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Model Supports and Their Effects on the Results of Wind Tunnel Tests

Description: "The airflow about a model while being tested is often sufficiently affected by the model support to lead to erroneous conclusions unless appropriate corrections are used. In this paper some new material on the subject is presented, together with a review of the airfoil support corrections used in several other laboratories" (p. 1).
Date: February 1923
Creator: Bacon, David L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Theory of the Screw Propeller

Description: Given here is a brief review of the fundamental principles of the propeller slip-stream theory and its further development through later researches, which demonstrate the connection between the propeller slip-stream theory and Frounde's so-called 'propeller blade theory.' The propeller slip-stream theory, especially in its improved form, now gives us the basis for determining the mutual influence of the parts of the blade, so that, in calculating the shape of the blade, we can get along with certain section characteristics, which have been determined once and for all. It is argued that new theories present the possibility of investigating the phenomena in the vicinity of the propeller, allowing us to calculate its action on the basis of fewer experimental values.
Date: February 1922
Creator: Betz, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Speed on Economy of Airship Traffic

Description: The economic costs and benefits of speed on airship traffic are calculated and different factors are considered.
Date: February 1925
Creator: Bleistein, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Effect of Intake Pipe on the Volumetric Efficiency of an Internal Combustion Engine

Description: " The writer discusses the phenomena of expansion and compression which alternately take place in the cylinders of four-stroke engines during the induction process at a high mean piston speed due to the inertia and elasticity of the mixture in the intake pipe. The present paper is intended to demonstrate theoretically the existence of a most favorable pipe length for charging" (p. 1).
Date: February 1929
Creator: Capetti, Antonio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Resistance to the Steady Motion of Small Spheres in Fluids

Description: "There seems to be little reliable information conveniently available as to the resistance encountered by small spheres moving steadily at moderate speeds in fluids. The present paper, while presenting nothing new in the way of either theory or data, has three objects: first to show that published data are sufficient to furnish approximate information; second to present this information in form convenient for computation; and, third to indicate where further research is needed" (p. 1).
Date: February 1926
Creator: Castleman, R. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Causes of cracking of ignition cable

Description: From Summary: "The experiments described here show that the cracking at sharp bends, observed in the insulation of internal combustion engine high tension ignition wires after service, is due to a chemical attack upon the rubber by the ozone produced by the electric discharge that takes place at the surface of the cable. This cracking does not occur if the insulating material is not under tension, or if the cable is surrounded by some medium other than air. But it does occur even if the insulation is not subjected to electric stress, provided that the atmosphere near the cable contains ozone. The extent of this cracking varies greatly with the insulating material used. The cracking can be materially reduced by using braided cable and by avoiding sharp bends."
Date: February 1921
Creator: Dempsey, J. B. & Silsbee, F. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Surface area coefficients for airship envelopes

Description: "In naval architecture, it is customary to determine the wetted surface of a ship by means of some formula which involves the principal dimensions of the design and suitable constants. These formulas of naval architecture may be extended and applied to the calculation of the surface area of airship envelopes by the use of new values of the constants determined for this purpose. Surface area coefficients were calculated from the actual dimensions, surfaces, and volumes of 52 streamline bodies, which form a series covering the entire range of shapes used in the present aeronautical practice" (p. 1).
Date: February 1922
Creator: Diehl, W. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Air Propeller, Its Strength and Correct Shape

Description: It is possible to give a propeller such a shape that, under given conditions, viz., a definite speed of revolution and flying speed, the bending stresses in the blades will assume quite an insignificant magnitude.
Date: February 1923
Creator: Dietsius, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aviation Fuels (With Especial Reference To "White Spirit")

Description: Gasoline, the fuel now used, is an extremely volatile and inflammable liquid capable of forming explosive mixtures, the cause of many catastrophes in aviation. It is therefore of special interest to investigate the possibility of using fuels which, while being less volatile than gasoline, would nevertheless enable this engine to function satisfactorily.
Date: February 1928
Creator: Dumanois, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Longitudinal Balancing of Airplanes

Description: The object of the present communication is to determine the best method for locating the center of lift of an airplane and to provide a method for making corrections. The method employed is very simple, being based on the positions given the elevator during flights at different speeds.
Date: February 1923
Creator: Eteve, Albert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Aeronautic Instruments

Description: "The development of aeronautic instruments. Vibrations, rapid changes of the conditions of flight and of atmospheric conditions, influence of the air stream all call for particular design and construction of the individual instruments. This is shown by certain examples of individual instruments and of various classes of instruments for measuring pressure, change of altitude, temperature, velocity, inclination and turning or combinations of these" (p. 1).
Date: February 1924
Creator: Everling, E. & Koppe, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fixed Air-Cooled Engines

Description: "It is proposed to analyze the advantages and disadvantages of large fixed air-cooled radial engines and to explain how the problems have been solved by the Bristol Aeroplane Company" (p. 1).
Date: February 1923
Creator: Fedden, A. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The comparative performance of an aviation engine at normal and high inlet air temperatures

Description: "This report presents some results obtained during an investigation to determine the effect of high inlet air temperature on the performance of a Liberty 12 aviation engine. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain, for normal service carburetor adjustments and a fixed ignition advance, the relation between power and temperature for the range of carburetor air temperatures that may be encountered when supercharging to sea level pressure at altitudes of over 20,000 feet and without intercooling when using plain aviation gasoline and mixtures of benzol and gasoline" (p. 409).
Date: February 11, 1927
Creator: Gardiner, Arthur W. & Schey, Oscar W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The relative performance obtained with several methods of control of an overcompressed engine using gasoline

Description: "This report presents some results obtained during an investigation to determine the relative characteristics for several methods of control of an overcompressed engine using gasoline and operating under sea-level conditions. For this work, a special single cylinder test engine, 5-inch bore by 7-inch stroke, and designed for ready adjustment of compression ratio, valve timing and valve lift while running, was used. This engine has been fully described in NACA-TR-250. Tests were made at an engine speed of 1,400 R. P. M. for compression ratios ranging from 4.0 to 7.6" (p. 329).
Date: February 25, 1927
Creator: Gardiner, Arthur W. & Whedon, William E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Practical Method for Balancing Airplane Moments

Description: "The present contribution is the sequel to a paper written by Messrs. R. Fuchs, L. Hopf, and H. Hamburger, and proposes to show that the methods therein contained can be practically utilized in computations. Furthermore, the calculations leading up to the diagram of moments for three airplanes, whose performance in war service gave reason for complaint, are analyzed. Finally, it is shown what conclusions can be drawn from the diagram of moments with regard to the defects in these planes and what steps may be taken to remedy them" (p. 1).
Date: February 1924
Creator: Hamburger, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Measurement of Pressure Through Tubes in Pressure Distribution Tests

Description: "The tests described in this report were made to determine the error caused by using small tubes to connect orifices on the surface of aircraft to central pressure capsules in making pressure distribution tests. Aluminum tubes of 3/16-inch inside diameter were used to determine this error. Lengths from 20 feet to 226 feet and pressures whose maxima varied from 2 inches to 140 inches of water were used. Single-pressure impulses for which the time of rise of pressure from zero to a maximum varied from 0.25 second to 3 seconds were investigated" (p. 303).
Date: February 23, 1927
Creator: Hemke, Paul E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Marking Airdromes

Description: Necessity of adopting for all aviation fields, civil or military, a single system of markers for giving the direction for starting and landing (with an automatic indicator of the direction of the wind) and of indicating the good part of the field.
Date: February 1922
Creator: James, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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The Aerodynamical Laboratory of the Vienna Technical High School

Description: Report presenting a description of the aerodynamics laboratory of the Vienna Technical High School. The main focus of this report is detailing some of the accomplishments that the laboratory has made.
Date: February 1922
Creator: Katzmayr, R. & Kirste, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Danger of Ice Formation on Airplanes

Description: This paper relates the different types of ice formations that can occur on airplanes and the dangers that they pose.
Date: February 1929
Creator: Kopp, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Pitot-Static Tubes for Determining the Velocity of Air

Description: On the occasion of the formulation of the rules for testing the efficiency of ventilators and compressors, experiments were instituted by the subcommittee on ventilators for the production of suitable tubes for velocity and pressure measurements.
Date: February 1925
Creator: Kumbruch, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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On the Mutual Reaction of Wings and Body

Description: "At the suggestion of Professor Von Karman, I have made a few theoretical investigations of the mutual reaction of the wings and body of an airplane. There was assumed as the basis of my calculations, a strongly idealized body shape, namely, a cylinder extended to infinity at both ends and having its axis parallel to the direction of motion of the airplane. The results are to be regarded as rough approximations for a long airplane body and also for an airship with fins. In my calculations, I have considered only a monoplane in which the axis of the wing is rectilinear" (p. 1).
Date: February 1927
Creator: Lennertz, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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