Search Results

Shielding of a hadron in a finite e-beam

Description: The thorough study of coherent electron cooling, the modern cooling technique capable to deal with accelerators operating in the range of few TeVs, rises many interesting questions. One of them is a shielding dynamics of a hadron in an electron beam. Now this effect is computed analytically in the infinite beam approximation. Many effects are drastically different in finite and infinite plasmas. Here we propose a method to compute the dynamical shielding effect in a finite cylindrical plasma - the realistic model of an electron beam in accelerators.
Date: May 20, 2012
Creator: A., Elizarov; Litvinenko, V. & Wang, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diagnostics for the Biased Electrode Experiment on NSTX

Description: A linear array of four small biased electrodes was installed in NSTX in an attempt to control the width of the scrape-off layer (SOL) by creating a strong local poloidal electric field. The set of electrodes were separated poloidally by a 1 cm gap between electrodes and were located slightly below the midplane of NSTX, 1 cm behind the RF antenna and oriented so that each electrode is facing approximately normal to the magnetic field. Each electrode can be independently biased to ±100 volts. Present power supplies limit the current on two electrodes to 30 amps the other two to 10 amps each. The effect of local biasing was measured with a set of Langmuir probes placed between the electrodes and another set extending radially outward from the electrodes, and also by the gas puff imaging diagnostic (GPI) located 1 m away along the magnetic field lines intersecting the electrodes. Two fast cameras were also aimed directly at the electrode array. The hardware and controls of the biasing experiment will be presented and the initial effects on local plasma parameters will be discussed.
Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: A.L. Roquemore, S.J. Zweben, C.E. Bush, R. Kaita, R. J. Marsalsa, and R.J. Maqueda
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Chemometric Analysis of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Data

Description: Chemometric analysis of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has increased dramatically in recent years. A variety of different chemometric techniques have been applied to a wide range of problems in food, agricultural, medical, process and industrial systems. This article gives a brief review of chemometric analysis of NMR spectral data, including a summary of the types of mixtures and experiments analyzed with chemometric techniques. Common experimental problems encountered during the chemometric analysis of NMR data are also discussed.
Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: ALAM,TODD M. & ALAM,M. KATHLEEN
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of cracking in the 241-AZ tank farm ventilation line at the Hanford Site

Description: In the period from April to October of 1988, a series of welding operations on the outside of the AZ Tank Farm ventilation line piping at the Hanford Site produced unexpected and repeated cracking of the austenitic stainless steel base metal and of a seam weld in the pipe. The ventilation line is fabricated from type 304L stainless steel pipe of 24 inch diameter and 0.25 inch wall thickness. The pipe was wrapped in polyethylene bubble wrap and buried approximately 12 feet below grade. Except for the time period between 1980 and 1987, impressed current cathodic protection has been applied to the pipe since its installation in 1974. The paper describes the history of the cracking of the pipe, the probable cracking mechanisms, and the recommended future action for repair/replacement of the pipe.
Date: October 20, 1999
Creator: ANANTATMULA, R.P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HANFORD CHEMICAL VAPORS WORKER CONCERNS & EXPOSURE EVALUATION

Description: Chemical vapor emissions from underground hazardous waste storage tanks on the Hanford site in eastern Washington State are a potential concern because workers enter the tank farms on a regular basis for waste retrievals, equipment maintenance, and surveillance. Tank farm contractors are in the process of retrieving all remaining waste from aging single-shell tanks, some of which date to World War II, and transferring it to newer double-shell tanks. During the waste retrieval process, tank farm workers are potentially exposed to fugitive chemical vapors that can escape from tank headspaces and other emission points. The tanks are known to hold more than 1,500 different species of chemicals, in addition to radionuclides. Exposure assessments have fully characterized the hazards from chemical vapors in half of the tank farms. Extensive sampling and analysis has been done to characterize the chemical properties of hazardous waste and to evaluate potential health hazards of vapors at the ground surface, where workers perform maintenance and waste transfer activities. Worker concerns. risk communication, and exposure assessment are discussed, including evaluation of the potential hazards of complex mixtures of chemical vapors. Concentrations of vapors above occupational exposure limits-(OEL) were detected only at exhaust stacks and passive breather filter outlets. Beyond five feet from the sources, vapors disperse rapidly. No vapors have been measured above 50% of their OELs more than five feet from the source. Vapor controls are focused on limited hazard zones around sources. Further evaluations of vapors include analysis of routes of exposure and thorough analysis of nuisance odors.
Date: December 20, 2006
Creator: ANDERSON, T.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bipolaron Hopping Conduction in Boron Carbides

Description: The electrical conductivities of boron carbides, B{sub 12+x}C{sub 3{minus}x} with 0.1 < x < 1.7, between 300 and 1200K suggest the hopping of a nearly temperature-independent density of small (bi)polarons. The activation energies of the nobilities are low, {approx} 0.16 eV, and are nearly independent of the composition. At lower temperatures, conductivities have non-Arrhenius temperature dependencies and strong sensitivity to carbon concentration. Percolative aspects of low-temperature hopping are evident in this sensitivity to composition. Boron carbides' Seebeck coefficients are anomalous in that (1) they are much larger than expected from boron carbides' large carrier densities and (2) they depend only weakly on the carrier density. Carrier-induced softening of local vibrations gives contributions to the Seebeck coefficient that mirror the magnitudes and temperature dependencies found in boron carbides.
Date: September 20, 1999
Creator: ASELAGE, TERRENCE L.; EMIN, D. & MCCREADY, STEVEN S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conductivities and Seebeck Coefficients of Boron Carbides: ''Softening-Bipolaron'' Hopping

Description: The most conspicuous feature of boron carbides' electronic transport properties is their having both high carrier densities and large Seebeck coefficients. The magnitudes and temperature dependencies of the Seebeck coefficients are consistent with large contributions from softening bipolarons: singlet bipolarons whose stabilization is significantly affected by their softening of local vibrations. Boron carbides' high carrier densities, small activation energies for hopping ({approx} 0.16 eV), and anomalously large Seebeck coefficients combine with their low, glass-like thermal conductivities to make them unexpectedly efficient high-temperature thermoelectrics.
Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: ASELAGE,TERRENCE L.; EMIN,DAVID JACOB & MCCREADY,STEVEN S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Thermal Fluctuations in the Structure of Naturally Chiral Pt Surfaces

Description: The intrinsic chirality of metal surfaces with kinked steps (e.g. Pt(643)) endows them with enantiospecific adsorption properties (D. S. Shell, Langmuir, 14, 1998, 862). To understand these properties quantitatively the impact of thermally-driven step wandering must be assessed. The authors derive a lattice-gas model of step motion on Pt(111) surfaces using diffusion barriers from Density Functional Theory. This model is used to examine thermal fluctuations of straight and kinked steps.
Date: July 20, 2000
Creator: ASTHAGIRI,ARAVIND; FEIBELMAN,PETER J. & SHOLL,DAVID S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Search for High-Mass States with One Lepton Plus Missing Transverse Momentum in Proton-Proton Collisions at $\sqrt{s} with the ATLAS Detector

Description: The ATLAS detector is used to search for high-mass states, such as heavy charged gauge bosons (W{prime},W*), decaying to a charged lepton (electron or muon) and a neutrino. Results are presented based on the analysis of ppcollisions at a center-of-mass energy of 7 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36 pb{sup -1}. No excess beyond standard model expectations is observed. A W{prime} with sequential standard model couplings is excluded at 95% confidence level for masses below 1.49 TeV, and a W* (charged chiral boson) for masses below 1.35 TeV.
Date: June 20, 2012
Creator: Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abdallah, Jalal; Abdelalim, Ahmed Ali; Abdesselam, Abdelouahab; Abdinov, Ovsat et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Developing a Panelboard Trainer Using SIMVOX and PROVOX

Description: Several challenges existed in creating a system that would be valuable for training operators: the robustness and accuracy of the process model, the operator interface to the process, and the communication between the operator interface and the process models. Cost and implementation time were also important factors. Two possible implementation plans were examined. The first option was to develop a computer tool through which the operator could operate the process through interaction with the mouse and keyboard. The entire panel board system could be created in computer graphics and a process model attached. The second option was to construct a complete replica of the control room panelboard in a training environment. Operations personnel expressed a strong preference for creating the panel board replica. Concerns were expressed about the comfort level of the operators training on a computer tool, and the value of the operators becoming thoroughly familiar with the physical location of the equipment in the panelboard was believed to be high. It was therefore decided to create a replica of the control room panelboard.
Date: November 20, 1995
Creator: Abbott, L. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Provably Secure Password-based Authentication in TLS

Description: In this paper, we show how to design an efficient, provably secure password-based authenticated key exchange mechanism specifically for the TLS (Transport Layer Security) protocol. The goal is to provide a technique that allows users to employ (short) passwords to securely identify themselves to servers. As our main contribution, we describe a new password-based technique for user authentication in TLS, called Simple Open Key Exchange (SOKE). Loosely speaking, the SOKE ciphersuites are unauthenticated Diffie-Hellman ciphersuites in which the client's Diffie-Hellman ephemeral public value is encrypted using a simple mask generation function. The mask is simply a constant value raised to the power of (a hash of) the password.The SOKE ciphersuites, in advantage over previous pass-word-based authentication ciphersuites for TLS, combine the following features. First, SOKE has formal security arguments; the proof of security based on the computational Diffie-Hellman assumption is in the random oracle model, and holds for concurrent executions and for arbitrarily large password dictionaries. Second, SOKE is computationally efficient; in particular, it only needs operations in a sufficiently large prime-order subgroup for its Diffie-Hellman computations (no safe primes). Third, SOKE provides good protocol flexibility because the user identity and password are only required once a SOKE ciphersuite has actually been negotiated, and after the server has sent a server identity.
Date: December 20, 2005
Creator: Abdalla, Michel; Emmanuel, Bresson; Chevassut, Olivier; Moeller,Bodo & Pointcheval, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New Measurement of A{sub b} at the Z{sup 0} Resonance Using a Vertex Charge Technique

Description: We present a new preliminary measurement of the parity-violation parameter A{sub b} using a self-calibrating vertex-charge technique. In the SLD experiment we observe hadronic decays of Z{sup 0} bosons produced in collisions between longitudinally polarized electrons and unpolarized positrons at the SLAC Linear Collider. A sample of b{bar b} events is selected using the topologically reconstructed mass of B hadrons. From our 1996-1998 data sample of approximately 400,000 hadronic Z{sup 0} decays, we obtain A{sub b} = 0.897 {+-} 0.027(stat){sub -0.034}{sup +0.036}(syst).
Date: July 20, 1999
Creator: Abe, K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department