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Development of a Welding Process for End Closures on NPR and KER Fuel Element

Description: With the development of the zircaloy-2 clad uranium fuel element, it was necessary to develop a method of closing the end of the element after the extruded tubes were cut to the desired length. Regardless of the ultimate design of the closure, a satisfactory zircaloy-2 fusion welding technique had to be worked out. The first fully successful welding was performed with electron beam welding in a vacuum chamber. To make satisfactory welds, the electron beam welding involved time and equipment, pl… more
Date: February 22, 1960
Creator: Corey, T. B.; DeWitt, D. E. & Nelson, I. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Once Through Decontamination Studies- Interim Report No. 2

Description: The decontamination of the present Hanford reactors involves a once-through cleaning operation. Considerable interest has been shown in determining the feasibility of this once-through technique for cleanup of certain portions of the NPR system. This is the second interim report of a series that covers tests performed in the 242-B Single Pass Flow Facility. The first was distributed in January, 1960.
Date: February 18, 1960
Creator: Hokenson, J. F. & Perrigo, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Report on the Use of Activated Carbon as a Catalyst for the Dissolved Oxygen-Aqueous Hydrazine Reaction

Description: Theoretically aqueous hydrazine will react with dissolved oxygen for form only nitrogen and water. Most of the experimental evidence, however, indicates that the reaction proceeds rather slowly in low-temperature systems. Tests are currently being conducted to determine whether or not it is feasible to use activated carbon to catalyze the reaction in filtered water. A system of this type would be useful in high temperature reactors when it becomes necessary to convert to single-pass operation.
Date: February 24, 1960
Creator: Demmit, T. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Gas-Graphite Reactions. I. Thermal and Microwave Oxidation of Various Reactor-Grade Graphites*

Description: Thermal oxidation of graphite in flowing CO2 is being studied at 650 to 850 C, in a single-pass gas system at atmospheric pressure, by observing weight loss rates. The method is used to provide comparative data for candidate reactor graphites. The effects on oxidation rates of graphite purity, structure, coke type, graphitization temperatures and other manufacturing variables are determined. In addition, the effects of gas flow rates and graphite surface to volume ratios are observed.
Date: February 10, 1960
Creator: Clark, T. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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KAPL-120-8A Test Assembly Thermocouple Failure.

Description: This document reports the circumstances surrounding the failure of sheathed thermocouples during a test being conducted in the KAPL-120 Loop. The report is prepared to provide a record of these events and to acquaint those who use these thermocouples for testing of other applications with the difficulties that are sometimes encountered.
Date: February 5, 1960
Creator: Dearing, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Disposition of Contaminated Processing Equipment at Hanford Atomic Products Operation 1958-1959

Description: Operating plant experiences in restoring to useful service failed equipment contaminated through exposures to radioactive processes is of international interest to the nuclear industry. In accordance with a request from the Hanford Operations Office of the United States Atomic Energy Commission this report of the various measures taken in rehabilitating for re-use expensive engineered equipment has been compiled by the General Electric Company. This report is a review and summary of the dispos… more
Date: February 12, 1960
Creator: Kingsley, P. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Interim Report -- The Retention of Particles in Ducts Transporting Aerosol Streams

Description: Accurate sampling of particulate in gaseous effluents is required for auditing and control of radioactive wastes released to the environment at installations generating or processing radioactive materials. Over the years a variety of sampling probe configurations, sampling velocities, lengths and sizes of sample delivery lines have been used locally to obtain these samples. Efforts to properly evaluate the validity of samples in most sampling installations have been hampered by a lack of basic … more
Date: February 1, 1960
Creator: Postma, A. K. & Schwendiman, L. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hydraulic System Flow Decay Relations During Loss of External Power

Description: Over the last decade, several computational methods have been developed and used to examine reactor flow transients caused by pump outage. The variations in system character which have been analyzed are sufficiently diverse that it appears worthwhile to compile them into a single report.
Date: February 11, 1960
Creator: Love, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Irradiated Rupture Prototype (IRP) Design

Description: One of the problems involved in the design of NPR is the method to be used for decontamination, Considerable effort has been made in both laboratories and pilot plants in developing and evaluating decontamination processes under ideal conditions. Promising processes must be tested under prototypical conditions of velocity, water quality, manner of make-up, type and degree of contamination, addition of decontaminating solutions, and so on.
Date: February 15, 1960
Creator: Neibaur, G. E. & Stice, N. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Evaluation of Fretting Corrosion of ZR-2

Description: Although the corrosion of resistance of Zircaloy--2 clad fuel elements in high temperature water is excellent, some concern has been expressed in regard to the resistance against fretting corrosion. Since this form of corrosion can proceed quite rapidly it could induce fuel element failure through penetration of the cladding. Fretting corrosion if it occurred, would take place either where the fuel element contacted the process tube or where portions of the fuel element contacted each other, e.… more
Date: February 5, 1960
Creator: Lobsinger, R. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Scratch Depth Measurement Methods

Description: Judging scratch depth or surface roughness by unaided visual inspection under controlled conditions, while rapid and popular, is not quantitative. Comparison methods improve reproducibility but are generally not applicable to evaluation of depths of single widely spaced scratches. Stylus-type contour recorders yield valuable scratch contour data but may themselves plow through soft materials and fine details. Depth measuring microscopes are particularly applicable to measurement of pinhole dept… more
Date: February 26, 1959
Creator: Brenden, B.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Chemical Reactivity of Uranium Monocarbide and Uranium Mononitride with Water at 100°C.

Description: The monocarbide and the mononitride of uranium are potentially useful ceramic nuclear fuel materials. This paper reports the results of exploratory investigations of the reactions of uranium monocarbide and uranium mononitride with boiling water. Uranium dioxide, chemically stable in deoxygenated boiling water, was used as a control.
Date: February 26, 1959
Creator: Newkirk, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Detailed Procedure for K Reactors Rear ace Decontamination by Chemical Flush or the Rear Crossheaders, Pigtails and Nozzles as Authorized by the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N.

Description: The purpose of this procedure is to present a detailed, chronological presentation of the preliminary decontamination and post decontamination steps necessary to fulfill the requirements of the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N. The procedure attempts to present the required operation in sufficient detail to successfully accomplish the intent of the test. Certain procedures involve operations of a standard nature and have not been elaborated upon to any great extent, as it is expected tha… more
Date: February 25, 1959
Creator: Crossman, W.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Random Loading of E-Metal Dissolver

Description: Nuclear safety in the dissolution of irradiated 0.95 U235 enriched fuel has been investigated. In particular, critical conditions of fuel of this enrichment in a 52-inch diameter dissolver crib were studied. Since a crib this size is not safe by geometry, dissolution procedures as well as maximum safe batch sizes were analyzed. Uranium-water lattices are normally studied in systems in which rods are uniformly dispersed in the moderator. The results of such a study for 1.34-inch diameter solid … more
Date: February 25, 1959
Creator: Ketzlach, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quarterly Report- July, August, September 1958 Plutonium Fuels Development Plutonium Metallurgy Operation

Description: Examination of Al- 1.65w/o Pu and Al- 12 w/o Si- 1.65 w/o Pu capsules irradiated 55- 60% burnout of the plutonium atoms revealed a 1.4% volume increase and no apparent microstructural changes. A four rod cluster containing Al-8 w/o Pu and Al-12 w/o Si-8 w/o Pu alloy cores is currently under irradiation in Loop 3 of KE Reactor at a water temperature of approximately 230C. A second cluster has been fabricated an is scheduled for charging late in 1958. Two seven-rod clusters for irradiation in KE… more
Date: February 24, 1959
Creator: Wick, O.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Tetravalent Uranium and Hydrazine as Partitioning Agents in Solvent Extraction Process for Plutonium and Uranium

Description: In solvent extraction purification processes such as are used at Hanford, the fuel elements or "slugs" from the reactor containing uranium, plutonium, and fission products are dissolved in nitric acid, adjusted to the required feed composition, and pumped to the solvent extraction columns. Figure 1 in a schematic diagram of such a solvent extraction process. In the A column, the uranium and the plutonium are extracted into an organic phase while the bulk of the fission products remain in the aq… more
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Buckingham, J.S.; Colvin, C.A. & Goodall, C.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Concentration and Final Purification of Neptunium by Anion Exchange

Description: It is anticipated that neptunium will be recovered in the Purex process by solvent extraction or ion exchange methods as a nitric acid solution of greater than 0.1 g. Np/1 and containing varying amounts of fission products, plutonium, uranium, and thorium, including Th234 (UX1). At the present time this solution is thermally concentrated in the Purex L-cell package to several grams of neptunium per liter. In this operation the solution is contaminated rather badly with plutonium and stainless s… more
Date: February 10, 1959
Creator: Ryan, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Nuclear Safety of Fissile Materials

Description: Whenever fissile materials are handled in significant quantities such as in fuel element fabrication, separation processes, or in exponential and/or critical experiments a potential criticality hazard exists. The usual procedure which is followed by those persons conducting critical mass experiments is to either place the potential reactor in a heavily shielded cell or to conduct the experiments remotely in which case distance provides a measure of safety in the event of an unscheduled radiatio… more
Date: 1959-02-11?
Creator: Clayton, E.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Flow Decay After an Electrical Power Outage in the PRTR

Description: Previously, W. S. Figg and T. W. Ambrose (HW-51767 Rev) have investigated the problem of flow decay following electrical power loss to the PRTR primary coolant pumps. However, since the time of their study many reactor piping changes have been made in the design; therefore, it has become advisable to re-examine the problem incorporating these changes.
Date: February 6, 1959
Creator: Muraoka, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat Transfer in Radiant- Heat Spray Calcination

Description: The fixation of aqueous radioactive wastes in a stable solid media by means of calcination has been the subject of considerable research and development effort. Several methods of doing this on a continuous basis have been devised and a few have been demonstrated to be feasible for the handling of non-radioactive or low activity simulated wastes. Currently an investigation of calcination by means of radiant-heat spray drying is being carried on by the Chemical Research Operation of the Hanford … more
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Johnson, B.M., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fission Product Recovery From Chemical Processing Plant Waste Solutions

Description: A process is described for the recovery of potentially valuable long-lived fission product activities from the first cycle acidic waste solutions which result from the solvent extraction processing of nuclear reactor fuel elements. The metal ferricyanides and ferrocyanides were extensively investigated as scavenging agents for Cs¹³⁷, and the effects of process variables are reported.
Date: February 26, 1957
Creator: Barton, G. B.; Hepworth, J. L.; McClanahan, E. D., Jr.; Moore, R. L. & Van Tuyl, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Metallic Iron in the Preparation of Uranium (IV) Fluoride Salts from Uranyl Sulfate

Description: The objective of this research was to determine the conditions under which uranyl sulfate could be reduced to uranium (IV) by metallic iron, and to determine the minimum amount of hydrofluoric acid necessary for complete recovery of the uranium from the sulfate solution as sodium uranium (IV) fluoride.
Date: February 26, 1957
Creator: Wheelwright, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Concentration of Radioisotopes in Columbia River Whitefish in the vicinity of the Hanford Atomic Products Operation

Description: Results of a study on the uptake of radioisotopes by Columbia River whitefish for the period of June 1950 to December 1956 are presented. Differences in concentrations of radioactive materials as related to geographical location, season, age, specific tissue, and concentration of reactor effluent in the river are discussed. Changes in concentration with cooking were determined.
Date: February 18, 1957
Creator: Watson, D. G. & Davis, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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