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Analyses of Air from Burning Buildings

Description: This report provides results of analyses and pertinent fata regarding eleven samples taken from the composition of the air in burning buildings.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Katz, S. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of the Inflow Theory of the Propeller

Description: Report discusses the theory of inflow of the propeller and the fact that both suctional axial velocity and suctional tangential velocity must be considered when calculating the maximum efficiency.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Göttingen Wind Tunnel for Testing Aircraft Models

Description: Given here is a brief description of the Göttingen wind tunnel for the testing of aircraft models, preceded by a history of its development. Included are a number of diagrams illustrating, among other things, a sectional elevation of the wind tunnel, the pressure regulator, the entrance cone and method of supporting a model for simple drag tests, a three-component balance, and a propeller testing device, all of which are discussed in the text.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Horizontal Buoyancy in Wind Tunnels

Description: Note presenting an examination of horizontal buoyancy in wind tunnels, including an examination of the relative flow, static pressure gradient, horizontal buoyancy computation, and methods of computation in practical use are provided.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Zahm, A. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Italian and French Experiments on Wind Tunnels

Description: Given here are the results of experiments conducted by Colonel Costanzi of the Italian Army to determine the influence of the surrounding building in which a wind tunnel was installed on the efficiency of the installation, and how the efficiency of the installation was affected by the design of the tunnel. Also given are the results of a series of experiments by Eiffel on 34 models of tunnels of different dimensions. This series of experiments was started in order to find out if, by changing the shape of the nozzle or of the diffuser of the large tunnel at Auteuil, the efficiency of the installation could be improved.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Knight, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Photographic Recording of Small Motions

Description: Methods and equipment for recording small and sometimes rapid motions by photographic means are described, and the efficacy of photographic recording in such instances is evaluated. The optical system consisting of the light source, the mirror or prism for transmitting motion to the emergent beam, and a means of bringing the rays into focus on the film are discussed. Attention is given to the critical issue of mirror mounting.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Recent Developments in Light Alloys

Description: This report is intended to cover the progress that has been made in both the manufacture and utility of light alloys in the United States since the first part of 1919. Duralumin is extensively discussed both as to manufacture and durability.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Woodward, R. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Tests of Artificial Flight at High Altitudes

Description: "If we wish to form an accurate idea of the extraordinary progress achieved in aeronautics, a comparison must be made of the latest altitude records and the figures regarded as highest attainable limit some ten years ago. It is desirable, for two reasons, that we should be able to define the limit of the altitudes that can be reached without artificial aid. First, to know to what extent the human body can endure the inhalation of rarified air. Second, the mental capacity of the aviator must be tested at high altitudes and the limit known below which he is able to make reliable observations without being artificially supplied with oxygen" (p. 1).
Date: November 1920
Creator: Gradenwitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Variable Pitch Propellers

Description: In this report are described four different types of propellers which appeared at widely separated dates, but which were exhibited together at the last Salon de l'Aeronautique. The four propellers are the Chaviere variable pitch propeller, the variable pitch propeller used on the Clement Bayard dirigible, the variable pitch propeller used on Italian dirigibles, and the Levasseur variable pitch propeller.
Date: November 1920
Creator: Bacon, D. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aeronautic Instruction in Germany

Description: This report contains a list of the courses relating to aeronautics announced in Germany, both in the technical high schools and in the universities.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Bouche, Henri
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Choice of Wing Sections for Airplanes

Description: "The subject of the choice of an airfoil section is by no means a closed one, and despite the impossibility of making a single rule serve, it is quite practicable to deduce in a strictly rational manner a series of rules and formulas which are capable of being of the greatest use if we but confine ourselves to the consideration of one element of performance at a time. There are seven such elements of performance which are here taken up in turn. The seven are of different relative importance in different types of airplanes. The seven elements are: maximum speed regardless of minimum; maximum speed for given minimum; maximum speed range ratio; maximum rate of climb; maximum absolute ceiling; maximum distance non-stop; and maximum duration non-stop" (p. 1-2).
Date: November 1921
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The danger of stalled flight and an analysis of the factors which govern it

Description: A definition of "stalled fight" is presented as well as a detailed discussion on the how and why it occurs. Some suggestions are made to prevent its occurrence such as carrying an air speed instrument in the airplane.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Hopf, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Establishment of Aviation Schools

Description: Report presenting a discussion of the creation of a suitable aviation school and some of the characteristics that should be considered in terms of hiring personnel, creating a curriculum, and obtaining equipment.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Kempe, Erich
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Experiments With Slotted Wings

Description: Note presenting an investigation of various aspects of slotted wings, including some theoretical and experimental results and characteristics of certain slotted wings currently in production.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Lachmann, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Investigation on the Effect of Raked Wing Tips

Description: This investigation was carried out by request of the United States Air Service in the wind tunnel of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The results are here published by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics as it is thought that they may be of general interest. Wings of the R.A.F. 6 section are tested with various angles of rake, and it is found that although rake has very little effect, a positive or negative rake of 30 degrees is the best.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pressure Measurements During Flight

Description: The general idea was to record the air pressure on the spot, that is, without intervening tubes, by some simple automatic registering device. This was therefore made in such small dimensions that it could be inserted into the wing between the ribs and stand in direct connection with the pressure openings. The results of different experiments are presented along with the best locations for locating the instruments for recording the pressure.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Pröll, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Traffic Airships With Special Reference to Economy

Description: The first part of this report details the efficiency and economy of airship travel, while the second part presents methods of economic efficiency with regards to construction, cost of upkeep and operation, and the establishment of airship lines.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Leyensetter, Walther
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Vortices and the Related Principles of Hydrodynamics

Description: Here, conceptions concerning vortices are illustrated by the simplest possible examples. Mathematical formulas and similar means of presentation, which, for the most part, do not help the understanding of persons not versed therein, have been avoided as much as possible. Instead, the author has endeavored to demonstrate the phenomena by means of simple geometrical and mechanical illustrations. For the sake of clarity, the author chiefly considers currents in one plane only, a situation that can be readily represented by diagrams. Some of the peculiarities of vortices in three dimensional flow are briefly discussed.
Date: November 1921
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aeronautical Museums

Description: Different methods of presenting aeronautical artifacts are examined. The advantages of operating an aeronautical museum and its ability to increase public interest in aircraft are provided.
Date: November 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Air reactions to objects moving at rates above the velocity of sound with application to the air propeller

Description: From Discussion: "To meet these unusual conditions three sets of ball-bearings were employed and arranged in tandem, thereby reducing their speeds by the ratio of the number of sets used, as shown in Fig.3. This proved to be a complete success. The results obtained in experiments with a two-blade, 4 foot propeller of series 2, are given in Fig. 9."
Date: November 1922
Creator: Reed, S. Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Causes of Failure of Airship Sheds

Description: Different causes of airship shed collapse are discussed, with suction and human carelessness being the prime causes.
Date: November 1922
Creator: Sonntag, R. & Hoff, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Commercial Aviation in France

Description: In the present state of things, there are three great problems to be solved, relating respectively to the financial, technical, and commercial aspects of the question of commercial aviation.
Date: November 1922
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Comparison of Nonrigid and Semirigid Airships

Description: "One of the main subjects of airship science consists in establishing cooperation between two vertical forces, the buoyancy of the air and the attraction of gravity. The mechanism for establishing this cooperation must have the minimum weight and offer the minimum head resistance. Starting with this principle, let us consider what improvements can be made in the present type of non-rigid airships" (p. 1).
Date: November 1922
Creator: Stapfer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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