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Ethical Principles for Artificial Intelligence

Description: This report outlines the ethical principles that apply to both combat and non-combat functions and assist the U.S. military in upholding legal, ethical, and policy commitments in the field of AI.
Date: February 24, 2020
Creator: United States. Department of Defense.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report analyzes political, economic, and security conditions in Honduras. It also examines issues in U.S.-Honduran relations that have been of particular interest to Congress, including foreign assistance, migration, security cooperation, human rights, and trade and investment.
Date: October 24, 2018
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Iran and Israel: Tension Over Syria

Description: This report discusses the tensions between Iran and Israel, which have been exacerbated since 2011 by Iranian military operations in support of the Syrian government.
Date: October 24, 2018
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Katzman, Kenneth & Zanotti, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Description: This report focuses on defense-related issues in the international security environment. It provides extensive background on previous environment, observations of the shift in the environment, how Congress responded in the past, and emerging implications for defense. The report also summarizes relevant issues for Congress.
Date: October 24, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

U.S.-India Trade Relations

Description: This report discusses trade relations between the United States and India. Many observers believe bilateral commercial ties could be more extensive if trade and investment barriers were addressed.
Date: October 24, 2018
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Kronstadt, K. Alan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Burma's Political Prisoners and U.S. Policy: In Brief

Description: This report discusses the current issues in Burma (Myanmar) in regards to political prisoners and the resulting U.S. sanctions against the nation.
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Congressional Review Act: Determining Which "Rules" Must Be Submitted to Congress

Description: This report describes what types of agency actions can be overturned using the Congressional Review Act (CRA) by providing a close examination and discussion of the statutory definition of a "rule." It also explains how Members can use the CRA to overturn agency rules that have not been submitted to Congress.
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Carey, Maeve P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Escalating Tariffs: Potential Impacts

Description: This report examines the potential impacts of U.S. trade actions on steel and aluminium tariffs and tariffs against China.
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Williams, Brock R.; Morrison, Wayne M. & Hammond, Keigh E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses policy issues for Congress to address regarding exchange-traded funds (ETFs), which are common ways for Americans to invest. An ETF is an investment vehicle that, similar to a mutual fund, offers public investors shares of a pool of assets; unlike a mutual fund, however, an ETF can be traded on exchanges like a stock.
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Su, Eva
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Supreme Court's Overruling of Constitutional Precedent

Description: This report examines how the Supreme Court determines whether to overrule its prior decisions on questions of constitutional law. It provides an overview of the doctrine of stare decisis, under which a court generally follows rules adopted in prior decisions; discusses how Justices who have adopted textualism and originalism handle conflicts between precedent and their judicial philosophies; and examines various factors that the Court weighs when interpreting the Constitution, providing example… more
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Murrill, Brandon J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Systemically Important or "Too Big to Fail" Financial Institutions

Description: This report discusses the economic issues raised by "too big to fail" (TBTF) financial firms, broad policy options, and policy changes made by the relevant Dodd-Frank provisions, as amended.
Date: September 24, 2018
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Judicial Fact-Finding and Criminal Sentencing: Current Practice and Potential Change

Description: This report provides an overview of criminal sentencing law by briefly describing the use of relevant conduct under the Guidelines and tracing the Supreme Court case law that has informed the practice, before addressing judicial commentary and recently proposed legislation regarding the use of acquitted or uncharged conduct at sentencing.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Foster, Michael A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Supreme Court Nomination: CRS Products

Description: This document provides a list of all the Congressional Research Service reports describing the judicial decisions of Justice Kennedy and Judge Kavanaugh, as well as Supreme Court vacancies and nominations.
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Nolan, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention

Description: This report provides information on the ongoing crisis in Yemen. Now in its fourth year, the war in Yemen shows no signs of abating. On June 12, 2018, the Saudi-led coalition, a multinational grouping of armed forces led primarily by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), launched Operation Golden Victory, with the aim of retaking the Red Sea port city of Hudaydah. The coalition also has continued to conduct air strikes inside Yemen. The war has killed thousands of Yemenis, including … more
Date: August 24, 2018
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Cyprus: Reunification Proving Elusive

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the history of the negotiations regarding reunification of the island of Cyprus and a description of some of the issues involved in those talks.
Date: July 24, 2018
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Momentum Toward Peace Talks in Afghanistan?

Description: This report discusses a potential negotiated end to the conflict in Afghanistan, prompted by Afghan government negotiations with the Taliban, the June 2018 ceasefire, and possible U.S.-Taliban talks.
Date: July 24, 2018
Creator: Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Resurgence of Chemical Weapons Use: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the use of chemical weapons (CW). Despite being banned under the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), has become a growing international concern in the past several years.
Date: July 24, 2018
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D. & Jabbari, Cyrus A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Army Futures Command

Description: This report discusses the Army Futures Command, a proposed central command focused on Army modernization efforts.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Can Corporations be Held Liable Under the Alien Tort Statute?

Description: This report is an update of an earlier report discussing the Supreme Court case of "Jesner v. Arab Bank" which reports the final decision that foreign corporations such as Arab Bank may not be brought as defendants in lawsuits under the Alien Tort Statute.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Mulligan, Stephen P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Changes in the Arctic: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Arctic-related issues for Congress such as: Arctic sovereignty claims; commercial shipping through the Arctic; Arctic oil, gas, and mineral exploration; endangered Arctic species; and increased military operations in the Arctic that could cause the region in coming years to become an arena of international cooperation or competition. The FY2019 budget request for arctic research is included.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education (CHGME)

Description: This report describes the Children's Hospital Graduate Medical Education (CHGME) program's purpose and structure, history, and authorizations and appropriations. It also provides select program data, including the number of hospitals supported under the program, their location, the amount of funding they receive, and the number of residents trained. Finally, the report discusses alternative sources of GME funding available and some issues that Congress may consider as part of the program's reau… more
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

Closing the Flood Insurance Gap

Description: This report discusses the flood insurance coverage gaps in the United States, provides statistics on the level of coverage and amount of flooding in coastal areas recently hit by hurricanes, and provides possible solutions to the flood insurance gap.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Horn, Diane P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
open access

The Consumer Product Safety Act: A Legal Analysis

Description: This report provides a legal overview of the Consumer Product Safety Act's (CPSC) structure, jurisdiction, and statutory powers under the CPSA.
Date: April 24, 2018
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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