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Effect of Rate of Temperature Change on the Transformations in an Alloy Steel

Description: Scientific paper issued by the Bureau of Standards over studies conducted on the effects of temperature change on alloy steel. The experimental methods used and the results are presented and discussed. This paper includes tables, photographs, and illustrations.
Date: July 10, 1919
Creator: Scott, Howard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effective Temperature of Neutrons in a Lattice

Description: The average energies of neutrons emitted from a graphite column at 22 degrees C were compared by measurement of the cross section of boron for neutrons which are stopped by cadmium. At a distance from the neutron source great enough to insure that the neutrons were in thermal equilibrium the average energies of the emerging neutrons were found to be proportional to the temperature within the limits of the experimental error. A measurement made with boron absorbers which had been thus standardized in the graphite column indicated neutrons emerging from the chain reacting pile to have an average temperature approximate 60 +- 50 degrees above that of thermal neutrons emerging from the graphite column at 22 degrees C. Such a measurement made inside the chain reacting pile indicated the average temperature of neutrons therein to be about 65 degrees +- 15 degrees above the average temperature of neutrons in the graphite column.
Date: February 10, 1943
Creator: Woods, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Temperature Coefficient of the Reproduction Factor for Different Lattice Arrangements

Description: The temperature coefficient is calculated for various lattice arrangements, taking into account the variation of [formula], suggested by Fermi. Four contributions are included: leakage, levelling of the dip in thermal neutron density in the lump, resonance absorption, and hardening of the neutrons as they penetrate a metal lump. The departure of neutron temperature from lattice temperature decreases the total coefficient. Values are given for 3 typical piles; in general, the larger the uranium elements, the less stable the pile. A rod lattice tends to be more stable. A pile with metal lumps over 50 lbs. will be unstable.
Date: February 10, 1943
Creator: Morrison, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Memorandum Listing the Areas in Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico that are Geologically Favorable for Developing Large Reserves of Vanadium Ore by Prospecting

Description: Introduction: Vanadium ore is being mined at many places in western Colorado, southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, and northwestern New Mexico (fig. 1). Eight mills in this region produced about 4,300,000 pounds of V2 05 in 1942, representing about 90 percent of the vanadium obtained from domestic sources. Although ore production has mostly exceeded mill capacity since 1937, production during the last half of 1942 averaged only about 19,000 tons or ore a month, whereas the capacity of these mills total about 22,000 tons a month. At the expected rate of ore production, ore stockpiles will be exhausted sometime in 1944, and these mills will then have excess capacity. With more intensive prospecting than now practiced, however, it is believed that sufficient reserves can be indicated to sustain capacity operation of these mills for several years. This memorandum is prepared to specify those areas that are considered most favorable from a geologic standpoint for developing large reserves of vanadium ore by prospecting. It is based on intensive studies by the Geological Survey since 1939 in most of the areas that produce vanadium ore.
Date: April 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, R. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Report on Reserves and Production Situation of Vanadiferous and Related Ores in Colorado Plateau Region

Description: From introduction: The general distribution of known deposits of vanadium-bearing sandstone, which also contain some uranium and radium, is shown in figure 1 1/ and Exhibit A, plate 53. 2/ During 1939-41 the Geological Survey made detailed geological studies of these deposits in the Uravan district, Montrose County, Colorado, as well as preliminary examinations in other parts of the Colorado Plateau vanadium region. In 1942 detailed geological studies were made o the deposits in the Egnar-Slick Rock district, San Miguel Co., Colo.; 3/ the Carrizo Moungains district, Navajo Indian Reservation, Arizona and New Mexico; 4/ the Placerville district, San Miguel County, Colo. 5/ and the Monticello district, San Juan Co., Utah. 6/ Since May 3, 1943, the Gelogical Survey has guided the Bureau of Mines program of prospecting these deposits in parts of Colorado and Utah.
Date: October 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, Richard P. & Stokes, William Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Some Cases of Pile Activity Flattening

Description: Radial flattening of activity in the cores of spherical and cylindrical piles is discussed in connection with pile control and power improvement. Partial flattening as a result of k loss from temperature rise is also considered.
Date: October 10, 1943
Creator: Morehouse, N. & Young, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uranium Hydride, a Review to January 1, 1944

Description: Abstract. A review of all work on uranium hydride published in the CC, CT, CN and CE reports to January 1, 1944, is presented. Some additional information not yet published has been included, so this report includes all data known from the above sources and at Ames to the above date. This report supersedes all previous report on uranium hydride coming out of the Ames laboratory.
Date: February 10, 1944
Creator: Newton, A. S.; Warf, J. C.; Johnson, O. & Nottorf, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Healing of Fast-Neutron-Induced Changes in Graphite. II. The Effect of Heating During Exposure, Interim Report on Problem 323 MLC 2301

Description: Technical report. The effect of temperature during pile exposure on the fast-neutron-induced change in properties of graphite was studied. Temperatures up to 125 degrees C have no effect upon the rate of increase of elastic modulus; pieces exposed at 300 degrees C on the other hand show no change at all in elastic modulus. The increase in electrical resistance s an inverse function of the temperature of exposure at all temperatures in the range 60 to 300 degrees C.
Date: July 10, 1944
Creator: Neubert, Thomas A.; Novick, A.; Schenck, R. & Shapiro, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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H-Metal Lined Sphere

Description: The problem of lining a hollow aluminum sphere, 10 inches i.d., with lunes of heavy metal foil, was assigned to this group by Dr. E. Creutz. The work was carried out under the direct supervision of Dr. D.H. Gurinsky. the problem was divided naturally into tow parts: first, forming fitting the lunes, and second, cementing hem to the inside of the sphere.
Date: October 10, 1944
Creator: Young, Dwight S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Slug Temperatures in an Off-Center Annulus

Description: Abstract. Temperatures are measured at two points in an internally heated jacketed slug which is cooled by water flowing in an off-center annulus around the slug. The variations of these temperatures with water velocity, water temperature, power, and the amount the annulus is off center are measured. The temperature near the slug surface which approaches and comes in contact with the water jacket does not increase as much as anticipated. The temperature near the slug surface on the side which is moved away from the water jacket increases nearly as much as on the side approaching the slug. An explanation for this unexpected increase of temperature as on side moving away from the jacket is given.
Date: October 10, 1944
Creator: Kratz, H. R.; Peterson, R. & Schlegel, Richard, 1913-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Thermal Transfer to an Annular Water Stream in the Neighborhood of a Rib

Description: Abstract. Steady-state temperatures were measured in an electrically heated brass cylinder which was water cooled in a four-ribbed Al tube. Thermal transfer coefficients h were calculated from the measured temperatures. Curves of h values are presented for the regions of high and low ribs. the h curve is found to show a much sharper break in the region of high rib than in a low rib region. There is some evidence that h decreases linearly with annular thickness in the range considered. The low rib is found to exert a much greater effect than the high rib in decreasing the h value at points distant from the rib.
Date: November 10, 1944
Creator: Kratz, H. R.; Schlegel, R. & Christ, Carl F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of Iron in Thorium, Beryllium, and Cerium

Description: Introduction. the colorimetric determination of iron based on the formation of the colored ferrous-1,10-phenanthroline complex has been used successfully by a number of investigators. In this technical report, its adaptation to the routine determination of iron in cerium, thorium, and beryllium metals and their compounds is described.
Date: September 10, 1945
Creator: Ericson, R. P & Fornefeld, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recovery of D2O and UO2F2 by Distillation

Description: Technical report describing the purification and separation by distillation of UO2F2 from D2O. In the experiment which is discussed 2,129.6 lbs of UO2F2 were dissolved in 6,605 lbs of D2O. The average isotopic purity of the D2O decreased during the distillation from 99.77% to 99.73%. The dissolved impurities were less than those present originally in the heavy water.
Date: October 10, 1945
Creator: Fischer, R. & Wattenberg, Albert, 1917-
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Coprecipitation of Thorium and Uranium Peroxides

Description: From abstract: "Experiments covering the coprecipitation of Thorium and Uranium peroxides are described on synthetic and actual 1300 cycle machine wash effluents."
Date: May 10, 1946
Creator: Oringer, Roy; Woodard, R. W. & Larson, C. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Radiocarbon from Pile Graphite; Chemical Methods for its Concentration

Description: Abstract. Samples of pile graphite, irradiated in a test-hole at Hanford for 15 months, have been assayed for radioactive C14, yielding 0.38 ± 0.04 microcuries per gram. At this level of activity, the pile graphite contains very valuable amounts of C14. The relation between the above assay and the probable average assay of pile graphite is discussed, and it is concluded that the latter is almost certainly above 0.3 uc/ gram. Controlled oxidation of this graphite, either with oxygen at ~ 750°C, or with chromic acid "cleaning solution" at room temperature, yields early fractions which are highly enriched in C14. Concentrations of 5-fold with oxygen, and 50-fold with CRO{sub3}, have been observed. The relation between the observed enrichment and the Wigner effect is discussed, and a mechanism accounting for the observations put forward. According to this, about 25% of the stable carbon atoms in the lattice have been displaced by Wigner effect, a large fraction of which have healed the migrating to crystal edges. All the C14 atoms have been displaced, and the same fraction of these migrate to the edges. The enrichment then results from surface oxidation, in the oxygen case. Predictions are made on the basis of this hypothesis. A technique of counting radioactive CO2 in the gas phase is described
Date: October 10, 1946
Creator: Arnold, James R. & Libby, Willard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical Comparison of a Standard Turbojet Engine, a Turbojet Engine with a Tail-Pipe Burner, and a Ram-Jet Engine

Description: From Introduction: "Experimental investigations (reference 1) have shown that in some cases the thrust can be more than doubled by means of tail-pipe burning. A comparison is made of a standard turbojet engine, whose thrust is augmented by tail-pipe burning, and a ram-jet engine. The performance characteristics for the ram-jet engine were computed entirely from theoretical considerations and on the assumption that the burner-inlet velocity was constant."
Date: February 10, 1947
Creator: Krebs, Richard P. & Palasics, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effects of Pile Radiation on Be Metal

Description: The following report examines a set of beryllium metal rods through pile radiation, taking measurements, and analyzing differences between irradiated and radiated rod samples.
Date: June 10, 1947
Creator: Siegel, Sidney
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Neutralization of HNO₃ in Redox ICU an IAW Streams

Description: The following memorandum outlines the procedures used on the neutralization of HNO3 in redox ICU and IAW streams, and the factors influencing their choice. The procedures involve a) hexone removal by evaporation in the presence of a retardant, b) destruction of the retardant, c) nitric acid elimination by boiling with aluminum and d) concentration of the remaining solution by evaporation.
Date: December 10, 1948
Creator: Curtis, M. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fast Neutron Sensitivity of the CP Meter

Description: Abstract: "The sensitivity to fast neutrons of a CP Meter ionization chamber of the type used for health physics beta and gamma survey measurements has been investigated."
Date: June 10, 1949
Creator: Baker, E. E.; Gydesen, F. R. & Whipple, G. H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Materials Testing Reactor Project : Reactor Building, Design Report No. 26

Description: The following report discusses the building design and development of the reactor building, Building 1105, for Argonne National Laboratory, that is meant to house the reactor.
Date: October 10, 1949
Creator: Guzik, R. F. & Link, L. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Polarographic Determination of Hexone

Description: The following report describes polarographic methods that determine saturated aliphatic carbonyl compounds.
Date: November 10, 1949
Creator: Alkire, George J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Determination of Total Plutonium in the Presence of Aluminum

Description: Introduction: "The adoption of aluminum nitrate as salting agent in the Redox process made it imperative that a method be available for determining plutonium in the presence of aluminum. However, large amounts of aluminum have been found to interfere with the determination of plutonium by the lanthanum fluoride procedure. Previous attempts to increase the accuracy of the lanthanum fluoride method, by precipitating LaF3 from 4 M HF (rather than 2 M), have been successful only when the initial plutonium level was high."
Date: February 10, 1950
Creator: Burns, R. E. & Barton, G. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Uranium Hydride : A Survey

Description: The following report discusses the results of a survey that was initiated to ascertain the availability of uranium hydride in tonnage quantities.
Date: April 10, 1950
Creator: Kitzes, A. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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