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1,4-diphenylbutadiyne as a potential tritium getter, 1980, October 1

Description: Research on the acetylene compound 1,4-diphenylbutadiyne is an effort to develop an air-operative tritium gas scavenger. T/sub 2/ adds to the acetylene bond of the organic in the presence of a metal catalyst. The catalyst also stimulates the oxidation reaction as well. The butadiyne compound has shown good reaction efficiency at 300 ppM T/sub 2/ in static dry air. At this concentration 75% of the scavenged tritium was in the organic. This work has expanded to the investigation of liquid acetylenes, metal acetylene complexes, organometallics and acetylene based alcohols. The best of these compounds has gettered 100% of 10 to 500 ppM T/sub 2/ for both static and dynamic air flow conditions.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Miller, H. H.; Bissell, E. E.; Tsugawa, R. T. & Souers, P. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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10-MWe solar-thermal central-receiver pilot plant, solar-facilities design integration: system integration laboratory test plan (RADL item 6-4)

Description: A general demonstration test plan is provided for the activities to be accomplished at the Systems Integration Laboratory. The Master Control System, Subsystem Distributed Process Control, Representative Signal Conditioning Units, and Redline Units from the Receiver Subsystem and the Thermal Storage Subsystem and other external interface operational functions will be integrated and functionally demonstrated. The Beckman Multivariable Control Unit will be tested for frequency response, static checks, configuration changes, switching transients, and input-output interfaces. Maximum System Integration Laboratory testing will demonstrate the operational readiness of Pilot Plant controls and external interfaces that are available. Minimum System Integration Laboratory testing will be accomplished with reduced set of hardware, which will provide capability for continued development and demonstration of Operational Control System plant control application software. Beam Control System Integration Laboratory testing will demonstrate the operational readiness of the Beam Control System equipment and software. (LEW)
Date: October 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

1980 NURE Potential Resource Estimates

Description: Supplementary data for the National Uranium Resource Evaluation containing potential resource estimates in the Colorado Plateau to accompany a report on uranium in the United States.
Date: October 1980
Creator: United States. Department of Energy. Grand Junction Office.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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9519 biotite granodiorite reacted in a temperature gradient

Description: A biotite granodiorite from the Fenton Hill Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal system was reacted in a controlled temperature gradient with initially distilled water for 60d. Polished rock prisms were located in the gradient at 72, 119, 161, 209, 270, and 310/sup 0/C. Scanning electron microscope and microprobe analyses show the appearance of secondary phases: Ca-montmorillonite at 72/sup 0/C and 119/sup 0/C; zeolite, either stilbite or heulandite, at 161/sup 0/C; and another zeolite, thomsonite, at higher temperatures. Solution analyses show a steady state equilibrium exists between solution and overgrowths after about 2 weeks of reaction. The chemographic relations for the system are explored in some detail indicating the divariant assemblages may be placed in a reasonable sequence in intensive variable space. These relations predict high and low temperature effects not directly observed experimentally as well as relevant univariant equilibria. Solution chemistry indicates the Na-Ca-K geothermometer more adequately predicts temperature in this system than does the silica geothermometer.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Charles, R. W. & Bayhurst, Gregory K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ACTINIDE-CARBON BONDS: INSERTION REACTIONS OF CARBON MONOXIDE, tert-BUTYLISOCYANTDE, AND tert-BUTYLCYANIDE INTO [[(Me{sub 3}Si){sub 2}N]{sub 2}MCH{sub 2}Si(Me){sub 2}NSiMe{sub 3}

Description: The thorium or uranium metallocycles, [(Me{sub 3}Si){sub 2}N]{sub 2} ~ MCH{sub 2}Si(Me){sub 2}NSiMe{sub 3} (I), react with tert-butylcyanide to give the six~membered ring compounds, [(Me{sub 3}Si){sub 2}N]{sub 2}MN=C(t-Bu)CH{sub 2}SI(Me){sub 2}N- SiMe{sub 3}. The metallocycles (I) also react with the isoelectronic molecules tert-butylisocyanide and carbon monoxide to give the unique five~membered ring compounds with exocyclic carbon-carbon double bonds, [(Me{sub 3}Si){sub 2}N]{sub 2}MXC (=CH{sub 2})Si (Me){sub 2}NSiMe{sub 3} , where X is t-BuN or oxygen. The four-membered ring metallocycles (I) give simple coordination complexes of the type [ (Me{sub 3}Si){sub 2}N]{sub 2}MCH{sub 2}Si (Me){sub 2}NSiMe{sub 3}-(N{sub 3}SiMe{sub 3}) with trimethylsilylazide.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Simpson, Stephen J. & Andersen, Richard A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced system demonstration for utilization of biomass as an energy source

Description: The results of the study investigations confirm the feasibility of collecting 1000 oven dry tons of biomass per day to fuel a 510,000 lb/hr boiler operating in a congeneration mode and producing steam and electricity. This study was based on the supply of a significant portion of the facility's biomass fuel by tree harvesting and collection operations within a 50 mile radius of the plant site. These operations, including transporting biomass to the conversion plant, would pose no threat to the environment if good forestry practice is carefully maintained. Other environmental factors relating to air and water discharges from the conversion plant pose no significant technological problems in complying with federal, state, and local regulations at a cost that is competitive with similar costs associated with fossil fueled facilities.
Date: October 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced system demonstration for utilization of biomass as an energy source

Description: The results of a 20 month study to explore the technical and economic feasibility of fuelwood utilization to operate a 50 megawatt energy conversion facility are described. The availability of biomass as a fuel source, the methods of harvesting and collecting the fuelstock, the costs of providing adequate fuel to the plant, and other requirements for fueling the proposed conversion facility are investigated. (MHR)
Date: October 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced system demonstration for utilization of biomass as an energy source. Volume IV. Design drawings

Description: This volume contains design drawings for the biomass cogeneration plant to be built in Maine. The drawings show a considerable degree of detail, however, they are not to be considered released for construction. There has been no actual procurement of equipment, therefore equipment drawings certified by suppliers have not been included. (DMC)
Date: October 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey, Final Report: Baton Rouge Quadrangle, Louisiana/Mississippi

Description: Final report analyzing aerial gamma ray and magnetic data in the Baton Rouge quadrangle, including a detailed geologic summary, interpretation report, reduced scale copies of all maps and profiles, histograms, and statistical tables for the quadrangle.
Date: October 1980
Location: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air quality analysis of Phase I of the proposed oil backout legislation. [Lead abstract]

Description: This report presents an air quality analysis of Phase I of the President's proposed legislation to reduce the use of oil and natural gas in electric utility power plants by approximately 1 x 10/sup 6/ barrels of oil per day. The report analyzes changes in sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions that would accompany the conversions. Local and regional impacts on ambient sulfur dioxide and sulfate concentrations are examined. Finally, the cost-effectiveness of certain control options and the effectiveness of converting the specified plants in reducing oil consumption without excessive environmental or cost impacts are discussed. Separate abstracts are prepared for the 6 chapters.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Streets, D.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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AJAX User's Guide

Description: AJAX is a computer program which processes programs written in DIGITAL FORTRAN-IV PLUS language, and produces new versions of these programs. The most important feature of a program produced by AJAX is that the numbered statements in the program will be renumbered such that they will be monotonically increasing from start to finish. Other formatting features are available as options. AJAX is written in VAX FORTRAN-IV PLUS language and runs on version 1.6 of the VMS operating system.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Fimple, M D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory waste management technology development activities. Summary progress report, 1979

Description: Summary reports on the Department of Energy's Nuclear Energy-sponsored waste management technology development projects at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory describe progress for calendar year 1979. Activities in airborne, low-level, and transuranic waste management areas are discussed. Work progress on waste assay, treatment, disposal, and environmental monitoring is reviewed.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Johnson, L.J. (comp.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ALLDOS: A Computer Program for Calculation of Radiation Doses From Airborne and Waterborne Releases

Description: The computer code ALLDOS is described and instructions for its use are presented. ALLDOS generates tables of radiation doses to the maximum individual and the population in the region of the release site. Acute or chronic release of radionuclides may be considered to airborne and waterborne pathways. The code relies heavily on data files of dose conversion factors and environmental transport factors for generating the radiation doses. A source inventory data library may also be used to generate the release terms for each pathway. Codes available for preparation of the dose conversion factors are described and a complete sample problem is provided describing preparation of data files and execution of ALLDOS.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Strenge, D. L.; Napier, B. A.; Peloquin, R. A. & Zimmerman, M. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alloy development for irradiation performance. Quarterly progress report for period ending June 30, 1980

Description: This report is organized along topical lines in parallel to a Program Plan of the same title so that activities and accomplishments may be followed readily relative to that Program Plan. Thus, the work of a given laboratory may appear throughout the report. Chapters 1, 2, 8, and 9 review activities on analysis and evaluation, test methods development, status of irradiation experiments, and corrosion testing and hydrogen permeation studies, respectively. These activities relate to each of the alloy development paths. Chapters 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 present the ongoing work on each alloy development path. The Table of Contents is annotated for the convenience of the reader.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Ashdown, B.G. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alternate protection concepts for second surface silver/glass solar mirrors

Description: Investigations into three technologies having the potential of significantly enhancing the durability of solar mirrors are reported. The approaches are based on the assumption that sealing the silver layer on second surface mirrors from the external environment with protective overcoats will significantly extend their useful service life. Considered are: (1) edge sealing a second sheet of glass over the silver layer using solder glasses, (2) overcoating the silver layer with liquid applied SiO/sub 2/ or TiO/sub 2/ coatings, and (3) overcoating the silver layer with an electroless nickel film. Preliminary experiments were performed using Sb/sub 2/O/sub 5/-K/sub 2/O and PbO based solder glasses to edge seal a second sheet of glass over the silver mirror surface. Problems encountered in the formulation of the Sb/sub 2/O/sub 5/-K/sub 2/O glasses forced abandonment of these low melting point solder glass experiments. Materials compatibility problems were encountered when using several of the commercially available PbO based solder glasses alternatives. A cursory evaluation of liquid SiO/sub 2/ and TiO/sub 2/ coatings was also undertaken. The films were applied as direct overcoats on both silver only and silver/copper mirror substrates. Although the process appeared to yield visually acceptable coatings, under microscopic examination the films were found to be porous and pinhole riddled after the final curing step. Consequently, they did not stand up well to salt spray and HCl vapor tests. Background data were collected in an investigation of overcoating the silver or silver/copper mirrors with an electroless deposited nickel film. Two formulations, one a basic solution, the other a commercial acidic solution, were attempted. Film integrity problems were encountered for fairly thick films in the feasibility experiments attempted. Nevertheless, the concept appears sound and merits further investigation.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Buckwalter, C. Q.; Dake, L. S.; Hartman, J. S. & Lind, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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AMINO ACID SYNTHESIS IN PHOTO-SYNTHESIZING SPINACH CELLS. EFFECTS OF AMMONIA ON POOL SIZES AND RATES OF LABELING FROM {sup 14}CO{sub 2}

Description: Isolated cells from leaves of Spinacea oleracea have been maintained in a state capable of high rates of photosynthetic CO{sub 2} fixation for more than 60 h. The incorporation of {sup 14}CO{sub 2} under saturating CO{sub 2} conditions into carbohydrates, carboxylic acids, and amino acids, and the effect of ammonia on this incorporation have been studied. Total incorporation, specific radioactivity and pool size have been determined as a function of time for most of the protein amino acids and for {gamma}-aminobutyric acid. the measurements of specific activities and of the approaches to {sup 14}C "saturation" of some amino acids indicate the presence and relative sizes of metabolically active and passive pools of these amino acids. Added ammonia decreased carbon fixation into carbohydrates and increased fixation into carboxylic acids and amino acids. Different amino acids were, however, affected in different and highly specific ways. Ammonia caused large stimulatory effects in incorporation of {sup 14}C into glutamine (a factor of 16), No effect or slight decreases were seen in glycine, serine, phenylalanine, and tyrosine labeling, In.the case of glutamate, {sup 14}C-labeling decreased, but specific activity increased. The production of labeled {gamma}-aminobutyric acid was virtually stopped by ammonia. The results indicate that added ammonia stimulates the reactions mediated by pyruvate kinase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase, as seen with other plant systems. The data on the effects of added ammonia on total labeling, pool sizes, and specific activities of several amino acids provides a number of indications about the intracellular sites of principal synthesis from carbon skeletons of these amino acids and the selective nature of effects of increased intracellular ammonia concentration on such synthesis.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Larsen, Peder Olesen; Cornwell, Karen L.; Gee, Sherry L. & Bassham, James A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of environmental issues related to small-scale hydroelectric development. III. Water level fluctuation

Description: Potential environmental impacts in reservoirs and downstream river reaches below dams that may be caused by the water level fluctuation resulting from development and operation of small scale (under 25MW) hydroelectric projects are identified. The impacts discussed will be of potential concern at only those small-scale hydroelectric projects that are operated in a store and release (peaking) mode. Potential impacts on physical and chemical characteristics in reservoirs resulting from water level fluctuation include resuspension and redistribution of bank and bed sediment; leaching of soluble organic matter from sediment in the littoral zone; and changes in water quality resulting from changes in sediment and nutrient trap efficiency. Potential impacts on reservoir biota as a result of water level fluctuation include habitat destruction and the resulting partial or total loss of aquatic species; changes in habitat quality, which result in reduced standing crop and production of aquatic biota; and possible shifts in species diversity. The potential physical effects of water level fluctuation on downstream systems below dams are streambed and bank erosion and water quality problems related to resuspension and redistribution of these materials. Potential biological impacts of water level fluctuation on downstream systems below dams result from changes in current velocity, habitat reduction, and alteration in food supply. These alterations, either singly or in combination, can adversely affect aquatic populations below dams. The nature and potential significance of adverse impacts resulting from water level fluctuation are discussed. Recommendations for site-specific evaluation of water level fluctuation at small-scale hydroelectric projects are presented.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Hildebrand, S.G. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of hybrid solar systems

Description: This study uses the TRNSYS simulation program to evaluate the performance of active charge/passive discharge solar systems with water as the working fluid. This design was introduced in the Village Homes development in Davis, Calif., and is currently being used by Trident Energy Systems in Davis. TRNSYS simulations are used to evaluate the heating performance and cooling augmentation provided by systems in several climates. The results of the simulations are used to develop a simplified analysis tool similar to the F-chart and Phi-bar procedures used for active systems. This tool, currently in a preliminary stage, should provide the designer with quantitative performance estimates for comparison with other passive, active, and nonsolar heating and cooling designs.
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Swisher, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the impact of the regulation of toxic substances on Sandia

Description: In recent years, Congress has passed two regulatory acts, namely the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) which seek to control the manufacture, use, and disposal of hazardous chemical substances. These acts can have a significant impact on Sandia's missions and will particularly affect those organizations involved in materials development and selection. The primary purpose of this report is to describe in some detail the impact of these acts on Sandia's corporate goals and make recommendations on what our response should be. Also described in this report is the present position of Sandia with respect to these regulatory acts and the policies and actions that Sandia has taken to date in an effort to minimize their impact.
Date: October 1980
Creator: Arnold, C., Jr. & Pigg, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980

Description: The executive study presents the results and progress of efforts toward understanding shale gas production from the Devonian shale in Appalachia. A correlation was found between the geochemical parameters of the shale in eastern Kentucky and shale gas production there. Tasks on resource inventory tasks and shale characterization include regional structure studies, production studies, geophysical studies, structure studies, fracture density and orientation, and fracture studies. (DLC)
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Negus-de Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of the structural parameters that influence gas production from the Devonian shale. Annual progress report, 1979-1980. Volume II. Data repository and reports published during fiscal year 1979-1980: regional structure, surface structure, surface fractures, hydrology

Description: This volume comprises appendices giving regional structure data, surface structure data, surface fracture data, and hydrology data. The fracture data covers oriented Devonian shale cores from West Virginia, Ohio, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Kentucky. The subsurface structure of the Eastern Kentucky gas field is also covered. (DLC)
Date: October 1, 1980
Creator: Negus-De Wys, J.; Dixon, J. M.; Evans, M. A.; Lee, K. D.; Ruotsala, J. E.; Wilson, T. H. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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