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Extinguishing and Preventing Oil and Gas Fires

Description: From Introduction: " As the subject of oil and gas is necessarily broad, no attempt is made in this bulletin to treat it exhaustively; rather the bulletin aims to point out what has been done by operators in the past, and to describe various fire-prevention methods and fire-fighting apparatus which are being used or adopted by many of the larger oil companies. These methods and apparatus, it is believed, if universally employed by operators, will largely decrease the present enormous annual losses."
Date: 1920
Creator: Bowie, C. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Approved Explosion-Proof Coal-Cutting Equipment

Description: Report discussing description of equipment tested to prevent explosions when using coal-cutting explosions and provides explanation of fire damp protection theory.
Date: 1920
Creator: Ilsley, L. C. & Gleim, E. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Manganese: Uses, Preparation, Mining Costs and the Production of Ferro-Alloys

Description: From Introduction: "In this bulletin the reports on manganese are presented, which range in scope from the beneficiation of the ore to the utilization of the metal."
Date: 1920
Creator: Weld, C. M.; Phalen, W. C.; Newton, Edmund; Crane, W. R.; van Barneveld, C. E.; Christianson, Peter et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Quality of Gasoline Marketed in the United States

Description: From Scope of the Present Bulletin: "The present bulletin furnishes, in addition to the analytical figures, fairly complete data on the production, consumption, and quality of gasoline."
Date: 1920
Creator: Hill, H. H. & Dean, E. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Coal-Mine Fatalities in the United States, 1919: and Coal-Mine Statistics Supplementing Those Published in Bulletin 115

Description: Supplementary report published by the U.S. Bureau of Mines regarding fatalities in coal mines located in the United States: "In addition to giving monthly fatality tables for 1919, this report includes several tables that were published in various monthly statements since 1914, thus making available in one publication all of the data compiled since that time" (p. 9).
Date: 1920
Creator: Fay, Albert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Casing Troubles and Fishing Methods in Oil Wells

Description: From introduction: "The Bureau of Mines, in its researches aimed to prevent wastes and to increase efficiency in oil-well practice, has investigated the matter of casing troubles and fishing methods. The results of the investigation are set forth in this paper."
Date: 1920
Creator: Curtin, Thomas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bibliography of Petroleum and Allied Substances, 1917

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin is the third of the series of yearly petroleum bibliographies being published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1920
Creator: Burroughs, E. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abstracts of Current Decisions on Mines and Mining: May to August, 1919

Description: Bulletin issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines: "This publication is devoted exclusively to a review and abstracts of decisions based on the laws governing the rights and duties of mine owners, operators, miners, and persons trafficking in all kinds of mining properties. It includes abstracts of current decisions of all the Federal and State courts of last resort on questions relating to the mining industries" (Bulletin 61, p. 9).
Date: 1920
Creator: Thompson, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pennsylvania Mining Statutes Annotated

Description: From Author's Explanation: "This bulletin is intended to include every legislative enactment of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania relating to the mining and mineral industries. The entire body of mining laws is set out for these obvious reasons: (1) To show the progress and advancement made, and the changes through which the enactments have passed; (2) an author may not assume the determination of what particular laws are in fact in effect, as this is within the jurisdiction of the courts alone; (3) it was at least necessary to set out all acts that had at any time been construed by the courts."
Date: 1920
Creator: Thompson, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Structure in Paleozoic Bituminous Coals

Description: From Introduction: "To fill in a few of these gaps and to clarify some of the existing confusion is the aim of this paper. The immediate cause that led the author to investigate further the composition of coal and the origin and structure of its constituents was that when an attempt was made to discover the meaning of the coking and noncoking properties of a coal a more exact knowledge of the nature of the coal was required than was then available."
Date: 1920
Creator: Thiessen, Reinhardt
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Mining and Preparing Domestic Graphite for Crucible Use

Description: From Prefactory Statement: "In this bulletin are presented the results obtained in the first two phases of the work outlined above. The bulletin is in two parts. The first part describes the methods of mining and milling used, suggests a standard method of sampling finished graphite, and describes a rapid and convenient method of analysis developed at the Pittsburgh station of the Bureau of Mines, to which has been assigned the analytical and microscopic work. The second part describes experiments on the concentration and milling of graphite, which were made at the Salt Lake City, Utah, station."
Date: 1920
Creator: Dub, George D. & Moses, Frederick G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Glossary of the Mining and Mineral Industry

Description: From Introduction: "This glossary is published by the Bureau of Mines as a contribution to the mining literature in the belief that it will fill a long-felt need. It contains about 20,000 terms; these include both technical and purely local terms related to metal mining, coal mining, quarrying, petroleum, and natural gas, and metallurgical works; names of useful, important, and common minerals and rocks; and geological terms. It presents in one comprehensive volume the available standard, technical terms relating to the mining and mineral industry, as well as provincialisms that have been or are now in use in English-speaking countries."
Date: 1920
Creator: Fay, Albert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Göttingen Wind Tunnel for Testing Aircraft Models

Description: Given here is a brief description of the Göttingen wind tunnel for the testing of aircraft models, preceded by a history of its development. Included are a number of diagrams illustrating, among other things, a sectional elevation of the wind tunnel, the pressure regulator, the entrance cone and method of supporting a model for simple drag tests, a three-component balance, and a propeller testing device, all of which are discussed in the text.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Notes on Longitudinal Stability and Balance

Description: Report detailing studies of longitudinal stability and balance on five airplanes: the JN4H, DH4, VE7, USAC-11, and Martin Transport. The methods of measurement, methods of correcting instability, and potential modifications for the elevator of the planes is described.
Date: April 1920
Creator: Warner, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Design of Recording Wind Tunnel Balances

Description: Given here is a description of the design of a scientific recording wind tunnel balance. It was decided that the most satisfactory arrangement would be a rigid ring completely surrounding the tunnel or wind stream, so that the model could be supported from it by wires or any arrangement of spindles. The forces and moments acting on this ring can then be recorded by suitable weighing apparatus. The methods available for recording forces on the arms are explained. The proposed type of balance will support the model rigidly in a variety of ways, will make a complete test without attention, and will plot the results so that all computations are avoided.
Date: December 1920
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Dynamometer Hub

Description: The construction of the dynamometer hub is illustrated and explained, and its electrical and aviation motor tests, as well as those in free flight, described.
Date: September 1920
Creator: Stieber, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recent Efforts and Experiments in the Construction of Aviation Engines

Description: It became evident during World War I that ever-increasing demands were being placed on the mean power of aircraft engines as a result of the increased on board equipment and the demands of aerial combat. The need was for increased climbing efficiency and climbing speed. The response to these demands has been in terms of lightweight construction and the adaptation of the aircraft engine to the requirements of its use.
Date: September 1920
Creator: Schwager, [Otto]
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Horizontal Buoyancy in Wind Tunnels

Description: Note presenting an examination of horizontal buoyancy in wind tunnels, including an examination of the relative flow, static pressure gradient, horizontal buoyancy computation, and methods of computation in practical use are provided.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tests of Artificial Flight at High Altitudes

Description: "If we wish to form an accurate idea of the extraordinary progress achieved in aeronautics, a comparison must be made of the latest altitude records and the figures regarded as highest attainable limit some ten years ago. It is desirable, for two reasons, that we should be able to define the limit of the altitudes that can be reached without artificial aid. First, to know to what extent the human body can endure the inhalation of rarified air. Second, the mental capacity of the aviator must be tested at high altitudes and the limit known below which he is able to make reliable observations without being artificially supplied with oxygen" (p. 1).
Date: November 1920
Creator: Gradenwitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Airplane Performance as Influenced by the Use of a Supercharged Engine

Description: "The question of the influence of a supercharged engine on airplane performance is treated here in a first approximation, but one that gives an exact idea of the advantage of supercharging. Considered here is an airplane that climbs first with an ordinary engine, not supercharged, and afterwards climbs with a supercharged engine. The aim is to find the difference of the ceilings reached in the two cases" (p. 1).
Date: May 1920
Creator: de Bothezat, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Relation of Rib Spacing to Stress in Wing Planes

Description: The stress relations to the fabric and the rib consequent upon a change of spacing between ribs in a wing plane are discussed. Considering the wing plane as a static structure, and ignoring the question of aerodynamic efficiency, it appears that the unit stress in the rib and fabric will remain constant for constant p if the linear dimensions of both rib and fabric are increased alike, viz., if wing and fabric remain geometrically similar. Since the bulge and the structural dimensions remain geometrically similar, the whole distended plane remains so, and hence should have the same pressure distribution and efficiency.
Date: May 1920
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Static Testing and Proposed Standard Specifications

Description: Static tests fall into two groups, the first of which is designed to load all members of the structure approximately in accordance with the worst loads which they carry in flight, while the second is directed to the testing of specific members which are suspected of weakness and which are difficult to analyze mathematically. The nature of the loading in the second type is different for every different test, but the purpose of the first is defined clearly enough to permit the adoption of some standard set of loading specifications, at least for airplanes of normal design. Here, an attempt is made to carry through an analysis leading to such a standard, the goal being the determination of a load which will simultaneously impose on every member of the airplane structure a stress equal to the worst it will carry in flight.
Date: July 1920
Creator: Warner, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Soaring Flight in Guinea

Description: Report discusses information obtained from studying large birds that fly by soaring, which involves using the wind without moving their wings. An Egyptian vulture and African white-backed vulture were observed and their relative air speed, upward air velocity, lift, and drag were noted. The experimental methods for measuring these values are described.
Date: August 1920
Creator: Idrac, Pierre
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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