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Single particle behavior in plasmas

Description: The paper follows the history of a neutral atom or molecule into a plasma--ionization, dissociation, radiation,--until it becomes a set of charged particles moving in the electromagnetic fields of the plasma system. The various useful forms of the method of averaging are displayed and applied to calculation of constants of motion. The breakdown of these constants is discussed along with some of the implications for fusion systems.
Date: March 10, 1977
Creator: McNamara, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analysis of Paraho oil shale products and effluents: an example of the multi-technique approach

Description: Inorganic analysis of solid, liquid and gaseous samples from the Paraho Semiworks Retort was completed using a multitechnique approach. The data were statistically analyzed to determine both the precision of each method and to see how closely the various techniques compared. The data were also used to determine the redistribution of 31 trace and major elements in the various effluents, including the offgas for the Paraho Retort operating in the direct mode. The computed mass balances show that approximately 1% or greater fractions of the As, Co, Hg, N, Ni, S and Se are released during retorting and redistributed to the product shale oil, retort water or product offgas. The fraction for these seven elements ranged from almost 1% for Co and Ni to 50 to 60% for Hg and N. Approximately 20% of the S and 5% of the As and Se are released. The mass balance redistribution during retorting for Al, Fe, Mg, V and Zn was observed to be no greater than .05%. These redistribution figures are generally in agreement with previous mass balance studies made for a limited number of elements on laboratory or smaller scale pilot retorts. 7 tables.
Date: June 10, 1979
Creator: Fruchter, J. S.; Wilkerson, C. L.; Evans, J. C. & Sanders, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Supporting Analysis for Thermal Suitability of Fuel Elements for SM-1A Core I Loading

Description: A recommended SM-1A Core I loading chart was derived from available, metallurgically acceptable elements at the SM-1A and SM-1 sites. The derivation was based on local thermal and hydraulic considerations of minimum elementto- element coolant channel clearances. These clearances were determined from field inspection measurements of outer fuel plate spacing, as modified by analytical calculations of plate ripple growth during exposure to reactor operating thermal stresses. (auth)
Date: January 10, 1962
Creator: Brondel, J. O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Extracted current densities from surface conversion sources of negative ions

Description: The condition for extracting a maximum negative ion current density is found when the product of the radius of the negative ion conversion electrode, the cross-section for negative and positive ion recombination, and the density of positive ions in the ion source equals one. The optimum output is obtained at the highest positive ion density and the smallest electrode radius.
Date: February 10, 1982
Creator: Fink, J.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE POWER OUTPUT AND EFFICIENCY OF THERMIONIC CONVERTERS CONNECTED IN SERIES AND PARALLEL CIRCUITS--PART I

Description: Optimum and off-optimum performance is experimentally obtained for one of the 10 mil spaced, 7 cm/sup 2/ emitter area, cylindrical geometry thermionic converters to be used in the series and parallel connected thermionic converter experiment. The results are presented as graphs of output voltage vs power input, and power output vs power input. The current is the major parameter in both cases. The data in these forms are used to compute the power output of twin converter circults having unequal power inputs. The optimum load conditions for operation are then determined. The results are valuable in guiding thermionic power plant design. (auth)
Date: April 10, 1962
Creator: Holland, J.W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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SOME EXPERIENCES IN THE WELD FABRICATION OF REFRACTORY METALS

Description: Discussion is given on the welding fabrication of tungsten, molybdenum, niobium, and tantalum. Properties which make the four refractory metals important are tabulatcd along with titanium which is given for comparison. Extensive evaluation was conducted using the gas, tungsten arc welding process employing both manual and machine welding. Design data were obtained exclusively from machine welded sheet materials. Flash welding, resistance spot welding and brazing, electron beam welding, and high frequency resistance welding processes were also applied to molybdenum alloys. The oxidation of molybdenum, tantalum, and niobium in flowing air at 2000 deg F is also given. (P.C.H.)
Date: February 10, 1961
Creator: Thompson, E.G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program. Final report

Description: Heat engine/electric hybrid vehicles offer the potential of greatly reduced petroleum consumption, compared to conventional vehicles, without the disadvantages of limited performance and operating range associated with pure electric vehicles. This report documents a hybrid vehicle design approach which is aimed at the development of the technology required to achieve this potential, in such a way that it is transferable to the auto industry in the near term. The development of this design approach constituted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program. The major tasks in this program were: mission analysis and performance specification studies; design tradeoff studies; and preliminary design. Detailed reports covering each of these tasks are included as appendices to this report. A fourth task, sensitivity studies, is also included in the report on the design tradeoff studies. Because of the detail with which these appendices cover methodology and results, the body of this report has been prepared as a brief executive summary of the program activities and results, with appropriate references to the detailed material in the appendices.
Date: September 10, 1979
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experimental device for measuring the momentum of disperse granular materials

Description: An experimental device for measuring the time averaged momentum associated with a steady stream of a disperse granular material has been developed. The mathematical basis for the device is presented including a discussion of using the momentum measurement to compute the local mass or energy fluxes. The analysis considers both nonuniform particle mass and nonuniform velocities for the various constituents of an aggregate material. The results of calibration experiments conducted with a prototype transducer are shown with theoretical predictions of these results.
Date: February 10, 1982
Creator: Watling, H.E. & Griffiths, S.K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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HANFORD STUDIES FOR EGCR COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS. Summary Report

Description: The temperature, geometry, and flow conditions which exist in the EGCR were duplicated in a mock-up designated as the EGCR Burning Rig to establish the combustion conditions in the reactor. The conditions under which the EGCR Burning Rig will ignite were established and an analytical model was developed which predicts these conditions. Because the Burning Rig cannot exactly dupIicate the reactor situation the final prediction of the safety of the EGCR must rest on computer calculations employing the above analytical model. No advantage in retarding combustion was found in using silicon carbide coated fuel sleeves. The negative results of these tests are due both to the particular geometry of the EGCR moderator and sleeves as well as to the fact that all sleeves tested contained imperfections in the coatings. Chlorine was demonstrated to be an effective agent for extinguishing graphite fires. Concentrations in air of about 1% were observed to extinguish graphite fires at temperatures as high as 1000 deg C. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1961
Creator: de Halas, D.R.; Dahl, R.E. & Jackson, J.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tar sand extraction by steam stimulation and steam drive: measurement of physical properties

Description: The measurement of the following thermophysical properties of Utah tar sands is in progress: thermal conductivity, specific heat relative permeability, and viscosity (of the recovered bitumen). During the report period (October 1, 1978 to November 1, 1979), experimental procedures have been developed and a basic data set has been measured. Additionally, standard core analysis has been performed for four drill sites in the Asphalt Ridge, Utah area.
Date: September 10, 1980
Creator: Linberg, W.R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Delayed Failure Hydrogen Embrittlement of Zirconium. Summary Report, September 15, 1961 to September 14, 1962

Description: The extent to which zirconium and zirconium alloys exhibit delayed failure (static fatigue) as caused by a combination of absorbed hydrogen and applied stress was investigated. Susceptibility to time-dependent fracture was evaluated for unalloyed zirconium and Zircaloy-2 with 200 and 500 ppm hydrogen as well as for an experimental Zr Al-Sn-Mo alloy and the Canadian Zr-2.5Nb cladding material. For unalloyed zirconium and Zircaloy-2 containing up to 500 ppm hydrogen, no room-temperature, timedependent fracture occurred which could be definitely attributed to the delayed failure phenomenon; an increased grain size, 20% cold deformation by rolling, or corrosion in 750 deg F steam did not significantly affect this behavior. The curve of applied stress versus time to failure at room temperature for the high-strength Zr-Al-Sn--Mo alloy containing 500 ppm hydrcgen established a strong susceptibility to delayed failure due to hydrogen absorption; studies on vacuum-annealed material showed no failures. Further, reduced temperature indicated that the occurrence of static fatigue is temperature dependent. Data for heattreated Zr 2.5Nb containing 500 ppm hydrogen indicated that this material is moderately sensitive to delayed failure at room temperature; higher hydrogen contents caused a greatly increased susceptibility to time-dependent fracture. (auth)
Date: October 10, 1962
Creator: Weinstein, D. & Holtz, F. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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THE RECOVERY OF FISSION PRODUCT RARE EARTH SULFATES FROM PUREX 1WW

Description: Cerium- and 144 promethium-147, accompanied by rare earths resulting from fission or decay can be removed from Purex 1WW in>90% yield as an insoluble, crystalline sodium-rare earth double sulfate. Precipitation is initiated by a one-to-three hour equilibration at 90 deg C and centrifugation at 90 deg C to take advantage of the lower solubility of the double sulfate salt at a higher temperature. The sulfate concentration should be one molar and the solution pH at the time of precipitation should be 0.5 to 1.5. The addition of tartrate ion to complex the iron allows the use of a higher pH and sulfate concentration, gives a more complete separation from iron, and a quantitative recovery of the rare earths. The double sulfate precipitate can be dissolved in dilute nitric acid or converted to the carbonate and then dissolved to yield a solution for further processing. The double sulfate precipitation of the rare earths, with tartrate added, gives a good separation from impurities. One-cycle decontamination factors of 150 for Zr-Nb and 1100 for Ru-Rh have been achieved in laboratory tests. Tests in the Purex head-end equipment with up to twomegacurie batches of cerium have corroborated the laboratory results. Decontamination factors of 70 for iron, 10 for zirconium, 20 for niobium and 25 for ruthenium have been obtained. It was found wise to limit the batch size because decay heat leads to partial calcination in the centrifuge and to difficulty in redissolution. (auth)
Date: May 10, 1961
Creator: Wheelwright, E.J. & Swift, W.H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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REACTIVITY CALIBRATIONS AND FISSION-RATE DISTRIBUTIONS IN AN UNMODERATED, UNREFLECTED URANIUM-MOLYBDENUM ALLOY RESEARCH PROGRAM

Description: Completion of zero-power critical experiments with the ORNL Health Physics Research Reactor is reported. A description is given concerning these experiments which were used to determine the critical size, fission-rate distributions, reactivity calibrations of its movable parts, the temperature coefficient of reactivity, and the reactivity effects of the presence of neutron- reflecting materials adjacent to the reactor. (J.R.D.)
Date: May 10, 1962
Creator: Mihalczo, J.T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Petroleum marketing monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary]

Description: This report is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner's acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented. 12 figs., 55 tabs.
Date: October 10, 1991
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Kilowatt Isotope Power System: component test report for the ground demonstration system accumulator. 77-KIPS-100

Description: The purpose of this test was to demonstrate that the system accumulator for the developmental program to be conducted on the Kilowatt Isotope Power System (KIPS) fulfilled the requirements of the test procedure (TP 400) test objectives. The results of the expulsion testing performed on the system accumulator are presented.
Date: October 10, 1977
Creator: Brainard, E.L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Military Selective Service Act of 1967: A Survey of Proposals and Studies Concerning Its Revision or Replacement

Description: This report documents major proposals asking for the reform of the Universal Military Training and Service Act, along with the opinions of the Marshall Commission, Clark Panel, and the President on each proposal.
Date: April 10, 1968
Creator: Stillson, Albert C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

[Nearly complete Animal Farm piece]

Description: Photograph of the almost complete UNT Libraries staff's Animal Farm piece for the Edible Books Festival. On the baking tray is a green bottom layer of icing with little tufts of icing grass. On top of that is the full piece, three sheep made of cauliflower and mushrooms and a ginger Bread Animal Farm. Included is the barn and an arch with the words "Animal Farm" in pretzel and icing. Behind is a barn with the words "All Animalz are Equal".
Date: April 10, 2017
Creator: Clark, Junebug
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections

[Animal Farm decoration team with finished piece]

Description: Photograph of the Animal Farm piece decoration team, which includes (L-R) Lauren Ko, Courtney E. Jacobs, Marcia McIntosh, Courtney Hamner, and Shannon Willis. McIntosh and Willis are both holding cookies decorated as animals from the story. McIntosh is holding a cow and Willis is holding a pig.
Date: April 10, 2017
Creator: Clark, Junebug
Partner: UNT Libraries Special Collections
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