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China's Economic Conditions

Description: China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security.
Date: April 25, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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World Bank Lending to China

Description: Lending to China from the multilateral development banks (MDBs) increased four-fold between 1985 and 1994, from $1.1 billion to $4.3 billion. China is now the MDBs' largest single borrower country. There is considerable debate today, however, whether the MDBs should continue lending to China. In particular, there is sharp debate whether the World Bank should continue making concessional loans to China.
Date: April 25, 1996
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abu Sayyaf: Target of Philippine-U.S. Anti-Terrorism Cooperation

Description: This report provides an overview and policy analysis of the Abu Sayyaf terrorist group in the Philippines and the recently announced Philippine-U.S. program of military cooperation against it. It examines the origins and operations of Abu Sayyaf, the efforts of the Philippine government and military to eliminate it, and the implications of a greater U.S. military role in attempts to suppress it. The report will be updated periodically.
Date: January 25, 2002
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China-U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the background information and most recent development in U.S.-China relations since mid-1996. Since the early 1990s, U.S.-China relations have followed an uneven course, with modest improvements overshadowed by various recurring difficulties and setbacks. Longstanding bilateral difficulties have included U.S. problems with the PRC’s worsening human rights record, growing tensions over the PRC’s southern military build-up opposite Taiwan and Taiwan’s political status, and continued controversy over allegations of Chinese proliferation of weapons to unstable regimes.
Date: September 25, 2002
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Alternative Sources of Wood for Japan

Description: Japan is one of the world's largest wood importers, with two-thirds of its imports as logs (unprocessed timber). Southeast Asia has been the largest log supplier, but supplies (and exports to Japan) have been declining. The United States has become a more important supplier, but concerns about declining domestic timber supplies have led to proposals to prohibit or to tax log exports. Opponents suggest that Japan would simply turn to other sources to replace U.S. logs. One question in this debate is where the alternative sources of logs or wood products might be.
Date: August 25, 1994
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Current Policy Issues

Description: This report provides a brief background analysis and recent developments regarding China’s Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles. The report includes topics such as: Recent Proliferation Transfers, chemical, nuclear, and missile technology sales to Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Syria, trade controls, nonproliferation and arms control.
Date: July 25, 2002
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

China's Economic Conditions

Description: China’s economy continues to be a concern to U.S. policymakers. On the one hand, China’s economic growth presents huge opportunities for U.S. exporters. On the other hand, the surge in Chinese exports to the United States has put competitive pressures on many U.S. industries. Many U.S. policymakers have argued that greater efforts should be made to pressure China to fully implement its WTO commitments and to change various economic policies deemed harmful to U.S. economic interests, such as its currency peg and its use of subsidies to support its SOEs. In addition, recent bids by Chinese state-owned firms to purchase various U.S. firms have raised concerns among Members over the impact such acquisitions could have on U.S. national and economic security.
Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Date: May 25, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Agent Orange: Veterans' Complaints Concerning Exposure to Herbicides in South Vietnam

Description: From 1962 to 1971, the United States Air Force (USAF) sprayed various herbicide mixtures (chemicals that kill plants) in South Vietnam. The purpose of the spraying was to defoliate jungle growth to deprive the Communist forces of ground cover, and to destroy enemy crops to restrict food supplies. The most extensively used of these herbicide mixtures was known as Agent Orange, a 50:50 mix of two common herbicides called 1,4,5-T and 2,4-D (2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid). The third chemical present in the mixture in small amounts was TCDD, an inevitable by-product of the manufacture of 2,4,5-T. This chemical, called tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin or simply "dioxin," is highly toxic to laboratory animals when administered in its pure form. CRS has been unable to locate any report of a human death from exposure to pure TCDD. This report discusses the human health effects that have occurred from exposure to TCDD, as well as related Congressional concerns.
Date: June 25, 1982
Creator: Smith, Pamela W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Currency Peg: A Summary of the Economic Issues

Description: This report evaluates that assertion, and considers other effects China’s peg has on the U.S. economy. These include the beneficial effects on consumption, interest rates, and investment spending. Nationwide, these effects should offset job loss in the trade sector, at least in the medium term. Several bills have been introduced in the 109th Congress to address China’s currency policy, including H.R. 1216, H.R. 1498, H.R. 1575, S. 14, S. 295, S. 377, and S. 593; some would impose trade sanctions against China unless it accepted a market-based system of currency valuation.
Date: April 25, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Falun Gong

Description: “Falun Gong,” also known as “Falun Dafa,”1 combines an exercise regimen with meditation and moral tenets. The “Falun Gong” movement has led to the largest and most protracted public demonstrations in China since the democracy movement of 1989. On April 25, 1999, an estimated 10,000 to 30,000 adherents assembled in front of Zhongnanhai, the Chinese Communist Party leadership compound, and participated in a silent protest against state repression of their activities. On July 21, 1999, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) government, fearful of the spread of social unrest, outlawed the movement and began to arrest Falun Gong protesters.
Date: May 25, 2006
Creator: Lum, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, January 25, 1943 : week of January 15 to January 22

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Tripoli, Western Europe, Guadalcanal, New Guinea, Pacific and Far East, Russia, Chile, Iraq. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps: Tunisia/Libya ; Russian Front. Photographs: North Africa; Forward positions: Guadalcanal; Not in "Mein Kampf" [retreating German panzers struggling through mud]; Jap ships feel U.S. air blows. Back: Poster illustrating Italian Navy uniforms and insignia. Includes Italian pronunciation chart.
Date: January 25, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, May 25, 1942 : week of May 15 to May 22

Description: Front : Text describes action on various war fronts: Axis hunts Shangri La -- Shadow on Australia -- New threat to China -- Gandhi still passive -- More Yanks in Ireland -- U.S. gets Panama bases -- Spain would trade -- Island volcano erupts -- Axis people grumble -- Axis battles Chetniks -- Air travel curtailed -- Prinz Eugen torpedoes -- Attack on Kharkov -- Vichy downs RAF planes -- Africa drive hinted -- Malta counts bombings. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show the Burma Road and a map of a portion of Europe overlaying a map of the United States. U.S. cities are shown in italics, European cities in capitals. Includes photographs: Doolittle did much -- North American B-25 -- Gandhi opposes [scorched earth policy] -- School of 'tin fish' ready for their deadly work -- Shell casings stacked in Moscow factory -- Rommel might move -- Catalinas from America keep an eye on the Mediterranean -- RAF salvages wrecked planes from desert. Includes 1 cartoon. Back: Know Your Enemies: the Nazi Army. Includes photographs: Supporting Fire, Howitzer in Action, Moving Up, Mountain Troops, Tank Destroyer, Anti-Aircraft Alert, No. 2 Man, Quick Crossing, Battle Practice, Flame Thrower, Mopping Up. Inset has text details for each photograph.
Date: May 25, 1942
Creator: [United States]. Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, October 25, 1943 : week of October 14 to October 21, 215th week of the war, 97th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, Italy, Schweinfurt, Southwest Pacific, Burma, North Pacific, U.S. subs. Inset maps: Bridgeheads across the Dnepr River, [Pacific Ocean off coast of New Guinea], [Areas in Southern Europe providing targets for bomber forces], Operations begin in Burma. Photographs: Nazis use Soviet equipment and men in battle for Italy, Soviet soldier and RAF officer, Lieut. Col. Chesley G. Peterson, Salt Lake City, Fuel pipe lines, Fifth Army engineers, In the Naga Hills of northern Burma. Back: Photographic view of the world with the center at Berlin, Germany. Includes instructions for using a detachable scale that, when centered on Berlin, measures distances along any line running through Berlin.
Date: October 25, 1943
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 263rd week of the war, 145th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: France, Pacific, Italy, China-Burma, Eastern front. Maps: North Burma; France; Western Pacific; Warsaw. Insets: Palau Islands; Morotai. Back:"Mindanao, Philippine Islands." Two different oblique views of the island. The large image shows it as seen from the southwest.
Date: September 25, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 276th week of the war, 158th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: 600-mile water jump, Pacific war in the air, Nazis stage offensive, Budapest Under Siege, Eighth Takes Strongpoint. Maps: Mindoro -- Pacific war in the air -- Red Army -- Western action. Inset maps: Philippine Islands -- Budapest. Back: Map of South Burma and Thailand
Date: December 25, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. V-E Day + 7 weeks, 184th week of U.S. participation in the war

Description: Front: Text describes action on various fronts and is keyed to map. Photographs: Japanese soldiers, Japanese submarine, Suicide planes, Japanese war industry, aerial view of damage to Tokyo. Map: East Asia and Pacific. Inset maps: 5480 tons of bombs a day! Back: World map with shaded areas showing liberated areas since 7 Dec 1941, enemy held areas as of 8 May 1945; dotted lines show battlelines as of 7 Dec 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944 and 8 May 1945.
Date: June 25, 1945
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Singapore: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the current economic and political state of the island nation of Singapore, focusing in particularly on its economic success and its relationship with the United States.
Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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