Search Results

Oral History Interview with Bruce Gordon Elliot, May 17, 2002

Description: Interview with Bruce Elliot, a Navy veteran and POW from Montezuma, Kansas. Elliot discusses his family, joining the Navy and volunteering for Asiatic service, the start of war and the bombing of Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines, retreat to Corregidor, capture by the Japanese, escaping internment on Palawan and joining Moro guerillas, sabotage, linking up with Australian forces, evacuation to Australia and returning to the United States, becoming a deepsea diver, and Korean War service. In appendix are a photo of Elliot, a map of the Philippines, two photos of a POW camp on Palawan, and a photo of three of his comrades.
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Date: May 17, 2002
Creator: Alexander, Bill & Elliot, Bruce Gordon
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Colonel John. E. Olson, March 15, 1998

Description: Interview with Colonel John E. Olson, a Army WWII veteran and POW from Leavenworth, Kansas. Olson discusses his family background, commissioning in the Army from West Point, assignment to the Philippines in 1939 as an infantry officer, the start of the war, withdrawal to Bataan and the ensuing battle and surrender, the Bataan Death March, internment at Cabanatuan, transfer to Osaka, experiences there in internment at a factory labor camp, liberation, organizing the evacuation of POWs, returning to the US, and his postwar career.
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Date: March 15, 1998
Creator: Alexander, Bill & Olson, John E.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Jean Balch, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Jean Balch. The interview includes Balch's personal experiences about the Pacific theater, being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boot camp, radio, radar, and gunnery school, operations during the Leyte invasion, missions over Luzon, and raids on Japanese installations on Formosa and Saigon, French Indo-China. Additionally, Balch talks about his plane being shot down on a raid to Hong Kong and his capture on January 16, 1945, interrogations and beatings by the Kempei-tai, imprisonment at Ofuna, Honshu, solitary confinement for six months and continued interrogation, beatings by Japanese prison guards, starvation diet, the end of the war and liberation, and his participation in the war crimes trials held by the International Military Tribunal.
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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Balch, Jean
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Frank H. Bigelow, June 13, 2002

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Frank H. Bigelow, survivor of the siege of Corregidor. The interview includes Bigelow's personal experiences about being a prisoner-of-war of the Japanese during World War II, boyhood in North Dakota, various jobs during the Great Depression, and enlisting in the Navy. Additionally, Bigelow speaks about volunteering for duty in the Philippines and his assignment to the submarine tender USS Canopus, pre-war military life in the Philippines, the Japanese bombing of Cavite Navy Yard and the destruction of the Canopus, retreating to Bataan and to Corregidor, the fall of Corregidor, his confinement in the 92nd Garage area, the forced march down Dewey Boulevard in Manila and confinement at Cabanatuan, hell ship to Japan, coal mining for Mitsui Heavy Industries, the amputation of his leg by fellow prisoners after a mining accident, liberation, and the destruction in Nagasaki due to the atomic bomb. The interview includes an appendix with an article titled "A Soldier's Story."
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Date: June 13, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Bigelow, Frank H.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John B. Brush, February 3, 1998

Description: Interview with John Brush, a businessman and WWII POW from White Plains, New York. Brush discusses his family history, school, work for Procter & Gamble Company, marriage, moving to Manila in 1941, the lead up to war, the Japanese invasion of the Philippines, internment by the Japanese army at Santo Tomas Prison Camp, survival with his family, censorship and propaganda, shanties and villages, fake identities to help US servicemen survive, move to Los Baños camp, liberation, and return to the US.
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Date: February 3, 1998
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Brush, John B.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with John J. Clemens, May 13, 2003

Description: Interview with John J. Clemens. The interview includes Clemens' personal experiences about childhood and early adulthood in Houston, Texas, World War II-era service in the U.S. Navy, serving aboard USS Wren in the Pacific Theater, and piloting a ship into Tokyo Bay immediately following the Japanese surrender. Clemens speaks about convoy missions across the Atlantic Ocean, the January 4, 1944 sinking of the USS Turner while moored in New York Harbor and the court of inquiry regarding the sinking, actions in the Aleutian Islands, Attu, Okinawa, and Philippine campaigns and anti-kamikaze warfare while aboard the USS Wren, and the effects that Allied bombing had on Tokyo.
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Date: May 13, 2003
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Clemens, John J.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Harlan W. Crouse, July 2, 2004

Description: Interview with Army veteran Harlan W. Crouse. The interview includes Crouse's personal experiences about combat in the Philippines during World War II, the Japanese surrender in Yokohama Harbor, and being present during the post-war U.S. occupation of Japan.
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Date: July 2, 2004
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Crouse, Harlan W.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, October 11, 1996

Description: Interview with Lanson B. Ditto, clothier and Navy veteran. The interview includes Ditto's personal experiences about the Pacific, Atlantic, and Mediterranean Theaters during World War II. Ditto talks about his education, enlistment in the Navy V-7 Program, midshipman training, assignment to the USS Langley, pre-war duty in the Philippines, coming of war and combat around the Philippines and Netherlands East Indies, the sinking of the Langley and his transfer to the USS Pecos, the sinking of the Pecos and his rescue by the USS Whipple, various naval battles and assignments, antisubmarine patrols off the Solomons, various escort duties, and his promotion to captain of the O'Toole.
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Date: October 11, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Ditto, Lanson B.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Herb Elfering, December 6, 2001

Description: Interview with electrical engineer and Army veteran Herb Elfering, The interview includes Elfering's personal experiences with a searchlight/radar battery, 251st Coast Artillery Regiment, at camp Malekole during the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Elfering also gives brief descriptions of his later experiences at Bougainville and Luzon.
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Date: December 6, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Elfering, Herb
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Glen McDole, October 10, 1996

Description: Interview with Glen McDole, a Marine Corps WWII veteran and POW from Des Moines, Iowa. McDole discusses joining the Marines in 1940, assignment to the 1st Separate Marine Battalion and deployment to Cavite Navy Yard in the Philippines, the Japanese attack on December 8th, 1941, withdrawal to Corregidor, Douglas MacArthur, the surrender, experiences in internment at Cabanatuan, transfer to Palawan, American bombing raids, surviving the Palawan massacre, rescue by Philippines civilians, the American liberation, and testifying about his former captors after the war.
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Date: October 10, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & McDole, Glen
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Gale E. Nevill, March 23, 1999

Description: Interview with Gale E. Nevill, a Army WWII veteran from Houston, Texas. Nevill discusses his family background and upbringing, jobs in the oil business, joining the National Guard, attending Rice University, getting commissioned, overseeing a Civilian Conservation Corps camp, working through the Depression, activation and assignment to 6th Army HQ, deployment to Brisbane, 6th Army operations in the South Pacific and Philippines, the end of the war and life afterwards.
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Date: March 23, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Nevill, Gale Erwin
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with David Porter Newton, October 12, 1996

Description: Interview with Davis Porter Newton, Army WWII veteran of the Pacific Theater from Birmingham, Alabama. Newton discusses his family background, working during the Depression and his education, commissioning into the Army, assignment to the 346th Harbor Craft Company and deployment to Finschhafen, New Guinea, acting as defense counsel in a court martial, sea-transport operations around New Guinea and the Philippines, working with POWs, and investigating war crimes.
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Date: October 12, 1996
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Newton, Davis Porter
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Howard L. Patton, January 5, 1999

Description: Interview with Howard L. Patton, a Army WWII veteran from Flora, Illinois. Patton discusses his family background, commissioning into the Army through ROTC, training with anti-air artillery, his marriage, deployment to New Guinea, the assault on Wakde Island, the battle of Leyte, operations at Zamboanga, and the end of the war.
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Date: January 5, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Patton, Howard L.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Willie Fred Sander, May 22, 2002

Description: Interview with Willie Fred Sander, a Navy WWII veteran from Brenham, Texas. Sander discusses his background and life before the war, joining the Navy and aviator training, flying PBM patrol bombers throughout the Pacific, and his family life after the war.
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Date: May 22, 2002
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Sander, Willie Fred
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Dave C. Sanford, February 25, 1999

Description: Interview with Dave C. Sanford, a Army WWII veteran from Carter, South Dakota, who served as a mortarman in the 37th Infantry Division. Sanford discusses growing up, his experiences in the Great Depression, being drafted and training, the New Georgia, Guadalcanal, Bougainville, and Philippine campaigns, being wounded and discharged, and life afterwards.
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Date: February 25, 1999
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Sanford, Dave C.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Fred Vogel, August 8, 2001

Description: Interview with Fred Vogel, a Army WWII veteran from Austin, Minnesota. Vogel discusses his family and upbringing, football and college, working as a lawyer, joining the Army and basic training, attending Officer Candidate School, infantry training, deployment to New Guinea with the 33rd Infantry Division, the invasion of Morotai, combat around Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines, and occupation duty in Japan.
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Date: June 13, 2001
Creator: Alexander, William J. & Vogel, Fred
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Thomas P. Emery, February 21, 1995

Description: Interview with Thomas P. Emery, a US Army WWII veteran from Solana Beach, California, who served as a pathfinder in the 6th Army Special Special Recon Unit. Emery discusses joining the Army and airborne training, assignment to G-2, scout and pathfinder training, attending OCS, deployment to New Guinea, formation of the Alamo Scouts, learning to live and fight in the jungle, his first mission, raids and harassing Japanese troops, traveling aboard the USS Missouri, and fighting in the Philippines.
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Date: February 21, 1995
Creator: Alexander, Wm. J. & Emery, Thomas P.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program
open access

Service Honest and Faithful: The Thirty-Third Volunteer Infantry Regiment in the Philippine War, 1899-1901

Description: This manuscript is a study of the Thirty-Third Infantry, United States Volunteers, a regiment that was recruited in Texas, the South, and the Midwest and was trained by officers experienced from the Indian Wars and the Spanish-American War. This regiment served as a front-line infantry unit and then as a constabulary force during the Philippine War from 1899 until 1901. While famous in the United States as a highly effective infantry regiment during the Philippine War, the unit's fame and the lessons that it offered American war planners faded in time and were overlooked in favor of conventional fighting. In addition, the experiences of the men of the regiment belie the argument that the Philippine War was a brutal and racist imperial conflict akin to later interventions such as the Vietnam War. An examination of the Thirty-Third Infantry thus provides valuable context into a war not often studied in the United States and serves as a successful example of a counterinsurgency.
Date: December 2017
Creator: Andersen, Jack David
Partner: UNT Libraries

Gloves

Description: Pair of gloves of brown leather (kidskin?). Forearm length with decorative button and loop closure. Stamp inside reads: "Miss Aris / 7 / Made in Philippines" In "Maas Brothers / Florida" box.
Date: 1950/1975
Creator: Aris Glove Company
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Gloves

Description: Pair of gloves of kid leather; white; pull-on; 4" above wrist. Designer Label: ARIS of Paris; Real Kid Manufacturer Label: Machine Washable; 7 Manufacturer Label: Leather Glove; Made in France; 100% Silk Lining; Made in Philippines; Size 7; WPL S931 Length: 27cm; Width: 10cm
Date: 1950/1959
Creator: Aris Glove Company
Partner: UNT College of Visual Arts + Design

Oral History Interview with Melvin R. Baird, 1998

Description: Interview with Navy veteran Melvin R. "Pancho" Baird. It includes a combination of interviewing and reading from Baird's personal correspondence about his pre-World War II experiences with the U.S. Asiatic Fleet and his later experiences in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Baird talks about his stationing aboard the destroyer USS Alden as a radioman, the grounding of the SS President Hoover off of Hoishito Island, the Sino-Japanese War, liberty ashore various Asian port cities, events on the South China Patrol, civilian activities after his discharge, activities as a radio technician on Blue Beach during the Okinawan Campaign, kamikaze actions on Okinawa, and typical shipboard routine.
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Date: August 18, 1998
Creator: Baird, James & Baird, Melvin R.
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Eugene Nielsen, December 11, 1989

Description: Interview with Eugene Nielsen, a Army WWII veteran and POW from Logan, Utah. Nielsen discusses his prewar assignment to Corregidor Island, the Battles of Bataan and Corregidor, capture by the Japanese, experiences in internment at Bilibid Prison, Cabanatuan, and Palawan, surviving the Palawan Massacre, and his rescue by Filipinos and American forces. Included is Nielsen's obituary of February 6, 2011.
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Date: December 11, 1989
Creator: Burlage, George & Nielsen, Eugene
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Oral History Interview with Rufus Smith, June 13, 1989

Description: Interview with Rufus Smith, a Marine WWII veteran and POW from Hughes Springs, Texas, who survived the Palawan Massacre. Smith discusses joining the Marines, the bombing of Cavite Naval Yard, his capture at Corregidor and internment at Cabanatuan, transfer to Palawan and experiences in captivity there, the massacre and escaping, rescue by Filipinos and traveling with them, evacuation, returning to the United States, and life after the war.
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Date: June 13, 1989
Creator: Burlage, George & Smith, Rufus
Partner: UNT Oral History Program

Living in the Shadow of a Hell Ship: The Survival Story of U.S. Marine George Burlage, a WWII Prisoner-of-War of the Japanese

Description: U.S. Marine George Burlage was part of the largest surrender in American history at Bataan and Corregidor in the spring of 1942, where the Japanese captured more than 85,000 troops. More than forty percent would not survive World War II. His prisoner-of-war ordeal began at Cabanatuan near Manila, where the death rate in the early months of World War II was fifty men a day. Sensing that Cabanatuan was a death trap, he managed to get transferred to the isolated island of Palawan to help build an airfield for his captors. Malaria and other tropical diseases caused him to be sent to Manila for treatment in 1943 (a year later, 139 of his fellow POWs were massacred on Palawan). After another year of building airfields, Burlage survived a 38-day voyage in the hull of a Japanese hell ship and ended the war as a miner for Mitsubishi in northern Japan. By sheer luck, strength, and a bit of sabotage, he survived and was freed in September 1945 after the Japanese surrendered. He had endured starvation and torture and lost half of his prewar weight, but no one had killed him. After the war Burlage became a journalist and wrote about his POW experiences. His daughter Georgianne discovered his writings after George passed away in 2008, and edited them with additional historical material to provide context for his World War II experiences in the Pacific.
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Date: September 15, 2020
Creator: Burlage, Georgianne
Partner: UNT Press
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