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Phase Diagrams of Zirconium-Beryllium and Related Systems

Description: Introduction. The phase diagram data reported in this paper were obtained during an investigation of the beryllium-metal compounds of the titanium group transition elements. Several compounds in these systems had been previously reported but their compositions and structures were not all known. In the course of this study many details of the phase diagrams of the system were observed. Tentative diagrams consistent with this data will be presented.
Date: May 31, 1960
Creator: Bedford, Ray Gilbert, 1928-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State of Matter at High Pressure

Description: Abstract. The region where exact thermodynamic description of the state of matter at high pressure and high temperature is possible is located. In the remaining region various approximate theories and empirical relations are discussed. These considerations are applied to hydrogen to locate the density and pressure at which the diatomic bond collapses. Also the approximate conditions are determined at which no bound electron states exist.
Date: March 31, 1960
Creator: Alder, Berni J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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[Hanford weekly teletype report]: Supplement report for week ending June 12

Description: This document contains information about flooding of the Columbia River. It focuses attention on the following; increased elevation due to rainfall, seepage which destabilized the constructed dike, flooding of cellars, evacuation of people to emergency shelters, tug boat collision damage to power lines, and the washout of the Van Giesen Street Bridge on Yakima River.
Date: December 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design of production test IP-344-A-FP, determination of the limitations of the Al-Si process

Description: Tests in which aluminum-jacketed, Al-Si bonded uranium fuel elements were baked at various temperatures have shown there is a time-temperature relationship for Al-Si layer decomposition. For heat transfer and secondary coolant barrier considerations, the extent of bonding layer deterioration during fuel element irradiation is important. Currently, Al-Si bonded fuel elements show evidence of spire bond separation, and to a lesser degree, can bond separation following irradiation. Such evidence has aroused concern for the ability of the currently produced Al-Si bonded fuel elements to withstand future reactor operating conditions. Several potential uranium fabrication and canning process improvements are being developed to further advance fuel element stability and performance. Optimization of process conditions based on these improvements may provide the necessary margin of safety for good bond layer integrity. Before a decision can be made to continue improvement of the present process or convert to a new canning process, more information on the stability of the present fuel element bond is needed. This report presents the design of a test to more fully evaluate Al-Si bond integrity under anticipated future reactor operating conditions.
Date: August 31, 1960
Creator: Hodgson, W. H. & Clinton, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coolant backup design study basis and objective

Description: Preliminary studies have, in general, indicated the need for modifications and improvements to the reactor last ditch coolants systems in order to provide adequate safety of operation at power levels programmed for the future. These studies have indicated the need for improved reliability as well as increased capacity for the last ditch coolant systems. A design study is being prepared by Reactor Modification Design to define the scope of the modifications required to provide adequate last ditch systems for the older areas. Adequate last ditch cooling will be provided for the 100-K Areas under Project CGI-844 which is currently in progress. The purpose of this document is to set forth the operating conditions and objectives on which the study will be based.
Date: August 31, 1960
Creator: Schack, M. H. & Tupper, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sub-Cooled Burnout Relative to Hanford Reactors

Description: In the Hanford production reactors, failure of fuel element cladding is known as subcooled burnout since the bulk coolant temperature is below the saturation temperature at time of failure or burnout of the fuel cladding. The heat generation rate at which subcooled burnout occurs, establishes a limit to allowable reactor power level. This document compares present and potential power level limits at the Hanford production reactors with power level limits established by subcooled burnout.
Date: May 31, 1960
Creator: Carlson, P. A. & Trumble, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Improved coolant backup 100-B, D, F, DR, H and C areas design study

Description: Preliminary engineering studies have indicated the need for modifications and improvements to the reactor coolant backup systems of the old areas in order to provide adequate safety of operation at power levels programmed for the future. These evaluations of the coolant backup systems were based on the recently adopted reactor cooling safety criteria. It was concluded that the secondary coolant systems would be adequate in capacity and reliability for the proposed future operating conditions except for certain cases of natural disaster such as earthquake damage. It was concluded that the last ditch coolant systems would be inadequate for the proposed future reactor operating conditions. The purpose of this report is to define the scope of modifications and improvements required to provide adequate last ditch systems in the old areas for future operating conditions as proposed by the Reactor Modification Program. Irradiation Processing Department, Fiscal Years 1961 through 1966. Adequate last ditch cooling will be provided for the 100-K Areas under Project CGI-844 which is currently in progress. The results of this study provide a basis for future budgeting action and project planning.
Date: October 31, 1960
Creator: Schack, M. H. & Tupper, W. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Weapons Effects for Protective Design

Description: A lecture intended to provide a general background in weapons effects is presented. Specific areas of nuclear explosion phenomena pertinent to the design of hardened systems discussed include nuclear radiation and shielding, fireball growth and effects, thermal radiation, air blast, cratering and throwout, ground shock effects, fallout, and afterwinds. (J.R.D.)
Date: March 31, 1960
Creator: Brode, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MAGNETIC RECORDER FOR NUCLEAR PULSE APPLICATION. Covering Period: August 6, 1959 to October 5, 1959

Description: Direct recording of nuclear pulse height data on magnetic tape is being investigated. The characteristics of various brands of commercial tape are being investigated and a waveform analysis is being performed in an attempt to determine the most favorable frequency range for available tapes. Use of the magnetic modulator head is being investigated to minimize variations due to short term tape speed variations. (W.L.H.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Creator: Burgwald, G. M. & Stone, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ISOTOPIC METHOD FOR AGE DETERMINATION OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS. Quarterly Progress Report, July-September 1959

Description: >The materials and methods used for the long-term nuclide pairs are essentially the same as those previously described. (April - June Report). The split planchet method was used to determine the resolving time of the tracerlab superscalar counting apparatus which is currently in use. A planchet was split in two and a sample of nuclide placed in each half and counted. From these results a formula for calculating true counting rates was evolved. Data on resolving time loss for the Superscalar are tabulated. Transmission values of Sr/ sup 89/- Ct/sup 14/ mixture were measured to determine the degree to which error in these values can be reduced by long counting periods. Data on P/sup 32/ and C/ sup 14/ tagged rubber age counts are tabulated. Also, rubber samples were prepared by adding Ca/sup 45/, Cl/sup 36/, Nb/sup 95/, and T c/sup 99/, mixing and vulcanizing and isotope pairs (Ca/sup 45/- Cl/sup 36/ and Nb/sup 99/-Tc/sup 99/) were similarly incorporated in other samples. Ground and suspended samples of these preparations were age counted. The results obtained by incorporating radioisotopes into rubber can not show close correlation between observed and calculated time. Probable reasons for errors and inconsistencies are discussed along with plans for future work. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Creator: Gregson, T.C. & Waisbrot, S.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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QUARTERLY REPORT OF THE LABORATORY DIRECTOR FOR THE PERIOD JULY 1, 1959 TO SEPTEMBER 30, 1959

Description: The third quarter of 1959 was occupied with putting the finishing touches on components of the Two-Way Model, adjusting the magnetic field to the required magnitude at all points, and life testing completed components. The present status of the model components is given including the magnet, vacuum tank, equipment for acceleration, and injector. Status of various study groups is discussed. A list of papers published, submitted for publication, and presented at meetings for the period Oct. 1958 to Oct. 1959 is given. (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Improved Nuclear Density Gauge Progress Report: October 1959

Description: Progress is reported on development of a scintillation detector which alternately views the radiation transmitted through a sample and through a calibrated wedge. From this information density and thickness data can be obtained. Long term stability measurements are being made on the commutating system and the causes of fluctuations are being investigated. Information concerning procurement and fund expenditure are given. (J.R.D.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Creator: Burgwald, G. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Energy Gap in Nuclear Matter

Description: The magnitude of the energy gap in nuclear matter associated with a highly correlated ground state of the type believed to be important in the theory of superconductivity has been evaluated theoretically. The integral equation of Cooper, Mills, and Sessler is linearized and transformed into a form suitable for numerical solution. The energy gap, calculated by using an appropriate single-particle potential and the Gammel-Thaler two-body potential, is found to be a very strong function of the density of nuclear matter, and of the effective mass at the Fermi surface. It is concluded that the magnitude of the energy gap for nuclear matter should not be compared directly with experimental values for finite nuclei, although the results suggest that if the theory is extended to apply to finite nuclei it probably would be in agreement with experiment.
Date: January 31, 1960
Creator: Emery, V. J. & Sessler, A. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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METALLURGY INFORMATION MEETING, AMES LABORATORY, IOWA STATE COLLEGE, MAY 2, 3 AND 4, 1956

Description: The elevated-temperature mechanical properties of beryllium were enhanced by forming dispersed-phase alloys. The addition of properly dispersed BeO to beryllium in quantities of 2 to 3% is equivalent to lowering the testing temperature 200 deg at 1000 to 1350 deg F. Similarly dispersed intermetalic compounds such as FeBe/sub 11/ result in a threefold increase in strength at 1350 to 1650 deg F when 1.5 to 3% tron powder is blended with beryllium powder prior to fabrication. Tensile and stress-rupture properties of some of these materials are presented along with oxidation characteristics in 1650 deg F air, and corrosion behavior in 600 deg F water relative to unalloyed beryllium. (auth)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Power Cost Normalization Studies Civilian Power Reactor Program--Sept. 1, 1959

Description: In connection with the development of a comprehensive plan for a ten- year civilian power reactor program, the AEC has had a series of status reports prepared to present a comprehensive review of the technical and economic status of various nuclear power reactor concepts. In as much as the economic data reported by the various contractors reflected different design philosophies, different estimating policies, and in some cases a technology not verified by the AEC definition of current status, Sargent and Lundy was requested to review the aforementioned status reports and to prepare normalized cost estimates of each of eight reactor concepts. The reactors were studied in three plant sizes: 75, 200, and 300 Mw(e). The reactor concepts considered were pressurized water, boiling water, organic cooled, sodium graphite, liquid metal cooled, fluid fuel (aqueous homogeneous), heavy water moderated, and gas cooled. (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Applied Mathematics Division Summary Report for July 1, 1958 Through June 30, 1959

Description: The objective of the Applied Mathematics Division is to provide mathematical assistance to other scientists in the Lab. This goal is achieved by (1) conducting research in numerical analysis and other branches of mathematics, (2) providing mathematical consultation, and (3) operating a computational service, using both digital and analog machines. Publications, papers, seminars, lectures, and courses are listed. A summary listing of computer programs developed or in progress is given. (For preceding period see AHL-5954.) (W.D.M)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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ELK RIVER REACTOR. Quarterly Project Report for June-July-August 1959

Description: Progress is summarized on fuel element development, control rods and drives, reactor vessel and components. shielding, instrumentation, reactor building, plant facilities, and construction at site. (See also ACNP-ERR-3.) (W.D.M.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiological Physics Division Semiannual Report for January Through June 1959

Description: A list of publications and papers submitted for publication during the period is included. Progress is reported in the following studies: a decay-time study of an irradiated scintillating solution; the development of methods and equipment for use in measurements of the cosmic-ray neutron background; the effects of the addition of various gases singly and in pairs to the inert gas argon on results obtained with the halogen-sensitive positive ion tube used to measure the concentration of tracers in atmospheric air; the calibration of a quantitative alpha-track autoradiographic technique; studies on radiation carcinogenesis of radium and thorium oxides in the human skeleton; development of a method for counting individual alpha activities in mixtures in which the component activities do not show considerable variation; a survey of natural radium-226 and radium-228 content in municipal water supplies; radioac- . tivity measurements and dose calculations of soil collected at Argonne; the effect of various meteorological parameters on thermal conditions in the soil; design of an automatic data processing system which records data from nearly 200,000 meteorological measurements made annually; and studies on meteorological parameters affecting atmospheric diffusion of particles. (For preceding period see AN1.-5967.) (C.H.)
Date: October 31, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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