Search Results

[3D Viewer]

Description: Black cardboard viewer with plastic lenses, "for printed stereo photographs." It has scored portions and instructions for folding the cardboard to create a standing viewer to look through the lenses and keep the image at a distance.
Date: 1965
Creator: Stereo Magniscope, Inc.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Status Report Number Three on Clinch River Study

Description: Report describing the progress made in the Clinch River Study for the period May to October 1961. This report is based off of multiple reports of water sampling conducted across six stations in order to evaluate the safety and radioactive content of the Clinch River.
Date: December 6, 1962
Creator: Morton, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Merchant Ship Reactor Final Safeguards Report, Volume 6: Environmental Analysis OF NS "Savannah" Operation at Camden

Description: "An analysis is presented of the accidental release of activity following the operation of the NS "Savannah" at the New York Shipbuilding Corporation docks in Camden, New Jersey. Although a number of accidents are considered, the report is primarily concerned with the environmental activity levels and subsequent exposures which would result from the "maximum credible accident" (p. v).
Date: January 24, 1961
Creator: Cottrell, W. B.; Parker, F. L.; Mann, L. A. & Schmidt, G. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Solid State Division Semiannual Progress Report For Period Ending February 28, 1955

Description: This semiannual progress report and future reports will be published as two documents to permit a wider distribution of the unclassified material. The report numbers are assigned in sequence so that the two reports will fall together when filed by report number.
Date: July 12, 1960
Creator: Billington, D. S. & Crawford, J. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air Scattering of Co60 Gamma Rays: Theory Versus Experiment

Description: For Co60 source at 15 meters, the air-scattered gamma dose rate predicted by theory is excerpted from ORNL-1575, pp. 167-203. This is compared with experimental measurements for the same source and comparable geometry reported by Convair in CVAC-170T. After applying an appropriate correction for ground scattering as estimated in Mart-55-16T (Convair), the two results are found to be in substantial agreement.
Date: April 17, 1958
Creator: Moran, Rubert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Disassembly and Postoperative Examination of the Aircraft Reactor Experiment

Description: The Aircraft Reactor Experiment (ARE)was successfully concluded in November of 1954, and a detailed report of the operation was published the following year. At that time it was thought that an extensive examination of the reactor and system components after disassembly was warranted. It was realized, of course, that the level of radioactivity of the components would necessitate extensive delays in the examinations. Since examination of a few critical ARE samples showed nothing unexpected, much of the planned hot-cell inspection was postponed and complete examination of all but a few specimens was indefinitely suspended. The few examinations that were completed are described in this report, along with a description of the disassembly of the ARE system. Diagrams of the fuel system, sodium system, and off-gas system are presented in Figs. 1, 2, and 3 for reference use in visualizing the disassembly process.
Date: April 15, 1958
Creator: Cottrell, W. B.; Crabtree, T. E.; Davis, A. L. & Piper, W. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Monex Process: Terminal Report

Description: Chemical and engineering data were obtained for the feed digestion system and the extraction-scrub step of the Monex tributyl phosphate solvent-extraction process for recovering thorium and uranium from nitric acid-digested unclarified monasite sludge. Tests of the recommended conditions in a 2-in.-dia pulsed column demonstrated that thorium losses were approximately 1.2% and uranium losses, 1.5%. The flowsheet is workable but is not necessarily optimum.
Date: January 31, 1958
Creator: McNamee, R. J. & Wischow, R. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Fluoride Fuel In-Pile Loop Experiment

Description: An inconel loop circulating fluoride fuel (62 1/2 make [unintelligible] NaF, 12 1/2 make [unintelligible] ZrF4, 25 make [unintelligible] UF4, 92 [unintelligible] enriched) was operated at 1485°F with a temperature difference of about 35°F in the Low Intensity Test Reactor for 645 hr. For 475 hr of this time the reactor was at full power, and fission power generation in the loop was 2.7 kw, with a max length power density of 0.4 kw/cc. The total volume of fuel was 1290 cc (5.o kg [unintelligible] and the the flow through the irradiated section was 8.6 fps (Reynolds number 5500). The loop has been disassembled and has been examined by chemical and metallographic analyses. Ne acceleration of corrosion of decomposition of fuel by irradiation was noted, although deposition of fission-product ruthenium was absorbed. Ne mass transfer of Inconel was formed, and the corrosive [unintelligible] was general and relatively light. The average corrosive generation, in the usual form of subsurface yields, was 0.5 [unintelligible], the maximum penetration was 2 to 3 miles.
Date: January 29, 1957
Creator: Sisman, Q; Brundage, W. E.; Parkinson, W. W.; Boumann, C. D.; Correll, R. M; Morgen, J. G. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High-Thermal-Conductivity Fin Material for Radiators

Description: This report is the result of a study to develop heat-resistant fin materials possessing a high thermal conductivity for air radiators. Since an economical and commercially feasible product was desired, the investigation was restricted primarily to a study of electroplated copper, clad copper, and copper alloys. Sheet material 0.008 to 0.010 in. thick was evaluated for fabricability and for metallurgical stability and thermal conductivity at 1500°F. From the results of the rests it was concluded that: (1) electroplates were unsatisfactory; (2) clad-copper fins possessing a thermal conductivity of 50% of that of copper are commercially feasible; (3) copper-aluminum alloys possessing a thermal conductivity approaching that of copper at 1500°F are possible. Service tests of clad copper and the copper-aluminum alloys indicate that the choice of materials will be dictated by the requirements of the radiator, since each presents some unique problems.
Date: January 24, 1957
Creator: Inouye, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of Thorex Pilot Plant Radiation Exposures During 1955

Description: The Thorex Pilot Plant at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was operated during 1955, processing reactor-irradiated thorium slugs to recover U233 and thorium and 12 MTR fuel elements to recover U235 and Np237. The radiation exposure received by operating personnel during this period averaged 60 mrcp/man-week. Most radiation exposure was received in areas that were intended to be only slightly or nonradioactive. However, because insufficient decontamination of process solutions was achieved and equipment surfaces became contaminated from equipment failures, these areas became primary sources of personnel exposure. The installation of additional shielding where needed and the prompt removal of surface contamination successfully reduced the radiation levels and exposures in these areas. Remote control of processing equipment and sampling of very radioactive solutions from process equipment was successfully accomplished, and assisted in the reduction of exposure to operating personnel.
Date: November 16, 1956
Creator: McCarley W. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Evaluation of the Corrosion and Oxidation Resistance of High-Temperature Brazing Alloys

Description: The fabrication of heat exchangers and radiators to be used in conjunction with high-temperature nuclear reactors may present exceedingly complex problems. Rigid heat transfer requirements may necessitate the use of compact assemblies of thin-walled small-diameter tubes as integral parts of the heat transfer units. Intricate designs may also be required in which cooling fins must be securely joined to the tubes at closely spaced intervals. In addition to the difficulties in fabrication imposed by the designs themselves, the high operating temperatures involved require the careful selection of materials and joining techniques. The choice of fabrication procedure for a given component must not only be based upon the stresses and temperatures to be encountered, but also upon special factors peculiar to nuclear service. Since many reactor applications employ highly corrosive environments, compatibility of the structural ma terials with the corrosive media is of paramount importance. The low nuclear cross-section require ment for brazing alloys to be used inside the re actor also places stringent limitations on the possible choices of in-pile applications. The use of boron in alloys for certain service may not be considered feasible, for example, because of its high nuclear absorption cross section. Although welding is used extensively in the construction of radiators and heat exchangers, high-temperature brazing is also attractive for several applications. In Fig. 1, a photograph of a liquid-metal-to-air radiator, it can be seen that brazing serves as the most feasible method of attaching cooling fins to thin-walled tubes. Typical of the joints obtainable is that shown in Fig. 2, in which are shown stainless-steel-clad-copper high-conductivity fins2 brazed to an Inconel tube.
Date: November 7, 1956
Creator: Hoffman, E. E.; Leitten, C. F., Jr.; Patriarca, P.; Slaughter, G. M.; Pope, J. E.; Shubert, C. E. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Metallurgy Division Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending April 10, 1956

Description: Progress report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Metallurgy Division providing updates on various projects, experiments, and other work. This report includes a summary of scholarly output and summaries of general corrosion, dynamic corrosion, mechanical properties, nondestructive testing, welding and brazing, fabrication, physical chemistry of corrosion, HRP metallurgy, the package power reactor program, APPR absorber, metallurgical materials and processing, metallography, ceramics, fundamental physico-metallurgical research.
Date: November 2, 1956
Creator: Frye, J. H., Jr.; Manly, W. D. & Cunningham, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Basic Gamma-Ray Data for ART Heat Deposition Calculations

Description: In order that fairly accurate thermal stress calculations can be made on the ART, it is necessary to have a reasonable picture of the temperature distribution in the reactor. To get the temperature distributions, and to determine cooling requirements in various parts of the reactor, one must know the heat deposition rates due to alpha particles, beta rays, gamma rays, and neutrons in all parts of the reactor. The present report contains only the basic physical data necessary to determine the heat deposition rates due to gamma rays. Neutron fluxes in the core and reflector regions of the ART are to be obtained from two-dimensional multigroup calculations (performed by the Curtiss-Wright Corporation). These fluxes, in conjunction with the neutron absorption cross sections, determine the neutron capture and inelastic scattering rates in the core and in the reflector. The data in this report permit the calculation of the number of gamma rays originating at various energies at every point in the core and reflector.
Date: October 3, 1956
Creator: Bertini, H. W.; Copenhaver, C. M.; Perry, A. M. & Stevenson, R. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Operation of the ORNL Graphite Reactor and the Low-Intensity Test Reactor — 1955 LITR Flux Traverses

Description: The ORNL Graphite Reactor operated very well during 1955. The downtime was low, only 8.6%. The fuel in the bonded slugs did not perform as well in 1955 as in 1954. Much of the trouble was undoubtedly due to growth of slugs which were not beta-transformed. It is known that some slugs had grown over 1/2 in. The automatic central system installed in 1954 continued to operate satisfactorily. The cooling system gave minor trouble when one of the 900-hp fan meters had to be replaced because of shorts in the rotor. The high radiation in the canal was the largest source of trouble. Approximately 55 tons of slugs discharged from the reactor in 1952 was sent to the Metal Recovery Plant. Enough slugs had raptured, due to their long exposure in the canal and reactor, to badly contaminate of water. Most of the contamination was removed by the end of the year, but the radioactivity which had soaked into the canal wells was enough to give high radiation fields. A solution to this problem was being sought at the end of the year. A study is under way on the possibility of increasing the flux of the ORNL Graphite Reactor by reloading with enriched uranium fuel. Results of the study appear to be promising.
Date: September 10, 1956
Creator: Rupp, A. F. & Cox, J. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Physical Property Summary for Fluoride Mixtures

Description: This report presents a summary of certain physical properties that have been determined experimentally on the fluoride mixture that have been formulated at ORNL (Rers. 1, 2). These properties include the density, enthalpy, heat capacity, heat of fusion, thermal conductivity, viscosity, Prandtl number, electrical conductivity and surface tension. In addition to the experimental data, values have been predicted for the heat capacity and density of the other mixtures from the correlations of these properties. Estimates of the viscosity have also been made for a number of the mixtures on which no experimental data were available.
Date: September 5, 1956
Creator: Cohen, S. I.; Povers, W. D. & Greene, N. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project Quarterly Progress Report for Period Ending June 10, 1956 [Declassified Version]

Description: Progress report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project providing updates on various projects, experiments, and other work. This report includes summaries of project activities in: aircraft reactor test design, ART physics, ART instruments and controls, component development and testing, procurement and construction, ART, ETU, and in-pile loop operations, phase equilibrium studies, chemical reactions in molten salts, physical properties of molten materials, production of fuels, compatibility of materials at high temperatures, chemistry, analytical chemistry, metallurgy, dynamic corrosion studies, general corrosion studies, fabrication research, welding and brazing investigations, mechanical properties studies, ceramic research, nondestructive testing studies, heat transfer and physical properties, radiation damage, fuel recovery and reprocessing, critical experiments.
Date: September 4, 1956
Creator: Jordan, W. H.; Cramer, S. J.; Miller, A. J. & Savelainen, A. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project Quarterly Progress Report for Period Ending June 10, 1956 [Secret Version]

Description: Progress report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Aircraft Nuclear Propulsion Project providing updates on various projects, experiments, and other work. This report includes summaries of project activities in: aircraft reactor test design, ART physics, ART instruments and controls, component development and testing, procurement and construction, ART, ETU, and in-pile loop operations, phase equilibrium studies, chemical reactions in molten salts, physical properties of molten materials, production of fuels, compatibility of materials at high temperatures, chemistry, analytical chemistry, metallurgy, dynamic corrosion studies, general corrosion studies, fabrication research, welding and brazing investigations, mechanical properties studies, ceramic research, nondestructive testing studies, heat transfer and physical properties, radiation damage, fuel recovery and reprocessing, critical experiments.
Date: September 4, 1956
Creator: Jordan, W. H.; Cromer, S. J.; Miller, A. J. & Savelainen, A. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HRP Radiation Corrosion Studies

Description: A fifth in-pile loop experiment, L-4-8, was completed. The loop operated in-pile for a total of 1637 hr, during which time the LITR energy output was 4377 Mwhr. The average fission power in the loop based o cesium analyses was 622 w when the LITR was at full power (3 Mw). Based on oxygen data, the generalized corrosion rate for the first 300 hr was 4.0 mpy; the rate for the remaining 1357 hr was 0.7 mpy. The nickel data gave parallel results. The corrosion of the type 347 stainless steel, Zircaloy-2, and Ti-55AX [unintelligible] exposed in the core and in in-line holders was generally consistent with that observed in previous in-pile loop experiments. Some differences with steel were attributed to the fact that this was the first loop containing steel specimens operated with 0.04 m H2SO4 present in the uranyl sulfate charge solution (0.17 m UO2SO4, 0.03 m CuSO4). Stress specimens, made from the alloys Zircaloy-2, type 17-4 PH stainless steel, and Ti-C-130-AM, were exposed in care, in-line, and pressurizer locations. Microscopic examination and average weight loss gave no indication of effects attributable to the stressed condition of the specimens.
Date: August 21, 1956
Creator: Baker, J. E.; Bradley, N. C.; Jenks, G. H.; Olsen, A. R.; Savage, H. C. & Walter, F. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HRT Reactor Hazards

Description: Several potential hazards that have been recognized and anticipated in the design and fabrication of the pressure vessel in the Homogeneous Reactor Test are discussed. These hazards results from the high operating pressure and temperature of the reactor, the exposure of the reactor vessel material to potential embrittlement and other affects of fast-neutron irradiation, and the need for containment of corrosive flowing liquids. The steps taken in recognition of these hazards are also discussed. The applicability of present codes to the reactor vessel fabrication is considered. Additional fields are suggested where recommended practices developed by code writing bodies could assist in development-type reactor design and fabrication.
Date: August 3, 1956
Creator: Miller, E. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical Chemistry Division Semiannual Progress Report for Period Ending April 20, 1954

Description: Progress report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Analytical Chemistry Division providing updates on various projects, experiments, and other work in ionic analyses, analytical instrumentation, radiochemical analyses, activation analyses, spectrochemical analyses, inorganic preparations, optical and electron microscopy.
Date: July 5, 1956
Creator: Kelley, M. T.; Susano, C. D. & Raaen, H. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some Experiments Relating Ion Diffusion in a Plasma to the Neutral Gas Density in the Presence of a Magnetic Field

Description: In some recent experiments the ion density in a plasma was measured as a function of radial distance from a d-c arc source of ions for the magnetic field intensities from 2500 to 14000 oersted. The diffusion coefficient appeared to very inversely as the square of the magnetic field strength, D~1/H2. The absolute value of D was shown to be approximately that which would be predicted by the collision diffusion theory when account is taken of the shorting effect of the end walls. The purpose of this report is to continue the examination of ion diffusion in a plasma and field experimentally the relation between the diffusion coefficient and the neutral gas pressure for a constant magnetic field.
Date: June 15, 1956
Creator: Reidigh, Rodger V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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