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Piqua Nuclear Power Facility Operations Analysis Program Progress Report Number 2: 1963

Description: Progress report for the Piqua Reactor Operations Analysis Program describing observations and analyses at the Piqua Nuclear Power Facility (PNPF). The program goals are to monitor operations and collect data in order to ensure that the plant's operation is safe, to improve design and performance, to evaluate the performance and lifetime of the plant's components and systems, to evaluate plant safety and safeguards, and to disseminate all information to the scientific community.
Date: November 30, 1963
Creator: Auleta, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Fueled Graphite Containing Pyrolytic-Carbon Coated Carbide Particles for Nonpurged, Gas-Cooled Reactor Systems

Description: Abstract: Progress is reported in several areas of development of fueled graphite containing coated particles for nonurged gas-cooled reactor systems. The sol-gel process has been modified for making spherical particles of both thorium-uranium carbide and thorium-uranium oxide suitable for coating. Equipment has been assembled and methods have been developed for deposition of pyrolytic-carbon coating under well-controlled conditions. Damage to coated particles during fabrication into a graphi… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Carlsen, F. L., Jr.; Bomar, E. S. & Harms, W. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Proposal for the Mc2 Isochronous Cyclotron: A General Purpose High-Intensity 810-MeV Proton Accelerator

Description: Abstract: "The Oak Ridge National Laboratory proposes to build an isochronous eight-sector proton cyclotron to provide an extracted beam in excess of 100 A at 810 MeV. The primary proton beam and the secondary meson and neutron beams will be used to investigate nuclear structure, and the interactions between elementary particles. Biomedical and Space-oriented research programs are also planned. Shielded research areas and an extensive beam transport and analysis system are provided. Theoretical… more
Date: November 1, 1963
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Buckling Measurements : Heavy Natural Uranium Tubular Fuel Assemblies

Description: One-region buckling measurements that were made on a series of D/sub 2/O- moderated lattices of heavy uranium metal tubes in the Process Development Pile at Savannah River Laboratory are presented. The purposes of these measurements are to provide normalization points for lattice bucklings and to extend the study of natural uranium- D/sub 2/O systems. The dependence of buckiing on the moderator-to-fuel ratio is studied for two types of lattices.
Date: November 20, 1963
Creator: Dunklee, A. E. & Graves, William E. (William Ernest), 1941-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Designs and Special Applications for Fast Breeders

Description: The purpose of this paper is to describe a few of the suggested advanced concepts for fast breeder reactors and to compare these with the standard approach as to their potential advantage. I have attempted to estimate the economic effect of full technical success with each of the proposed concepts. The proposed concepts include: (1) single sodium system, (2) steam-cooled core concept, (3) direct cycle reactor using potassium as reactor coolant and working fluid, (4) molten plutonium-fuel alloy… more
Date: November 11, 1963
Creator: Hammond, R. Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Diffusion of Fast Neutrons

Description: From American Nuclear Society Meeting, New York, Nov. 1963. The use of the asymptotic solution to the one-velocity transport equation is considered. The angular distribution for fast neutron elastic scattering by heavy elements is discussed. An exponential angular distribution on is assumed to simplify the decay length calculation. The diffusion length of 1 to 15 Mev neutrons in iron is calculated, as well as the vector flux angular dependence. The asymptotic solution for an arbitrary angular d… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Francis, N. C.; Brooks, E. J. & Watson, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Statistical Techniques Used in the Specific Zirconium Alloy Design Program

Description: Technical report describing the statistically designed empirical approach being used to choose a candidate Zr alloy optimum with respect to corrosion and hydriding rates in steam and having acceptable mechanical properties. The statistical techniques used and the reasons for their use are discussed in detail, with emphasis on the estimation of corrosion rates. Estimation of response surfaces is also considered.
Date: November 11, 1963
Creator: Jaech, John L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Maritime Loop Irradiation Program for Savannah I Fuel Post-Irradiation Examination of SI5BM Fuel Assembly

Description: Abstract: A stainless steel clad 9-rod assembly fabricated by The Babcock & Wilcox Company was irradiated in a boiling water loop of the General Electric Test Reactor. A post-irradiation examination revealed no significant dimensional changes on the fuel rods. the results of mass spectrometric analysis made of the pelletized UO2 fuel indicated a maximum burnup of 11,500 MWD/tonne was attained by Rod B-4 during the exposure.An x-ray diffraction examination of an unirradiated fuel sample revealed… more
Date: November 7, 1963
Creator: Mathay, P. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Uranium Dioxide Fuel Rod Center Melting Test in the Vallecitos Boiling Water Reactor

Description: Technical report describing that as part of the AEC Fuel Cycle Program, tests are being conducted to evaluate the significance of current fuel design limitations that do not permit the maximum fuel temperature to exceed the melting point of UO2. The reliability of prediction of the fuel rod operating conditions that will cause melting of the UO2 was evaluated by means of a calibration test conducted in the Vallecitos Boiling Water Reactor. Conclusions: (a) The central portion of the 3.15-cm dia… more
Date: November 15, 1963
Creator: Williamson, H. E. & Hoffmann, J. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of UO2 Grain Growth Data From "Out of Pile" Experiments

Description: Summary: Data on equlaxed UO2 grain growth from "out of pile" experiments have been gathered from all known sources and analyzed to determine the relationship between the grain size developed and annealing temperature and between grain size and the time at temperature. On the basis of the analysis, an equation relating gain size to time and temperate has been selected that appears to best describe the data considered as a whole. The coefficients in this grain growth equation have been evaluated… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Lyons, M. F.; Coplin, D. H. & Weidenbaum, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactor Safety and Fuel Cycle Economics Considerations for Fast Reactors

Description: Abstract: A core design study of a 10 Mwe fast ceramic reactor is presented. Local reactivity coefficients, safety criteria, accident analyses, and economics are considered. An attempt is made to find a new balance of characteristics by purely geometric devices, i.e., by exploring the sodium : fuel ratio and varying the height : diameter ratio of the core. The use of BeO in the core was also investigated.
Date: November 11, 1963
Creator: Cohen, K. P.; Greebler, P.; McNelly, M. J.; Murphy, P. M.; Sherer, D. B. & Zebroski, E. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Superheat Quarterly Project Report: Seventeenth Quarter, August-October 1963

Description: From introduction: "This is the seventeenth in a series of quarterly reports which cover the progress and results from the conceptual designs, economic evaluations and research and development work performed by the General Electric Company as part of Contract AT(01-3)-189, Project Agreement No. 13."
Date: November 15, 1963
Creator: Flock, W. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Influence of the Doppler Effect on the Meltdown Accident

Description: The influence of the Doppler effect in the core disassembly process following a meltdown accident is examined with a Bethe-Tait type model in which the Doppler effect, as well as core disassembly, is considered in the reactor shutdown process. It is shown that a strong negative Doppler effect can radically reduce the explosive energy release in such an accident. (auth)
Date: November 18, 1963
Creator: Wolfe, B.; Friedman, N. & Riley, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Energy Deposition by Fast Neutrons. [Part] II, Yield of the Fricke Dosimeter at 14.6 Mev

Description: A measurement of the yield of the aerated, ferrous sulfate-sulfuric acid (Fricke) dosimeter for 14.6-Mev neutrons gave a value of GF /sub Fe/sup +5/= 11.5 plus or minus 1.8. G/sub Fe/ number of ferric ions produced per 100 ev deposited. The determination combined an analysis of the energy deposit by scattering and charged particle reactions with a determination of the neutron flux by two independent means: (1) a "long counter" method and (2) an activation technique. The result is in reasonable … more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Axtmann, Robert C. & Licari, Joseph A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Automatic Exit Steam Quality Control for Boiling Water Reactors

Description: From American Nuclear Society Meeting, New York, Nov. 1963. The need for control of the flow distribution and/or steam quality in boiling reactors is discussed. A quality control device is being developed which consists of an entrance venturi and an exit venturi for measuring the flow rates into and out of the channel, means for comparing the two flow rate signals, and a value for regulating the flow rate. This device can be used either as a constant quality device or as a controlled-quality de… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Gall, D. A. & Doyle, E. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Analysis of PM Long Life Core 3

Description: Introduction. Under AEC contract the Martin Company has followed up the design and construction of the PM-1 and PM-3A nuclear power plants with R&D efforts seeking improved plant efficiency, increased core life and higher operating power. The Advanced PM cores have evolved step by step, with the addition of degrees of freedom to design latitude. A first replacement core, Core 2, has been designed to achieve 50 percent greater life than PM-1 through relatively minor design changes. Core 3 re… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Bagley, Raymond. & George, Critz.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Feasibility of a Liquid Phase Chemonuclear Ozone Process

Description: At the Chemonuclear Workshop held at Brookhaven National laboratory in November 1962 it was pointed out that the production of ozone from oxygen by a liquid phase fission fragment chemonuclear process appears to have reasonable economic potential. The maximum theoretical reaction yield for the formation of ozone from oxygen is a "G" value of 68 molecules for 100 ev based on heat of reaction data. The authors felt a "G" value of 15 to be reasonable for this study. the reactor system chosen has l… more
Date: November 19, 1963
Creator: Cagnetta, J. P.; Goellner, D. & Steinberg, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fluxes and Reaction Rates in the Presence of Interferring Resonances

Description: The effects of competition between resonances of different isotopes were investigated. Flux and reaction rate calculations on a Pu/sup 239/-- U/sup 238/ system revealed that U/sup 238/ exhibits both self-shielding and interference effects, the latter becoming noticeable at enrichment of a few per cent. Gold activation was also found to be depressed by the presence of U, but was insensitive at low enrichment values, Investigation of the Pu/sup 239/ resonance integral showed an asymmetric effect … more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Kelber, Charles N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Eddy Diffusion on Temperatures in a Fixed Bed, Particulate-Fueled Nuclear Reactor

Description: Abstract: To assess diffusion's importance, the temperature distribution in a cylindrical reactor is derived for a coolant with uniform properties and velocity, taking into account both radial and axial diffusion, for a cosine-J0 power distribution. The fractional temperature rise of the coolant is found to be [chemical formula] where E(z) = [sin(z) + sin(Z)]/2 sin(Z), z= π x/2′, x is the axial distance from the core center, -H and ′ are the core half-height and extrapolated half-height, -H≤x≤… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Barker, James J. & Benenati, Robert F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Behavior of Irradiated Metallic Fuel Elements Exposed to Nuclear Excursion in TREAT

Description: In fast reactor safety studies, it is imperative to know the effects of temperature excursions on the fuel elements. Previous controlled out-of-pile experiments on the behavior of uranium fuel elements under meltdown or near-meltdown conditions have been performed using direct electrical resistance heating or furnace heating. As a step toward obtaining more complete information on reactivity effects accompanying fuel meltdown, the behavior of irradiated EBR II and Fermi A samples under transien… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Monaweck, J. H.; Dickerman, Charles Edward, 1932- & Sowa, E. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Radiation on Mechanical Properties of CVTR Pressure Tube Material

Description: An essential part of establishing the acceptability of warm extruded Zircaloy-4 for the CVTR pressure tube application was the determination of irradiation effects on mechanical properties of the alloy. Representative specimens were irradiated in low temperature process water in the WTR for simulated two, three and five year exposure. The effects of this irradiation were then evaluated in terms of changes in tensile, impact and creep properties. The experiment results concluded that the irra… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Smalley, W. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of k∞ From Measurements on a Small Test Sample in a Critical Assembly

Description: Abstract. The determination of the infinite multiplication factor, k∞ , from measurement son a small test sample was investigated by both theoretical and experimental techniques. Theoretical relations were developed to calculate the error in the measurement due to a mismatch between the flux ratios in the critical assembly and those of the test sample. Experiments were carried out at the Hanford Laboratory of the General Electric Company with the PCTR, to obtain values of the multiplication f… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Lanning, David Dayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Separation From Biological Material

Description: This study is part of a research into trace element physiology of fresh water snails. As an average, biological materials contain [approximately] o.0% (fresh weight) NaCl ; this means [approximately] 3540 mg Na/1 (in snails, 0.4% NaCl [approximately] ms/1). Under these conditions, the application of neutron activation plus gamma spectrum analysis for the study of most trace elements as a routine method, is difficult. We will narrow down the scope some more and consider only the interference be… more
Date: November 1963
Creator: Spronk, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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