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On the Elementary Relation Between Pitch, Slip, and Propulsive Efficiency

Description: The author examines the current theory on the importance of reducing slip in airplane propellers. The author feels an exaggerated importance is attached to this supposition and feels that the increase in friction by an increase in propeller area or number of revolutions can't be discounted.
Date: 1920
Creator: Froude, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recent Developments in Light Alloys

Description: This report is intended to cover the progress that has been made in both the manufacture and utility of light alloys in the United States since the first part of 1919. Duralumin is extensively discussed both as to manufacture and durability.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Woodward, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tests of Artificial Flight at High Altitudes

Description: "If we wish to form an accurate idea of the extraordinary progress achieved in aeronautics, a comparison must be made of the latest altitude records and the figures regarded as highest attainable limit some ten years ago. It is desirable, for two reasons, that we should be able to define the limit of the altitudes that can be reached without artificial aid. First, to know to what extent the human body can endure the inhalation of rarified air. Second, the mental capacity of the aviator must be tested at high altitudes and the limit known below which he is able to make reliable observations without being artificially supplied with oxygen" (p. 1).
Date: November 1920
Creator: Gradenwitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Variable Pitch Propellers

Description: In this report are described four different types of propellers which appeared at widely separated dates, but which were exhibited together at the last Salon de l'Aeronautique. The four propellers are the Chaviere variable pitch propeller, the variable pitch propeller used on the Clement Bayard dirigible, the variable pitch propeller used on Italian dirigibles, and the Levasseur variable pitch propeller.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Bacon, D. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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New Lateral Stabilizing Device for Airplanes

Description: "The proposed device tends to render the lateral stabilization of airplanes easier and more efficacious. The proposed solution is to mount the ailerons independently, in such a manner that they can turn freely, under the action of the relative wind, about an axis located in front of the extreme position of the center of the lift" (p. 1).
Date: January 1921
Creator: Constantin, Louis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abacus Giving the Variation of the Mean Pressure of an Aviation Engine as a Function of its Speed of Rotation

Description: Comparing the results of the calculations for computing the mean pressure of an aviation engine for any number of revolutions, with those of experiment, the writer, by numerous examples, shows the perfect agreement between them. This report will show that, by means of a special abacus, an engineer can instantly plot the characteristics of an engine.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Margoulis, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical methods for computing the polar curves of airplanes

Description: This report presents a method of calculating polar curves which is at least as precise as graphical methods, but it more rapid. Knowing the wind tunnel test of a wing and the performances of an airplane of the same profile, it is easy to verify the characteristic coefficients and, at the same time, the methods determining induced resistances.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Le Sueur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Art of Writing Scientific Reports

Description: As the purpose of the report is to transmit as smoothly and as easily as possible, certain facts and ideas, to the average person likely to read it, it should be written in a full and simple enough manner to be comprehended by the least tutored, and still not be boring to the more learned readers.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Goebel Rotary Engine

Description: This report presents a table of specifications of the rotary engine and a very brief description of some of the notable features such as the exhaust valves controlled by means of a fixed cam gear.
Date: March 1921
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Law Relating to Air Currents

Description: In the subdivided wing section profile, the diagram of the current is entirely changed and the harmful formation of eddies is avoided through premature deflection. Pressure equalization does not occur between the upper and under sides. This report presents a discussion of the various laws relating to wing design with the conclusion being that lift increases with more acute angles of attack.
Date: March 1921
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Rumpler Passenger Airplane

Description: This report details the Rumpler Limousine which was a further development of the well known type 5 A 2. The fuselage, engine, cabin, wings, controls, and landing gear are all discussed.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Langsdorff, Werner v.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Coupling of Engines

Description: This report examines the idea of coupling numerous engines together to turn a single propeller, which the author feels would free aircraft design from the problems of multi-engine and propeller design.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Boccaccio, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Extracts from the German Technical Process. Transport Airplanes.

Description: Report presenting a description of the transition stage of airplanes and how it will change with new developments in aircraft design. The details of the debate between centralized or decentralized installation are also provided, including some of the pros and cons of each.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Rohrbach, A. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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On the Definition of the Standard Atmosphere

Description: "On April 15, 1920, the under Secretary of State for Aeronautics and Aerial Transport decided to adopt as Standard Atmosphere for official airplane tests in France, the atmosphere defined by the following law, known as the Law of the S.T.You.(Technical Section of Aeronautics): From 0 to 11,000 m. - 0=15-0.0065 Z and above 11,000 m. - 0= -56.5 degrees being the temperature in centigrade degrees at altitude Z expressed in meters. For altitude 0 the pressure is 760 mm of mercury. In the magazine "L'Aeronautique" Mr. A. Toussaint has already written at length on the first studies which led to the elaboration of this law. Since that time the results obtained have been confirmed by fuller and more abundant data which have justified the official adoption of the Law of the S.T.Ae" (p. 1).
Date: April 1921
Creator: Grimault, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Resume of the Theory of Naval and Aerial Propulsive Propellers and of Airplanes in the Rectilinear Flight

Description: Though dissimilar, these two subjects have been united because they have some points in common. The computation of the movement of an airplane can only be correctly established if we are in a position to know exactly the thrust and resisting torque of the propeller for the various values of slip, which may vary greatly according to circumstance. The first part of the work concerns propellers and introduces as a fundamental variable, the true slip (delta) with respect to the effective pitch, which is the advance per revolution of the propeller corresponding to no thrust. The second part deals with characteristic curves of an airplane.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Rateau, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some New Tests at the Gottingen Laboratory

Description: The tests at the Gottingen laboratory included: friction tests on a surface treated with emaillite, verification tests on the M.V.A. 356 wing, and comparative tests of wing no. 36 at the Eiffel laboratory. The examination of all these experiments leads to the belief that, at large incidences, the speeds registered by the suction manometer of the testing chamber of the Eiffel laboratory wind tunnel are, owing to pressure drop, greater than the actual speeds. Therefore, the values of k(sub x) and k(sub y) measured at the Eiffel laboratory at large incidences are too low.
Date: April 1921
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of the Resistance Offered by Propellers Rotating on an Airstream

Description: This report presents a series of tests conducted to verify the formula for thrust P = q(exp 2) D(exp 2) V(exp 2), where P represents thrust, V the velocity of the airstream, D the diameter of the propeller, and q the lifting quality of a comparative propeller which is called the conjugate propeller.
Date: April 1921
Creator: Lame, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Technical Development of the Transport airplane: Report of the Aero-Technical Conference of the Scientific Association for Aeronautics, March 5, 1919

Description: The abolition of military qualifications gives free scope to new technical possibilities in the development of transport airplanes. This report notes the various considerations that must be made when designing aircraft to meet the needs of commercial passengers. Comfort and safety must be emphasized.
Date: April 1921
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Distant-Compass

Description: Report presenting a description of fluid compasses that are being used in aircraft, including why magnetic compasses are not usable. Details of the distant compass are provided, which is an improved form of the compass that has a practical application in seaplanes.
Date: June 1921
Creator: Friedensburg, Walter & Miner, D. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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