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China: U.S. Economic Sanctions

Description: This report presents a history of U.S. economic sanctions imposed against the People's Republic of China for foreign policy reasons since 1949. It highlights sanctions that are currently active and details occasions on which those restrictions have been modified, waived or permanently lifted. The report provides citations for Presidential authority in current law and the Administration's issuance of regulations and administrative orders.
Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: U.S.-China economic ties have expanded substantially over the past several years. China is now the third largest U.S. trading partner, its second largest source of imports, and its fourth largest export market. However, U.S.-China commercial ties have been strained by a number of issues, including a surging U.S. trade deficit with China, China's refusal to float its currency, and failure to fully comply with its World Trade Organization (WTO) commitments, especially its failure to provide protection for U.S. intellectual property rights (IPR). This report explores these issues in detail, especially concerning the lack of protection for U.S. IPR.
Date: October 3, 2003
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

Description: Two groups -- the President's Task Force on U.S. International Broadcasting (December 1991) and the Commission on Broadcasting to the People's Republic of China (September 1992) -- have both recommended that the United States increase broadcasting to China and other Communist countries in Asia, although the panels split on significant points for implementing their recommendations
Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Hennes, David A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and the Multilateral Development Banks

Description: Congress is currently considering appropriations for U.S. contributions to the World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) as well as separate legislation that would require U.S. representatives to these institutions to oppose all concessional loans to China. This report provides a brief analysis of China’s relationship with the MDBs to highlight some issues and help Members of Congress, congressional staff, and observers better understand the context for the current debates in Congress and the multilateral agencies.
Date: October 31, 1997
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China: Possible Missile Technology Transfers under U.S. Satellite Export Policy - Actions and Chronology

Description: This CRS Report discusses security concerns, significant congressional and administration action, and a comprehensive chronology pertaining to satellite exports to the PRC. The report discusses issues for U.S. foreign and security policy (including that on China and weapons nonproliferation), such as: What are the benefits and costs of satellite exports to China for U.S. economic and security interests? Should the United States continue, change, or cease the policy in place since the Reagan Administration that has allowed exports of satellites to China (for its launch and – increasingly – for its use)? Etc.
Date: October 6, 2003
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Most-Favored-Nation Status of the People's Republic of China

Description: Particularly since the Tiananmen Square incident of June 4, 1989, the U.S. Congress has considered two diametrically opposed types of action regarding China's nondiscriminatory, or most-favored-nation (MFN; normal-trade-relations) tariff status in trade with the United States. One has been its total withdrawal, the other--of more recent origin--its extension on a permanent basis.
Date: October 13, 2000
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Current Policy Issues

Description: This report provides a brief background analysis and recent developments regarding China’s Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles. The report includes topics such as: Recent Proliferation Transfers, chemical, nuclear, and missile technology sales to Iran, Pakistan, Libya, Syria, trade controls, nonproliferation and arms control.
Date: October 30, 2001
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Foreign Conventional Arms Acquisitions: Background and Analysis

Description: This report examines the major, foreign conventional weapon systems that China has acquired or has committed to acquire since 1990, with particular attention to implications for U.S. security concerns. It is not the assumption of this report that China’s military, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), will engage in conflict with other forces in Asia. Nonetheless, since the mid-1990s, there has been increasing concern about China’s assertiveness in Asia and greater threats against Taiwan.
Date: October 10, 2000
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.; Bolkcom, Christopher & O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Relations with Central Asian States and Problems with Terrorism

Description: This report provides an overview of the Muslim separatist movement in China’s northwestern Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, China’s attempts to stifle activities which it considers terrorism, and implications for U.S. policy. Some analysts suggest that the U.S.-led campaign against terrorism may make it difficult to pressure the Chinese government on human rights and religious freedoms, particularly as they relate to Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.
Date: October 7, 2002
Creator: McNeal, Dewardric L. & Dumbaugh, Kerry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China's Space Program: An Overview

Description: The People’s Republic of China successfully completed its second human spaceflight mission on October 17, 2005. China is only the third country, after Russia and the United States, able to launch people into space. Its first human spaceflight was in 2003 when a single astronaut, or “taikonaut,” made a flight lasting slightly less than a day. The 2005 flight lasted five days, and involved two taikonauts. As the United States embarks upon President Bush’s “Vision for Space Exploration” to return astronauts to the Moon by 2020 and someday send them to Mars, some may view China’s entrance into the human exploration of space as a competitive threat, while others may view China as a potential partner.
Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Agriculture: U.S.-China Trade Issues

Description: With China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001, U.S. agricultural interests were hopeful that longstanding barriers to trade with that vast and growing market would begin to fall. However, critics charge that China is failing to honor commitments to open its markets, affecting U.S. exports of grains, oilseeds, meat and poultry, and other products. U.S. agriculture and trade officials have been working to resolve these differences.
Date: October 16, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S. & Hanrahan, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. Monday, October 5, 1942 : week of September 25 to October 2

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Russia, New Guinea, Solomons, Aleutians, China, Madagascar, Shipping, Mediterranean. Large world map is keyed to text and illustrates time zones around the world. Inset maps show South Russia, New Guinea, Target in Europe with inset of Industrial areas bombed in the Ruhr Valley. Includes photographs: WAFS report for duty, Armored "super jeep", South of Bengazi, Tank landing, "Guiding plane back home to roost". Back: Training (Action! -- Solomons -- Landing operations -- Europe). 21 photographs accompanied by descriptive and explanatory text.
Date: October 5, 1942
Creator: [United States.] Army Orientation Course.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 264th week of the war, 146th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: France, Eastern front, China, Pacific, Italy. Maps: Eastern Europe; France; China front; Gulf of Genoa. Back: "If each of us wastes a pound of war material..." Text and illustration show that it isn't just money, materials or manpower that are lost. But, waste can lose battles and cost lives.
Date: October 2, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 265th week of the war, 147th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Western front "Hellfire Corner", Eastern front, Balkans, Italy, Pacific, China. Maps: France, Palau Islands, Eastern front. Back: "Dots in the sky-- dynamite on the ground! [Operation Uppercut].
Date: October 9, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 266th week of the war, 148th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Western front, Balkans, Baltic, China, Italy, Pacific. Maps: Greece, China Burma, France, Belgium, Netherlands. Insets: Western Front. Back: Text and photographs illustrate Air Technical Service Command.
Date: October 16, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 267th week of the war, 149th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Pacific, Western front, Eastern front, Italy, China, the Philippines Maps: Germany, the Philippines, Italy. Back: Large map of the United States and adjoining portions of Canada and Mexico. Includes inset map of naval districts beyond the continental United States, population of the states, sixteenth census, 1940.
Date: October 23, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 268th week of the war, 150th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Philippine action, Chinese offensive, Western front drives, Soviet victory guns, Italian progress. Maps: Manila (Philippines); Pacific area; Philippine Islands; European front; Netherlands. Back: Your submarine, versatile warship. Cutaway cross section shows key features of a submarine. 3 photographs illustrate life aboard a submarine. Includes text from an Official Report of Admiral Ernest J. King, USN, Commander in Chief U.S. Fleet, and chief of Naval Operations, to the Secretary of the Navy.
Date: October 30, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: October 2, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: October 19, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: October 19, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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China and Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Missiles: Policy Issues

Description: Congress has long been concerned about whether U.S. policy advances the national interest in reducing the role of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missiles that could deliver them. China has taken some steps to mollify U.S. concerns about its role in weapons proliferation. Skeptics question whether China's cooperation in weapons nonproliferation has warranted President Bush's pursuit of stronger bilateral ties. This report discusses the national security problem of China's role in weapons proliferation and issues related to the U.S. policy response, including legislation, since the mid-1990s.
Date: October 2, 2006
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Health and Safety Concerns Over U.S. Imports of Chinese Products: An Overview

Description: China is a major source of U.S. imports of consumer products (such as toys) and an increasingly important supplier of various food products. Reports of unsafe seafood, pet food, toys, tires, and other products imported from China over the past year or so have raised concern in the United States over the health, safety, and quality of imported Chinese products. This report provides an overview of this issue and implications for U.S.-China trade relations.
Date: October 17, 2008
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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