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Chemical Research Section Progress Report for January 1950

Description: The following documents are progress reports that follow chemical research studies in subjects such as ruthenium tetroxile distillations, extraction-scrub studies of zirconium and niobium, and oxidation of plutonium and stabilization of plutonium(VI) during extraction of IAF solutions.
Date: February 15, 1950
Creator: Albaugh, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Plutonium Recycle Critical Facility: Final Safeguards Analysis

Description: Report discussing the Plutonium Recycle Critical Facility (PRCF). The reactor, building, associated equipment, operating program, safety, and operating procedures are described.
Date: February 1962
Creator: Anderson, J. K. & Winegardner, W. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The formation of chemical film deposits on aluminum surfaces

Description: From abstract: "The purpose of this investigation was to establish basic rates of formation of chemical films deposited on aluminum surfaces from water flowing over such surfaces. It was desired to obtain specific information, within certain ranges, as to the influence of temperature, water velocity, and type of aluminum on the rate of film formation."
Date: February 1952
Creator: Andrews, R. V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Diameter Measurements of Slugs Before and After Prolonged Heat Treatment

Description: Abstract: "Diameter measurements of 25 slugs taken before and after a prolonged heat treatment showed no evidence of differences that would indicate blistering. The average effects of the treatment was different for the various slugs. Large differences in diameter measurements between slugs. Large differences in diameter between slugs and significant differences between indices and positions were found."
Date: February 16, 1948
Creator: Bennett, Carl A. & Lane, J. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Decontamination of Dissolver Vent Gases at Hanford

Description: The preceding report follows an extensive study made at Hanford of methods and equipment to remove effectively the dissolver vent gases.
Date: February 16, 1951
Creator: Blasewitz, A. G.; Carlisle, R. V.; Judson, B. F.; Katzer, M. F.; Kurtz, E. F.; Schmidt, W. C. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Scratch Depth Measurement Methods

Description: Judging scratch depth or surface roughness by unaided visual inspection under controlled conditions, while rapid and popular, is not quantitative. Comparison methods improve reproducibility but are generally not applicable to evaluation of depths of single widely spaced scratches. Stylus-type contour recorders yield valuable scratch contour data but may themselves plow through soft materials and fine details. Depth measuring microscopes are particularly applicable to measurement of pinhole depth but do not graphically reveal profiles and provide only a small field of view. The comparatively large field of view and graphic display of contour provided by profile microscopes make them particularly suitable for evaluation scratch depth as well as surface roughness. A HAPO-constructed instrument has demonstrated an accuracy of +/- 50 micro inches in the range of 50 to 15,000 micro-inches scratch depth. It is a pocket-sized, portable, and can be used on horizontal and vertical surfaces by untrained persons with only brief instruction.
Date: February 26, 1959
Creator: Brenden, B.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Analysis of TBP Process Streams for Calcium with the Flame Photometer

Description: Summary: A method was found for determining calcium concentrations in TBP process streams in spite of serious interferences bysodium, ferrous, uranyl, sulfate, phosphate, and sulfamate ions as well as by TBP. The precision attainable varied from sample to sample, depending upon its composition. In general, errors of 20% or greater occurred. The smallest determinable amount of calcium was about 10 mg/1.
Date: February 20, 1953
Creator: Brite, D. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Use of Tetravalent Uranium and Hydrazine as Partitioning Agents in Solvent Extraction Process for Plutonium and Uranium

Description: In solvent extraction purification processes such as are used at Hanford, the fuel elements or "slugs" from the reactor containing uranium, plutonium, and fission products are dissolved in nitric acid, adjusted to the required feed composition, and pumped to the solvent extraction columns. Figure 1 in a schematic diagram of such a solvent extraction process. In the A column, the uranium and the plutonium are extracted into an organic phase while the bulk of the fission products remain in the aqueous phase and leave as waste with the column raffinate.
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Buckingham, J.S.; Colvin, C.A. & Goodall, C.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Relation of Flash Point to Vapor Pressure

Description: Report outlining the relation of the ASTM flash point of oil, a rough measure of the safety of storage and use when oil sparks, to other directly determinable physical properties. Summarizes the data on vapor pressures, boiling curves, and flash points of various hydrocarbon diluents.
Date: February 24, 1955
Creator: Burger, L. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Valve Actuated Pulse Column Design

Description: Abstract: "The valve-actuated pulse column is employed to give phase separation on each half cycle in the countercurrent flow cycle and provides independent control over each step in the cycle. The dependence on temperature of operation, on pulse frequency and amplitude, and on plate design and spacing has been studied for extraction and stripping of uranium with tributyl phosphate in a hydrocarbon diluent. It is found that the efficiency increases quite significantly as the temperature is raised regardless of the direction of transfer and this increased efficiency is accompanied by greater operational freedom. A decrease in hole size, decrease in plate separation and increase in frequency all lead to higher efficiency in agreement with the concept that small drops continually formed coalesced and reformed, lead to maximum interphase transfer. The high extraction efficiency of the column is probably aided further by the relatively sharp pulse produced."
Date: February 16, 1953
Creator: Burger, L. L. & Clark, L. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Properties of the System - Uranyl Nitrate - Aluminum Nitrate - Nitric Acid - Water - Hexone. Part VII. Distribution of Uranyl Nitrate, Nitric Acid, Plutonium (IV) and Plutonium (VI) from 0 to 60°C.

Description: This report discusses studies regarding the distribution and other properties of uranyl nitrate, nitric acid, plutonium (IV) and plutonium (VI) as part of the Redox Process that separates plutonium, uranium, and fission products.
Date: February 1, 1952
Creator: Burger, L. L.; Rehn, I. M. & Slansky, C. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of Total Plutonium in the Presence of Aluminum

Description: Introduction: "The adoption of aluminum nitrate as salting agent in the Redox process made it imperative that a method be available for determining plutonium in the presence of aluminum. However, large amounts of aluminum have been found to interfere with the determination of plutonium by the lanthanum fluoride procedure. Previous attempts to increase the accuracy of the lanthanum fluoride method, by precipitating LaF3 from 4 M HF (rather than 2 M), have been successful only when the initial plutonium level was high."
Date: February 10, 1950
Creator: Burns, R. E. & Barton, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Microdetermination of Uranium by Ferric Sulfate Titration

Description: Abstract: "Following nitrate removal by means of a three-stage hydrochloric acid digestion, uranium was reduced with chromous sulfate reagent. In an inert atmosphere, the quadrivalent uranium was titrated at 80-95[degrees] with standard ferric sulfate solution. The end point was obtained with a potentiometric cell including a platinum in-titrant reference electrode and a platinum indicator electrode. Application was made to various low leverl uranium solutions. For samples containing 1 - 12 milligrams or uranium, less than one percent error may be expected. Iron and chromium do not interfere."
Date: February 16, 1949
Creator: Christopherson, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Nuclear Safety of Fissile Materials

Description: Whenever fissile materials are handled in significant quantities such as in fuel element fabrication, separation processes, or in exponential and/or critical experiments a potential criticality hazard exists. The usual procedure which is followed by those persons conducting critical mass experiments is to either place the potential reactor in a heavily shielded cell or to conduct the experiments remotely in which case distance provides a measure of safety in the event of an unscheduled radiation outburst. In considering potential critically incidents, especially for the personnel not specifically engaged in critical mass studies, it is very likely that at the time of the incident neither the conditions of shielding nor distance will prevail for the personnel involved.
Date: 1959-02-11?
Creator: Clayton, E.D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Detailed Procedure for K Reactors Rear ace Decontamination by Chemical Flush or the Rear Crossheaders, Pigtails and Nozzles as Authorized by the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N.

Description: The purpose of this procedure is to present a detailed, chronological presentation of the preliminary decontamination and post decontamination steps necessary to fulfill the requirements of the Production Test Authorization IP-239-N. The procedure attempts to present the required operation in sufficient detail to successfully accomplish the intent of the test. Certain procedures involve operations of a standard nature and have not been elaborated upon to any great extent, as it is expected that the reactor operations and radiation monitoring personnel will implement these instructions according to standard operating procedures.
Date: February 25, 1959
Creator: Crossman, W.A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neutron Diffusion and Random Walk

Description: The following report analyzes random walks and whether or not they can be used to shed any light on problems of neutron diffusion.
Date: February 5, 1953
Creator: Duvall, G. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Hanford Works Analytical Manual for Reactor Process Water

Description: Purpose: "The Hanford Works Analytical Manual for Process Water is designed to specify the analytical methods to be applied for control purposes in the Reactor Section, Process Sub-Section laboratories. The procedures are in general form and serve as references rather than outlined laboratory instructions. The manual us designed to replace the "Hanford Works Manual," HW-12862."
Date: February 13, 1953
Creator: Hanford Works
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Transformation and Magnetic Phenomena Occuring in Boron Stainless Steel Vertical Safety Rods

Description: Summary: "The low carbon 18-8 stainless steels containing approximately 1.7 per cent boron used for vertical safety rods at Hanford were found to be structurally stable in the temperature range 0-450 C. The addition of boron decreases the stability of this metastable austenitic alloy. Sufficient ferrite formation is induced by sub-zero temperature treatments to result in dimensional changes and a magnetic alloy. The difficulties encountered in machining this material are believed to be due primarily to segregation in the castings resulting in small areas of the hard intermetallic compound, FeB."
Date: February 6, 1953
Creator: Hueschen, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Heat Transfer in Radiant- Heat Spray Calcination

Description: The fixation of aqueous radioactive wastes in a stable solid media by means of calcination has been the subject of considerable research and development effort. Several methods of doing this on a continuous basis have been devised and a few have been demonstrated to be feasible for the handling of non-radioactive or low activity simulated wastes. Currently an investigation of calcination by means of radiant-heat spray drying is being carried on by the Chemical Research Operation of the Hanford Laboratories Operation. The process consists of atomizing the liquid to be treated into the top of a cylindrical column, the walls of which are maintained at a high temperature. The resultant suspension of droplets in the water vapor formed by evaporation passes through successive zones of drying, calcination, possible chemical reaction or melting, and partial cooling as it proceeds down the tower. Separation of the resultant solids, steams, and uncondensable gas is made by conventional methods.
Date: February 1, 1959
Creator: Johnson, B.M., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermogalvanic Effects Between Aluminum Slug Jackets

Description: Report discussing an experiment testing the severity of attack of an aluminum slug jacket containing one or more spots hotter than the rest of the jacket. These conditions match those likely to exist in a poorly bonded slug.
Date: February 2, 1953
Creator: Katayama, Y. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of Furnance Pressures on Quality of Remelted Uranium : Final Report, Production Test 314-59-M

Description: The following report follows a test for remelting and casting uranium scrap specified that a pressure of 25 microns or less must be attained within the furnace before a charge is melted. The report was made to evaluate the effect of furnace pressures upon the quality if recast uranium metal.
Date: February 15, 1951
Creator: Kattner, W. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Production Test 235-5 Plant Process Evaluation Reduction of Plutonium Tetrafluoride With Calcium and Sulfur

Description: This report discusses the production of plutonium metal through the reduction of plutonium tetra fluoride with calcium metal and sulfur. It elaborates that iodine, which was originally used instead of calcium metal, presented several practical problems, but reductions completed with calcium were unsatisfactory.
Date: February 10, 1953
Creator: Kerr, W. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Random Loading of E-Metal Dissolver

Description: Nuclear safety in the dissolution of irradiated 0.95 U235 enriched fuel has been investigated. In particular, critical conditions of fuel of this enrichment in a 52-inch diameter dissolver crib were studied. Since a crib this size is not safe by geometry, dissolution procedures as well as maximum safe batch sizes were analyzed. Uranium-water lattices are normally studied in systems in which rods are uniformly dispersed in the moderator. The results of such a study for 1.34-inch diameter solid rods as well as I. and E. fuel having a 1.37-inch O.D. by a 0.48-inch I.D. have already reported.
Date: February 25, 1959
Creator: Ketzlach, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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