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Radiocarbon from Pile Graphite; Chemical Methods for its Concentration

Description: Abstract. Samples of pile graphite, irradiated in a test-hole at Hanford for 15 months, have been assayed for radioactive C14, yielding 0.38 ± 0.04 microcuries per gram. At this level of activity, the pile graphite contains very valuable amounts of C14. The relation between the above assay and the probable average assay of pile graphite is discussed, and it is concluded that the latter is almost certainly above 0.3 uc/ gram. Controlled oxidation of this graphite, either with oxygen at ~ 750°C, or with chromic acid "cleaning solution" at room temperature, yields early fractions which are highly enriched in C14. Concentrations of 5-fold with oxygen, and 50-fold with CRO{sub3}, have been observed. The relation between the observed enrichment and the Wigner effect is discussed, and a mechanism accounting for the observations put forward. According to this, about 25% of the stable carbon atoms in the lattice have been displaced by Wigner effect, a large fraction of which have healed the migrating to crystal edges. All the C14 atoms have been displaced, and the same fraction of these migrate to the edges. The enrichment then results from surface oxidation, in the oxygen case. Predictions are made on the basis of this hypothesis. A technique of counting radioactive CO2 in the gas phase is described
Date: October 10, 1946
Creator: Arnold, James R. & Libby, Willard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of D2O and UO2F2 by Distillation

Description: Technical report describing the purification and separation by distillation of UO2F2 from D2O. In the experiment which is discussed 2,129.6 lbs of UO2F2 were dissolved in 6,605 lbs of D2O. The average isotopic purity of the D2O decreased during the distillation from 99.77% to 99.73%. The dissolved impurities were less than those present originally in the heavy water.
Date: October 10, 1945
Creator: Fischer, R. & Wattenberg, Albert, 1917-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of Iron in Thorium, Beryllium, and Cerium

Description: Introduction. the colorimetric determination of iron based on the formation of the colored ferrous-1,10-phenanthroline complex has been used successfully by a number of investigators. In this technical report, its adaptation to the routine determination of iron in cerium, thorium, and beryllium metals and their compounds is described.
Date: September 10, 1945
Creator: Ericson, R. P & Fornefeld, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Healing of Fast-Neutron-Induced Changes in Graphite. II. The Effect of Heating During Exposure, Interim Report on Problem 323 MLC 2301

Description: Technical report. The effect of temperature during pile exposure on the fast-neutron-induced change in properties of graphite was studied. Temperatures up to 125 degrees C have no effect upon the rate of increase of elastic modulus; pieces exposed at 300 degrees C on the other hand show no change at all in elastic modulus. The increase in electrical resistance s an inverse function of the temperature of exposure at all temperatures in the range 60 to 300 degrees C.
Date: July 10, 1944
Creator: Neubert, Thomas A.; Novick, A.; Schenck, R. & Shapiro, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uranium Hydride, a Review to January 1, 1944

Description: Abstract. A review of all work on uranium hydride published in the CC, CT, CN and CE reports to January 1, 1944, is presented. Some additional information not yet published has been included, so this report includes all data known from the above sources and at Ames to the above date. This report supersedes all previous report on uranium hydride coming out of the Ames laboratory.
Date: February 10, 1944
Creator: Newton, A. S.; Warf, J. C.; Johnson, O. & Nottorf, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Reactor Physics, Quarterly Progress Report, August-October, 1953

Description: "A thorough analysis of the data obtained on depleted, natural, and enriched uranium lattices has been made. Consideration of the possible sources of discrepancies between theory and experiment has led to a suspicion of the calculated thermal neutron diffusion lengths. A series of diffusion length measurements in non-multiplying lattices of lead-cadmium alloy has been initiated. An analysis of some early exponential experiments on lattices proposed for a neutron production reactor has been carried out in order to determine whether experimental results on these more complicated structures are consistent with the analysis carried out for the "clean" lattices."
Date: December 10, 1953
Creator: Laubenstein, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annual Technical Progress Report, AEC Unclassified Programs: 1965

Description: Annual report describing progress on unclassified research programs funded by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission during the 1964-65 fiscal year.
Date: November 10, 1965
Creator: North American Aviation. Atomics International Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cation Exchange in Acetone-Water-Hydrochloric Acid

Description: Abstract: Distribution coefficients have been measured for the partition of metal ions between cation exchange resin and acetone-water-hydrochloric acid solutions. the differences in distribution coefficients of metal ions are greater in acetone-water media than in aqueous media of the same hydrochloric acid concentration. Using distribution coefficient data, conditions for column separations of mixtures can be selected. Column separations of metal ion mixtures can be effected by eluting with acetone-water-hydrochloric acid solutions of different compositions. Successful separations of a number of mixtures are reported.
Date: May 10, 1962
Creator: Fritz, James S. (James Sherwood), 1924- & Rettig, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Magnetic Properties of Some Intra-Rare Earth Alloys

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Paramagnetic susceptibilities of samarium structure alloys in the systems La-Gd, Nd-Y, Nd-Tm, and Ce-Y were measured from 4.2 - 300°K to determine what effect the formation of this structure has on the magnetic properties of the alloys. Susceptibility maxima were observed in the Nd-Y and Nd-Tm alloys, at 34.5 and 28.5°K, respectively. Slope changes were observed in the curve of 1/x versus T for the La-Gd alloy at 155 and 130°K, and the susceptibility of this alloy remained temperature-independent from 130-7°K. A rather poorly defined region of constant susceptibility was also observed or the Ce-Y alloy, from 26-37°K. Above these transition temperatures, the alloys obeyed the Curie-Weiss law, the susceptibilities of the La-Gd and Ce-Y samples indicating the possibility of electron transfer occurring in these cases."
Date: September 10, 1962
Creator: Roughan, P. E. & Deane, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Crystal Structure of Bismuth Subchloride

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The stoichiometric formula of the lower chloride in the BiCl3-Bi system has been established as Bi12Cl14 (BiCl1.167) through a dingle crystal, X-ray determination of its structure. ... Previous studies of the Bi-Cl3-Bi system are re-examined in the light of the structural results."
Date: January 10, 1963
Creator: Hershaft, Alex & Corbett, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Spectrophotometric Determination of Perchlorate

Description: Technical report. Form Abstract : "Perchlorate is extracted from aqueous solution by n-butyronitrile as ferrous 1,10-phenanthroline perchlorate. The amount of perchlorate is calculated from spectrophotometric measurement of the absorbance of the extract. Moderate to large amounts of chloride, sulfate, or nitrate cause little or no interference. Chlorate is slightly extracted but the interference can be corrected."
Date: May 10, 1963
Creator: Fritz, James S. & Campbell, Patricia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Process Simulation on a Digital Computer Using Analog Methods

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "A system has been developed to program a digital computer in much the same manner as an analog computer is programmed. Properties of a general purpose analog computer and a digital differential analyzer are combined to yield a program which employs, as input, standard data cards prepared from a diagram analogous to an analog computer diagram. The capacity of the system is much greater than that of most analog computers, making it applicable to large simulation problems. No scaling is required. The system is compatible with the Fortran symbolic language and may be used as part of a larger digital computer program. It may be applied to the more general types of boundary value problems arising in process simulation in addition to the initial value problems ordinarily solved on analog computers. It is particularly well adapted to non-linear problems and to control problems involving large transport delays. The program operates in basic machine language and, when used by itself, requires no compilation time."
Date: July 10, 1963
Creator: Farris, George J. & Burkhart, Lawrence E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Research Progress Meeting June 10, 1948

Description: This summary of the research progress meeting on June 10, 1948 discusses the following topics: (1) 184-inch cyclotron (J. Vale); (2) Slow neutrons in the shielding of the 184-inch cyclotron (W. Benson); and (3) Fission of thorium with alpha particles (A. Newton).
Date: June 10, 1948
Creator: Wakerling, R. K. (Raymond Kornelious), 1914-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal Spikes and Uranium Instability

Description: Thermal spikes occurring during the life of a slug in a pile cause a momentary destruction of the original configuration of atoms in the metal. This process occurs at such a rate that in a thermal neutron flux of 10(13) neutrons per square centimeter per second each atom in the metal will be subject to temperatures above the melting point of uranium every 40 minutes.
Date: December 10, 1952
Creator: Last, G. A. & McLachlan, D., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Study of Efficiencies and Pressure Drop Characteristics of Air-Filtering Media

Description: Removal of particles from air is discussed in terms of three classes of filtering media--air-sampling, respirator, and air-cleaning. Plots of efficiency versus filtering velocity are presented. The pressure drop characteristics of the filters are discussed in terms of initial pressure drops of the clean filters, variations in pressure drop of the individual filters, and comparison of loading rates.
Date: August 10, 1953
Creator: Adley, F. E.; Scott, R. H. & Gill, W. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diffusion of Stack Gases in Very Stable Atmospheres: Case II

Description: In 1949 Barad presented two solutions to the general diffusion equation. Basic in both solutions is the assumption that in very stable atmospheres a point source may be replaced by a vertical area of uniform concentration at a short distance downwind. This vertical area is considered to exist at the distance at which the plume finally "levels-off" and assumes a flat ribbon-like appearance. In addition if the distance over which diffusion takes place is limited to one or two miles and if only the stable atmosphere with its narrow range of eddy sizes is considered, the average diffusion co-efficient (K) has a signficance which it does not have in the case of neutral equilibrium.
Date: August 10, 1953
Creator: Barad, M. L. & Shorr, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Preliminary Comparison of the Nannoplankton and Net Plankton of the Columbia River

Description: Plankton collected from the Columbia River by the net method and by the centrifuge method were compared. The centrifuged plankton (nannoplankton) exceeded the net plankton in weight, in abundance of organisms and in radioactivity. Similar seasonal trends were present in both types of plankton.
Date: September 10, 1953
Creator: Coopey, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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