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Preliminary Design Study for a Sodium-Graphite-Reactor Irradiation Facility

Description: The results of an investigation to integrate a Na/sup 24/ irradiation processing facility with an operating sodium graphite reactor are presented. An irradiation facility incorporated into a reference SGR (Hallam Nuclear Power Facility, Hallam, Nebraska) is described. Development of the facility application, preliminary design criteria and capital and operating costs are discussed. Recommendations for further development of the technology and economics of this type of irradiation facility are included. (auth)
Date: January 31, 1959
Creator: Thompson, D.S. & Benaroya, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Estimate of the Fast Effect in the Lid Tank Source Plate

Description: An estimate was made of the fast effect in the lid tank source plate. The number of fast fissions per thermal fission is 0.019. (auth)
Date: March 31, 1959
Creator: Dresner, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Uranium Nitride-Stainless Steel Dispersion Fuel Elements

Description: In research in support of the GCRE, procedures for the fabrication of stainless steel-clad flat-plate fuel elements having a core of 28 w/o UN dispersed in an iron-18 w/o chromium--14 w/o nickel--2.5 w/o molybdenum matrix were developed. The preparation of UN and its compatibility with the components of the matrix alloy were studied. The UN for the program was prepared by nitriding uranium metal at 850 C and then dissociating the U/sub 2/N/sub 3/ produced to UN in a vacuum at 1300 C. In compatibility studies, UN reacted with nickel alone at 1800 F, but no reaction with nickel was observed when the other matrix components were also present. The effects of fabricational variables were evaluated by metallographic examination, longitudinal and transverse tensile tests, bend tests, and corrosion tests. Studies indicated that minus 200 plus 325-mesh UN dispersed in a minus 325-mesh elemental-powder matrix rolled green vith a 30 per cent initial reduction at 2100 F and then annealed 3 hr at 2300 F produced the best fuel core. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Paprocki, S. J.; Keller, D. L.; Cunningham, G. W. & Foulds Jr., A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fabrication of the PRTR Zircaloy-2 High Pressure Process Tubes

Description: Development of a fabrication process and the manufacture of 95 PRTR process tubes demonstrates that the commercial fabrication of high quality Zircaloy-2 pressure tubing is feasible.
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Knecht, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Hard-Core Pinch. I

Description: This report analyzes a linear, hard-core pinch tube built to examine tubes afflicted by small-scale instabilities evident from many observations.
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Birdsall, D. H.; Colgate, Stirling A. & Furth, Harold P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Hard-Core Pinch. II

Description: This report describes a toroidal version of the hard-core pinch and the additional information it can obtain to what the analogous linear pinch can get.
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Birdsall, D. H.; Colgate, Stirling A. & Furth, Harold P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Hard-Core Pinch. Part I

Description: It is well known that a pinch column with internal H/sub Z/ and external conducting shell can be made grossly stable, but that small-scale instabilities persist; especiaily in the tubular region of maximum current density. To investigate further these small-scale instabilities of the stabilized pinch,'' we are using 12-in.-i.d. linear pinch tube with a 3-in.-o.d. insulated center rod. By controlling a current along this rod, as well as a current along external conducting straps, and a third current in an external H/sub z/ coil, it is possible to create many grossly stable pinch configurations. The small-scale stability of the tubular region of maximum current density can thus be studied for a wide range of internal and external magnetic field vectors. The magnetic field distribution in each discharge is obtained by a string of 10 magnetic pick- up loops. The distribution of plasma density is determined by modulating the inner or outer wall current and measuring the radial velocity of the resultant compressional Alfven waves. In one experiment, an initial H/sub z/ is entrapped in plasma by preionization, and then pushed radially outward from the rod by a rising H/sub theta /. The resultant field distribution, in which H/sub theta / everywhere falls more rapidly than 1/r, should have absolute hydromagnetic stability. The persistence of small-scale instabilities, as observed by the magnetic probes, in this inverse stabilized pinch'' suggests that the basic trouble is nonhydromagnetic. It is also found that, when the magnetic field approximates a vacuum field distribution, perfectly smooth and reproducible probe signals can be obtained. The absolute plasma current densities at which nearvacuum field distributions have been found stable are larger than current densities at which the 'stabilized pinch'' and inverse stabilized pinch'' distributions have been found unstable. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Birdsall, D.H.; Colgate, S.A. & Furth, H.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE HARD-CORE PINCH. PART II

Description: The toroidal version of the hard-core pinch tube is created by levitating a ring conductor inside a toroidal shell. The magnitude of induced H/ sub theta / necessary for levi-tation is small in terms of field strengths normally desired for energetic pinches. In a 3-in. glass-and-copper toroid of square cross section a 3/4-in. hollow copper ring has been levitated with a 60- cycle current of 3 kiloamperes. A 12-in stainless steel tube of round cross section is being built. The stability of nearvacuum field hard-core configurations is best investigated in toroidal geometry. At high power levels and low plasma densities, the conventional toroidal stabilized pinch'' is subject to an anomalous plasma energy leakage to the wall, which cannot be explained by the observed ultraviolet radiation alone. A critical question is, therefore, whether the relative stability of some hard-core pinches, as reflected by the smoothness and reproducibility of magnetic probe traces, is reflected by an improved containment of the plasma en-ergy leading to high temperature. A toroidal hard-core tube is also useful in studying the nature of the nonhydromagnetic instabilities observed in the linear inverse stabilized pinch.'' The presence and condition of electrodes appear to have a substantial effect on the magnitude of these instabilities, as would be expected if they were, for instance, of electrostatic origin. In order to complement the plasma study of the hard-core pinch, we have developed an analogue method using sodium tubes to simulate the current-carrying layer. In this way the purely hydromagnetic aspect of the plasma behavior can be isolated. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Birdsall, D.H.; Colgate, S.A. & Furth, H.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Zirconium Diboride, Boron Nitride, and Boron Carbide Compatibility With Austenitic Stainless Steel

Description: The compatibility of zirconium diboride, boron carbide, and boron nitride with type 304 stainless steel was evaluated as a function of temperature (1000 to 12OO deg C), time (1-3 hr). Appropriate loadings of the boron compounds and stainless steel powder were blended and fashioned into a compact powder metallurgically. Each compact was roll clad into a plate and subsequently heat treated at a temperature equal to the initial sintering temperature. Metallographic examination of the fabricated and heat-treated plates demonstrated that none of the systems was metallurgically stable. The instability was generally manifested by the interaction of the discrete boron compounds with the matrix and precipitation of a hypothetically boron-rich phase throughout the stainless steel matrix material. Of the three compounds, boron nitride was relatively the most stable in a stainless steel matrix under the test conditions. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1959
Creator: Cherubini, J. H. & Leitten, C. F. Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CALCULATION OF RADIAL NEUTRON-FLUX DISTRIBUTION IN EGCR LATTICE CELL

Description: The neutron flux distributions in an EGCR cell containing seven and clusters of 2.0 and 2.6a enriched uranium odde were obtained by using a one- velocity, one-dimensional P-3 solution to the neutron transport equation and adjusting fluxes in the fuel cluster in a manner which is consistent with previous comparisons of experiments and calculated distributions. Flux traverses in the outer rod perpendicular to diameter of the cluster are also presented. (auth)
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: DeBoer, T. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Decomposition of Nitrous Oxide Final Report. Period Covered: February 19, 1959-August 18, 1959

Description: The decomposition of N/sub 2/O in a reactor tube containing various fixed-bed catalysts was investigated at 200 to 700 deg C, space velocities of 250, 1250, and 2500 vol. of gas per vol. of catalyst per hr, and various gas mixture compositions. As catalysts, En at 500 deg C and Pd at 650 deg C both gave satisfactory results. NO/sub 2/ was formed with all these catalysts, the amount increasing as the residual N/sub 2/O decreased. (C.J.G.)
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: Zufall, J. H. & Miller, H. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Dissolution of aluminium oxide as a regulating factor in aqueous aluminum corrosion

Description: The solubility of aluminum corrosion product in contact with metallic aluminum in deionized water has been determined over the range 80 to 350/sup 0/C. Evidence is presented to show that oxide dissolution results in the formation of a porous oxide on aluminum exposed in refreshed dynamic systems. Dynamic corrosion rate data have been analyzed on the basis of parabolic film growth and a linear oxide degradation process acting simultaneously on the system. The degradation process has been shown to be a function of refreshment rate.
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: Dillon, R.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pathfinder Atomic Power Plant Measurements of Nuclear Parameters of Boiler and Superheater Lattices

Description: Experiments are described which were designed to yield information pertinent to the evaluation of the nuclear parameters of various fuel-moderator lattices in the environment of the Sioux Falls Power Reactor (Controlled Recirculation Boiling Reactor) core. The test lattice section was enclosed in an element which replaced one of the fuel elements of the Penn State Reactor. Parameters measured were U/sup 236/ neutron capture cadmium ratio, space-averaged thermal neutron flux ratios, and reactivity coefficients. (W.D.M.)
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: Jacobs, A. & Vollmer, R.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Production test authorization IP-217-A-supplement, uranium sample irradiation (HAPO-218)

Description: The object of this production test is to authorize the irradiation of samples of natural uranium for use in the fission product volatilization program. Any empty central zone PCCF and/or process tube at B, D, DR, or H Reactors will meet the requirements of this authorization.
Date: August 31, 1959
Creator: Zima, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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VARIABLE MODERATOR REACTOR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. Quarterly Progress Report No. 1

Description: Development of the boiling water UO/sub 2/ fueled Variable Moderator Reactor (VMR) is conducted under contract for the USAEC. The initiation and progress of work under Phase I of the contract, Physics and Kinetic Analysis and Initial Evaluation,'' and the preparation for Phase II, Critical Experiment and Analysis of Results,'' are reported. A hydrodynamic flow sheet representing the sequence of calculations for the BOCH program was prepared. A preliminary block diagram of the kinetics model of the VMR was prepared. Work is reported on the PUREE code which is designed to give an accurate representation of the physics of the VMR core. A fuel element fabrication speciftcation was prepared and released for quotations. A study was made to select the most appropriate material for void simulation throughout the range of interest in the VMR. (W.D.M.)
Date: August 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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APPLIED HEALTH PHYSICS SEMI-ANNUAL REPORT FOR JULY 1956-DECEMBER 1956

Description: Routine monitoring procedures are summarized. Based on samples collected by continuous air monitors, the wcekly average value for air contamiration in the laboratory area was 1.98 x 10/sup -12/ mu c/cc. Radioactive fall-out was determined by measuring the total activity and total number of particles collected on gum paper fall-out trays. Two peak periods of activity in July and September were concluded to be the result of weapons tests. Meteorological data are tabulated. Data are included from a survey of natural radioactive elements in TVA lake waters, activity levels in samples of river and lake waters in the laboratory drainage area, rain water, and laundry decontamination measuremcnts. The combination film dosimeter-personnel identification badge was redesigned. A drawing of the badge and its component parts is included. Design modifications are described which wcre made in an automatic air sampler rized from radiation surveys. (C.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diffusion of Uranium with Various Transitional Metals; DIFFUSION DE L'URANIUM AVEC QUELQUES METAUX DE TRANSITION

Description: The diffusion process in uranium and its alloys was studied from 550 to 1075 deg C with diffusion couples of U with Zr, Mo, Ti, and Nb and with the alloys U--Nb and U--Mo. A brief description is given of the experimental methods. Results relative to the concentration-penetration curves are presented, and the coefficients of diffusion are calculated. The equilibrium diagram was established for the U--Zr system. The results obtained by micrographic examination, microhardness measurements, and autoradiography are compared with each other. The mechanisms of diffusion are investigated by studying the Kirkendall effect and calculating the Darken intrinsic coeffi cients in the U--Zr and U--UMo diffusion couples. (J.S.R.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Adda, Y. & Philibert, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ELK RIVER REACTOR. Quarterly Project Report for December 1958 January- February 1959

Description: Design and construction are proceeding satisfactorily. Fuel capsule irradiation studies are progressing, and preparation of specifications for fuel elements and assemblies is almost complete. Other design, development, and construction progress is reported. Instrumentation developments are described. Reactor physics studies are reported. (For preceding period see AECU-4013.) (T.R.H.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ELK RIVER REACTOR. Quarterly Project Report for March-April-May 1959

Description: An alternate design of the Elk River Reactor was completed during the quarter. Three points were emphasized in the study: performance capability to provide 116 Mw(th) output; fuel costs of the reference design versus alternate fuel media and cladding; and reactor control modifications to provide sufficient reactivlty to eliminate soluble hold down'' poisons, permit higher power operation and obtain a greater fuel life. Work is summarized on fuel element and material development program, reactor vessel and internal components, control rods and drive mechanism, process systems, superheater, buildings and facilities, instrumentation and site construction. (For preceding period see ACNP-ERR-3.) (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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AN EVALUATION OF MERCURY COOLED BREEDER REACTORS

Description: Under the New Reactor Concepts Evaluation Program sponsored by the United States Atomic Energy Commission. Advanced Technology Laboratories (a Division of American Radiator & Standard Sanitary Corporation) has undertaken am investigation of the technical feasibility and economic potential of the use of boiling mercury as a coolant for fast breeder reactors The investigation was performed between January 1, 1959, and October 31. 1959. This is the final report on that investigation and is submitted in compliance with the terms of the program authorization, Contract Number AT(04-3)-109, Project Agreement Number 4. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: Bradfute, John O.; Battles, Donald W.; Clark, George S.; Corridan, Robert E.; Gellenbeck, Edward T.; Kavanagh, Devereux L. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fuel Elements Conference Held at Gatlinburg, Tennessee, May 14-16, 1958

Description: The fuel element conference provided a favorable medium for presentation and discussion of recent developments in the field of solid fuel elements. The conference was designed to replace the more general Metallurgy Information Meetings held annually in the past. The scope of the meeting embraced the design fabrication, performance, and material problems of fuel elements. (W.D.M)
Date: October 31, 1959
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HIGH TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF URANIUM AND ITS ALLOYS

Description: Data are presented on the mechanical and physical properties of high- purity and normal uranium and for a range of dilute uranium alloys at temperatures up to 700 deg C. The results of thermal conductivity and thermal expansion determinations for a range of alloys are discussed, and some results on the latent heat of fusion and volume change on melting are presented. Results of dilute alloy creep tests are reported and correlated with thermal cycling data and resistence to swelling under irradiation. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 31, 1959
Creator: McIntosh, A.B. & Heal, T.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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