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SNAP II Power Conversion System Topical Report No. 16, 2500-Hour Endurance Test of Mercury Rankine Cycle Power System

Description: SNAP 1 is the designation for the 0.5-kw nuclear auxiliary power supply intended for application in a satellite. SNAP 1 was designed to convert thermal energy from the decay of a radioisotope into electrical energy using a Rankine engine with mercury as the working fluid. A successful 2500-hour endurance test is described of a complete developmental version of the SNAP 1 power conversion system utilizing a prototype turbomachinery package, an electrically heated boiler, and an air-cooled condenser. Indications from the data obtained during the test and from inspection of the system following the test were that many more hours of satisfactory operation could have been obtained on all major system components except the rotating unit pump. The mercury-lubricated bearings, the turbine, and the alternator, all demonstrated excellent endurance capability. Based on previous component tests, it is concluded that the pump performance deterioration was caused by air entrainment in the liquid Hg. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1961
Creator: Grevstad, P.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Low-Cost Solar Array Project. Progress report 14, August 1979-December 1979 and proceedings of the 14th Project Integration Meeting

Description: Progress made by the Low-Cost Solar Array Project during the period August through November 1979, is described. Progress on project analysis and integration; technology development in silicon material, large-area sheet silicon, and encapsulation; production process and equipment development; engineering, and operations, and the steps taken to integrate these efforts are detailed. A report on the Project Integration Meeting held December 5-6, 1979, including copies of the visual materials used, is presented.
Date: January 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SNAP-27 GLFC/FCA AIR DROP TESTS.

Description: No Description Available.
Date: January 1, 1969
Creator: Baker, F.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Low cost Czochralski crystal growing technology: near term implementation of the flat plate photovoltaic cost reduction of the Low Cost Solar Array Project. Fifth quarterly progress report, April 1-June 30, 1980

Description: During this reporting period, the primary activity has been to develop microprocessor control of the crystal growth process and to develop and demonstrate the accelerated crystal growth program. Accelerated recharging of the quartz crucible by the RF melting of polycrystalline silicon feed rods was deemphasized by JPL primarily due to the unavailability of suitable quality feed rods at an effective economical price. The development of the cold crucible program as an alternative method of crucible recharging was continued, but at a lower priority. Work continued on the accelerated crystal growth program. Crystal growth runs were made utilizing the water cooled work coil previously used in the RF polycrystalline silicon rod melting program. Accelerated growth rates were demonstrated but an oxide build-up on the cold surface of the work coil, resulting in heavy flaking and consequent falling of oxide into the melt, resulted in abandoning this approach and redesigning, evaluating, and demonstrating an alternative heat sink arrangement. All necessary parts were received for the cold crucible premelter and system was assembled and interfaced to the multiturn high voltage RF power supply.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Roberts, E. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Brookhaven highlights for fiscal year 1991, October 1, 1990--September 30, 1991

Description: This report highlights Brookhaven National Laboratory's activities for fiscal year 1991. Topics from the four research divisions: Computing and Communications, Instrumentation, Reactors, and Safety and Environmental Protection are presented. The research programs at Brookhaven are diverse, as is reflected by the nine different scientific departments: Accelerator Development, Alternating Gradient Synchrotron, Applied Science, Biology, Chemistry, Medical, National Synchrotron Light Source, Nuclear Energy, and Physics. Administrative and managerial information about Brookhaven are also disclosed. (GHH)
Date: January 1, 1991
Creator: Rowe, M.S.; Cohen, A.; Greenberg, D.; Seubert, L. & Kuper, J.B.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quantitative analysis of the hydrothermal system in Lassen Volcanic National Park and Lassen Known Geothermal Resource Area

Description: The Lassen hydrothermal system is in the southern Cascade Range, approximately 70 kilometers east-southeast of Redding, California. The conceptual model of the Lassen system is termed a liquid-dominated hydrothermal system with a parasitic vapor-dominated zone. The essential feature of this model is that steam and steam-heated discharge at relatively high elevations in Lassen Volcanic National Park (LVNP) and liquid discharge with high chloride concentrations at relatively low elevations outside LVNP in the Lassen Known Geothermal Resource Area (KGRA) are both fed by an upflow of high-enthalpy, two-phase fluid within the Park. Liquid flows laterally away from the upflow area towards the areas of high-chloride discharge, and steam rises through a vapor-dominated zone to feed the steam and steam-heated features. The geometric model corresponds to an areally restricted flow regime that connects the Bumpass Hell area in LVNP with regions of chloride hot springs in the Mill Creek canyon in the KGRA south of LVNP. Simulations of thermal fluid withdrawal in the Mill Creek Canyon were carried out in order to determine the effects of such withdrawal on portions of the hydrothermal system within the Park. 19 refs., 17 figs., 4 tabs.
Date: January 1, 1984
Creator: Sorey, M.L. & Ingebritsen, S.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Western Gas Sands Project. Status report, 1 May-31 May, 1980

Description: This report summarizes the progress of the government-sponsored project directed towards increasing gas production from the low permeability gas sands of the western United States. The planning activities for the multi-well experiment continued in May. Bartlesville Energy Technology Center continued formation evaluation and reservoir simulation studies. Lawrence Livermore Laboratory continued calculations of fracturing near interfaces. Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory focused work on the permanent magnet system for NMR logging. Results of the 3-D Seismic Reflection Survey were presented by Sandia Laboratories. Production and injection experiments continued for the Colorado Interstate Gas Company Miller No. 1 and Sprague No. 1 wells. The DOE Well Test Facility was transported to Las Vegas for repairs and modifications. In situ testing continued at the Nevada Test Site for the Sandia Mineback program.
Date: January 1, 1980
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Microcrystalline silicon growth for heterojunction solar cells. Second quarterly report, 1 April 1983-30 June 1983

Description: In this reporting period, a single source of evaporation with B mixed with highly doped Si was used instead of the co-evaporation of separate Si and B sources. The purpose was to reduce possible carbon contamination. The results of both the heterojunction or heteroface structures, however, were similar to last quarter when evaporation was used. The best Voc of the heterojunction was about 460mV and no improvement in Voc in the heteroface structure, was observed; slight Voc degradation occurred. A study of the p m-Si/p c-Si structure showed a negative Voc in many cases. The highest /sup 0/C voltage was up to -150mV. This indicated that the interface properties between the two materials are such that instead of repelling minority carriers from the substrate carrier, collection actually occurred. This structure defeated the purpose, but it might also mean that n-type m-Si could be beneficial and should be included in future study. Another study of cells made in the part of substrates not covered by m-Si resulted in performance lower than the controls. This indicated possible substrate degradation in the process, the extent of which will be studied in the future.
Date: January 1, 1983
Creator: Iles, P. A.; Leung, D. C. & Fang, P. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electrochemistry of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans reactions with pyrite

Description: The objective of this project is to provide the fundamental information on the mechanisms of bacterial leaching of pyrite. The knowledge of how bacterial leaching of pyrite functions is essential for design and development of a technology for coal cleaning with bacteria. The features of major electrochemical techniques will be examined to find out if any of them can provide a diagnostic information on the mechanisms of related reactions.
Date: January 1, 1992
Creator: Pesic, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Defects in metal crystals. Progress report, May 1, 1973--April 30, 1974

Description: Progress was made in the following areas: FIM (field ion microscopy) studies of defects in W irradiated with W ions or electrons; FIM studies of Au irradiated with Au or Xe ions; FIM and electrical resistivity study of vacancy defects in quenched W; FIM studies of dilute Pt alloys; measurement of the range of focused replacement sequences in Au; investigation of grain boundary strtucture (using Au); FIM observation of dissociated screw dislocations in Mo; calculation of properties of point defects in metals; and atom probe FIM. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1974
Creator: Balluffi, R.W. & Seidman, D.N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Catalyst and process development for hydrogen preparation from future fuel cell feedstocks. Quarterly progress report, October 1, 1979-December 31, 1979. [Pt/Rh, Ni/Rh, Ni/Pt/Rh, Ni, Ni/Ru, Ni/Pt, Ni/Co]

Description: Twelve steam reforming catalysts were evaluated using an autothermal reforming screening unit. Duplicate tests were run with two samples to determine test variability. The samples tested contained either base metals, precious metals, or combinations of base and precious metals. The test was capable of distinguishing among samples where gross variations in composition are the main factor; for example, catalysts containing 2% by weight precious metals are more active than catalysts containing 15% by weight nickel. The results show a decrease in hydrocarbon breakthrough as the weight of nickel charged to the constant volume reactor increases. A commercial nickel catalyst, G90C, appears slightly better than some Engelhard prepared samples of equal nickel concentrations due to the higher density of G90C. Visual observation of the used catalysts show that samples containing only precious metals (Pt/Rh) did not coke during the run. The samples containing only base metals (nickel, cobalt) were coked and were magnetic. Samples containing 14.5% nickel by weight with 0.5% precious metals by weight added were not coked, were not magnetic, and had a blue colored core as compared to the black core of the virgin samples. Some speculation about deactivation mechanisms based on these observations are made.
Date: January 1, 1980
Creator: Yarrington, R M; Feins, I R; Hwang, H S & Mayer, C P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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AEC FUELS AND MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM. Seventh Annual Report.

Description: This report is the seventh annual report of the unclassified portion of the Fuels and Materials Development Programs being conducted by the General Electric Company's Nuclear Materials and Propulsion Operation under Contract AT(40-1)-2847, issued by the Fuels and Materials Branch, Division of Reactor Development and Technology, of the Atomic Energy Commission. This report covers the period from January 31, 1967 to January 31, 1968, and thus also serves as the quarterly progress report for the final quarter of the year.
Date: January 1, 1968
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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