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Injury Determinations for Cetaceans Observed Interacting with Hawaii and American Samoa Longline Fisheries during 2007-2011

Description: The following report presents reports of interactions between the cetaceans with Hawaii and American Samoa longline fisheries. Compiled here are injury and death reports concerning the dolphin as a summary of the mortality rates and injury severity observed during interactions.
Date: January 2014
Creator: Bradford, Amanda L. & Forney, Karin A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessment: 2012

Description: This is an assessment report based on the population of marine mammals along the Pacific coastline in the year 2012. It is a working document that will continue to be updated as data changes.
Date: January 2013
Creator: Carretta, James V.; Oleson, Erin; Weller, David W.; Lang, Aimee R.; Forney, Karin A.; Baker, Jason et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Spillover Effects of Environmental Regulation for Sea Turtle Protection: The Case of the Hawaii Shallow-set Longline Fishery

Description: From introduction: This report presents a study on the spillover effects, also termed "transfer effects", resulting from proposed regulatory changes for the Hawaii longline fishery specifically for swordfish...This study evaluates whether, and to what extent, spillover effects may occur when regulatory changes decrease the allowable fishing activities in the Hawaii shallow-set longline fishery for swordfish.
Date: January 2012
Creator: Chan, Hing Ling & Pan, Minling
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Report of the 2nd National Ecosystem Modeling Workshop (NEMoW II) : Bridging the Credibility Gap - Dealing with Uncertainty in Ecosystem Models

Description: The following document addresses the terms of reference (TOR) such that a group of scientists forming the National Ecosystem Modeling Workshops (NEMoWs) could explore the facets of ecosystem model (EM) uncertainty and make pragmatic suggestions of how the NMFS could proceed in its EM endeavors by dealing with uncertainty using a suite of "best practices" recommended herein.
Date: January 2010
Creator: Link, J. S.; Ihde, T. F.; Townsend, H. M.; Osgood, K. E.; Schirripa, M. J.; Kobayashi, D. R. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Catch and Effort from Hawaii's Longline Fishery Summarized by Quarters and Five Degree Squares

Description: This report provides quarterly and yearly summaries of Hawaii's pelagic longline catch (numbers of fish) and effort (hooks) reported by five-degree (latitude by longitude) squares based on the National Marine Fisheries Service longline logbook program. Species summarized include albacore, bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna, striped marlin, blue marlin, black marlin, swordfish, mahimahi, and wahoo.
Date: January 1996
Creator: Curran, Daniel S.; Boggs, Christofer H. & He, Xi
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Description: This report summarizes the work that was completed in FY 1992 on the program "Technology Development for Concentrating Process Streams." The purpose of this program is to evaluate and develop evaporator technology for concentrating radioactive waste and product streams such as those generated by the TRUEX process. Concentrating these streams and minimizing the volume of waste generated can significantly reduce disposal costs; however, equipment to concentrate the streams and recycle the decontaminated condensates must be installed. LICON, Inc., is developing an evaporator that shows a great deal of potential for this application. In this report, concepts that need to be incorporated into the design of an evaporator operated in a radioactive environment are discussed. These concepts include criticality safety, remote operation and maintenance, and materials of construction. Both solubility and vapor-liquid equilibrium data are needed to design an effective process for concentrating process streams. Therefore, literature surveys were completed and are summarized in this report. A model that is being developed to predict vapor phase compositions is described. A laboratory-scale evaporator was purchased and installed to study the evaporation process and to collect additional data. This unit is described in detail. Two new LICON evaporators are being designed for installation at Argonne-East in FY 1993 to process low-level radioactive waste generated throughout the laboratory. They will also provide operating data from a full-sized evaporator processing radioactive solutions. Details on these evaporators are included in this report.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Boiling Heat Transfer with Three Fluids in Small Circular and Rectangular Channels

Description: Small circular and noncircular channels are representative of flow passages act evaporators and condensers. This report describes results of an experimental study on heat transfer to the flow boiling of refrigerants (R-12) and refrigerant-134a (R-134a) in a small horizontal circular-cross-section tube. The tube diameter of 2.46 mm was chosen to approximate the hydraulic diameter of a 4.06 x 1.70 mm rectangular channel previously studied with R-12, and a 2.92-mm-diameter circular tube previously studied with R-113. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of channel geometry and fluid properties on the heat transfer coefficient and to obtain additional insights relative to the heat transfer mechanism(s). The current circular flow channel for the R-12 and R-134a tests was made of brass and had an overall length of 0.9 in. The channel wall was electrically heated, and thermocouples were installed on the channel wall and in the bulk fluid stream. Voltage taps were located at the same axial locations as the stream thermocouples to allow testing over an exit quality range to 0.94 and a large range of mass flux (58 to 832 kg/m sq s) and heat flux (3.6 to 59 kW/m sq). Saturation pressure was nearly constant, averaging 0.82 MPa for most of the testing, with some tests performed at a lower pressure of 0.4--0.5 MPa. Local heat transfer coefficients were determined experimentally as a function of quality along the length of the test section. Analysis of all data for three tubes and three fluids supported the conclusion that a nucleation mechanism dominates for flow boiling in small channels. Nevertheless, a convection-dominant region was obtained experimentally in this study at very low values of wall superheat (<(approx) 2.75C). The circular and rectangular tube data for three fluids were successfully correlated in the nucleation-dominant region.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Tran, T. N.; Wambsganss, M. W. & France, D. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separation Science and Technology Semiannual Progress Report for October 1992 - March 1993

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Separations Science and Technology Section of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1992-March 1993. This effort is mainly concerned with developing the TRUEX process for removing and concentrating actinides from acidic waste streams contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Vandegrift, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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OTTER 3.0 Reference Manual and Guide

Description: OTTER (Organized Techniques for Theorem-proving and Effective Research) is a resolution-style theorem-proving program for first-order logic with equality. OTTER includes the inference rules binary resolution, hyperresolution, UR-resolution, and binary paramodulation. Some of its other abilities and features are conversion from first-order formulas to clauses, forward and back subsumption, factoring, weighting, answer literals, term ordering, forward and back demodulation, evaluable functions and predicates, and Knuth-Bendix completion. OTTER is coded in C, is free, and is portable to many different kinds of computer.
Date: January 1994
Creator: McCune, William W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Separation Science and Technology Semiannual Progress Report

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Separations Science and Technology Programs of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1991-March 1992. This effort is mainly concerned with developing the TRUEX process for removing and concentrating actinides from acidic waste streams contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements. The objectives of TRUEX processing are to recover valuable TRU elements and to lower disposal costs for the nonTRU waste product of the process.
Date: January 1994
Creator: Vandegrift, G. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nondestructive Characterization Methods for Monolithic Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Description: Monolithic solid oxide fuel cells (MSOFCS) represent a potential breakthrough in fuel cell technology, provided that reliable fabrication methods can be developed. Fabrication difficulties arise in several steps of the processing: First is the fabrication of uniform thin (305 {mu}m) single-layer and trilayer green tapes (the trilayer tapes of anode/electrolyte/cathode and anode/interconnect/cathode must have similar coefficients of thermal expansion to sinter uniformly and to have the necessary electrochemical properties); Second is the development of fuel and oxidant channels in which residual stresses are likely to develop in the tapes; Third is the fabrication of a "complete" cell for which the bond quality between layers and the quality of the trilayers must be established; and Last, attachment of fuel and oxidant manifolds and verification of seal integrity. The purpose of this report is to assess nondestructive characterization methods that could be developed for application to laboratory, prototype, and full-scale MSOFCs.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Ellingson, W. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Parallel Programming with PCN. Revision 2

Description: PCN is a system for developing and executing parallel programs. It comprises a high-level programming language, tools for developing and debugging programs in this language, and interfaces to Fortran and C that allow the reuse of existing code in multilingual parallel programs. Programs developed using PCN are portable across many different workstations, networks, and parallel computers. This document provides all the information required to develop parallel programs with the PCN programming system. It includes both tutorial and reference material. It also presents the basic concepts that underlie PCN, particularly where these are likely to be unfamiliar to the reader, and provides pointers to other documentation on the PCN language, programming techniques, and tools. This version of this document describes PCN version 2.0, a major revision of the PCN programming system. It supersedes earlier versions of this report.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Foster, Ian & Tuecke, Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Test Plan for Reactions Between Spent Fuel and J-13 Well Water Under Unsaturated Conditions

Description: Two complentary test plans are presented, one to examine the reaction of spent fuel and J-13 well water under unsaturated conditions and the second to examine the reaction of unirradiated uranium dioxide pellets and J-13 well water under unsaturated conditions. The former test plan examines the importance of the water content, the oxygen content as affected by radiolysis, the fuel burnup, fuel surface area, and temperature. The latter test plant examines the effect of the non-presence of Teflon in the test vessel.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Finn, P. A.; Wronkiewicz, David J.; Hoh, J. C.; Emery, J. W.; Hafenrichter, L. D. & Bates, J. K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Boiling Heat Transfer of Refrigerant R-113 in a Small-Diameter, Horizontal Tube

Description: Results of a study of boiling heat transfer from refrigerant R-113 in a small-diameter (2.92-mm) tube are reported. Local heat transfer coefficients over a range of heat fluxes, mass fluxes, and equilibrium mass qualities were measured. The measured coefficients were used to evaluate eight different heat transfer correlations, some of which have been developed specifically for refrigerants. High heat fluxes and low flow rates are inherent in small channels, and this combination results in high boiling numbers. The high boiling number of the collected data shows that the nucleation mechanism was dominant. As a result, the two-phase correlations that predicted this dominance also predicted the data best if they also properly modeled the physical parameters. The correlations of Lazarek and Black and of Shah, as modified in this study, predicted the data very well. It is also shown that a simple form, suggested by Stephan and Abdelsalam for nucleate boiling, correlates the data equally well. This study is part of a research program in multiphase flow and heat transfer, with the overall objective of developing validated design correlations and predictive methods that will facilitate the design and optimization of compact heat exchangers for use with environmentally acceptable alternatives for chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) refrigerants and refrigerant mixtures.
Date: January 1992
Creator: Wambsganss, M. W.; France, D. M.; Jendrzejczyk, J. A. & Tran, T. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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An Integrated Database to Support Research on Escherichia Coli

Description: We have used logic programming to design and implement a prototype database of genomic information for the model bacterial organism Escherichia coli. This report presents the fundamental database primitives that can be used to access and manipulate data relating to the E. coli genome. The present system, combined with a tutorial manual, provides immediate access to the integrated knowledge base for E. coli chromosome data. It also serves as the foundation for development of more user-friendly interfaces that have the same retrieval power and high-level tools to analyze complex chromosome organization.
Date: January 1992
Creator: Baehr, Alezandra; Dunham, George; Ginsburg, Adam; Hagstrom, Ray; Joerg, David; Kazic, Toni et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Nuclear Technology Programs Semiannual Progress Report: October 1989-March 1990

Description: Progress report of the Argonne National Laboratory's Nuclear Technology Programs involving R&D in three areas: applied physical chemistry, separation science and technology, and nuclear waste management.
Date: January 1992
Creator: Steindler, M. J.; Battles, J. E. & Harmon, J. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Sodium Heat Engine Development Program

Description: The Sodium Heat Engine (SHE) is an efficient thermoelectric conversion device which directly generates electricity from a thermally regenerative electrochemical cell that relies on the unique conduction properties of {beta}{double prime}-alumina solid electrolyte (BASE). Laboratory models of a variety of SHE devices have demonstrated the feasibility and efficiency of the system, engineering development of large prototype devices has been slowed by a series of materials and fabrication problems. Failure of the electrolyte tubes has been a recurring problem and a number of possible causes have been postulated. To address these issues, a two-phase engineering development program was undertaken. This report summarizes the final results of the first phase of the program, which included extensive materials characterization activities, a study of applicable nondestructive evaluation methods, an investigation of possible stress states that would contribute to fracture, and certain operational issues associated with the electromagnetic pumps used in the SHE prototype.
Date: January 1992
Creator: Singh, J. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Unsaturated Glass Testing for DOE Program in Environmental Restoration and Waste Management: Annual Report, October 1989 - September 1990

Description: A program has been established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are likely to affect waste glass reaction in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the candidate Yucca Mountain repository site. This report covers progress in FY 1990 on the following five tasks.
Date: January 1991
Creator: Bates, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Fixed Mask Assembly Research for APS Insertion Devices

Description: The Fixed Mask Assembly (FMA) is the first component to interact with the photon beam. Two sets of a pair of FMA channels, vertically and horizontally disposed, contain the beam rather than define it. They are subject to very large heat fluxes during containment. In current practice, the FMA channels are made of heavy, seamless copper, have rectangular cross-sections, and are cooled internally with water. Channels are set at grazing angles ranging from 1 to 6 degrees with respect to the beam, depending on the type of insertion device. APS insertion devices will impose higher heat fluxes on FMAs. Therefore, a need exists to improve the FMA engineering, keeping in the mind the current design criteria and philosophy of FMAs. Preliminary analysis of current heat transfer practice indicates that the major resistance to heat transfer is on the coolant side. Therefore, FMA cooling would benefit from enhanced heat transfer on the coolant side. With this principle in mind, an experimental program has been undertaken to explore the feasibility of using high-performance copper tube configurations which are expected to yield heat transfer coefficients, h, '' in single phase flow systems 2 to 5() times higher than equivalent plain tubes. In this report, the experimental scope and a preliminary analysis of high-performance copper tube configurations are described.
Date: January 1990
Creator: Kuzay, Tuncer M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Strategy for Experimental Validation of Waste Package Performance Assessment

Description: A strategy for the experimental validation of waste package performance assessment has been developed as part of a program supported by the Repository Technology Program. The strategy was developed by reviewing the results of laboratory analog experiments, in-situ tests, repository simulation tests, and material interaction tests. As a result of the review, a listing of dependent and independent variables that influence the ingress of water into the near-field environment, the reaction between water and the waste form, and the transport of radionuclides from the near-field environment was developed. The variables necessary to incorporate into an experimental validation strategy were chosen by identifying those which had the greatest effect of each of the three major events, i.e., groundwater ingress, waste package reactions, and radionuclide transport. The methodology to perform validation experiments was examined by utilizing an existing laboratory analog approach developed for unsaturated testing of glass waste forms.
Date: January 1990
Creator: Bates, John K.; Abrajano, Teofilo Aniag; Wronkiewicz, D. J.; Gerding, Thomas J. & Seils, C. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Test Results for 36-V Li/FeS Battery

Description: This report describes a collaborative effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and the Westinghouse Naval Systems Division from 1986 to 1989. This effort resulted in the design, fabrication, and testing of two 36-V lithium-alloy/iron monosulfide (Li/FeS) batteries. The test results provided validation of a conceptual design for a full-scale electric van battery, as well as design and performance data for 12-V Li/FeS modules and fractional-scale battery components.
Date: January 1990
Creator: Chilenskas, A. A.; Malecha, R. F.; DeLuca, W. H.; Tummillo, A. F. & Hogrefe, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Facilities, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Description: From page 2: The National Institute of Standards and Technology research reactor is a national center for the application of reactor radiation to a variety of problems of national concern. Major program areas at the reactor include the application of neutron scattering methods to research in materials science, trace analysis by neutron activation, nondestructive evaluation (via neutron radiography and scattering), neutron standards and dosimetry , and isotope production and radiation effects.
Date: January 5, 1989
Creator: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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