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Air Lift Performance at Low Liquid Rates Using Oversized Piping and Lateral Runs

Description: The use of oversized piping in an air lift for transferring solutions at rates less than 5 liters per hour was proven feasible with certain limitations. Reliable operation was also obtained with air lifts containing a lateral run inserted between the point of air injection and the final discharge point. Discharge of the air lifts, especially at low liquid flows, was very erratic under the conditions studied. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: Chamberlain, H. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bibliography and Index on Vacuum and Low Pressure Measurement

Description: From Introduction: "This paper consists essentially of a) a bibliography, b) an author index, and c) an index of the subject matter of the bibliography. While the primary objective is to focus on vacuum measurement, it was believed essential to include in the bibliography articles on vacuum technology in some measure accessory or essential to vacuum measurement. For maximum usefulness, an index of the subject matter of the references has been prepared. The abstract publications listed in the previous paragraph have been freely drawn upon in preparing the bibliography."
Date: November 10, 1961
Creator: Brombacher, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Camden-Delaware Valley Area (ARMS-II)

Description: Report regarding an Aerial Radiological Measuring Survey (ARMS) of the Camden-Delaware Valley area that was part of a national program to measure environmental levels of gamma radiation. 6,000 traverse miles were examined around Camden, New Jersey.
Date: November 10, 1961
Creator: Guillou, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CATASTROPHIC OXIDATION OF HIGH-TEMPERATURE ALLOYS

Description: The growth of nonprotective, crust-like oxide films was encountered in high-temperature alloy systems that contain molybdenum, vanadium, or tungsten as strengthening additions. The cause of accelerated oxidation in such alloys appears to be associated with the characteristically low melting temperatures of oxides of these refractory elements. The factors that contribute to a breakdown of oxidation protection in these systems are outlined and remedial methods which may be used to avoid catastrophic oxidation are discussed. Commonly encountered service failures that have resulted from catastrophic oxidation are also described. (auth)
Date: November 10, 1961
Creator: DeVan, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CHARGING AND DISCHARGING OF DEMINERALIZER RESINS. CORE I, SEED 2. Test Results (T-612085). Section 1

Description: An investigation was conducted to flush the 1BD coolant purification system demineralizer of resin and to measurc the radiation level at pornts on the resin discharge line. It was found that the system demineralizer was satisfactorily flushed of resin. It was also found that the amount removed is measured by the amount required to recharge the demineralizer. (J.R.D.)
Date: January 10, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Processing Technology Quarterly Progress Report, April-June 1961

Description: The Idaho Chemical Processing Plant did not operate on fuel recovery during this period, due to extensive renovation and modiflcation of facilities. Potasslum fluoride was found to be an undesirable additive to the barium precipitating agent used in formation of barium fluozirconate, because of precipitation and loss of uranium, although essentially complete precipitation of zirconium was achieved. Addition of hydrofluoric acid with barium precipitant, to achieve a fluoride/zirconium mole ratio of 5.5, was found to give a total zirconium recovery of 05%, including approximately 10% recovered after concentration of the supernate from the original precipitation. Removal of 97% of the zirconium and fluoride from zirconium -uranium dissolver solutions was achieved by precipitation with two moles of sodium formate per mole of zirconium. Uranium was readily recovered from the concentrated filtrate and wash solution by TBP extraction. The preparation and characterization of zirconium nitrate dibutylphosphate are described, and the solubility in Amsco was found to be similar to that of the uranlum dibutylphosphate complex (2 to 4 x 10/sup -5/ M). Stability studies indicated very little, if any, oxidation of ferrous to ferric iron ln a normal raffinate environment, and ferrous iron has a very low molar extinction coefficsent (0.8) compared with that of uranium (15) in the spectral region near 415 m mu . Pilot plant studies of the fluidized-bed calcination process for reduction of radioactive liquld wastes to the more-easily-stored solid form was continued in the two-foot-square calciner with production, for the first time over a prolonged period of continuous operation, of alpha alumina-free product from a feed contalning substantial sodium. Intra-particle porosities ranging from 0.04 to 0.60 were obtained. Differences in alpha-forming tendency of amorphous aluminas with varied calcination histories were demonstrated but attempts at correlation with known variables in fluid bed calciner operation were not successful. Rapid …
Date: November 10, 1961
Creator: Bower, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CHEMISTRY DIVISION ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING JUNE 20, 1961

Description: Progress in the fields of nuclear chemistry, isolation and chemical properties of synthetic elements, chemical separation of isotopes, radiation chemistry, organic chemistry, chemistry of aquecus systems, electrochemistry of corrosion, nonaqueous systems at high temperature, and chemical physics for the year ending June 20, 1961, is reported. Separate abstracts were prepared for each topic. (M.C.G.)
Date: October 10, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Critical Path Scheduling in Maintenance

Description: Summary: The following narrative interspersed with figures and attached reference exhibits is designed to acquaint the reader with the scheduling procedure developed at ORGDP, trial results and evaluation, subsequent improvement, further application, and use in conjunction with our IBM 7090 Computer.
Date: April 10, 1961
Creator: Gritzner, C. L.; Jones, J. P. & Ellis, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Examinations of Pump Impellers From Sodium and Fused Salt Pump Endurance Tests

Description: Examinations of three Inconel pump impellers were made to establish the extent of cavitation damage and degree of carburization sustained during pump endurance tests. The pumps, two of which circulated fluoride salt and one sodium, operated for the bulk of the test programs in the temperature range 1000 to 1250 deg F. Cavitation damage was manifested in each of the impellers by the formation of deep pits (in excess of 1/4-in.), the location of damaged areas varying with impeller geometry. Pit formation appeared to have occurred by uniform rather than preferential removal of metal components. Each of the impellers exhibited heavily carburized zones along exposed surfaces. The cause of carburization may be associated with the type of gas purge utilized for these pumps. (auth)
Date: April 10, 1961
Creator: DeVan, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Final report on production test IP-289-I, Supplement 1, H reactor export flow test

Description: The raw water export system forms the last ditch water supply system to the ``O`` and ``C`` type reactors; in the event of electrical and steam power failure, the export system is designed to supply enough raw water coolant. After the original export orifice was modified twice, the export system was retested.
Date: July 10, 1961
Creator: Cremer, B. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission-Product Plateout From a Helium Gas Stream

Description: The experimental procedures used and the results obtained in studying the plateout of nongaseous fission products that may escape from a helium gas stream are discussed. Results show that significant quantities of high-activity fission products are volatilized from powdered uranium dioxide at 1800 deg F, and the gross activity for each of the materials (Nichrome, type 302 stainless steel, and quartz) exposed to the fission product vapors follows the same general pattern. Some indication is given that high nickel content promotes plateout at high temperatures as is shown by testing nickel, Nichrome, types 310 and 405 stainless steel, and quartz. Radioisotopes that were identified as being deposited on the specimens were iodine-131 and -133, molybdenum-99, ruthenium- 103, and tellurium-132. Plateout occurred on all of the materials exposed to the helium stream from 1700 to 400 deg F. (N.W.R.)
Date: March 10, 1961
Creator: Johnson, D. E.; Tobin, J. M. & Buchanan, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FUEL CYCLE PROGRAM. A BOILING WATER REACTOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. Quarterly Report No. 5, July 1961-September 1961

Description: Advanced Fuel Power-Limit Test. Fabrication of the 50 basic fuel assemblies has been completed. The three instrumented fuel assemblies were assembled and calibrated. Equipment and procedures have been prepared for the VBWR stability tests. Forty-two assemblies were irradiated during the last VBWR run. Average exposure for all assemblies which have been irradiated are tabulated. Detailed examination of the centermelt calibration assembly is in progress. Preliminary metallography indicates that centermelting did not occur. The conductivity of UO/sub 2/ is appreciably higher than the design basis of 1.1 Btu/hr-ft/sup 2/ ( f F/ft). This result indicates that the fuel performance limit is higher than the burnout heat flux limit. Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics. Use of a rough'' liner in the single rod test section resulted in a l0 to 43% increase in burnout heat flux at various operating conditions. The high-speed movies of the high pressure observational boiling experiments have been edited and assembled. Analytic work is being continued. A theoretical analysis of two-phase pressure drop and density distribution has been made. Experimental Physics. Isotopic analyses of unirradiated fuel pellets show good uniformity. Preliminary calculations of expected isotopic compositions during irradiation are being made. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: Hodde, J.A. ed.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HANFORD STUDIES FOR EGCR COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS. Summary Report

Description: The temperature, geometry, and flow conditions which exist in the EGCR were duplicated in a mock-up designated as the EGCR Burning Rig to establish the combustion conditions in the reactor. The conditions under which the EGCR Burning Rig will ignite were established and an analytical model was developed which predicts these conditions. Because the Burning Rig cannot exactly dupIicate the reactor situation the final prediction of the safety of the EGCR must rest on computer calculations employing the above analytical model. No advantage in retarding combustion was found in using silicon carbide coated fuel sleeves. The negative results of these tests are due both to the particular geometry of the EGCR moderator and sleeves as well as to the fact that all sleeves tested contained imperfections in the coatings. Chlorine was demonstrated to be an effective agent for extinguishing graphite fires. Concentrations in air of about 1% were observed to extinguish graphite fires at temperatures as high as 1000 deg C. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: de Halas, D.R.; Dahl, R.E. & Jackson, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Inhalation Toxicity of Indium Sesquioxide in the Rat

Description: Albino rats were exposed to a In/sub 2/O/sub 3/ dust aerosol of mean concentration 64 mg/m) for 3 months. The retention of In in the tissues and the mobilization of In from the lungs and tracheobronchlal lymph nodes were determined. The results indicate chemical toxicity. (D.L.C.)
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Leach, L. J.; Scott, J. K.; Armstrong, R. D.; Steadman, L. T. & Maynard, E. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Method of Determining the Intermediate Energy Neutron Dose

Description: The intermediate energy neutron flux existing outside the biological shielding of reactors has not been studied to any great extent previous to this time, because of the lack of an instrument capable of detecting neutrons in the intermediate energy range. The instrument used at the MTR utilizes polyethylene spheres of various sizes to give different amounts of moderation and absorption to the impinging neutrons. A procedure for the approximate determination of the relative number of intermediate energy and fast neutrons is given. By graphical methods the following information is obtained: (1) fraction of intermediate neutrons, (2) fraction of fast neutrons, and (3) the approximate average energy of the fast neutrons. Since the instrument described can be used to determine the thermal neutron flux independent of intermediate and fast fluxes, only one instrument is required to determine the neutron flux in all three energy ranges. Dose calculations indicate the intermediate range neutrons give a dose greater than the dose delivered by fast neutrons around the MTR-ETR reactors under normal operating conditions. (auth)
Date: March 10, 1961
Creator: Hankins, D. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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E-N and blanket conversions from analysis of tubes irradiated at H

Description: A block-loading of striped columns and tubes simulating a blanket loading were analyzed for product (Pu, tritium, E-metal) after irradiation in IP-255-A-9-FP. Results are rationalized to full-pile values; pile conversion ratios and pile gains are given.
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Lang, L. W. & Nechodom, W. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neptunium-237 content of E-metal

Description: An analytical program was carried out to obtain an accurate single point measurement of neptunium-37 content versus exposure for E-metal. Two large volume dissolver solution samples representing E-metal from the KW, KE, C, and DR reactors were obtained from the Redox Plant for the basis of analysis. The neptunium-237/U ratio was determined by direct analysis, and the exposure was estimated from the measured Pu/U ratio and the uranium-235 burn-out.
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: Schneider, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NEUTRON FLUX AND Cd RATIO MEASUREMENTS IN THE HN-1 BEAM HOLE FOR THREE FUEL LOADINGS OF THE OAK RIDGE RESEARCH REACTOR

Description: Neutron flux measurements were made in the Oak Ridge Research Reactor beam hole HN-l shield plug. at low reactor power (N/sub L/) with three fuel configurations. The purpose of these tests was to determine the most favorable fuel arrangement in the region of the experimental hole in order to permit minimization of exposure time of an in-pile slurry loop experiment using pure thoria. It was found that the perturbed thermal neutron flux decreased by factors of 2, each 1.4 in., at the forward end of the beam hole. Maximum and average fluxes observed for three fuel configurations were: high, 9.7 x l0/sup 13/ , 5.6 x 10/sup 13/; intermediate, 8.0 x 10/sup 13/, 4.7 x l0/sup 13/; and present operating, 7.4 x l0/sup 13/, 3.8 x 10/sup 13/. In the high and intermediate configurations fuel elements were located in the outer row of the lattice adjacent to the beam hole. Cadmium ratios were generally high (22 to 111) implying low available epi-cadmium flux under any of these configurations. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: Shor, A.J.f Mauney, T.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF STAINLESS-CARBON STEEL WELDS. CORE I, SEED 2. Section 2. Test Results T-641300

Description: Results are presented which lead to the conclusion that all the welds that were radiographed appear to be satisfactory for continued use in the plant except in the 1A reactor coolant loop drain weld. The radiograph of this weld indicates the presence of a 3/8 in. transverse defect. The majority of the welds showed indications of porosity. (J.R.D.)
Date: January 10, 1961
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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