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Border Security: Inspections Practices, Policies, and Issues

Description: Some argue that this reorganization of border inspections has been long needed and is resulting in a more streamlined and efficient set of procedures at the border with a clear, single, chain of command. Others warn that the different types of inspections are quite complex in their own right and that the reorganization is exacerbating the conflicting priorities at the border, ultimately resulting in many more people and goods being sent to secondary inspections. This report, which will not be u… more
Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen; Lake, Jennifer E.; Seghetti, Lisa M.; Monke, James & Viña, Stephen R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide prote… more
Date: May 26, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Singapore: Background and U.S. Policy Issues

Description: An island nation located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, Singapore's economic and strategic importance far exceeds its small size. Known for its excellent harbor -- the world's busiest by shipping tonnage -- the country has prospered as a center for financial services, manufacturing, tourism, and oil refining. Despite friction over trade and human rights issues, U.S.-Singapore relations are important to the promotion of regional trade, development, and security.
Date: May 26, 1995
Creator: LePoer, Barbara Leitch & Chaudhuri, Pramit Pal
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air Force FB-22 Bomber Concept

Description: The Air Force has expressed interest in developing a bomber variant of the F/A-22 Raptor to “bridge the gap” between today’s bombers and a follow-on bomber in 2037. Questions exist regarding the FB-22’s feasibility, cost, and combat potential.
Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Association Health Plans: Legislation in the 109th Congress

Description: An estimated 41.2 million people were without health insurance in 2001. Legislation under consideration by the 108th and earlier Congresses is intended to assist small employers in offering health insurance as a benefit to their workers. A new bill, H.R. 4281, introduced on May 5, 2004, The Small Business Health Fairness Act of 2003 (H.R. 6601s. 545), and a number of bills from the earlier Congresses include provisions creating new groups for small firms to join or encouraging the growth of exi… more
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Hearne, Jean P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Consular Identification Cards: Domestic and Foreign Policy Implications, the Mexican Case, and Related Legislation

Description: The debate about consular identification cards in the United States has centered around the matrícula consular, the consular identification card issued by Mexican consulates to Mexican citizens in the United States. In May 2003, the Treasury Department issued regulations allowing acceptance of the cards as proof of identity for the purpose of opening a bank account, and the cards are accepted for other purposes as well, including issuance of drivers’ licenses.
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Bruno, Andorra & Storrs, K. Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Foreign Assistance to North Korea

Description: This report describes and assesses U.S. aid programs to North Korea, including the controversies surrounding the programs, their relationship to the larger debate over strategy and objectives toward the DPRK, and policy options.
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Description: This report describes the structure and development of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan and explores its relevance to Afghan, U.S., and international security interests, including the 9/11 Commission’s recommendation that the United States make a long term commitment to the stability and security of Afghanistan. The report provides current statistical information on the opium trade, profiles its various participants, explores alleged narco-terrorist linkages, and reviews the U.S. and internat… more
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 109th Congress

Description: two decades in terms of political and economic development. While the region overall experienced an economic setback in 2002-2003, by the end of 2004, it had rebounded with an estimated growth rate of 5.5% for the year, surpassing even the most optimistic predictions. Nevertheless, several nations face considerable challenges that could threaten political stability, including persistent poverty, violent guerrilla conflicts, autocratic leaders, drug trafficking, and increasing crime.
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.; Hornbeck, J. F.; Ribando, Clare; Sek, Lenore; Storrs, K. Larry; Taft-Morales, Maureen et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Morocco-U.S. Free Trade Agreement

Description: The United States and Morocco reached agreement on March 2, 2004, to create a free trade agreement (FTA). The FTA is intended to strengthen bilateral ties, boost trade and investment flows, and bolster Morocco’s position as a moderate Arab state. More than 95% of bilateral trade in consumer and industrial products will become duty-free upon entry into force of the agreement. The Senate approved implementing legislation (S. 2677) on July 2, 2004, by a vote of 85-13 and the House approved identic… more
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Changing Senate Rules: The "Constitutional" or "Nuclear" Option

Description: This report indicates possible attempts to curtail the use of filibusters in the Senate, perhaps in the 109th Congress. Some have suggested that proponents of this idea may invoke something called the “nuclear” or “constitutional” option in Senate floor procedure to try to end a filibuster without the need for 60 votes or to amend the cloture rule (Rule XXII) itself. This report presents several possible scenarios that would require one or more of the Senate’s precedents be overturned or interp… more
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Palmer, Betsy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Item Veto: Budgetary Savings

Description: Congressional interest in an item veto for the President may resurface during the 109th Congress. At a news conference on November 4, 2004, President George W. Bush expressed an interest in receiving item-veto authority “to maintain budget discipline.”
Date: May 26, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs

Description: One characteristic of the dislocated worker problem is that a mismatch exists between the number and kinds of jobs offered by employers and the number and kinds of skills possessed by workers in the same geographic area. At the same time, other geographic areas have unfilled job openings and relatively low unemployment rates. Government-assisted worker relocation is one tool of employment policy that might be used to reduce these regional imbalances in labor supply and demand. This report descr… more
Date: May 26, 1983
Creator: LeGrande, Linda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Agriculture as a Source of Barge Demand on the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers: Background and Issues

Description: This report provides background on the linkage between U.S. agriculture and the UMR-IWW navigation system. In addition, it explores several of the key issues and uncertainties behind evolving trade patterns and projections for future agricultural freight traffic on the UMR-IWW navigation system.
Date: May 26, 2004
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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