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Chemical Research Section Progress Report for January 1950

Description: The following documents are progress reports that follow chemical research studies in subjects such as ruthenium tetroxile distillations, extraction-scrub studies of zirconium and niobium, and oxidation of plutonium and stabilization of plutonium(VI) during extraction of IAF solutions.
Date: February 15, 1950
Creator: Albaugh, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The formation of chemical film deposits on aluminum surfaces

Description: From abstract: "The purpose of this investigation was to establish basic rates of formation of chemical films deposited on aluminum surfaces from water flowing over such surfaces. It was desired to obtain specific information, within certain ranges, as to the influence of temperature, water velocity, and type of aluminum on the rate of film formation."
Date: February 1952
Creator: Andrews, R. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diameter Measurements of Slugs Before and After Prolonged Heat Treatment

Description: Abstract: "Diameter measurements of 25 slugs taken before and after a prolonged heat treatment showed no evidence of differences that would indicate blistering. The average effects of the treatment was different for the various slugs. Large differences in diameter measurements between slugs. Large differences in diameter between slugs and significant differences between indices and positions were found."
Date: February 16, 1948
Creator: Bennett, Carl A. & Lane, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Decontamination of Dissolver Vent Gases at Hanford

Description: The preceding report follows an extensive study made at Hanford of methods and equipment to remove effectively the dissolver vent gases.
Date: February 16, 1951
Creator: Blasewitz, A. G.; Carlisle, R. V.; Judson, B. F.; Katzer, M. F.; Kurtz, E. F.; Schmidt, W. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Scratch Depth Measurement Methods

Description: Judging scratch depth or surface roughness by unaided visual inspection under controlled conditions, while rapid and popular, is not quantitative. Comparison methods improve reproducibility but are generally not applicable to evaluation of depths of single widely spaced scratches. Stylus-type contour recorders yield valuable scratch contour data but may themselves plow through soft materials and fine details. Depth measuring microscopes are particularly applicable to measurement of pinhole dept… more
Date: February 26, 1959
Creator: Brenden, B.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Analysis of TBP Process Streams for Calcium with the Flame Photometer

Description: Summary: A method was found for determining calcium concentrations in TBP process streams in spite of serious interferences bysodium, ferrous, uranyl, sulfate, phosphate, and sulfamate ions as well as by TBP. The precision attainable varied from sample to sample, depending upon its composition. In general, errors of 20% or greater occurred. The smallest determinable amount of calcium was about 10 mg/1.
Date: February 20, 1953
Creator: Brite, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Tetravalent Uranium and Hydrazine as Partitioning Agents in Solvent Extraction Process for Plutonium and Uranium

Description: In solvent extraction purification processes such as are used at Hanford, the fuel elements or "slugs" from the reactor containing uranium, plutonium, and fission products are dissolved in nitric acid, adjusted to the required feed composition, and pumped to the solvent extraction columns. Figure 1 in a schematic diagram of such a solvent extraction process. In the A column, the uranium and the plutonium are extracted into an organic phase while the bulk of the fission products remain in the aq… more
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Buckingham, J.S.; Colvin, C.A. & Goodall, C.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Valve Actuated Pulse Column Design

Description: Abstract: "The valve-actuated pulse column is employed to give phase separation on each half cycle in the countercurrent flow cycle and provides independent control over each step in the cycle. The dependence on temperature of operation, on pulse frequency and amplitude, and on plate design and spacing has been studied for extraction and stripping of uranium with tributyl phosphate in a hydrocarbon diluent. It is found that the efficiency increases quite significantly as the temperature is rais… more
Date: February 16, 1953
Creator: Burger, L. L. & Clark, L. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Properties of the System - Uranyl Nitrate - Aluminum Nitrate - Nitric Acid - Water - Hexone. Part VII. Distribution of Uranyl Nitrate, Nitric Acid, Plutonium (IV) and Plutonium (VI) from 0 to 60°C.

Description: This report discusses studies regarding the distribution and other properties of uranyl nitrate, nitric acid, plutonium (IV) and plutonium (VI) as part of the Redox Process that separates plutonium, uranium, and fission products.
Date: February 1, 1952
Creator: Burger, L. L.; Rehn, I. M. & Slansky, C. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of Total Plutonium in the Presence of Aluminum

Description: Introduction: "The adoption of aluminum nitrate as salting agent in the Redox process made it imperative that a method be available for determining plutonium in the presence of aluminum. However, large amounts of aluminum have been found to interfere with the determination of plutonium by the lanthanum fluoride procedure. Previous attempts to increase the accuracy of the lanthanum fluoride method, by precipitating LaF3 from 4 M HF (rather than 2 M), have been successful only when the initial pl… more
Date: February 10, 1950
Creator: Burns, R. E. & Barton, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Microdetermination of Uranium by Ferric Sulfate Titration

Description: Abstract: "Following nitrate removal by means of a three-stage hydrochloric acid digestion, uranium was reduced with chromous sulfate reagent. In an inert atmosphere, the quadrivalent uranium was titrated at 80-95[degrees] with standard ferric sulfate solution. The end point was obtained with a potentiometric cell including a platinum in-titrant reference electrode and a platinum indicator electrode. Application was made to various low leverl uranium solutions. For samples containing 1 - 12 mil… more
Date: February 16, 1949
Creator: Christopherson, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Gas-Graphite Reactions. I. Thermal and Microwave Oxidation of Various Reactor-Grade Graphites*

Description: Thermal oxidation of graphite in flowing CO2 is being studied at 650 to 850 C, in a single-pass gas system at atmospheric pressure, by observing weight loss rates. The method is used to provide comparative data for candidate reactor graphites. The effects on oxidation rates of graphite purity, structure, coke type, graphitization temperatures and other manufacturing variables are determined. In addition, the effects of gas flow rates and graphite surface to volume ratios are observed.
Date: February 10, 1960
Creator: Clark, T. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Nuclear Safety of Fissile Materials

Description: Whenever fissile materials are handled in significant quantities such as in fuel element fabrication, separation processes, or in exponential and/or critical experiments a potential criticality hazard exists. The usual procedure which is followed by those persons conducting critical mass experiments is to either place the potential reactor in a heavily shielded cell or to conduct the experiments remotely in which case distance provides a measure of safety in the event of an unscheduled radiatio… more
Date: 1959-02-11?
Creator: Clayton, E.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of a Welding Process for End Closures on NPR and KER Fuel Element

Description: With the development of the zircaloy-2 clad uranium fuel element, it was necessary to develop a method of closing the end of the element after the extruded tubes were cut to the desired length. Regardless of the ultimate design of the closure, a satisfactory zircaloy-2 fusion welding technique had to be worked out. The first fully successful welding was performed with electron beam welding in a vacuum chamber. To make satisfactory welds, the electron beam welding involved time and equipment, pl… more
Date: February 22, 1960
Creator: Corey, T. B.; DeWitt, D. E. & Nelson, I. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Detailed Procedure for K Reactors Rear ace Decontamination by Chemical Flush or the Rear Crossheaders, Pigtails and Nozzles as Authorized by the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N.

Description: The purpose of this procedure is to present a detailed, chronological presentation of the preliminary decontamination and post decontamination steps necessary to fulfill the requirements of the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N. The procedure attempts to present the required operation in sufficient detail to successfully accomplish the intent of the test. Certain procedures involve operations of a standard nature and have not been elaborated upon to any great extent, as it is expected tha… more
Date: February 25, 1959
Creator: Crossman, W.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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KAPL-120-8A Test Assembly Thermocouple Failure.

Description: This document reports the circumstances surrounding the failure of sheathed thermocouples during a test being conducted in the KAPL-120 Loop. The report is prepared to provide a record of these events and to acquaint those who use these thermocouples for testing of other applications with the difficulties that are sometimes encountered.
Date: February 5, 1960
Creator: Dearing, F. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Preliminary Report on the Use of Activated Carbon as a Catalyst for the Dissolved Oxygen-Aqueous Hydrazine Reaction

Description: Theoretically aqueous hydrazine will react with dissolved oxygen for form only nitrogen and water. Most of the experimental evidence, however, indicates that the reaction proceeds rather slowly in low-temperature systems. Tests are currently being conducted to determine whether or not it is feasible to use activated carbon to catalyze the reaction in filtered water. A system of this type would be useful in high temperature reactors when it becomes necessary to convert to single-pass operation.
Date: February 24, 1960
Creator: Demmit, T. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hanford Works Analytical Manual for Reactor Process Water

Description: Purpose: "The Hanford Works Analytical Manual for Process Water is designed to specify the analytical methods to be applied for control purposes in the Reactor Section, Process Sub-Section laboratories. The procedures are in general form and serve as references rather than outlined laboratory instructions. The manual us designed to replace the "Hanford Works Manual," HW-12862."
Date: February 13, 1953
Creator: Hanford Works
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Once Through Decontamination Studies- Interim Report No. 2

Description: The decontamination of the present Hanford reactors involves a once-through cleaning operation. Considerable interest has been shown in determining the feasibility of this once-through technique for cleanup of certain portions of the NPR system. This is the second interim report of a series that covers tests performed in the 242-B Single Pass Flow Facility. The first was distributed in January, 1960.
Date: February 18, 1960
Creator: Hokenson, J. F. & Perrigo, L. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transformation and Magnetic Phenomena Occuring in Boron Stainless Steel Vertical Safety Rods

Description: Summary: "The low carbon 18-8 stainless steels containing approximately 1.7 per cent boron used for vertical safety rods at Hanford were found to be structurally stable in the temperature range 0-450 C. The addition of boron decreases the stability of this metastable austenitic alloy. Sufficient ferrite formation is induced by sub-zero temperature treatments to result in dimensional changes and a magnetic alloy. The difficulties encountered in machining this material are believed to be due prim… more
Date: February 6, 1953
Creator: Hueschen, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat Transfer in Radiant- Heat Spray Calcination

Description: The fixation of aqueous radioactive wastes in a stable solid media by means of calcination has been the subject of considerable research and development effort. Several methods of doing this on a continuous basis have been devised and a few have been demonstrated to be feasible for the handling of non-radioactive or low activity simulated wastes. Currently an investigation of calcination by means of radiant-heat spray drying is being carried on by the Chemical Research Operation of the Hanford … more
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Johnson, B.M., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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