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The 1926 German Seaplane Contest

Description: The report discusses the problem of rating the various seaplane designs from the 1926 seaplane contest. The whole process of rating consists in measuring the climbing speed, flying weight and carrying capacity of a seaplane and then using these data as the basis of a construction problem.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Seewald, F.; Blenk, H. & Liebers, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Abacus Giving the Variation of the Mean Pressure of an Aviation Engine as a Function of its Speed of Rotation

Description: Comparing the results of the calculations for computing the mean pressure of an aviation engine for any number of revolutions, with those of experiment, the writer, by numerous examples, shows the perfect agreement between them. This report will show that, by means of a special abacus, an engineer can instantly plot the characteristics of an engine.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Margoulis, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aeronautic Insurance

Description: The problem of insuring the emerging commercial aeronautic industry is detailed. The author also motes that a complete solution cannot be obtained until the necessary statistics are compiled.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Neal, Erik
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Airplane Crashes: Engine Troubles: A Possible Explanation

Description: The aim was to bring attention to what might be the cause of some aircraft accidents for which there was no satisfactory explanation. The author notes that in testing aircraft accidents at the Bureau of Standards, it happened frequently that the engine performance became erratic when the temperature of the air entering the carburetor was between 0 C and 20 C. Investigation revealed the trouble to have been caused by the formation and collection of snow somewhere between the entrance to the carburetor and the manifold, probably at the throttle.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Sparrow, Stanwood W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Altitude of equilibrium of an airship

Description: This report details the procedure followed in establishing a general formula enabling the calculation of the maximum altitude attainable statically.
Date: March 1925
Creator: Nobile, Umberto
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Analytical methods for computing the polar curves of airplanes

Description: This report presents a method of calculating polar curves which is at least as precise as graphical methods, but it more rapid. Knowing the wind tunnel test of a wing and the performances of an airplane of the same profile, it is easy to verify the characteristic coefficients and, at the same time, the methods determining induced resistances.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Le Sueur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Art of Writing Scientific Reports

Description: As the purpose of the report is to transmit as smoothly and as easily as possible, certain facts and ideas, to the average person likely to read it, it should be written in a full and simple enough manner to be comprehended by the least tutored, and still not be boring to the more learned readers.
Date: March 1921
Creator: Norton, F. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Atmospheric Waves and Their Utilization in Soaring Flight

Description: In soaring flight, ascending air currents are utilized and the interesting question is raised whether there are such currents which extend to any considerable distance and which can be utilized practically.
Date: March 1923
Creator: Baldit, M. Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Bagnulo Heavy Fuel Internal Combustion Engine and Its Employment in Aviation

Description: We see with great satisfaction that Bagnulo's studies and experiments on his high-speed, heavy-fuel engines, promise to solve not only the general problem of economical power and hence of thermal efficiency, but also all other special problems, of weight and space, and, what is still more important, range of error.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Fiore, Amedeo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculation of Airplane Performances Without the Aid of Polar Diagrams

Description: For good profiles the profile-drag coefficient is almost constant in the whole range which comes into consideration for practical flight. This is manifest in the consideration of the Gottingen airfoil tests and is confirmed by the investigations of the writer (measurements of the profile drag during flight by the Betz method), concerning which a detailed report will soon be published. The following deductions proceed from this fact. The formulas developed on the assumptions of a constant profile-drag coefficient afford an extensive insight into the influences exerted on flight performances by the structure of the airplane.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Schrenk, Martin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Calculation of Wing Float Displacement in Single-Float Seaplanes

Description: Note presenting an exploration of the calculation of wing float displacement in single-float seaplanes. An explanation of a formula that can be used is provided.
Date: March 1925
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Calculation of Wing Spars of Variable Cross-Section and Linear Load

Description: "The calculation of wing spars of constant cross-section and load has been thoroughly treated by a large number of authors. Such is not the case,however, regarding the calculation of wing spars whose section and linear load diminish toward the ends, as in wings of trapezoidal contour and decreasing section" (p. 1).
Date: March 1925
Creator: Kirste, Léon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Choice of the Speed of an Airship

Description: The favorable speed of an airship is chiefly determined by the condition of the consumption of the least amount of fuel per unit of traveled distance, although other conditions come into play. The resulting rules depend on the character of the wind and on the variability of the efficiency of the engine propeller units. This investigation resulted in the following rules. 1) Always keep the absolute course and steer at such an angle with reference to it as to neutralize the side wind. 2) In a strong contrary wind, take a speed one and one half times the velocity of the wind. 3) As a general rule, take the velocity of the wind and the velocity of the course component of the wind. Add them together if the wind has a contrary component, but subtract them from each other if the wind has a favorable component.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Communications and Beacons on Air Routes

Description: Different systems of navigations beacons are discussed with an emphasis on radiotelegraphy and radiotelephony.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Franck
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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A Comparison of Propeller and Centrifugal Fans for Circulating the Air in a Wind Tunnel

Description: The tests described in this paper afford a direct comparison of the efficiency and smoothness of flow obtained with propeller fan and multiblade centrifugal fan drives in the same wind tunnel. The propeller fan was found to be superior to the centrifugal fan in that the efficiency was about twice as great, and the flow much smoother.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The De Havilland D.H. 75 "Hawk Moth" (British): Cabin Monoplane

Description: The Hawk Moth is designed as a passenger aircraft with comfort in mind. It seats 4. The tail is of metal construction, while the wings are of wood. It has a total loaded weight of 3500 lbs.
Date: March 1929
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Development of Aeronautical Engines by the Army and Navy

Description: Different aircraft engines are categorized as being of interest to only the Army or Navy or to both armed services. A listing of the different engines is presented along with some statistics, namely, horsepower.
Date: March 3, 1921
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Differential Equations in Airplane Mechanics

Description: In the following report, we will first draw some conclusions of purely theoretical interest, from the general equations of motion. At the end, we will consider the motion of an airplane, with the engine dead and with the assumption that the angle of attack remains constant. Thus we arrive at a simple result, which can be rendered practically utilizable for determining the trajectory of an airplane descending at a constant steering angle.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Carleman, M. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Disturbing Effect of Free Hydrogen on Fuel Combustion in Internal Combustion Engines

Description: "Experiments with fuel mixtures of varying composition, have recently been conducted by the Motor Vehicle and Airplane Engine Testing Laboratories of the Royal Technical High School in Berlin and at Fort Hahneberg, as well as at numerous private engine works. The behavior of hydrogen during combustion in engines and its harmful effect under certain conditions, on the combustion in the engine cylinder are of general interest. Some of the results of these experiments are given here, in order to elucidate the main facts and explain much that is already a matter of experience with chauffeurs and pilots" (p. 1).
Date: March 1923
Creator: Riedler, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Drag of exposed fittings and surface irregularities on airplane fuselages

Description: Measurements of drag were made on fittings taken from a typical fuselage to determine whether the difference between the observed full size fuselage drag and model fuselage drag could be attributed to the effects of fittings and surface irregularities found on the full size fuselage and not on the model. There are wide variations in the drag coefficients for the different fittings. In general those which protrude little from the surface or are well streamlined show very low and almost negligible drag. The measurements show, however, that a large part of the difference between model and full scale test results may be attributed to these fittings.
Date: March 1928
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Drilling and Dustiness of Metal-Mine Air

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines on the air quality in metal-mines after using wet drills. Dust samples are collected and compared to samples collected from similar metal-mines in South Africa and Australia. This report includes tables.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Harrington, D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Changing the Mean Camber of an Airfoil Section

Description: Methodical experiments with the series of airfoil sections of the same relative thickness and of variable relative cambers can be utilized for determining the effect of the camber on the aerodynamic properties of airfoil sections.
Date: March 1924
Creator: Toussaint, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Effect of Reduction Gearing on Propeller-Body Interference as Shown by Full-Scale Wind-Tunnel Tests

Description: This report presents the results of full-scale tests made on a 10-foot 5-inch propeller on a geared J-5 engine and also on a similar 8-foot 11-inch propeller on a direct-drive J-5 engine. Each propeller was tested at two different pitch settings, and with a large and a small fuselage. The investigation was made in such a manner that the propeller-body interference factors were isolated, and it was found that, considering this interference only, the geared propellers had an appreciable advantage in propulsive efficiency, partially due to the larger diameter of the propellers with respect to the bodies, and partially because the geared propellers were located farther ahead of the engines and bodies.
Date: March 20, 1929
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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