by a system of scintillation- and velocity-selecting Cerenkov counters. The excitation function and momentum distribution were recorded for antiproton production in carbon and compared with statistical model expectations.
Date: December 12, 1961
Creator: Elioff, Tommy; Agnaw, Louis; Chamberlain, O. (Owen); Steiner, Herbert M.; Wiegand, Clyde (Clyde Edward), 1915-1996 & Ypsilantis, Tom
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reference Manual For KICK IBM Program

Description: This reference manual describes the IBM 704 program called Kick, by which complete bubble chamber events are kinematically analyzed. Kick's input data is the output from the Pang program, which uses raw track measurements to spatially reconstruct the tracks, and fits appropriate curves to them.
Date: May 1961
Creator: Rosenfeld, Arthur H., 1926-2017
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Current-Switching Circuitry

Description: This paper discusses a group of high-speed switching circuits using the basic current-switching mode of operation. The first part of the paper presents a dynamic analysis of the basic current-switching mode and the second part is the dynamic and steady-state analysis of a current-switching flip-flop.
Date: July 17, 1961
Creator: Salvador, Jack Gilbert & Pederson, D. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annual Report 1961

Description: This seventh Annual Report is a summary of some of the progress in scientific and engineering research and development carried on at Argonne National Laboratory during 1961. As is customary in this series, only those portions of the total program that have reached such a stage that they may be of general interest are recorded. Thus, a comparison with the Annual Reports for 1959 (ANL-6125) and for 1960 (ANL-6275) will reveal the description of a generally different set of scientific activities. A more detailed presentation of any work covered in this report or of the many ANL projects not mentioned may be obtained by perusing the various progress and topical reports issued by the Laboratory during 1961. A list of the publications in the scientific journals during 1961 by Argonne personnel has been given as an Appendix.
Date: 1961
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Spinning of Columbium & Columbium 1%- Zirconium Tubing

Description: The following objectives were planned for this project. (1) Development of spinning data necessary for spinning Columbium and Columbium-1% Zirconium tubing from ingot, forged or welded tube blanks. (2) Determine mechanical & metallurgical properties of spun Columbium and Columbium-1% Zirconium tubing. (3) Determine dimensional and tolerance limits possible to attain on spun Columbium and Columbium-1% Zirconium tubing based on our present equipment, tooling limitations, and the spinning tests performed for objective No. 1.
Date: January 19, 1961
Creator: Barker, Wharton R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Analysis of Inconsistencies in Removal Cross Sections of Carbon and Oxygen

Description: Abstract. Some recent analysis of certain Lid Tank fast neutron dose rates measured in oil and water indicates that there are some basic inconsistencies with reported oxygen and carbon removal cross sections and the reported data. These inconsistencies may be explained in several ways: (1) The reported carbon removal cross section is wrong. (2) The reported oil composition is wrong. (3) The reported oxygen removal cross section is wrong since it is based on an assumed rather than a measured oil composition. (4) Some of the experimental data are wrong. It is not possible to determine which of the above is most likely on the basis of analysis alone but the possibilities are pointed out and, based on the assumption that all the experimental data are correct, it appears most likely that the oil composition assumed in ORNL 2197 was in error.
Date: January 20, 1961
Creator: {{{name}}}
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Partially Degenerate, Relativistic, Ideal Electron Gas

Description: Tables of the electron pressure and kinetic energy for a partially degenerate, relativistic, ideal electron gas are computed by numerical integration using an IBM 7090 electronic calculator. These are given in terms of log10(B) and log10(0), where B is the ratio of the temperature to the rest mass of the electron and (O) is proportional to the numerical density of electrons. The tables include values of T from 5 million to 400 billion degrees and cover the range of electron densities from the region of a perfect gas to the region of complete degeneracy.
Date: February 23, 1961
Creator: Grasberger, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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