Search Results

open access

Congressional Energy Jurisdiction

Description: This report is about Congressional Energy Jurisdiction.
Date: August 21, 1975
Creator: Abbasi, Susan R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Advanced fuel cell development progress report, April--June 1977. [Electrolyte mixtures of Li/sub 2/CO/sub 3/-K/sub 2/CO/sub 3/ containing rod-shaped particles of. beta. -LiAlO/sub 2/]

Description: This report describes advanced fuel cell research and development activities at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) during the period April--June 1977. These efforts have been directed toward understanding and improvement of molten-carbonate-electrolyte fuel cells operating at temperatures near 923 K. A primary focus of the work has been on developing electrolyte structures which have high strength and conductivity, as well as good electrolyte retention, and on developing methods of synthesis for electrolyte structures that are amenable to mass production. A low temperature synthesis which produces material having rodlike particles of ..beta..--LiAlO/sub 2/ has been refined and is now used for preparing electrolytes. Cell testing is essential for understanding and evaluating individual component behavior and the interactions of the components under realistic operating conditions. Most of the testing to date has been conducted in a 7-cm (2/sup 3///sub 4/-in.)-dia cylindrical cell with Type 316 stainless steel housings and current collectors, a nickel anode, and a nickel oxide cathode. Testing has begun to probe the roles of anode, cathode, and electrolyte in cell performance, and has provided verification of an acceptable technique for prevention of seal corrosion for at least 1400 hours. Components evaluation and development include post-test analysis and evaluation of cell components and materials, as well as development of out-of-cell diagnostic tests for the individual components. Particular attention is being paid to evaluation of the physical properties of the electrolyte and of the porous nickel and nickel oxide electrodes.
Date: August 1, 1977
Creator: Ackerman, J P; Kinoshita, K; Sim, J W; Swaroop, R & Nelson, P A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1977

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes activities directed toward understanding and improvement of molten-carbonate-electrolyte fuel cells operating at temperatures near 923 Kelvin.
Date: August 1977
Creator: Ackerman, J. P.; Pierce, R. D.; Nelson, P. A. & Arons, R. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1978

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving the components of molten-carbonate-electrolyte fuel cells operated at temperatures near 925 K.
Date: August 1978
Creator: Ackerman, J. P.; Pierce, Robert Dean; Nelson, P. A.; Arons, R. M.; Kinoshita, K.; Sim, J. W. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Habitat Development Field Investigations, Windmill Point Marsh Development Site, James River, Virginia: Appendix F, Volume 2

Description: From preface: "This report contains the results of investigations of the chemical and sedimentological characteristics of the James River Artificial Habitat Development Site and a reference marsh near Windmill Point, Virginia. Studies were conducted in the channel before dredging and during site construction as well as at specific time intervals after marsh development."
Date: August 1978
Creator: Adams, Donald D.; Darby, Dennis A. & Young, Randolph J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Critical evaluation of the nonradiological environmental technical specifications. Volume 2. Surry Power Plants, Units 1 and 2

Description: A comprehensive study of the data collected as part of the environmental Technical Specifications program for Units 1 and 2 of the Surry Nuclear Power Plant was carried out for the Office of Regulatory Research of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The program included an analysis of the hydrothermal and ecological monitoring data collected from 1973 through 1975. The hydrothermal analysis includes a discussion of models used in plume predictions prior to plant operation and an evaluation of the present hydrothermal monitoring program. The two primary methods used for temperature monitoring employ a fixed thermographs network and boat measurements. Review of data indicates that both the application and formulation of the hydrothermal monitoring program are inadequate to fully characterize the operation of the plant and the behavior of the thermal plume. Furthermore, there are no existing data that can be used to adequately verify or disprove the validity of the various Surry plume predictions. The ecological analysis includes validation of impacts predicted in the Final Environmental Statement using the operational monitoring data. Phytoplankton cell concentrations, chlorophyll a, and carbon-14 measurements were used to monitor changes in the primary producers. Densities of consumers (i.e., zooplankton, benthos, and fish) were sed to monitor changes in the primary producers. Models based on operating data were constructed to determine whether changes were occurring at each trophic level. Analysis of the monitoring data suggests that the thermal discharges at Surry are having a negative effect on the phytoplankton and zooplankton but are enhancing the benthic and nekton populations in the discharge area.
Date: August 10, 1976
Creator: Adams, S. M.; Cunningham, P. A.; Gray, D. D. & Kumar, K. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Critical evaluation of the nonradiological environmental technical specifications. Volume 4. San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Unit 1

Description: A comprehensive study of the data collected as part of the environmental Technical Specifications program for Unit 1 of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS 1) was conducted for the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The program included an analysis of the hydrothermal and ecological monitoring data collected during 1975. The hydrothermal analysis includes a discussion of models used in plume predictions prior to plant operation and an evaluation of the present hydrothermal monitoring program. The ecological evaluation was directed toward reviewing the strengths and weaknesses of the various sampling programs designed to monitor the planktonic, benthic, and nektonic communities inhabiting the inshore coastal area in the vicinity of San Onofre.
Date: August 10, 1976
Creator: Adams, S. M.; Cunningham, P. A.; Gray, D. D. & Kumar, K. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Critical evaluation of the nonradiological environmental technical specifications. Program description, summary, and recommendations. Vol. 1

Description: A comprehensive study of the data collected as part of the environmental Technical Specifications program for eight nuclear power plants was conducted for the Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory commission. This report includes a summary of the screening phase in which the adequacy of the hydrothermal and ecological monitoring data for each plant were evaluated, and the summary and recommendations resulting from a detailed examination of the three nuclear power plants selected in the initial screening.
Date: August 10, 1976
Creator: Adams, S. M.; Cunningham, P. A.; Gray, D. D.; Kumar, K. D. & Witten, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Critical evaluation of the nonradiological environmental technical specifications. Volume 3. Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station Units 2 and 3

Description: A comprehensive study of the data collected as part of the environmental Technical Specifications program for Units 2 and 3 of the Peach Bottom Nuclear Power Plant was conducted for the Office of Regulatory Research of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The program included an analysis of both the hydrothermal and ecological monitoring data collected from 1967 through 1976. Specific recommendations are made for improving both the present hydrothermal and ecological monitoring programs. Hydrothermal monitoring would be improved by more complete reporting of in-plant operating parameters. In addition, the present boat surveys could be discontinued, and monitoring efforts could be directed toward expanding the present thermograph network. Ecological monitoring programs were judged to be of high quality because standardized collection techniques, consistent reporting formats, and statistical analyses were performed on all of the data and were presented in an annual report. Sampling for all trophic groups was adequate for the purposes of assessing power plant induced perturbations. Considering the extensive period of preoperational data (six years) and operational data (three years) available for analysis, consideration could be given to reducing monitoring effort after data have been collected for a period when both units are operating at full capacity. In this way, an assessment of the potential ecological impact of the Peach Bottom facility can be made under conditions of maximum plant induced perturbations.
Date: August 10, 1976
Creator: Adams, S. M.; Cunningham, P. A.; Gray, D. D.; Kumar, K. D. & Witten, A. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Pu, U redistribution in (U,Pu)O/sub 2/ fuels by temperature gradients

Description: A predictive model of the time-dependent evolution of radial Pu/U + Pu gradients in operating nonmolten mixed oxide fuels is being developed. This model is based on preferential evaporation-condensation and vapor transport of metal-bearing species either along cracks and porosity channels within the fuel or inside closed pores migrating up the temperature gradient; equilibrium thermodynamics are applied to calculate the continually changing vapor composition over the hot fuel. Predictions of the model are used in combination with recent in-pile experimental data (from nonmolten mixed oxide fuel pins irradiated in EBR-II from 0.2 to about 11 at. % burnup at varying powers) to delineate the key parameters in radial actinide redistribution. A correlation between fuel stoichiometry (O-to-Pu ratio) and the degree of redistribution (described by an enrichment factor ..gamma../sub Pu/) identified, however, the degree of restructuring of the fuel - as determined by the peak linear power rating, time at this power, and the initial fuel density - also has a strong influence on the final value of ..gamma../sub Pu/. Certain kinetic features of the process and intended modifications to the present model are discussed, and evidence for axial actinide vapor transport in an irradiated annular fuel is also presented.
Date: August 1, 1972
Creator: Adamson, M. G. & Aitken, E. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Hydrogen engine performance analysis. First annual report

Description: Many problems associated with the design and development of hydrogen-air breathing internal combustion engines for automotive applications have been identified by various domestic and foreign researchers. This project addresses the problems identified in the literature, seeks to evaluate potential solutions to these problems, and will obtain and document a design data-base convering the performance, operational and emissions characteristics essential for making rational decisions regarding the selection and design of prototype hydrogen-fueled, airbreathing engines suitable for manufacture for general automotive use. Information is included on the operation, safety, emission, and cost characteristics of hydrogen engines, the selection of a test engine and testing facilities, and experimental results. Baseline data for throttled and unthrottled, carburetted, hydrogen engine configurations with and without exhaust gas recirculation and water injection are presented. In addition to basic data gathering concerning performance and emissions, the test program conducted was formulated to address in detail the two major problems that must be overcome if hydrogen-fueled engines are to become viable: flashback and comparatively high NO/sub x/ emissions at high loads. In addition, the results of other hydrogen engine investigators were adjusted, using accepted methods, in order to make comparisons with the results of the present study. The comparisons revealed no major conflicts. In fact, with a few exceptions, there was found to be very good agreement between the results of the various studies.
Date: August 1, 1978
Creator: Adt, Jr., R. R.; Swain, M. R. & Pappas, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Free convective laminar flow within the Trombe wall channel

Description: Free convective laminar heat transfer between the channel surfaces of the Trombe wall has been investigated. This study considered the velocity profiles normal and parallel to the direction of fluid flow, the pressure drop due to flow acceleration at the channel entrance, and the effect of a variety of dissimilar but uniform channel surface temperatures for a wide range of flow rates. A finite difference procedure was used to solve the governing equations in dimensionless form using air as the fluid. After comparison with available experimental data, results have been reduced, and several correlations developed to enable important performance characteristics to be estimated given the channel thickness, height, and surface temperatures.
Date: August 1, 1978
Creator: Akbari, H. & Borgers, T.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Search for backwards produced exotic meson resonances and study of particle spectra and mass distributions in the reaction. pi. /sup +/ + P. -->. n (forward) + X/sup + +/ at 8. 4 GeV/c. [Upper limits, G parity, 8. 4 GeV/c]

Description: Results are reported from a hybrid experiment designed to search for backwards produced I = 2 exotic meson resonances by investigating the backward scattering reactions: ..pi../sup +/ + p ..-->.. in (forward) + ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/, ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/, ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/..pi../sup -/, and p anti p..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/ at an incident pion momentum of 8.4 GeV/c. The SLAC 15'' rapid cycling bubble chamber, operating at 20 cycles per second, was triggered by detecting fast forward neutrons in an optical spark chamber and scintillation counter array downstream. Following two-component duality arguments, Jacob and Weyers and Rosner have suggested backward scattering processes as a favored mode for exotic meson resonance production. Upper limits of the order of one microbarn are reported for the production of narrow exotic meson resonances with masses less than or equal to 3 GeV and which could decay into even G-parity states: ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/, ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/, ..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/..pi../sup -/..pi../sup -/, and p anti p..pi../sup +/..pi../sup +/. The mass resolution in the above channels varied from 5 to 30 MeV over the mass range for the most restrictive sample of events. The statistical significance of the data corresponds to 30 events per microbarn. Evidence for forward N* and rho/sup 0/ production are also reported. The main features of the data can be simulated by a Monte Carlo model which incorporates Lorentz-invariant phase space modified by exponential transverse momentum damping on each final state particle and, in addition, takes into account the geometrical constraints and trigger requirements of the experiment.
Date: August 1, 1975
Creator: Alam, M. S.; Brabson, B. B. & Galloway, K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Fate of Inhaled Radon Progeny

Description: No Description Available.
Date: August 1, 1974
Creator: Alexander, Donald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Quasi-free scattering of kaons. [Plane wave impulse approximation, reaction mechanism]

Description: The inclusive scattering of K/sup +/ mesons on /sup 12/C is calculated in the plane wave impulse approximation. The momentum distribution employed for /sup 12/C and different reaction mechanism approaches is checked by a comparison with data of a calculation of the inclusive scattering of electrons on /sup 12/C.
Date: August 1, 1977
Creator: Alexander, Y. & Moffa, P. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Back to Top of Screen