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Correlation of alluvial deposits at the Nevada Test Site

Description: Because characteristics of rock layers and problems in drilling must be studied before radioactive waste can be safely contained, an evaluation was made of methods for correlating alluvial deposits at Yucca Flat of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Although correlation of Tertiary volcanic tuff beds at the NTS has been successfully achieved, correlation of stratigraphic zones in the overlying alluvium has posed technical difficulties. We have evaluated several methods for correlating alluvial deposits from drillholes, including electric resistivity logs (E logs), visual examination of sidewall samples and comparison of their carbonate (CO/sub 2/) content, downhole stereo photography for identifying debris flow deposits, caliche age-dating, and specific yield and permeability measurements of deposits. For predicting the thickness of zones having similar physical properties in the alluvium, E log measurements were found to be the most useful of these methods.
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Grothaus, B. & Howard, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pakistan: Situation Report

Description: This report is the situational report of Pakistan which includes its Political Affairs, Economy, and Foreign Relations.
Date: September 30, 1968
Creator: Niksch, Larry A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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State energy price and expenditure report 1989

Description: The State Energy Price and Expenditure Report (SEPER) presents energy price and expenditure estimates for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the United States. The estimates are provided by energy source (e.g., petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity) and by major consuming or economic sector. This report is an update of the State Energy Price and Expenditure Report 1988 published in September 1990. Changes from the last report are summarized in a section of the documentation. Energy price and expenditure estimates are published for the years 1970, 1975, 1980, and 1985 through 1989. Documentation follows the tables and describes how the price estimates are developed, including sources of data, methods of estimation, and conversion factors applied. Consumption estimates used to calculate expenditures, and the documentation for those estimates, are from the State Energy Data Report, Consumption Estimates, 1960--1989 (SEDR), published in May 1991. Expenditures are calculated by multiplying the price estimates by the consumption estimates, adjusted to remove process fuel and intermediate product consumption. All expenditures are consumer expenditures, that is, they represent estimates of money directly spent by consumers to purchase energy, generally including taxes. 11 figs., 43 tabs.
Date: September 30, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear structure at intermediate energies

Description: The theme that unites the sometimes seemingly disparate experiments undertaken by the Bonner Lab Medium Energy Group is a determination to understand in detail the many facets and manifestations of the strong interaction, that which is now referred to as nonperturbative QCD. Whether we are investigating the question of just what does carry the spin of baryons, or the extent of the validity of the SU(6) wavefunctions for the excited hyperons (as will be measured in their radiative decays in our CEBAF experiment), or questions associated with the formation of a new state of matter predicted by QCD (the subject of our BNL experiments E810, E854, as well as our approved experiment at RHIC), -- all these projects share this common goal. Our other experiments represent different approaches to the same broad undertaking. LAMPF E1097 will provide definitive answers to the question of the spin dependence of the inelastic channel of pion production in the n-p interaction. FNAL E683 may well open a new field of investigation in nuclear physics: that of just how quarks and gluons interact with nuclear matter as they transverse nuclei of different sizes. In most all of the experiments mentioned above, the Bonner Lab Group is playing major leadership roles as well as doing a big fraction of the hard work that such experiments require. We use many of the facilities that are unavailable to the intermediate energy physics community and we use our expertise to design and fabricate the detectors and instrumentation that are required to perform the measurements which we decide to do.
Date: September 30, 1991
Creator: Bonner, B. E. & Mutchler, G. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MARITIME GAS-COOLED REACTOR PROGRAM QUARTERLY PROGRESS REPORT FOR PERIOD ENDING, SEPTEMBER 30, 1960

Description: The feasibility was studied and a cost estimate prepared of an experimental reactor to determine the operating characteristics of beryllia- moderated, gas-cooled systems wtthin a power limit of 10 Mw(t). The heat energy produced by the experimental reactor is to be dissipated in a heat dump. No machinery for production of power was to be provided. Other requirements were that the reactor should be capable of testing core types different from the current MGCR design, and the system should permit use of gases other than helium. It was further directed that the reactor should be designated BORE for Beryllium- Oxide Reactor Experiment. Reactor development work was mainly in connection with the BORE preliminary design. It was established that the most important information which could be provided by a 10 Mw(t) reactor experiment would be on performance of fuel elements and moderator bodies. This required that the experirment duplicate the power density in the fuel and moderator that would exist in the full size reactor and made it advisable to use full length fuel elements. This resulted in an unconventionally shaped core which is roughly cylindrical with the length more than twice its mean diameter. Studies continued on performance of fuel elements, and methods were developed for calculation of thermal stress in BeO-moderated modules. These studies are equally applicable to the MGCR prototype and BORE. A thermal analysis of the MGCR pressure vessel and thermal shields was performed and means of externally cooling the vessel were studied. Some of the components of the experimental control rod drive mechanism were received. Endurance tests of a ball-nut lead screw in hot helium continued. Heat exchanger tests were resumed after an interruption due to leaks in the tube to tubesheet joints in the test unit. Plant control studies were continued with analyses of the …
Date: September 30, 1960
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP): USA/9507/BLF (ERDA--AL), Model AL-M1. [Configurations 1, 3, and 5]

Description: The SARP includes structural integrity, thermal resistance, radiation shielding and radiological safety, nuclear criticality safety, and quality control of three insulated drum shipping containers identified as USA/9507/BLF (ERDA-AL), also called AL-M1, configurations 1, 3, and 5. Complete physical and technical descriptions of the packages are presented. Each package consists of an inner container centered within an insulated steel drum. The contents are plutonium-239 and uranium-235 in configurations-1 and -3. The configuration-5 package is intended for shipment of up to 100,000 Ci of tritiated water immobilized on a sorbent such as molecular sieve. (TFD)
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Watkins, R. A.; Bertram, R. E.; Blauvelt, R. K.; Edling, D. A.; Flanagan, T. M.; Griffin, J. F. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory year-end-report on heavy-ion fusion program

Description: An intensive theoretical program was launched to try to understand the conditions for safe propagation of intense beam currents in focussing systems, such as continuous and interrupted solenoid lens systems, and quadrupole strong-focussing systems. Analytic methods have led to significant advances in understanding of the new problems; with computational techniques a large amount of new information has been generated on space-charge-dominated transport phenomena; also, at this time a new LBL particle numerical simulation code is almost ready to give new results. Because the Bevalac is an operating heavy ion linac and synchrotron facility with an ongoing R and D effort and in expectation of imminent upgrading to bring it up to a uranium-ion capability, it was a natural choice to make an addition to these activities to examine low-..beta.. rf accelerating structures and ion sources suitable for HIF. An experimental program on intense beam propagation was briefly discussed. (MOW)
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Keefe, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of options for a solar development bank. Task VI

Description: Financial barriers which hinder the use and acceptance of solar technology in the building and industrial markets are identified. The barriers fall under three categories: risk, liquidity, and subsidy. Policy initiatives that can be used to overcome financing barriers which hinder the use of solar technology are briefly mentioned. These include direct lending programs operated by the government or by private banks and secondary financing organizations which provide liquidity and security to mortgage lenders. Policy options considered to accomplish the objectives of the initiatives and the evaluation of each option is presented. Options considered are: to modify existing governmental programs and institutions so that these institutions more effectively promote the use of solar energy; to create a new and separate institution to undertake a number of financing functions; and to create a direct federal loan program. The proposed functions of a Solar Development Bank are specifically examined. Information on functions and participants in the secondary mortgage market is discussed in the appendix. The text of a presidential speech on the technically feasible use of solar powered units is given. (MCW)
Date: September 30, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Silicon on ceramic process. Silicon sheet growth development for the Large-Area Silicon Sheet Task of the Low-Cost Silicon Solar Array Project. Annual report No. 2, September 17, 1976--September 19, 1977

Description: The objective of this research program is to investigate the technical and economic feasibility of producing solar-cell-quality sheet silicon by coating one surface of carbonized ceramic substrates with a thin layer of large-grain polycrystalline silicon from the melt. In the past year significant progress was made in all areas of the program. The physical and chemical properties of the standard mullite refractory used for the majority of the coating runs (McDanel MV20 and Coors S1SI) have been characterized. A number of experimental compositions have been identified and procured from Coors. Characterization of the standard compositions revealed that the thermal expansion of mullite depends on both relative amounts of glass phase and on the impurity level in the glass. Since the thermal expansion in mullite exceeds that of silicon, the silicon coating should be in a state of compression. This was confirmed by x-ray measurements. After modifying and cleaning the dip-coating facility, silicon on ceramic (SOC) solar cells were fabricated which demonstrate that the SOC process can produce silicon of solar cell quality. SOC cells having 1 cm/sup 2/ active areas demonstrated measured conversion efficiencies as high as 7.2 percent. Typical open-ciruit voltages (V/sub oc/) and short-circuit current densities (J/sub sc/) were 0.51 volt and 20 mA/cm/sup 2/, respectively. Since the active surface of these solar cells is a highly reflective ''as-grown'' surface, one can expect improvement in J/sub sc/ after an anti-reflection (AR) coating is applied. Results of an economic analysis of the SOC process are presented.
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Zook, J.D.; Heaps, J.D.; Maciolek, R.B.; Koepke, B.; Butter, C.D. & Schuldt, S.B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Annual work plan for FY 1992

Description: The Office of Inspector General (OIG) has an overall mission to prevent and detect fraud, waste, and mismanagement in Department of Energy (DOE) programs. As part of its responsibility in accomplishing its mission, the DOE Office of Audits publishes an Annual Work Plan'' in September of each year. The prime focus of the plan is to identify opportunities for audits to enhance the effectiveness, efficiency, and integrity of the DOE's programs and operations. Through this plan, we are able to maximize the effectiveness of our resources and to avoid duplicating audit coverage being provided by other audit groups, such as the US General Accounting Office (GAO) to US Department of Energy programs. Such planning is required by Office of Management and Budget Circular A-73 and DOE Order 2321.1A. This work plan, includes those audits that are to be carried over from Fiscal Year 1991 and those that are to be started during Fiscal year 1992.
Date: September 30, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Site selection and preliminary evaluation of potential solar-industrial-process-heat applications for federal buildings in Texas

Description: The potential for solr process heat applications for federal buildings in Texas is assessed. The three sites considered are Reese Air Force Base, Lubbock; Fort Bliss, El Paso; and Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene. The application at Lubbock is an electroplating and descaling facility for aircraft maintenance. The one at El Paso is a laundry facility. The Abilene system would use solar heat to preheat boiler feedwater makeup for the base hospital boiler plant. The Lubbock site is found to be the most appropriate one for a demonstration plant, with the Abilene site as an alternate. The processes at each site are described. A preliminary evaluation of the potential contribution by solar energy to the electroplating facility at Reese AFB is included. (LEW)
Date: September 30, 1980
Creator: Branz, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Framework for monitoring the social and economic impacts associated with the construction of the Skagit Nuclear Project in Skagit County, Washington

Description: The paper discusses an information system which has been developed to monitor the social and economic impacts associated with the construction of twin nuclear reactors in Skagit County, Washington, by Puget Sound Power and Light Company. The monitoring system has been specifically designed to track the social and economic impacts of the Skagit Nuclear Project as they occur.
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Merwin, D. J. & Greene, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Inspection of surveillance equipment and activities at DOE Field Office, Richland

Description: The purpose of this inspection was to review surveillance activities by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Field Office, Richland (RL) and contractor employees at the RL Hanford site for efficiency and economy and compliance with laws and regulations. The scope included surveillance activities, procedures, training, types of surveillance equipment, and management controls over the equipment and activities. We also looked at Departmental policies and procedures regarding the equipment and activities. Allegations of illegal surveillance that came to our attention during the course of this inspection were referred to the Department of Justice. As part of our review, inspectors were on-site at RL from February 11, 1991, through March 1, 1991. Follow-up trips to RL were also made in April, May, and June 1991. We also conducted interviews at Albuquerque, Savannah River, and Germantown of former RL employees and RL contractors who were on travel. Officials from DOE's Office of General Counsel (OGC), Office of Security Affairs, and Office of Safeguards and Security (S S) were also interviewed regarding the Department's purchase and possession of wiretapping and eavesdropping devices. We obtained 75 signed sworn statements from 55 individuals during the course of the inspection. 1 fig., 1 tab.
Date: September 30, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Model for ion confinement in a hot-electron tandem mirror anchor

Description: Anisotropic, hot electrons trapped in local minimum-B wells have been proposed as MHD-stabilizing anchors to an otherwise axisymmetric tandem configuration. This work describes a model for plasma confinement between the anchors and the remainder of the system and calcuates the power loss implied by maintenance of this plasma.
Date: September 30, 1980
Creator: Baldwin, D.E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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MIT LMFBR blanket physics project progress report No. 7, July 1, 1975--September 30, 1976

Description: Work during the period was devoted primarily to a range of analytical/numerical investigations, including evaluation of means to improve external blanket designs, beneficial attributes of the use of internal blankets, improved methods for the calculation of heterogeneous self-shielding and parametric studies of calculated spectral indices. Experimental work included measurements of the ratio of U-238 captures to U-235 fissions in a standard blanket mockup, and completion of development work on the radiophotoluminescent readout of LiF thermoluminescent detectors. The most significant findings were that there is very little prospect for substantial improvement in the breeding performance of external blankets, but internal blankets continue to show promise, particularly if they are used in such a way as to increase the volume fraction of fuel inside the core envelope. An improved equivalence theorem was developed which may allow use of fast reactor methods to calculate heterogeneously self-shielded cross sections in both fast and thermal reactors.
Date: September 30, 1976
Creator: Driscoll, M.J. (ed.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Policy issues in promoting urban conservation. Task IV

Description: A brief overview is presented of the economic status of US cities. Opportunities for efficient use of the existing urban structure are described and results of a city's overall conservation and revitalization effort are briefly noted. (MCW)
Date: September 30, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Ion-exchange of mordenite-type zeolite with Mg/sup 2 +/ and La/sup 3 +/

Description: Special techniques were tried for ion-exchanging Mg/sup 2 +/ and La/sup 3 +/ into mordenite, which is an acid-stable zeolite of possible catalytic value to the coal industry. Electron microprobe analysis showed that ion-exchange occurred only along the main channels of the 100 ..mu..m long needles. Complete exchange was not achieved, and exchange was always higher at the ends of the needles. The highest content of Mg/sup 2 +/ is 3.7 atoms per unit cell (with 0.2 Na and 1.0 K residual), and the highest content of La/sup 3 +/ is 1.7 atoms per unit cell (with 1.7 Na and 0.1 K residual). Higher ion-exchange should be achievable for smaller crystals, such as are commonly made synthetically, but such crystals would be too small for routine X-ray structure analysis. Detailed structural data are given for an Mg/sup 2 +/-exchanged crystal, but interpretation of the cation populations is equivocal. Suggestions are made for further work using (a) X-ray powder techniques and (b) X-ray single-crystal techniques based on a rotating-anode X-ray generator.
Date: September 30, 1977
Creator: Smith, J.V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Electric and Hybrid Vehicle System Research and Development Project: Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment. Volume VIII. Scenario generation

Description: Scenarios are described which have been generated in support of the Hybrid Vehicle Potential Assessment Task under the JPL Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Systems Research and Development Project. The primary function of the scenario generation is to develop a set of consistent and credible forecasts required to estimate the potential impact of hybrid vehicles on future petroleum consumption in the USA, given a set of specific electric, hybrid and conventional vehicle designs. The forecasts are limited to the next 32 years (1978 to 2010. The four major areas of concern are: population and vehicle fleet size; travel patterns and vehicle fleet mix; conventional vehicle technology (Otto baseline); battery technology; and prices. The forecasts have been generated to reflect two baseline scenarios, a Petroleum Conservation Scenario (Scenario A) and an Energy Conservation Scenario (Scenario B). The primary assumption in Scenario A is higher gasoline prices than in Scenario B. This should result in less travel per car and an increased demand for smaller and more fuel efficient cars (compared to Scenario B). In Scenario B the primary assumption is higher prices on cars (new as well as used) than in Scenario A. This should lead to less cars (compared to Scenario A) and a shift to other modes of transportation.
Date: September 30, 1979
Creator: Leschly, K.O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Study of the competitive viability of minority fuel oil marketers. Final report

Description: Previous studies on the competitive viability of the fuel oil heating market had addressed some of the unique problems facing minority fuel oil marketers (MFMs) within the total market sector (TMS). This study focused on identifying and developing quantitative information on MFMs in the TMS. The specific objective was to determine whether the business problems experienced by MFMs were directly related to their minority status or were characterstic of any firm in the TMS operating under comparable conditions. As an overall conclusion, thorough investigation of the MFMs considered to constitute the universe of minoriy firms within the TMS did not reveal any evidence of overt discrimination affecting the competitive viability of MFMs. Upon analysis, the problems reported by MFMs could not be reasonably ascribed to discrimination on the basis of their minority business status. The study, however, did point up problems unique to MFMs as the result of typical operational and financial characteristics. For example, MFMs, compared to the TMS norm, have not been in the market as long and are smaller in terms of total assets, number of employees, number of trucks, number of accounts and annual volume of oil delivered. Their primary customers are low-income families in urban areas. Financial indicators suggest that the average MFM does not have long-term financial stability. The basis for this overall conclusion, derived by analyses of information from MFMs, as well as many independent sources, is summarized in three parts: (1) MFM industry profile; (2) financial analyses; and (3) problem analyses.
Date: September 30, 1981
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Carbon Capture and Sequestration: Research, Development, and Demonstration at the U.S. Department of Energy

Description: This report aims to provide a snapshot of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) program, including its current funding levels and the budget request for FY2014, together with some discussion of the program's achievements and prospects for success in meeting its stated goals.
Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Folger, Peter
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Description: This report provides an overview of current issues in U.S.-Palestinian relations. It also contains an overview of Palestinian society and politics and descriptions of key Palestinian individuals and groups -- chiefly the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the Palestinian Authority (PA), Fatah, Hamas, and the Palestinian refugee population.
Date: September 30, 2013
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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