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Metallurgical Laboratory, Chemical Research - Radiation Chemistry, the Effect of Radiation on Water and Aqueous Solutions of Inorganic Substances

Description: Technical report summarizing our knowledge of the chemical effects of ionizing radiation upon water and upon aqueous solutions of inorganic compounds. The types of radiation considered are beta rays, gamma and X rays, and heavy particles, notably neutrons, deuterons, alpha rays and fission recoils.
Date: February 22, 1944
Creator: Allen, A. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Chemistry of Uranium(VI) Orthophosphate Solutions

Description: From introduction: This is the first in a series of reports describing an investigation of the chemistry of uranium(VI) orthophosphate solutions which is at present underway in this laboratory. Spectrophotometric, potentiometric and solubility studies have been carried out, and it is the first of these which is reported here.
Date: June 22, 1953
Creator: Baes, Charles F., Jr.; Schreyer, J. M. & Lesser, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Fast Coincidence Circuit with Pulse Height Selection

Description: Abstract: The output signal of a linear accelerator may have a rise time of 1-2 x 10[minus]7 seconds. Therefore, the output of a pulse height selector operating on this signal has a variation of delay from the original signal of about this amount. In the instrument to be described in this technical report this difficulty is largely resolved.
Date: April 22, 1947
Creator: Bell, P. B.; DeBenedetti, Sergio & Francis, J. B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiation Stability Studies

Description: From abstract: "An investigation of the radiation stabilities of aqueous solutions of sodium ethylenediamine tetraacetate and sodium acetate was made using a 3000-curie Co⁶⁰ source...A study of the behavior of the standard-size Beckman type glass pH electrodes in a solution containing 0.36 curie of Ce¹⁴⁴-Pr¹⁴⁴ activity per milliliter showed the useful electrode life to be of the order of two to eight days."
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Blanco, R. E.; Kibbey, A. H. & Pannell, J. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculation of Stagewise Contacting Systems

Description: From abstract: General expressions relating product stream compositions to the operating conditions of countercurrent stagewise extraction columns are derived by an inductive method, and the conversion of the general equations to ones involving the particular case of constant extraction factor is demonstrated. For comparison, the derivation of simple column equations by the use of finite difference equations is included.
Date: May 22, 1953
Creator: Bloom, J. L. & Auer, P. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Metallurgical Laboratory, Chemical Research - Analytical, Graphite Purity Research Program

Description: Abstract. Chemical analytical studies of graphite raw materials have revealed new sources of petroleum cokes and pitches of greater purity than those previously used in the manufacture of project graphite. The use of these raw materials of exceptional purity has resulted in an improvement in k of the order of one per cent as compared with the AGOT-AGNT graphite typical of the previous production. A study of the graphitizing process has shown that no dangerous impurities are introduced in the graphite in manufacture; rather, the process actually purifies. furthermore, impurities are distributed homogeneously within the furnace charge; thus the AGOT-AGNT distinction is no longer necessary. A comparison of the methods of graphite testing has demonstrated excellent correlations between chemical analytical data, the results of the function test at Argonne, and the sigma pile experiments. It may therefore be inferred that chemical testing should be an adequate control of the graphite purity. Methods are described for the analysis of ash, B, V, TI, FE, and Ca in petroleum coke, pitch, and graphite.
Date: December 22, 1943
Creator: Boyd, G. E.; Curtis, R. E. & Johnston, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Wet Fluoride Studies: Calcium Plutonium (IV) Fluoride

Description: Laboratory studies have shown that the double salt, CaF2-PuF4, can be precipitated by rapid addition of hydro-fluoric acid to solutions containing 25 to 75 g Pu/1, caleium equimolar to plutonium, and 1 to 10 M HNO3. The precipitate, which is subsequently washed with water and dried to 300 degrees C in dehumidified, deoxygenated argon, can be reduced thermally by calcium to give high yields of plutonium metal.
Date: December 22, 1953
Creator: Branin, P. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Report on the Brookhaven Nuclear Reactor Prepared for Reactor Safeguard Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission

Description: This technical report provides a general description of the Brookhaven National Laboratory, describing the nuclear characteristics of the Brookhaven reactor and more detailed descriptions of the features and instrumentation of the reactor.
Date: June 22, 1948
Creator: Brookhaven National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U-235 Critical Mass Dependence on Moderation

Description: Introduction: "Based on experimental data and on conservative theoretical considerations, an estimate has been made of the relation of the mining U-235 critical mass to the hydrogen moderation for uranium material at the U-235 assays for which experimental information is available. These estimates have been used in indicating maximum safe amounts for conditions where definite moderation limitations can be established."
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Callihan, A. D.; Henry, Hugh F. & Macklin, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Metallurgy Division Quarterly Progress Report for Period Ending April 30, 1952

Description: This quarterly progress report discusses ongoing work at the Metallurgy Division at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Topics discussed include thorium research, the preferred orientation of uranium, studies in the ceramics laboratory, the homogenous reactor program, studies in the x-ray laboratory, studies in the metallographic laboratory, the experimental plate-cladding program, and fuel and control element fabrication.
Date: September 22, 1952
Creator: Frye, John H., Jr., 1908-2001 & Bridge, W. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mercury Amalgam Bonding of Uranium and Copper

Description: Technical report summarizing one phase of work done to develop methods of bonding uranium to a metal which is a good conductor of heat. Silver was chosen for contact with uranium because it is easy to plate on uranium and there is no danger of brittle Ag-U compounds being formed at elevated temperatures. [From Abstract]
Date: January 22, 1951
Creator: Glasgow, L. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of Adsorbed Moisture on Uranium and Uranium Oxide: A New Method for Moisture Determinations

Description: Abstract: "A method is described for determining moisture on uranium and uranium oxides. This method should also be applicable to solid samples which, when heated, do not decompose to form water or liberate a substance which will react with Fischer's reagent. The method should be especially applicable to samples which are insoluble in alcohol or Karl Fischer reagent under normal titration conditions, or which will themselves react with the reagent. The amount of moisture on uranium and uranium oxide was found to be 0.02% except when the oxide was found to be 0.02% except when the oxide source was uranyl sulfate. In this case, the moisture content was found to be 0.1%. Modifications of the procedure and apparatus are presented for improving the accuracy and shortening the time necessary for the determination."
Date: April 22, 1953
Creator: Hibbits, James O. & Zucker, Donald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MTA Target Equations

Description: In solving the two-group, two medium equations for neutron diffusion in a finite one-dimensional multiplying system, the equations in each medium can be solved, and the boundary conditions used to determine the coefficients. This direct attack involves eight simultaneous linear equations. The opportunities for error are numerous, and, frequently, a great deal of accuracy is lost by subtractions; hence, it is felt that an alternative method of solution, in which numerical errors would be less likely to occur, would be desirable.
Date: May 22, 1952
Creator: Kramer, H. P. & Adelman, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Adiabatic Injection

Description: From introduction comments: The present analysis is intended to examine the relations for "adiabatic" injection in general from a different point of view.
Date: September 22, 1955
Creator: Linlor, William I., 1915-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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