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1979 New Mexico legislative session: energy issues and legislation. [WIPP]

Description: This report is an account of the energy legislation and associated issues considered during the 1979 session of the 34th New Mexico Legislature. The session's major issue was the federal study of a proposed nuclear Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) in New Mexico. A large proportion of time and effort was spent on resolving the state's formal position toward the federal project. However, other energy concerns were also significant even though they were neither as controversial nor as visible as the primary issue. The two most important laws enacted were the Radioactive Waste Consultation Act and the Radioactive Waste Transportation Act. The Legislature considered 47 other energy-related bills, of which 17 were enacted.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Barsumian, L. & Vandevender, S.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey, Final Report. Volume 1: Thief River Falls, Grand Forks, Fargo, Milbank, Watertown, New Ulm and St. Cloud Quadrangles of North Dakota, South Dakota and Minnesota

Description: During the months of August and September, 1979, geoMetrics, Inc. collected 12,415 line miles of high sensitivity airborne radiometric and magnetic data in adjoining portions of South Dakota and Minnesota over seven 1 by 2 degree NTMS quadrangles (Thief River Falls, Grand Forks, Fargo, Milbank, Watertown, New Ulm, and St. Cloud). All radiometric and magnetic data were fully corrected and interpreted and are presented as eight volumes.
Date: October 1979
Creator: EG & G GeoMetrics
Location: None
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey, Volume 2. Final Report: Boise Quadrangle of Idaho

Description: Second volume of a report documenting a high-sensitivity airborne radiometric and magnetic survey of the Boise quadrangle including a detailed geologic summary, interpretation report, standard deviation maps, pseudo-contour maps, interpretation maps, flight line and geologic base map, and individual corrected profiles.
Date: October 1979
Creator: EG & G GeoMetrics
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey, Volume 2. Final Report: Idaho Falls Quadrangle of Idaho

Description: Second volume of a report documenting a high-sensitivity airborne radiometric and magnetic survey of the Idaho Falls quadrangle including a detailed geologic summary, interpretation report, standard deviation maps, pseudo-contour maps, interpretation maps, flight line and geologic base map, and individual corrected profiles.
Date: October 1979
Creator: EG & G GeoMetrics
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alternative process schemes for coal conversion. Progress report No. 3, June 1-August 31, 1979

Description: In coal gasification processes such as the flash hydropyrolysis or the Exxon catalytic process, methane is the major desired end product. However, methane is usually produced along with hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide. To obtain pipeline grade methane, it is necessary to develop economical methods of separating methane from hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide mixtures. The hydrogen and carbon monoxide are then recycled in the process. Several separation technologies such as absorption/stripping, cryogenic, clathrate formation have been examined. In this report, an absorption/stripping process calculation using propane as the absorption solvent for separation of methane from hydrogen and carbon monoxide has been performed. Detailed material and energy balances for the process as well as the dimensions of the absorber and the stripper are reported. Other major pieces of equipment such as heat exchangers pumps, and compressors were evaluated in order to determine the equivalent electrical energy of the process as approximately 13550 cal(e)/gm-mole methane produced. The purity of methane in the final stream is 96% by volume at 100/sup 0/F and 1000 psi. The present process appears to be a potential working process for methane separation in large quantity.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Sansone, M J & Dang, V D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Amorphous thin films for solar cell application. Quarterly report No. 2, July 1-September 30, 1979

Description: Research on the fabrication of efficient amorphous silicon solar cells is reported. Work on the deposition of a-Si:H films by sputtering is described. Other areas under scrutiny include (a) degree and effect of oxygen and/or argon incorporation into the films, (b) dopant transfer from target to films, (c) dopant and alloy ion-implantation effects, and (d) film annealing behavior. Results to date are presented. (WHK)
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Jonath, A D; Crowley, J L; MacMillan, H F; Anderson, W W; Junga, F A; Kooi, C F et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of a coal brokerage for a midwest site. [Green Bay and Kewaunee, Wisconsin]

Description: Coal demand of an area aggregated and served through a single facility in order to achieve the high volumes necessary to justify unit-train service is deemed a coal brokerage. Once such a system is initiated, it is conjectured that coal users too small to individually receive unit-train orders can begin to capture the cost savings associated with large volume shipments. In order to examine the coal-brokerage concept closely, the Green Bay-Kewaunee, Wisconsin region was chosen as the site for analysis because: (1) there had been speculation by lower peninsula Michigan utilities concerning a Wisconsin transshipment site for western coal; (2) the area's paper industry is a large coal user; (3) the Wisconsin Energy Office has researched coal consumption in depth, and has an available data base for industrial boilers and their fuel type; (4) line-haul rail routes allow for adequate access from western mines to utility and industrial coal users; and (5) there is no single user or facility currently large enough to handle unit-train shipments. Details on planning and design decisions for a coal brokerage are presented. (MCW)
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Knorr, R. & Wilkie, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of interactions of mechanical deformations and mass transfer on heat transfer from an underground nuclear-waste repository. Final report

Description: A review of existing models identified several effects that may need consideration in further model development. Most of these effects involved coupling equations through variable property values rather than through omission of any significant mechanism. However, it was also shown that more than one mechanism may adequately simulate a given set of experimental data and additional experimental data are needed to establish which (if any) of the possible mechanisms would actually control conditions in a nuclear waste repository. In particular, it is believed that mathematical modeling of major thermomechanical effects can be accomplished with finite element analysis computer programs, provided that adequate thermomechanical property data of salt and overburden are attained. An attempt was made to develop a general set of differential equations for simulating momentum, mass, and energy flows in geologic formations in order to illustrate the possible mechanisms and point out those included and not included in existing models. Most of the mechanisms are included in some manner in existing models although some approximations may not be adequate. More experimental data are required to assess the importance of most omitted mechanisms. Analysis of some data on brine migration in salt indicated that two mechanisms, acting simultaneously, could adequately explain the flow. These are Darcy flow and a combination of ordinary and thermal diffusion enhanced by temperature-dependent solubility. Equations based on this simultaneous action correlated the data very well and indicated the possible need to include both (and, maybe other) mechanisms in future models. A program is recommended for further study of brine mobility. An expected result of this program includes recommendations for further experimental work.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Bloom, S.G. & Hulbert, L.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical chemical system for the determination of heavy metals and organic compounds. Annual progress report, December 1, 1978-November 30, 1979

Description: Progress has been made in the synthesis and characterization of new resins for sequestering inorganic and organic compounds. The capabilities of the poly(dithiocarbamate) resin have been extended, a new poly(acrylamidoxime) resin prepared and characterized, and a series of resins for organic compounds prepared and tested. Limited actual sample analyses have been performed with these resins. A new inductively coupled plasma source, spectrometer, and computer system have been received and they are undergoing tests and installation. With this system in place, the multielement analysis of metals during the forthcoming period will insure the application of sequestering resins to practical analysis of energy-related materials. An automated sample handling and data system has been designed, some components purchased, and construction is scheduled for 1980.
Date: October 24, 1979
Creator: Siggia, S. & Barnes, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical study of TATB preheating methods

Description: TATB (1,3,5 - triamino 2,4,6 - Trinitrobenzene) is a very stable explosive that is remarkably insensitive to severe impact and thermal environment. Experiments on its initiation and detonation characteristics have found it difficult to initiate under the energy transfer of thin flyer plates accelerated by electrically exploded metal foils. Figure 1 shows the propagation of a detonation front in such an experiment. Generally, the detonation waves are confined in the region directly in front of the flyer impact surface, leaving a substantial portion of the HE undetonated. It has been suggested by Lawrence Livermore personnel that a preheated TATB charge may improve its sensitivity and thus reduce or eliminate this deficiency. The above experiments were performed at the sample temperatures ranging from -54{degrees} to +74{degrees}C. As the temperature was lowered while the flyer impact velocity remained the same, a pronounced increase in the curvature of the detonation front was observed. This results in a significant decrease in the divergence of the detonation wave. Although an accurate relationship between the wave front divergence and the sample temperature is not available, it is generally believed that, due to an accelerated rate of chemical reaction, the detonation will significantly improve at higher temperatures. It is assumed that desired results may be obtained if we preheat the TATB to 100{degrees}C at a depth of 1 cm from the flyer impact surface. Many parameters influence the methods to be considered for carrying out this HE preheating. The most important among them are the time allowed and the amount of energy available. The task is made extremely difficult by the fact that TATB is a poor thermal conductor and that deflagration occurs at around 250{degrees}C. In this study, we investigate several heating arrangements and predict the temperature distributions under prescribed boundary conditions.
Date: October 29, 1979
Creator: Chou, T.S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Antrim oil shale-electric heater and propane burner field ignition experiments. Topical report, August 1977-April 1978

Description: The Dow Chemical Company contract with the Department of Energy to investigate the feasibility of recovering energy from Antrim oil shale by an in situ process required that an extraction trial be conducted using wells previously drilled by Dow. During this trial, two systems were used to initiate in situ combustion. An electric heater ignited the shale after two similar heaters were unsuccessful. The failures were due to electric short-circuits and corrosion. Of four attempts to initiate combustion with a propane burner, two were succesful, although considerable difficulty was experienced because the thermocouples placed in the well to provide positive indication of burner ignition were not durable. These results indicate the need for additional developmental work to make the burner more dependable and more easily ignitable.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Cole, J. L. & Shannon, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application and experimental qualification of the equivalent solid plate method to the analysis of perforated plates with square penetration patterns

Description: The analysis of perforated plates containing circular penetrations arranged in a square pattern is greatly complicated by the orthotropy and circumferential variation of the equivalent solid plate material properties. These complications make the application of the equivalent solid plate concept for this type of penetration pattern to problems involving axisymmetric geometries and loadings very difficult. Unfortunately, the alternatives to the equivalent solid plate concept in a large number of practical situations require explicit three-dimensional modeling of each penetration and therefore is both costly and time consuming if not impossible due to problem size. Approximate techniques are developed in this paper which facilitate the application of the equivalent solid plate properties for the square penetration pattern perforated plate geometry to axisymmetric analysis. The problem is discussed within the context of the finite element method and appropriate material property relationships are derived which facilitate axisymmetric analysis. These techniques and relationships are also used in the formulation of a thin plate analysis. Finally, after a summary of the experimental methods, comparisons with experimental results are given which substantiate the assumptions made permitting the axisymmetric analysis.
Date: October 1979
Creator: Jones, D. P. & Henry, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of interstate compacts to energy-facility siting

Description: This paper examines the nature and function of interstate compacts in the US, and explores their potential for helping to resolve environmental issues related to the siting and permitting of energy-producing facilities (e.g., power plants, synthetic fuel plants). Elements of state energy facility-siting programs are identified, and the ability of interstate compacts to assist in accomplishing each element is analyzed. This analysis provides the basis for assessing the potential capabilities and limitations of compacts, and for initially estimating the possible benefits of a Federal program to promote the formation of compacts to address regional energy-siting issues.
Date: October 1, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of matrix formalism to problems with memory

Description: On an example of the transverse one-dimensional coherent bunch motion in the presence of feedback, we developed a matrix formalism which allows us to find the decrement (or increment) and the tune shift of the motion due to a feedback system which remembers many previous passages of the bunch. The derived formulae are applied to a particular case of exponential decay of a resonant kicker signal. The possible detuning of the kicker resonator is also considered. The formulae are further applied to the case of a parasitic cavity. 15 refs., 16 figs.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Kheifets, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of oil-field well log interpretation techniques to the Cerro Prieto Geothermal Field

Description: An example is presented of the application of oil-field techniques to the Cerro Prieto Field, Mexico. The lithology in this field (sand-shale lithology) is relatively similar to oil-field systems. The study was undertaken as a part of the first series of case studies supported by the Geothermal Log Interpretation Program (GLIP) of the US Department of Energy. The suites of logs for individual wells were far from complete. This was partly because of adverse borehole conditions but mostly because of unavailability of high-temperature tools. The most complete set of logs was a combination of Dual Induction Laterolog, Compensated Formation Density Gamma Ray, Compensated Neutron Log, and Saraband. Temperature data about the wells were sketchy, and the logs had been run under pre-cooled mud condition. A system of interpretation consisting of a combination of graphic and numerical studies was used to study the logs. From graphical studies, evidence of hydrothermal alteration may be established from the trend analysis of SP (self potential) and ILD (deep induction log). Furthermore, the cross plot techniques using data from density and neutron logs may help in establishing compaction as well as rock density profile with depth. In the numerical method, R/sub wa/ values from three different resistivity logs were computed and brought into agreement. From this approach, values of formation temperature and mud filtrate resistivity effective at the time of logging were established.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Ershaghi, I.; Phillips, L. B.; Dougherty, E. L. & Handy, L. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of solar energy to industrial drying of soybeans: Phase III, performance evaluation. Final report

Description: A 15-month performance evaluation was conducted on a solar system designed and constructed to augment the industrial drying of soybeans at the Gold Kist, Inc., extraction plant in Decatur, Alabama. The plant employs three oil-fired, continuous-flow dryers of 3,000 bu/hr each. The solar system consists of 672 Solaron air collectors that temper the airflow into the existing dryers. Since the requirement for energy exceeds the peak solar system capacity, no storage is provided. The interface with the existing facility is simply accomplished by three ducts that release the solar heated air directly adjacent to the dryer air intakes, and no mechanical coupling is needed. The solar system was operated for 1,752 hr on 290 days during the 15-month period without a single failure sufficient to cause shutdown. No interference with normal plant operations was experienced. Maintenance of the solar system, consisting of service to the air handling unit, cleaning of collector glazing, and minor duct repair, totaled $1,564. System utilization was only 46.3%. This was primarily due to daytime routine maintenance performed on the conventional drying and processing equipment. The solar fraction was not large enough to justify maintenance shift changes. An average collector efficiency of 26.2% was experienced. Contamination caused by the local plant environment reduced the average collector efficiency by 9.3 percentage points. A prototype of an automatic cleaning system was constructed and tested.
Date: October 31, 1979
Creator: Hall, B. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Application of wind energy to Great Plains irrigation pumping. Final report

Description: Wind energy systems without energy storage for irrigation in the Great Plains are studied. Major uses of irrigation energy were identified as pumping for surface distribution systems, which could be supplied by variable flow, and pumping for sprinkler systems using constant flow. A computer program was developed to simulate operation of wind-powered irrigation wells. Pumping by wind turbine systems was simulated for 2 variable and 2 constant flow operational modes in which auxiliary motors were used in 3 of the modes. Using the simulation program, the well yields and maximum pumping rates among the 4 modes as a function of drawdown in a typical well are compared.
Date: October 1979
Creator: Hagen, L. J.; Lyles, L. & Skidmore, E. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assessment of an atmospheric fluidized-bed coal-combustion gas-turbine cogeneration system for industrial application

Description: This study was initiated to provide information on the future potential industrial market for a cogeneration system consisting of a fluidized-bed coal combustor coupled to a gas-turbine (Brayton cycle) power system that uses air as the working fluid. In assessing the potential applications for the system, the process heat energy consumption by industry is identified, with special detail included on the six most energy-intensive industries. The potential impact on the nation's oil and natural gas consumption that would result from wide-spread utilization of coal for process heat is also estimated. The fraction of industrial process heat that the system could feasibly satisfy from a thermodynamic viewpoint is estimated, and the performance (potential fuel efficiency and heat/power ratio) of the atmospheric fluidized-bed gas-turbine system is calculated. Also treated are several specific case studies of industries in which the system could be incorporated. Major parameters are specified, and flow sheets are derived for systems that would satisfy the heat and power requirements of the process or industry. The overall fuel utilization efficiency, thermal power rating, and potential number of installations are specified for these case studies. The findings of the study indicate that there is a sizable potential market for the system, with over 1000 possible installations disclosed after reviewing only 8 specific industries from 6 major Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) groups. The potential displacement of oil and gas by coal in process heating is shown to be about 1.60 m/sup 3//sec (870,000 bbl/d) of oil and 4590 m/sup 3//sec (14.0 billion ft/sup 3//d) of natural gas for all industries combined. Continued development of the fluidized-bed coal combustor and power system is recommended so that this potential may be at least partially realized.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Graves, R. L.; Holcomb, R. S. & Tallackson, J. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assessment of feasibility, economics, and market potential for a molten salt system at 1000/sup 0/F reheat steam: feasibility, economics, and market potential

Description: As a result of the Advanced Central Receiver (ACR) Phase I systems studies, Martin-Marietta Corporation (MMC) developed a conceptual design employing 1050/sup 0/F molten salt and a 950/sup 0/F/950/sup 0/F reheat turbine. This concept appears to have the potential for providing higher steam conditions leading to higher performance and wider market application. This report presents the results of a preliminary investigation of the system to determine the feasibility of providing 1000/sup 0/F/1000/sup 0/F steam and the impact of the required design modifications on the system performance, cost, and market potential for solar repowering. Two modified designs are investigated. In one modified design, the temperature of the molten salt is the same as in the MMC baseline design (1050/sup 0/F), but the steam generators have been modified to provide 1000/sup 0/F/1000/sup 0/F steam. In the other modified design, the enhanced steam conditions are obtained using molten salt at a temperature of 1100/sup 0/F.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: DeRienzo, P; Masaki, M & Mathur, P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Atomic coherence created by a pulsed dye laser

Description: Level population as a function of laser pulse envelope area for an atom which could be approximated as a two level system was measured. An ideal two-level system under the action of an oscillating force is one of a few quantum mechanical systems for which the time-dependent Schroedinger equation can be solved exactly. The solution predicts that the population of the upper state, for a system which was entirely in the lower state at t = 0, varies as sin/sup 2/A, where A = ..integral../sub 0//sup t/ ..cap omega..(t) dt, and ..cap omega.. = e epsilon/sub 0/(t) x/sub 12//h-bar.
Date: October 3, 1979
Creator: Scarl, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Auditing measurement control programs

Description: Requirements and a general procedure for auditing measurement control programs used in special nuclear material accounting are discussed. The areas of measurement control that need to be examined are discussed and a suggested checklist is included to assist in the preparation and performance of the audit.
Date: October 1, 1979
Creator: Roberts, F.P. & Brouns, R.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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