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Interagency Geothermal Coordinating Council fifth annual report. Final draft

Description: Geothermal energy is the natural heat of the earth, and can be tapped as a clean, safe, economical alternative source of energy. Much of the geothermal energy resource is recoverable with current or near-current technology and could make a significant contribution both to increasing domestic energy supplies and to reducing the US dependence on imported oil. Geothermal energy can be used for electric power production, residential and commercial space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, and agricultural process applications. This report describes the progress for fiscal year 1980 (FY80) of the Federal Geothermal Program. It also summarizes the goals, strategy, and plans which form the basis for the FY81 and FY82 program activities and reflects the recent change in national policy affecting Federal research, development and demonstration programs. The Interagency Geothermal Coordinating Council (IGCC) believes that substantial progress can and will be made in the development of geothermal energy. The IGCC goals are: (1) reduce the institutional barriers so that geothermal projects can be on-line in one-half the current time; (2) make moderate temperature resources an economically competitive source of electricity; (3) remove the backlog of noncompetitive lease applications; (4) competitive lease all KGRA lands; and (5) cut the cost of hydrothermal technology by 25%.
Date: July 7, 1981
Creator: Abel, Fred H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FUEL PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM Thermal Conductivity of Sphere-Pac Fuel

Description: Progress in understanding the thermal conductivity of sphere-pac fuel beds has been made both at Oregon State University and Exxon Nuclear Company supported by the Fuel Performance Improvement Program (FPIP). FPIP is sponsored by the U. S. Department of Energy and is being performed by Consumers Power Company, Exxon Nuclear Company, and Pacific Northwest Laboratory. The purpose of the program is to test and demonstrate improved li9ht water reactor fuel concepts that are more resistant to failure from pellet-cladding interaction during power increases than standard pellet fuel.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Ades,, M. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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PAT-2 (Plutonium Air-Transportable Model 2) safety analysis report

Description: The PAT-2 package is designed for the safe transport of plutonium and/or uranium in small quantities. The PAT-2 package is resistant to severe accidents, including that of a high-speed jet aircraft crash, and is designed to withstand such environments as extreme impact, crushing, puncturing and slashing loads, severe hydrocarbon-fueled fires, and deep underwater immersion, with no escape of contents. The package meets the requirements of 10 CFR 71 for Fissile Class I packages with a cargo of 15 grams of Pu-239, or other isotopic forms described herein, not to exceed 2 watts of thermal activity. This SAR presents design and oprational information including evaluations and analyses, test results, operating procedures, maintenance, and quality assurance information.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Andersen, J. A.; Davis, E. J.; Duffey, T. A.; Dupree, S. A.; George, O. L. Jr. & Ortiz, Z.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Economic Analysis and Brief Legislative Overview of Usury Ceilings

Description: This report gives an economic analysis of usury ceilings, laws which set the maximum legal rate of interest to be charged on particular types of loans. It provides a brief overview of recent Federal l e g i s l a t i o n dealing with usury, with special emphasis on the Federal authorities mandated by P.L. 96-221, and the effectiveness of Federal preemption of State usury laws.
Date: July 2, 1981
Creator: Anderson, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Scattering of lower-hybrid waves by density fluctuations

Description: The investigation of the scattering of lower-hybrid waves by density fluctuations in tokamaks is distinguished by the presence in the wave equation of a large, random, derivative-coupling term. Assuming the fluctuations to be of long wavelength compared to the incident wave the similarity of the wave equation to the Schroedinger equation for a particle in a random magnetic field is used to derive a two-way diffusion equation for the wave energy density. The diffusion constant found disagrees with earlier findings and the source of the discrepancy is pointed out. When the correct boundary conditions are imposed this equation can be solved by separation of variables. However most of the important features of the solution are apparent without detailed algebra.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Andrews, P.L. & Perkins, F.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 3, Ecology, January-December 1980

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to ecology. This report discuses programs including a development project for microcosm screening systems, two initiatives in ecological modeling, and a program of field experiments for a national assessment of crop losses due to air pollution.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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K-components for the approx. 1. 4-, approx. 1. 6-, and approx. 1. 7-MeV structures in the fission of /sup 232/Th + n

Description: Neutron-induced angle-integrated fission cross sections of /sup 232/Th were measured from 0.7 to 9 MeV with a nominal neutron energy resolution of 0.15 ns/m. Data were taken for the angular intervals 0 to 23.4/sup 0/, 0 to 33.7/sup 0/, 0 to 51.7/sup 0/, and 0 to 90/sup 0/. The structures at approx. 1.4, approx. 1.6, and approx. 1.7 MeV were interpreted in terms of rotational bands with K = 1/2, 3/2, and greater than or equal to 5/2. The approximate relative fission strengths for the K-bonds are in the proportion 1.7:2.4:1.0, 0.0:2.6:1.0, and 1.0:2.8:0.0 for the three structures, respectively.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Auchampaugh, G. F.; Plattard, S.; Hill, N. W.; de Saussure, G.; Perez, R. B. & Harvey, J. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental investigations in particle physics at intermediate energies. Progress report, December 1, 1980-November 30, 1981

Description: Data-taking on the pion-beta-decay measurement and substantial progress in its analysis are reported. The low-energy anti pp annihilation cross section experiment is near completion. Planning for a new pi-zero-to-three-gamma experiment at LAMPF is complete. The proposal to use the LEAR facility at CERN for further anti pp work has been approved, and some contributions to the preparation of a neutrino experiment proposal at LAMPF.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Auerbach, L. B.; Highland, V. L. & McFarlane, W. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Model testing of a 10-kg high explosive blast attenuation maze

Description: The basement area of the proposed High Explosive Applications Facility (HEAF) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory includes 10-kg HE assembly and process cells, and a 10-kg corridor for the transport of up to 10 kg of HE from the receiving dock to the cells and to the experimental firing tanks. Previous model experiments developed a process cell-maze configuration that attenuated the effects of an accidental 10-kg detonation to acceptable levels (maximum of 10 to 11 psi reflected). This document reports 1/8-scale model tests conducted to confirm the maze design and to determine the blast pressures in adjacent areas in the final HEAF building configuration. In addition, pressure/time information was obtained at selected points in the model expansion chamber to provide the architect-engineer with information for structural design.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Bacigalupi, C. M. & Burton, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Optics of mass separator I

Description: The ion optics of an existing mass separator are documented. The elctrostatic and magnetic stages are analyzed theoretically, both separately and in combination, by paying particular attention to the ion trajectories, the linear and angular magnifications, and the dispersion. The possibility of converting the magnet into a tunable unit by means of current-carrying elements in the gap is demonstrated. The feasibility of correction coils constructed from printed circuit board is shown.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Balestrini, S.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Citizen radiation monitoring program for the TMI area

Description: The purpose of the program was to develop a system for citizens to independently measure radiation levels in and around their communities. This report describes the process by which the Program was developed and operated. It also presents the methods used to select and train the citizens in making and interpreting the measurements. The test procedures used to select the equipment for the program are described as are the results of the testing. Finally, the actual monitoring results are discussed along with the citizens' reactions to the program.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Baratta, Anthony J.; Gricar, Barbara G. & Jester, William A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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High energy runaway electron transport deduced from photonuclear activation of the PLT limiter

Description: In large tokamaks, runaway electrons may be accelerated up to energies over 20 MeV by the toroidal electric field. When these particles leave the plasma, they impact the material limiters and emit bremsstrahlung hard x-rays. This bremsstrahlung may cause photonuclear reactions in the limiter, leaving radioisotopes behind. Both the amount of activation and its spatial distribution on the limiter provide information on the confinement of high energy electrons. The stainless steel poloidal ring limiter from the Princeton Large Torus has been analyzed and six observable photonuclear reactions with energy thresholds have been found for the reactions varying from 8 to 23 MeV. The amount of activation from each reaction determines the average number of runaway electrons above each activation threshold energy. The inferred runaway electron population decreases exponentially with energy as exp (-E/3.2 MeV) implying an energetic runaway electron confinement time of 50 to 80 msec. The poloidal variation of the activation can be described by a 0.02 cm scrape-off layer step size which implies about a 90 msec confinement time.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Barnes, C.W.; Stavely, J.M. Jr. & Strachan, J.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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E-Division activities report

Description: This report describes some of the activities in E (Experimental Physics) Division during the past year. E-Division carries out research and development in areas related to the missions of the Laboratory. Many of the activities are in pure and applied atomic and nuclear physics and in material science. In addition this report describes work on accelerators, microwaves, plasma diagnostics, determination of atmospheric oxygen and of nitrogen in tissue.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Barschall, H.H. (comp.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Assessment of the computer code COBRA/CFTL

Description: The COBRA/CFTL code has been developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for thermal-hydraulic analysis of simulated gas-cooled fast breeder reactor (GCFR) core assemblies to be tested in the core flow test loop (CFTL). The COBRA/CFTL code was obtained by modifying the General Atomic code COBRA*GCFR. This report discusses these modifications, compares the two code results for three cases which represent conditions from fully rough turbulent flow to laminar flow. Case 1 represented fully rough turbulent flow in the bundle. Cases 2 and 3 represented laminar and transition flow regimes. The required input for the COBRA/CFTL code, a sample problem input/output and the code listing are included in the Appendices.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Baxi, C. B. & Burhop, C. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Applied nuclear data research and development. Progress report, January 1-March 31, 1981

Description: Activities of the Los Alamos Nuclear Data Group for January 1 through March 31, 1981, are described. Topics include: (1) peripheral effects in R-matrix theory; (2) Coulomb corrections in light nuclei; (3) new R-matrix analysis of reactions in the /sup 7/Li system; (4) variance-covariance analysis of n + Li reactions; (5) calculated charged-particle emission in the mass-90 region; (6) determination of deformed optical model parameters for neutron reactions on /sup 235/U and /sup 239/Pu; (7) calculation of excited state cross sections for actinide nuclei; (8) calculation of the prompt neutron spectrum and ..nu../sub p/ for the spontaneous fission of /sup 252/Cf; (9) international nuclear model codes comparison study; (10) an improved calculation of heating and radiation damage from neutron capture; (11) LMFBR cross-section production with MAX; (12) TRANSX development; (13) THOR calculations; (14) covariance processing; (15) analysis of charges for use of central computing facility; (16) S/sub n/ calculations for D/sub 2/O sphere; (17) integral data testing of ENDF/B fission-product data; (18) decay power comparisons using ENDF/B-IV and -V data in CINDER-10; (19) ENDF/B-V data testing and summary data; (20) SPEC5: code to produce multigroup spectra; and (21) calculation of H. B. Robinson-2 fuel isotopics and comparison with measurements. (WHK)
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Baxman, C.I. & Young, P.G. (comps.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Phoenix 1° x 2° NTMS Area, California and Arizona: Data Report (Abbreviated)

Description: From abstract: This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream/surface sediment reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series (NTMS) Phoenix 10 x 2 quadrangle. Surface sediment samples were collected at 1388 sites, at a target sampling density of one site per 15 square kilometers (6 square miles). Ground water samples were collected at 155 sites. Neutron activation analysis (NAA) results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 9 other elements in ground water. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Analytical data and field measurements are presented in tables and maps.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Bennett, C. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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FRAPCON-2 Developmental Assessment

Description: FRAPCON-2 calculations using all mechanical and gas release options are compared with well-characterized experimental data and with calculations of generic fuel rod response by FRAPCON-1. These comparisons indicate that FRAPCON-2 is capable of analyzing the fuel rod response for the wide range of cases for which the code was designed and compares well with experimental data.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Berna, G. A.; Lanning, D. D. & Rausch, W. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transport and isomorphic equilibria

Description: It is shown that large classes of plasma equilibria can have identical drift orbits and associated transport. Such equilibria are named isomorphic. In particular, the neoclassical transport coefficients are given for all equilibria in which the magnetic field strength depends on one helicity.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Boozer, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical techniques to reduce the number of physical standards needed for neutron coincidence counters

Description: A technique for performing calculationally assisted evaluations of shift-register coincidence counter data is discussed. An example of a typical application for some high mass PuO/sub 2/ samples is presented. Methods for applying the technique to general coincidence counter use are described.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Bosler, G.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quantitative analysis of forest island pattern in selected Ohio landscapes

Description: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the various aspects of regional distribution patterns of forest islands and relate those patterns to other landscape features. Several maps showing the forest cover of various counties in Ohio were selected as representative examples of forest patterns to be quantified. Ten thousand hectare study areas (landscapes) were delineated on each map. A total of 15 landscapes representing a wide variety of forest island patterns was chosen. Data were converted into a series of continuous variables which contained information pertinent to the sizes, shape, numbers, and spacing of woodlots within a landscape. The continuous variables were used in a factor analysis to describe the variation among landscapes in terms of forest island pattern. The results showed that forest island patterns are related to topography and other environmental features correlated with topography.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Bowen, G. W. & Burgess, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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CO/sub 2/-laser ignition of DAPP targets

Description: A pulse derived by shuttering a CO/sub 2/ laser operating in the cw mode has been used to ignite a diallyl phthalate pyrotechnic (DAPP) material. Data from this work along with some data taken earlier, while operating the laser in the pulse mode, are presented. When operating in the cw mode, a pulse is mechanically chopped out of the beam and focussed onto the DAPP material. It was found that the shuttered cw mode of operation gives a more reproducible pulse and a more accurate determination of the incident energy than the pulse mode does. The pulse widths for threshold ignition (50% ignitions) at different power levels have been determined for 254 and 127 mm-focal-length lenses which were used to focus the beam on the target. It was also found that targets could be penetrated without ignition of the DAPP material. A 2.54 mm-thick DAPP target is penetrated by the laser beam if the energy per unit area exceeds 29 +1 J/mm/sup 2/. Based on this study, recommendations are given for improving the present test procedures used for DAPP material.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Brannon, P.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fundamental tests and measures of the structure of matter at short distances

Description: Recent progress in gauge field theories has led to a new perspective on the structure of matter and basic interactions at short distances. It is clear that at very high energies quantum electrodynamics, together with the weak and strong interactions, are part of a unified theory with new fundamental constants, new symmetries, and new conservation laws. A non-technical introduction to these topics is given, with emphasis on fundamental tests and measurements. 21 references.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Brodsky, Stanley J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress report, July 1981

Description: This technical monthly report covers studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotope power systems carried out for the Office of Coordination and Special Projects of the US Department of Energy by Los Alamos National Laboratory. Most of the studies discussed here are ongoing. Results and conclusions described may change as the work continues. Published reference of the results cited in this report should not be made without the explicit permission of the person in charge of the work.
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Bronisz, S. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Space nuclear safety and fuels program. Progress report, April 1981

Description: The studies related to the use of /sup 238/PuO/sub 2/ in radioisotope power systems carried out for the Office of Coordination and Special Projects of the US Department of Energy by the Los Alamos National Laboratory in April 1981 are reported. Impact testing, module handling procedures, and non-destructive test data for encapsulated pellets are reported. (WHK)
Date: July 1, 1981
Creator: Bronisz, S.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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